GMAT H-P – 434 Words

hail

precipitation of ice pellets

hallmark

a mark on an article of trade to indicate its origin

hamper

prevent the progress or free movement of

hamster

short-tailed Old World burrowing rodent with large cheek pouches

haphazard

dependent upon or characterized by chance

hardy

having rugged physical strength

hasty

excessively quick

hatch

a movable barrier covering an entrance

haven

a sheltered port where ships can take on or discharge cargo

havoc

violent and needless disturbance

hedonist

someone motivated by desires for sensual pleasures

hegemony

the dominance or leadership of one social group over others

helium

a light colorless element that is one of the six inert gases

hemoglobin

a hemoprotein that gives red blood cells their color

hemp

any plant of the genus Cannabis

herbivore

any animal that feeds chiefly on grass and other plants

hereditary

occurring among people descended from a common ancestor

heretical

departing from accepted beliefs or standards

herring

a commercially important fish that is often eaten as food

heterogeneity

the quality of being diverse and not comparable in kind

hideous

grossly offensive to decency or morality; causing horror

hinge

a joint that holds two parts together so that one can swing

hippo

massive thick-skinned herbivorous animal living in or around rivers of tropical Africa

hitherto

up to this point; until the present time

hoary

having gray or white hair as with age

hockey

a game played on an ice rink by two opposing teams of six skaters each who try to knock a flat round puck into the opponents’ goal with angled sticks

hominid

a member of a family of primate mammals that includes humans

homogeneous

all of the same or similar kind or nature

horrendous

causing fear or dread or terror

hue

the quality of a color determined by its dominant wavelength

hum

sing with closed lips

husk

material consisting of seed coverings and small pieces of stem or leaves that have been separated from the seeds

hypersensitive

having an allergy or peculiar or excessive susceptibility

hypertension

a disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high

hypnotist

a person who induces hypnosis

hypotenuse

the side of a right triangle opposite the right angle

iconography

the images and symbolic representations that are traditionally associated with a person or a subject

idiomatic

of or relating to or conforming to an expression

idiosyncrasy

a behavioral attribute peculiar to an individual

illicit

contrary to accepted morality or convention

illusionary

marked by or producing illusion

illusory

having the nature of a deceptive trick

immediacy

the quickness of action or occurrence

imminent

close in time; about to occur

immunology

the branch of medical science that studies the body’s immune system

impartial

free from undue bias or preconceived opinions

impartiality

an inclination to weigh both views or opinions equally

impeach

bring an accusation against

impede

be a hindrance or obstacle to

impediment

something immaterial that interferes with action or progress

imperil

pose a threat to; present a danger to

implicate

bring into intimate and incriminating connection

implicit

suggested though not directly expressed

impoverish

make poor

impressionable

easily influenced

impunity

exemption from punishment or loss

incarcerate

lock up or confine, in or as in a jail

incinerate

become reduced to ashes

incipient

only partly in existence; imperfectly formed

incisive

demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions

inclement

severe, of weather

incoherent

without logical or meaningful connection

incriminate

suggest that someone is guilty

incubation

(pathology) the phase in the development of an infection between the time a pathogen enters the body and the time the first symptoms appear

incubator

apparatus consisting of a box designed to maintain a constant temperature by the use of a thermostat; used for chicks or premature infants

incumbent

necessary as a duty or responsibility; morally binding

indicate

designate a place, direction, person, or thing

indigent

poor enough to need help from others

indignation

a feeling of righteous anger

indiscriminate

failing to make or recognize distinctions

indispensable

essential

induce

cause to act in a specified manner

indulge

yield to; give satisfaction to

inexplicable

incapable of being explained or accounted for

inextricable

incapable of being disentangled or untied

infirmary

a health facility where patients receive treatment

inflammatory

arousing to action or rebellion

influx

the process of flowing in

informant

a person who supplies facts or knowledge

infrared

having or employing wavelengths longer than light but shorter than radio waves; lying outside the visible spectrum at its red end

