GMAT/GRM – 386 Words

demystify

make something easier to understand

goofy

ludicrous, foolish

airtight

completely sealed so as to prevent gas from moving in or out

fluorescent

emitting light during exposure to external radiant energy

burglar

a thief who enters a building with intent to steal

clumsy

lacking grace in movement or posture

clumsy

lacking grace in movement or posture

overkill

any effort that seems to go farther than would be necessary to achieve its goal

gangliocyte

a nerve cell whose body is outside the central nervous system

Ashkenazi

a Jew of eastern European or German descent

editorial

an article giving opinions or perspectives

boldface

a typeface with thick heavy lines

bog down

get stuck while doing something

shorthand

a method of writing rapidly

flax

plant of the genus Linum that is cultivated for its seeds and for the fibers of its stem

menopause

the time in a woman’s life in which the menstrual cycle ends

stray

wander from a direct course or at random

runoff

an election to resolve a vote that did not produce a winner

abstain

refrain from doing, consuming, or partaking in something

generalization

the process of abstracting common properties of instances

conjecture

believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds

mathematician

a person skilled in the logic of quantity and arrangement

cannibalize

eat human flesh

dearth

an insufficient quantity or number

Renaissance

period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages

pinhole

a small puncture that might have been made by a pin

emanate

give out, as breath or an odor

swampland

low land that is seasonally flooded

malady

impairment of normal physiological function

malaria

a disease caused by parasites transmitted by mosquito bite

Anopheles

malaria mosquitoes

parasitic

relating to an animal or plant that lives in or on a host

erroneous

containing or characterized by mistakes

aquifer

underground layer of rock or sand that yields groundwater

forgery

criminal falsification by making or altering an instrument

disturbance

activity that is a malfunction, intrusion, or interruption

carotene

yellow or orange-red fat-soluble pigments in plants

negation

the speech act of denying or refusing

foregone

well in the past; former

residue

matter that remains after something has been removed

periodical

happening or recurring at regular intervals

halve

divide by two; divide into halves

asthma

respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing

epidemic

a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease

dander

particles of animal skin or hair that may be allergenic

mite

small arachnid infesting animals or plants or stored foods

ethanol

the intoxicating agent in fermented and distilled liquors

hereditary

occurring among people descended from a common ancestor

mammogram

X-ray film of the soft tissue of the breast

viability

the state of being capable of normal growth and development

donut

a small ring-shaped friedcake

recoup

regain or make up for

dunk

a basketball shot in which the basketball is propelled downward into the basket

negligible

so small as to be meaningless; insignificant

congest

become or cause to become obstructed

uniform

clothing of distinctive design worn by members of a group

concession

the act of yielding

lackadaisical

idle or indolent especially in a dreamy way

scrap

a small fragment of something broken off from the whole

contention

the act of competing as for profit or a prize

immeasurably

to an immeasurable degree; beyond measurement

electrode

a conductor used to make electrical contact with some part of a circuit

remission

an abatement in intensity or degree

integral

existing as an essential constituent or characteristic

tangent

a line that touches a curve at only one point

telescope

a magnifier of images of distant objects

minuscule

very small

contagious

capable of being transmitted by infection

scapegoat

someone who is punished for the errors of others

scapegoat

someone who is punished for the errors of others

gauche

lacking social polish

boycott

refusal to have commercial dealings with some organization

bulletproof

not penetrable by bullets

hiccup

(usually plural) the state of having reflex spasms of the diaphragm accompanied by a rapid closure of the glottis producing an audible sound; sometimes a symptom of indigestion

nauseous

causing a sick feeling

inundate

fill or cover completely, usually with water

sinew

a band of tissue connecting a muscle to its bony attachment

aphorism

a short pithy instructive saying

commotion

a disorderly outburst or tumult

abdicate

give up, such as power, as of monarchs and emperors

errant

straying from the right course or from accepted standards

beset

assail or attack on all sides

lore

knowledge gained through tradition or anecdote

despotic

having the characteristics of a tyrannical ruler

complaisance

a disposition or tendency to yield to the will of others

gripe

complain

quarry

animal hunted or caught for food

tiff

a petty quarrel

daunt

cause to lose courage

daunt

cause to lose courage

allay

lessen the intensity of or calm

paralysis

loss of the ability to move a body part

officious

intrusive in a meddling or offensive manner

jellyfish

large siphonophore having a bladderlike float and stinging tentacles

dawdle

hang or fall in movement, progress, development, etc.

