GMAT/GRE376281205 – 500 Words

mob

a disorderly crowd of people

villain

someone who does evil deliberately

fugitive

someone who is sought by law officers

errand

a short trip taken in the performance of a necessary task

prodigy

an unusually gifted or intelligent person

wistful

showing pensive sadness

mortify

cause to feel shame

futile

producing no result or effect

asylum

a shelter from danger or hardship

ominous

threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments

philanthropy

the act of donating money or time to promote human welfare

writ

a legal document issued by a court or judicial officer

brink

the edge of a steep place

thwart

hinder or prevent, as an effort, plan, or desire

impute

attribute or credit to

loathe

find repugnant

sulk

be in a huff and display one’s displeasure

farce

a comedy characterized by broad satire

oratory

addressing an audience formally

volatile

liable to lead to sudden change or violence

volatile

liable to lead to sudden change or violence

rout

an overwhelming defeat

improvise

manage in a makeshift way; do with whatever is at hand

adultery

extramarital sexual relations

beacon

a fire that can be seen from a distance

vehemently

in a fierce manner

adroit

quick or skillful or adept in action or thought

subvert

destroy completely

novice

someone new to a field or activity

ailment

an often persistent bodily disorder or disease

brawl

to quarrel noisily, angrily or disruptively

imbecile

a person of subnormal intelligence

atrocious

shockingly brutal or cruel

auspicious

auguring favorable circumstances and good luck

forgery

criminal falsification by making or altering an instrument

fickle

liable to sudden unpredictable change

parody

a composition that imitates or misrepresents a style

pantomime

a performance using gestures and movements without words

felony

a serious crime, such as murder or arson

inveterate

habitual

inveterate

habitual

adulterate

make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance

lethal

of an instrument of certain death

incendiary

capable of causing fires or catching fire spontaneously

extradite

hand over to the authorities of another country

stellar

being or relating to or resembling or emanating from stars

evict

expel or eject without recourse to legal process

scheming

concealing crafty designs for advancing your own interest

meticulous

marked by precise accordance with details

gist

the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work

subpoena

a writ issued to compel the attendance of a witness

ephemeral

anything short-lived, as an insect that lives only for a day

incarcerate

lock up or confine, in or as in a jail

sanitation

the state of being clean and conducive to health

sterilize

make free from bacteria

ramification

a consequence, especially one that causes complications

cogitate

consider carefully and deeply

colloquial

characteristic of informal spoken language or conversation

pristine

immaculately clean and unused

forensic

used in the investigation of facts or evidence in court

travesty

a composition that imitates or misrepresents a style

arson

malicious burning to destroy property

connivance

agreement on a secret plot

innocuous

not injurious to physical or mental health

verbatim

using exactly the same words

convolute

rolled longitudinally upon itself

comport

behave in a certain manner

collusion

secret agreement

prolix

tediously prolonged or tending to speak or write at length

catalyst

substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction

boomerang

a curved piece of wood

sleight

adroitness in using the hands

spoof

a humorous imitation of another work or style of work

emeritus

a professor or minister who is retired from assigned duties

visceral

relating to or affecting the internal organs

stymie

hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of

synergy

the working together of two things to produce an effect

olfactory

of or relating to the sense of smell

conniving

acting together in secret toward a fraudulent or illegal end

carnivore

a terrestrial or aquatic flesh-eating mammal

vitriolic

harsh, bitter, or malicious in tone

chameleon

lizard of Africa and Madagascar able to change skin color

cannily

with foresight

demonize

make into a demon

serendipity

good luck in making unexpected and fortunate discoveries

malfeasance

wrongful conduct by a public official

jejune

lacking interest or significance or impact

topnotch

of the highest quality

herbivore

any animal that feeds chiefly on grass and other plants

ambit

an area in which something operates or has power or control

congruity

the quality of agreeing; being suitable and appropriate

errant

straying from the right course or from accepted standards

jeopardy

a source of danger

fetter

a shackle for the ankles or feet

miscellaneous

having many aspects

ubiquitous

being present everywhere at once

stingy

unwilling to spend

ostentation

pretentious or showy or vulgar display

narcissism

an exceptional interest in and admiration for yourself

pretension

the advancing of a claim

flaunt

display proudly

clamor

utter or proclaim insistently and noisily

scalability

the quality of being scalable

exacerbate

make worse

abhorrent

offensive to the mind

sanctuary

a consecrated place where sacred objects are kept

pejorative

expressing disapproval

sibling

a person’s brother or sister

caveat

a warning against certain acts

epilogue

a short speech by an actor at the end of a play

elope

run away secretly with one’s beloved

bicker

argue over petty things

brag

show off

canvass

get opinions by asking specific questions

dereliction

willful negligence

egregious

conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible

casket

box in which a corpse is buried or cremated

mischief

reckless or malicious behavior causing annoyance in others

scavenger

someone who collects things discarded by others

incubate

grow under conditions that promote development

autocratic

characteristic of an absolute ruler or absolute rule

solicit

request urgently or persistently

aurora

bands of light caused by charged solar particles

rife

excessively abundant

palatable

acceptable to the taste or mind

introvert

a person who tends to shrink from social contacts

repugnant

offensive to the mind

dexterity

adroitness in using the hands

spout

gush forth in a sudden stream or jet

lavender

an aromatic shrub with usually mauve or blue flowers

stamina

enduring strength and energy

hoax

something intended to deceive

concatenate

add by linking or joining so as to form a chain or series

noxious

injurious to physical or mental health

outfit

a set of clothing

purport

have the often specious appearance of being or intending

galvanize

stimulate (muscles) by administering a shock

sermon

an address of a religious nature

inflammable

easily ignited

combustible

capable of igniting and burning

phantom

something existing in perception only

hydrolysis

a chemical reaction in which water reacts with a compound to produce other compounds; involves the splitting of a bond and the addition of the hydrogen cation and the hydroxide anion from the water

hydrology

the branch of geology that studies water on the earth and in the atmosphere: its distribution and uses and conservation

ethnology

branch of anthropology dealing with divisions of humankind

dissident

a person who objects to some established policy

liquidate

eliminate a debt by paying it off

translucent

allowing light to pass through diffusely

spawn

the mass of eggs deposited by fish or amphibians or mollusks

proliferation

a rapid increase in number

asthma

respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing

arctic

extremely cold

stew

cook slowly and for a long time in liquid

brew

sit or let sit in boiling water so as to extract the flavor

wield

handle effectively

fjord

a long narrow inlet of the sea between steep cliffs

indigenous

originating where it is found

roost

a perch on which birds or bats rest or sleep

sentinel

a person employed to keep watch for some anticipated event

hive

a structure that provides a natural habitation for bees

termite

whitish soft-bodied ant-like social insect that feeds on wood

reverence

a feeling of profound respect for someone or something

vapid

lacking significance or liveliness or spirit or zest

soothe

cause to feel better

appease

make peace with

judicious

marked by the exercise of good judgment in practical matters

raucous

unpleasantly loud and harsh

imminent

close in time; about to occur

tonic

a medicine that strengthens and invigorates

anaerobic

not using or dependent on oxygen

fowl

a domesticated bird

prodigal

recklessly wasteful

lavish

very generous

backlash

a movement back from an impact

indigence

a state of extreme poverty or destitution

precipice

a very steep cliff

dissident

a person who objects to some established policy

pernicious

exceedingly harmful

puberty

the time of life when one becomes capable of having children

bountiful

producing in abundance

monochrome

having or appearing to have only one color

outreach

the act of reaching out

droll

comical in an odd or whimsical manner

outpost

a military post stationed at a distance from the main body of troops

cede

give over

subjugate

make subservient; force to submit or subdue

aromatic

having a strong pleasant odor

culmination

a concluding action

emancipation

freeing someone from the control of another

altruistic

showing unselfish concern for the welfare of others

hoard

a secret store of valuables or money

divest

take away possessions from someone

ocular

relating to or resembling the eye

stature

the height of a standing person

perspiration

salty fluid secreted by sweat glands

circumference

the length of the closed curve of a circle

frivolous

not serious in content or attitude or behavior

murky

clouded as with sediment

lurk

lie in wait or behave in a sneaky and secretive manner

daring

a challenge to do something dangerous or foolhardy

dearth

an insufficient quantity or number

ophthalmic

of or relating to the eye

proscription

rejection by means of an act of banishing or proscribing someone

caustic

capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action

dissuade

turn away from by persuasion

pathological

relating to the study of diseases

balk

refuse to comply

contraception

birth control by the use of devices or drugs or surgery

incumbent

necessary as a duty or responsibility; morally binding

treacherous

dangerously unstable and unpredictable

craggy

having hills and crags

husk

material consisting of seed coverings and small pieces of stem or leaves that have been separated from the seeds

fray

wear away by rubbing

tavern

a building with a bar licensed to sell alcoholic drinks

forcible

impelled by physical force especially against resistance

pinnacle

a slender upright spire at the top of a buttress of tower

circumvent

surround so as to force to give up

approbate

approve or sanction officially

forestall

keep from happening or arising; make impossible

barnacle

marine crustaceans with feathery food-catching appendages

invigorate

give life or energy to

precarious

not secure; beset with difficulties

amenable

disposed or willing to comply

caprice

a sudden desire

whim

an odd or fanciful or capricious idea

blunt

not sharp (used of a knife or other blade)