infringe

advance beyond the usual limit

infuriate

make furious

ingenious

showing inventiveness and skill

ingest

take food, drink, or some other substance into the body

ingrained

deeply rooted; firmly fixed or held

inhale

draw deep into the lungs by breathing

inhibitor

a substance that slows or stops an activity

inhumane

reflecting a lack of pity or compassion

injunction

a judicial remedy to prohibit a party from doing something

inmate

a resident of a dwelling or institution

innate

present at birth but not necessarily hereditary

inoculate

inject or treat with the germ of a disease to render immune

insatiable

impossible to satisfy

inscribe

carve, cut, or etch into a material or surface

insomnia

an inability to sleep

installation

the act of installing something (as equipment)

insulin

hormone secreted by the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas

intake

an opening through which fluid is admitted to a tube

interloper

someone who intrudes on the privacy or property of another

intermingle

mix or become mixed

intermittent

stopping and starting at irregular intervals

interplay

reciprocal action and reaction

interracial

between races

interrelate

place into a mutual relationship

interrogate

pose a series of questions to

intersperse

introduce into one’s writing or speech (certain expressions)

interstate

involving and relating to the mutual relations of states especially of the United States

intestine

the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus

intracellular

located or occurring within a cell or cells

intricate

having many complexly arranged elements; elaborate

intrigue

a crafty and involved plot to achieve your ends

intrinsic

belonging to a thing by its very nature

intrusion

entrance by force or without permission or welcome

intuition

instinctive knowing, without the use of rational processes

inundate

fill or cover completely, usually with water

invariable

not liable to or capable of change

invariant

unvarying in nature

invert

turn inside out or upside down

invertebrate

any animal lacking a backbone or notochord

invigorate

give life or energy to

irate

feeling or showing extreme anger

irradiate

expose to radiation

irrational

not consistent with or using reason

irreconcilable

impossible to bring into accord

irrigate

supply with water, as with channels or ditches or streams

irritant

something that causes discomfort and annoyance

Islam

the monotheistic religious system of Muslims

isosceles

(of a triangle) having two sides of equal length

isotope

atom with same atomic number, different number of neutrons

jar

a vessel with a wide mouth and without handles

jeopardize

pose a threat to; present a danger to

jettison

throw away, of something encumbering

jolt

move or cause to move with a sudden jerky motion

jumbo

of great mass; huge and bulky

juvenile

of or relating to children or young people

kidney

either of two bean-shaped excretory organs that filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them and water in urine

kinship

relatedness or connection by blood or marriage or adoption

lactation

the production and secretion of milk by the mammary glands

landfill

an area where waste is disposed of by burying it underground

larva

the immature free-living form of most invertebrates and amphibians and fish which at hatching from the egg is fundamentally unlike its parent and must metamorphose

latch

catch for fastening a door or gate

laudable

worthy of high praise

laudatory

full of or giving praise

launder

cleanse with a cleaning agent, such as soap, and water

laurel

a small aromatic tree with shiny dark green leaves

leaven

a substance used to produce fermentation in dough

leeway

a permissible difference

legacy

a gift of personal property by will

letup

a pause during which things are calm or activities are diminished

levy

impose and collect

lien

the right to take and hold the property of a debtor

liken

consider or describe as similar or equal

limestone

a sedimentary rock consisting mainly of calcium that was deposited by the remains of marine animals