debonair

having a sophisticated charm

typo

a mistake in printed matter

restitution

the act of restoring something to its original state

vignette

a brief literary description

spleen

a large oval organ between the stomach and the diaphragm

retentive

having the capacity to hold something

resourceful

adroit or imaginative

impugn

attack as false or wrong

macabre

shockingly repellent; inspiring horror

nitrogen

a common nonmetallic element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless inert diatomic gas; constitutes 78 percent of the atmosphere by volume; a constituent of all living tissues

ammonia

a pungent gas compounded of nitrogen and hydrogen (NH3)

pungent

strong and sharp to the sense of taste

pungent

strong and sharp to the sense of taste

halogen

any of five related nonmetallic elements (fluorine or chlorine or bromine or iodine or astatine) that are all monovalent and readily form negative ions

vase

an open jar of glass or porcelain used as an ornament or to hold flowers

forensic

used in the investigation of facts or evidence in court

forgery

criminal falsification by making or altering an instrument

calibrate

make fine adjustments for optimal measuring

swerve

turn sharply; change direction abruptly

bolt

a screw that screws into a nut to form a fastener

commensurate

corresponding in size or degree or extent

muddle

make clouded as with sediment

rant

talk at length in a noisy, excited, or angry manner

antediluvian

of or relating to the period before the biblical flood

mesh

an open fabric woven together at regular intervals

bummer

an experience that is frustrating or disappointing

pestilential

likely to spread and cause an epidemic disease

remorse

a feeling of deep regret, usually for some misdeed

demolish

destroy completely

subservient

compliant and obedient to authority

tributary

a branch that flows into the main stream

svelte

being of delicate or slender build

malleability

the property of material that can be shaped without breaking

abstruse

difficult to penetrate

convene

meet formally

rescind

cancel officially

morphology

the study of the structure of animals and plants

ailment

an often persistent bodily disorder or disease

prerogative

a right reserved exclusively by a person or group

nonetheless

despite anything to the contrary

refutation

the act of determining that something is false

overlook

have a view of something from above

proponent

a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea

ulterior

lying beyond what is openly revealed or avowed

accrue

grow by addition

condominium

housing complex in which each unit is individually owned

ordinance

an authoritative rule

slate

fine-grained metamorphic rock that can be split into layers

mastodon

extinct elephant-like mammal that flourished worldwide from Miocene through Pleistocene times; differ from mammoths in the form of the molar teeth

instigate

provoke or stir up

strain

exert much effort or energy

incidence

the relative frequency of occurrence of something

circumspect

careful to consider potential consequences and avoid risk

groan

an utterance expressing pain or disapproval

balk

refuse to comply

allude

make an indirect reference to

inkling

a slight suggestion or vague understanding

equestrian

of or relating to or featuring horseback riding

subdue

put down by force or intimidation

panegyric

formally expressing praise

milieu

the environmental condition

edifice

a structure that has a roof and walls

hitherto

up to this point; until the present time

foreshadowing

the act of providing vague advance indications

diachronic

used of the study of a phenomenon as it changes through time

jargon

technical terminology characteristic of a particular subject

fluster

cause to be nervous or upset

moralism

a moral maxim

archaic

so extremely old as seeming to belong to an earlier period

endow

give qualities or abilities to

menace

something that is a source of danger

emblem

special design representing a quality, type, or group

nitrogen

a common nonmetallic element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless inert diatomic gas; constitutes 78 percent of the atmosphere by volume; a constituent of all living tissues

trace element

an element that occurs at very small quantities in the body but is nonetheless important for many biological processes

pigment

dry coloring material

chlorophyll

any of green pigments found in photosynthetic organisms

caveat

a warning against certain acts

serotonin

a neurotransmitter involved in e.g. sleep and depression and memory

shogun

a hereditary military dictator of Japan

tranquility

an untroubled state that is free from disturbances

samurai

feudal Japanese military aristocracy

peasant

one of a class of agricultural laborers

shogunate

a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)

lingua franca

a common language used by speakers of different languages

fallible

wanting in moral strength, courage, or will

explicate

elaborate, as of theories and hypotheses

burrow

a hole made by an animal, usually for shelter

antenna

one of a pair of mobile appendages on the head of insects

cocoon

silky envelope spun by the larvae of many insects

ovipositor

egg-laying tubular structure at the end of the abdomen in many female insects and some fishes

grasshopper

terrestrial plant-eating insect with hind legs adapted for leaping

munificent

very generous

plaster

a mixture of lime or gypsum with sand and water

fluster

cause to be nervous or upset

balm

preparation applied externally as a remedy or for soothing

pellucid

transmitting light; able to be seen through with clarity

feckless

generally incompetent and ineffectual

paramount

having superior power and influence

jaded

exhausted

bracing

refreshing or invigorating

reed

tall woody perennial grasses with hollow slender stems especially of the genera Arundo and Phragmites

sequester

keep away from others

expiate

make amends for

trespass

enter unlawfully on someone’s property

thwart

hinder or prevent, as an effort, plan, or desire

lexicographer

a compiler or writer of a dictionary

contentious

showing an inclination to disagree

reprieve

postpone the punishment of a convicted criminal

alacrity

liveliness and eagerness

arcane

requiring secret or mysterious knowledge

dismal

causing dejection

blithe

carefree and happy and lighthearted

compatible

able to exist and perform in harmonious combination

libertine

unrestrained by convention or morality

libertine

unrestrained by convention or morality

plethora

extreme excess

ointment

skin cream that has a soothing, moisturizing effect

mania

an irrational but irresistible motive for a belief or action

interjection

an abrupt emphatic exclamation expressing emotion

scout

explore, often with the goal of finding something or somebody

evasive

avoiding or escaping from difficulty or danger

tacit

implied by or inferred from actions or statements

rift

a narrow fissure in rock

recidivate

go back to bad behavior

pique

a sudden outburst of anger

photosynthesis

synthesis of compounds in plants aided by radiant energy

miniature

being on a very small scale

bane

something causing misery or death

poach

hunt illegally

plenitude

a full supply

scuba

a device that lets divers breathe under water

ductile

capable of being shaped or bent or drawn out

hideous

grossly offensive to decency or morality; causing horror

droll

comical in an odd or whimsical manner

extenuate

lessen or to try to lessen the seriousness or degree of

crave

have an appetite or great desire for

conspicuous

obvious to the eye or mind

vehement

marked by extreme intensity of emotions or convictions

outcry

a loud utterance; often in protest or opposition

prestigious

having an illustrious reputation; respected

burgeon

grow and flourish

levy

impose and collect

glide

move smoothly and effortlessly

surmount

get on top of; deal with successfully

adage

a condensed but memorable saying embodying an important fact

idiosyncratic

peculiar to the individual

devotion

commitment to some purpose

obsolete

no longer in use

polygamy

having more than one spouse at a time

crystallize

cause to form crystals or assume crystalline form

propagate

multiply through reproduction

propagate

multiply through reproduction

curse

an appeal to some supernatural power to inflict evil

protagonist

the principal character in a work of fiction

percussion

the act of exploding a detonator that explodes when struck

percussion

the act of exploding a detonator that explodes when struck

jerk

a sudden abrupt pull

elucidate

make clear and comprehensible

stunt

check the growth or development of

groupie

an enthusiastic young fan

pony

any of various breeds of small gentle horses usually less than five feet high at the shoulder

rookie

an awkward and inexperienced youth

itch

an irritating cutaneous sensation that produces a desire to scratch

psychiatric

relating to the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders

seizure

the taking possession of something by legal process

psychotic

characteristic of or suffering from a severe mental disorder

fracture

breaking of hard tissue such as bone

trauma

an emotional wound or shock having long-lasting effects

compression

the act of applying force

punitive

inflicting punishment

succinylcholine

a muscle relaxant for striated muscle that is used as an adjunct to anesthesia during certain surgical procedures

anesthesia

loss of bodily sensation

norepinephrine

a catecholamine precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and also released at synapses

precursor

something indicating the approach of something or someone

catecholamine

any of a group of chemicals including epinephrine and norepinephrine that are produced in the medulla of the adrenal gland

epinephrine

a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin); stimulates autonomic nerve action