lineage

the kinship relation between an individual and progenitors

lingo

a characteristic language of a particular group

linkage

the act of connecting things

lionize

assign great social importance to

literal

limited to the explicit meaning of a word or text

litigant

a party to a lawsuit

livelihood

the financial means whereby one lives

livestock

any animals kept for use or profit

loaf

a shaped mass of baked bread that is usually sliced before eating

locale

the scene of any event or action

locomotion

the power or ability to move

loom

a textile machine for weaving yarn into a textile

lopsided

having one side lower or smaller or lighter than the other

lore

knowledge gained through tradition or anecdote

luminous

softly bright or radiant

lush

produced or growing in extreme abundance

lyrical

expressing deep emotion

magma

molten rock in the earth’s crust

maize

corn

maladaptive

showing faulty adaptation

malady

impairment of normal physiological function

malleable

capable of being shaped or bent

mandate

a document giving an official instruction or command

maneuver

a military training exercise

manuscript

the form of a literary work submitted for publication

marijuana

a plant from whose dried leaves drugs are prepared

marrow

network of connective tissue filling the cavities of bones

martial

suggesting war or military life

masculinity

the trait of behaving in ways considered typical for men

mason

a craftsman who works with stone or brick

matrilineal

based on or tracing descent through the female line

measles

a contagious viral disease marked by distinct red spots

melancholy

a constitutional tendency to be gloomy and depressed

membrane

a sheet of tissue that lines or connects organs or cells

memento

a reminder of past events

menace

something that is a source of danger

metabolize

produce by the organic processes necessary for life

metamorphose

change in outward structure or looks

meteorite

a stony or metallic object from space that hits the earth

methane

a colorless odorless gas used as a fuel

migraine

a severe, recurring headache

milepost

stone post at side of a road to show distances

militancy

a combative aggressiveness

minuscule

very small

mishap

an unpredictable outcome that is unfortunate

mob

a disorderly crowd of people

molecule

the simplest structural unit of an element or compound

molten

reduced to liquid form by heating

momentous

of very great significance

monarch

a nation’s ruler usually by hereditary right

morality

the quality of being in accord with right or good conduct

morphine

an alkaloid narcotic drug extracted from opium

morphology

the study of the structure of animals and plants

mosaic

design made of small pieces of colored stone or glass

mosque

a Muslim place of worship that usually has a minaret

mote

a tiny piece of anything

motif

a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work

mundane

found in the ordinary course of events

mystic

beyond ordinary understanding

narcissism

an exceptional interest in and admiration for yourself

narcotic

a drug that produces numbness or stupor

nausea

the state that precedes vomiting

necessitate

require as useful, just, or proper

needy

poor enough to need help from others

neuron

a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses

nexus

the means of connection between things linked in series

niche

a small concavity

nickel

a hard malleable ductile silvery metallic element that is resistant to corrosion; used in alloys; occurs in pentlandite and smaltite and garnierite and millerite

nitrogen

a common nonmetallic element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless inert diatomic gas; constitutes 78 percent of the atmosphere by volume; a constituent of all living tissues

nocturnal

belonging to or active during the night

nomad

a member of a people who have no permanent home

notch

a small cut

noxious

injurious to physical or mental health

nuance

a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude

oatmeal

porridge made of rolled oats

obedience

the trait of being willing to obey

obeisance

bending the head or body in reverence or submission

obituary

a notice of someone’s death

objection

the act of expressing earnest opposition or protest

obligatory

required by compulsion or convention

obscure

not clearly understood or expressed

observation

the act of taking a patient look

obsess

be preoccupied with something

obsolescence

falling into disuse or becoming out of date

obsolete

no longer in use

obtainable

capable of being acquired

obtrusive

sticking out; protruding

obtuse

of an angle, between 90 and 180 degrees

obtuse angle

an angle between 90 and 180 degrees

occupy

live in (a certain place)

occurrence

an instance of something happening

ocher

any of various earths containing silica and alumina and ferric oxide; used as a pigment

octagon

a shape with eight angles and eight sides

odds

the likelihood of a thing occurring

odor

any property detected by the sense of smell

offset

a compensating equivalent

offshoot

a natural consequence of development

off-the-shelf

(especially of clothing) made in standard sizes and available from merchandise in stock

olfactory

of or relating to the sense of smell

oligopoly

a market in which a few producers control a commodity

oligosaccharide

any of the carbohydrates that yield only a few monosaccharide molecules on complete hydrolysis