adrenal

relating to the glands near the kidney or their secretions

amnesia

partial or total loss of memory

vicinity

a surrounding or nearby region

vermin

any of various small animals or insects that are pests

cockroach

any of numerous chiefly nocturnal insects

tamper

alter or falsify, usually secretively or dishonestly

ambivalent

uncertain or unable to decide about what course to follow

prune

cultivate, tend, and cut back the growth of

glitch

a fault or defect in a computer program, system, or machine

deprecate

express strong disapproval of; deplore

disparate

fundamentally different or distinct in quality or kind

disinter

dig up for reburial or for medical investigation

lofty

of imposing height; especially standing out above others

pseudonym

a fictitious name used when performing a particular role

sweltering

excessively hot and humid; marked by sweating and faintness

preposterous

inviting ridicule

suffocate

deprive of oxygen and prevent from breathing

wrangle

quarrel noisily, angrily, or disruptively

dire

fraught with extreme danger; nearly hopeless

nicety

conformity with some aesthetic standard of correctness

parody

a composition that imitates or misrepresents a style

sapient

acutely insightful and wise

seamy

morally degraded

skirmish

a minor short-term fight

wince

draw back, as with fear or pain

pompous

puffed up with vanity

topsy-turvy

in utter disorder

sanctimonious

excessively or hypocritically pious

vituperate

spread negative information about

repine

express discontent

demolition

the act of destroying completely

heckle

challenge aggressively

vocational

of or relating to an occupation

scant

less than the correct or legal or full amount

scant

less than the correct or legal or full amount

rustic

characteristic of rural life

sentinel

a person employed to keep watch for some anticipated event

quilt

bedding made of two layers of cloth filled with stuffing and stitched together

conjure

summon into action or bring into existence

supine

lying face upward

fretful

nervous and unable to relax

delicacy

the quality of being exquisitely fine in appearance

delicacy

the quality of being exquisitely fine in appearance

delicacy

the quality of being exquisitely fine in appearance

delicacy

the quality of being exquisitely fine in appearance

delicacy

the quality of being exquisitely fine in appearance

maritime

relating to ships or navigation

nautical

relating to ships or navigation

inveterate

habitual

faze

disturb the composure of

welter

a confused multitude of things

nocturnal

belonging to or active during the night

execrate

curse or declare to be evil or anathema

spurn

reject with contempt

strident

unpleasantly loud and harsh

exorbitant

greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation

stipulate

make an express demand or provision in an agreement

venial

warranting only temporal punishment

supplant

take the place or move into the position of

portage

carrying boats and supplies overland

buggy

a small lightweight carriage

extradite

hand over to the authorities of another country

flop

fall loosely

recess

a state of abeyance or suspended business

battalion

an army unit consisting of a headquarters and companies

raider

someone who takes spoils or plunder (as in war)

hype

blatant or sensational promotion

grueling

characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion

tocopherol

a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for normal reproduction; an important antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals in the body

oleic acid

a colorless oily liquid occurring as a glyceride

chasm

a deep opening in the earth’s surface

glycerine

a sweet syrupy trihydroxy alcohol obtained by saponification of fats and oils

gelatin

a colorless water-soluble glutinous protein obtained from animal tissues such as bone and skin

enteric

of or relating to the enteron

impeach

bring an accusation against

marquee

large and often sumptuous tent

lenient

tolerant

sybarite

a person addicted to luxury and pleasures of the senses

finesse

subtly skillful handling of a situation

enamored

marked by foolish or unreasoning fondness

beatific

resembling or befitting an angel or saint

abreast

alongside each other, facing in the same direction

mangle

destroy or injure severely

fad

an interest followed with exaggerated zeal

incorrigible

impervious to correction by punishment

plangent

loud and resounding, often in a mournful way

purloin

make off with belongings of others

purloin

make off with belongings of others

purloin

make off with belongings of others

purloin

make off with belongings of others

purloin

make off with belongings of others

incandescent

emitting light as a result of being heated

incendiary

capable of causing fires or catching fire spontaneously

exuberant

joyously unrestrained

proclivity

a natural inclination

imperturbable

marked by extreme calm and composure

trickle

run or flow slowly, as in drops or in an unsteady stream

caricature

a representation of a person exaggerated for comic effect

quandary

state of uncertainty in a choice between unfavorable options

lobbyist

someone who is employed to persuade how legislators vote

filibuster

a tactic for delaying legislation by making long speeches

encroach

advance beyond the usual limit

precipitous

extremely steep

torpor

a state of motor and mental inactivity

congenial

suitable to your needs

augur

predict from an omen

chagrin

strong feelings of embarrassment

gloat

dwell on with satisfaction

adhocracy

an organization with little or no structure

disabuse

free somebody from an erroneous belief

abscond

run away, often taking something or somebody along

abrasive

causing irritation or erosion by friction

ossify

become bony

engender

call forth

spotty

lacking consistency
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