omen

a sign of a thing about to happen

omnipotent

having unlimited power

onset

the beginning or early stages

opaque

not transmitting or reflecting light or radiant energy

operative

producing a desired effect

opiate

a narcotic drug

optical

relating to or using sight

optimal

most desirable possible under a restriction

opulent

rich and superior in quality

ordinance

an authoritative rule

ordinate

the value of a coordinate on the vertical axis

ore

a mineral that contains metal valuable enough to be mined

organelle

a specialized part of a cell; analogous to an organ

organic

having properties characteristic of living beings

orientation

the act of determining one’s position

originate

come into existence; take on form or shape

ornament

something used to beautify

ornate

marked by complexity and richness of detail

osmosis

diffusion of molecules through a semipermeable membrane

ostensible

appearing as such but not necessarily so

ostentation

pretentious or showy or vulgar display

other than

in another and different manner

oust

remove from a position or office

outdistance

go far ahead of

outermost

situated at the farthest possible point from a center

outfield

the area of a baseball playing field beyond the lines connecting the bases

outgrow

grow too large or too mature for

outlet

an opening that permits escape or release

outmoded

out of fashion

outmost

situated at the farthest possible point from a center

outpatient

a patient who does not reside in the hospital where he is being treated

outskirts

outlying areas, as of a city or town

oval

rounded like an egg

overlord

a person who has general authority over others

oversight

an unintentional omission from failure to notice something

overweening

presumptuously arrogant

overwhelming

very intense

oxide

any compound of oxygen with another element or a radical

ozone

a colorless gas that is a screen for ultraviolet radiation

painstaking

characterized by extreme care and great effort

palatable

acceptable to the taste or mind

paleolithic

of or relating to the second period of the Stone Age

paleontologist

a specialist in fossil organisms and related remains

palm

the inner surface of the hand

panacea

hypothetical remedy for all ills or diseases

panel

sheet that forms a distinct section of something

pang

a sudden sharp feeling

parable

a short moral story

paradigm

a standard or typical example

parallax

apparent displacement of an object as seen from two points

parallelogram

a quadrilateral whose opposite sides are parallel and equal

paramount

having superior power and influence

paranormal

not in accordance with or able to be explained by science

paraphrase

express the same message in different words

parapsychology

phenomena that appear to contradict physical laws and suggest the possibility of causation by mental processes

parenthetical

qualifying or explaining

parish

a local church community

parole

a conditional release from imprisonment

partially

in some degree; not wholly

particle

(nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything

particular

unique or specific to a person or thing or category

partisan

a fervent and even militant proponent of something

partition

separation by the creation of a boundary that divides

pasture

a field covered with grass and suitable for grazing

patent

a document granting an inventor sole rights to an invention

paternal

characteristic of a father

paternity

the state of being a father

pathology

the branch of medical science that studies diseases

patriarchal

of a social organization with the male as the head

patrilineal

based on or tracing descent through the male line

patron

someone who supports or champions something

patronage

the business given to an establishment by its customers

patronize

provide support for

paucity

an insufficient quantity or number

pedagogical

relating to the study of teaching

pedal

a lever that is operated with the foot

pedestrian

a person who travels by foot

pediatric

of or relating to the medical care of children

peerless

eminent beyond or above comparison

pelvis

the structure of the skeleton supporting the lower limbs

penalize

inflict punishment on

penetrate

pass into or through, often by overcoming resistance

penicillin

antibiotic used in the treatment of infections and diseases

pentagon

a shape with five angles and five sides

per capita

per person

perceive

become aware of through the senses

perceptible

capable of being grasped by the mind or senses

perceptive

of or relating to awareness via the senses

perennial

lasting an indefinitely long time

peripheral

on or near an edge or constituting an outer boundary

periphery

the outside boundary or surface of something

perish

pass from physical life

perk

an incidental benefit awarded for certain types of employment (especially if it is regarded as a right)

permeate

spread or diffuse through

permissive

not strict in discipline

permutation

a complete change in character or condition

pernicious

exceedingly harmful

perpendicular

intersecting at or forming right angles

perpetrate

perform an act, usually with a negative connotation

perpetuate

cause to continue or prevail

persecute

cause to suffer

persistent

stubbornly unyielding

personality

the complex of attributes that characterize an individual

pertain

be relevant to

pertinent

being of striking appropriateness

pervasive

spreading or spread throughout

perversion

the action of corrupting something

petition

a formal request that something be submitted to an authority

pharmacology

the science or study of drugs: their preparation and properties and uses and effects

philanthropy

the act of donating money or time to promote human welfare

phonograph

a machine that plays records

phony

fraudulent; having a misleading appearance

phosphate

a salt of phosphoric acid

photon

a quantum of electromagnetic radiation

physician

a licensed medical practitioner

physiology

the science dealing with the functioning of organisms

pigment

dry coloring material

pinnacle

a slender upright spire at the top of a buttress of tower

pint

a United States liquid unit equal to 16 fluid ounces

pivotal

being of crucial importance

plague

any large-scale calamity

plaintiff

a person who brings an action in a court of law

planetary

of or relating to or resembling the physical or orbital characteristics of a planet or the planets

plankton

aggregate of small organisms that float or drift in water

plaque

a memorial made of brass

plasma

the watery fluid in which blood cells are suspended

plausible

apparently reasonable and valid, and truthful

play off

set into opposition or rivalry

plead

appeal or request earnestly

pliant

capable of being shaped or bent or drawn out

pliers

a gripping hand tool with two hinged arms and serrated jaws

plug

blockage consisting of an object designed to fill a hole tightly

plumb

exactly vertical

plutonium

a solid silvery grey radioactive transuranic element whose atoms can be split when bombarded with neutrons; found in minute quantities in uranium ores but is usually synthesized in nuclear reactors; 13 isotopes are known with the most important being plutonium 239

plywood

a laminate made of thin layers of wood

pneumonia

respiratory disease characterized by lung inflammation

poke

thrust abruptly

polarity

a relation between two opposite attributes or tendencies

pollen

the fine spores that contain male gametes and that are borne by an anther in a flowering plant

pollinate

fertilize by transfering pollen

polygon

a closed plane figure bounded by straight sides

polygraph

a medical instrument that records several physiological processes simultaneously (e.g., pulse rate and blood pressure and respiration and perspiration)

polymorph

an organism that can assume more than one adult form as in the castes of ants or termites

pompous

puffed up with vanity

pop

make a sharp explosive noise

popularize

cater to popular taste to make popular and present to the general public; bring into general or common use

porcelain

ceramic ware made of a more or less translucent ceramic

portend

indicate by signs

portray

represent abstractly, for example in a painting

possessive

serving to express or indicate the act of having

posterity

all future generations

posthumous

occurring or coming into existence after a person’s death

postulate

maintain or assert

potassium

a light soft silver-white metallic element of the alkali metal group; oxidizes rapidly in air and reacts violently with water; is abundant in nature in combined forms occurring in sea water and in carnallite and kainite and sylvite

pottery

objects made from clay and baked in a kiln

poultry

flesh of chickens or turkeys or ducks or geese raised for food

practitioner

someone who carries out a learned profession

prairie

a treeless grassy plain

precarious

not secure; beset with difficulties

precaution

a measure taken in advance to ward off impending danger

precipitate

bring about abruptly

precipitation

the falling to earth of any form of water

precursor

something indicating the approach of something or someone

predate

be earlier in time; go back further

predecessor

one who precedes you in time

predicament

an unpleasant or difficult situation

predisposition

an inclination to interpret statements in a particular way

predominate

be larger in number, quantity, power, status or importance

preeminent

greatest in importance, degree, or significance

preface

a short introductory essay preceding the text of a book

preference

the right or chance to choose

pregnant

carrying developing offspring within the body

prejudicial

tending to favor preconceived ideas

preliminary

preceding or in preparation for something more important

premature

too soon or too hasty

premium

having or reflecting superior quality or value

preoccupy

engage or engross the interest or attention of

preponderant

having superior power and influence

prerequisite

something that is needed or obligatory in advance

prescient

perceiving the significance of events before they occur
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