infuriate

make furious

beak

horny projecting mouth of a bird

regression

returning to a former state

rut

a groove or furrow

dummy

a figure representing the human form

procure

get by special effort

potter

a craftsperson who makes ceramic objects

onset

the beginning or early stages

debrief

elicit a report from someone about a mission, job, or event

bullion

a mass of precious metal

wreak

cause to happen or to occur as a consequence

dogged

stubbornly unyielding

hominid

a member of a family of primate mammals that includes humans

cod

major food fish of Arctic and cold-temperate waters

wary

marked by keen caution and watchful prudence

entomology

the branch of zoology that studies insects

outmaneuver

defeat by more skillful maneuvering

deplete

use up, as resources or materials

discretionary

having the ability to act according to your own judgment

outpatient

a patient who does not reside in the hospital where he is being treated

sedentary

requiring sitting or little activity

cookware

a kitchen utensil made of material that does not melt easily

exorbitant

greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation

scant

less than the correct or legal or full amount

pilfer

make off with belongings of others

conjecture

believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds

quandary

state of uncertainty in a choice between unfavorable options

docile

easily handled or managed

lava

rock that in its molten form issues from volcanos

glow

emit a steady even light without flames

brim

the top edge of a vessel or other container

potion

a medicinal or magical or poisonous beverage

epic

a long narrative poem telling of a hero’s deeds

breathtaking

tending to cause suspension of regular breathing

plankton

aggregate of small organisms that float or drift in water

peck

hit lightly with a picking motion

wade

walk through relatively shallow water

precipitate

bring about abruptly

shear

cut or cut through with scissors

entice

provoke someone to do something through persuasion

dart

a sudden quick movement

rhinoceros

massive powerful herbivorous odd-toed ungulate of southeast Asia and Africa having very thick skin and one or two horns on the snout

husbandry

the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock

livestock

any animals kept for use or profit

ordinance

an authoritative rule

stringent

demanding strict attention to rules and procedures

misdemeanor

a crime less serious than a felony

penurious

excessively unwilling to spend

miserly

characterized by or indicative of lack of generosity

shackle

a restraint that confines or restricts freedom

prescient

perceiving the significance of events before they occur

proscribe

command against

repeal

cancel officially

conducive

tending to bring about; being partly responsible for

antidote

a remedy that stops or controls the effects of a poison

makeshift

done or made using whatever is available

loath

strongly opposed

presage

a foreboding about what is about to happen

faction

a dissenting clique

alight

settle or come to rest

aground

with the bottom lodged on the ground

barge

a flatbottom boat for carrying heavy loads

autistic

affected with an abnormal absorption with the self

unison

the state of corresponding exactly

dodge

a quick evasive movement

disdain

lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

tenure

the term during which some position is held

trail

a path or track

concurrent

occurring or operating at the same time

otter

freshwater carnivorous mammal having webbed and clawed feet and dark brown fur

figurine

a small carved or molded figure

ceramic

an artifact made of clay baked at a high temperature

revamp

patch up or renovate; repair or restore

plummet

drop sharply

head start

the advantage gained by beginning early, as in a race

crest

the top or extreme point of something

anchor

a mechanical device that prevents a vessel from moving

benchmark

a surveyor’s mark on an object of predetermined position

cyclical

recurring in a repeated sequence of events

caste

a hereditary social class among Hindus

marsupial

a mammal the female of which has a pouch carrying the young

carcinogen

any substance that produces cancer

islet

a small island

maritime

relating to ships or navigation

emanate

give out, as breath or an odor

discus

an athletic competition in which a circular object is thrown

mimic

imitate, especially for satirical effect

magpie

long-tailed black-and-white crow that utters a raucous call

semantic

of or relating to meaning or the study of meaning

reciprocal

concerning each of two or more persons or things

oath

a solemn promise regarding your future acts or behavior

peg

a wooden pin pushed or driven into a surface

incense

make furious

cringe

draw back, as with fear, pain, or embarrassment

calibration

the act of checking or adjusting (by comparison with a standard) the accuracy of a measuring instrument

squint

partly close one’s eyes, as when hit by direct light

trespass

enter unlawfully on someone’s property

protrusion

something that bulges out or is protuberant or projects from its surroundings

quail

small gallinaceous game birds

audacious

disposed to venture or take risks

hedgehog

small nocturnal Old World mammal covered with both hair and protective spines

shrew

small mouselike mammal with a long snout; related to moles

stray

wander from a direct course or at random

delusion

a mistaken or unfounded opinion or idea

leach

cause (a liquid) to percolate

infirm

lacking bodily or muscular strength or vitality

mollusk

invertebrate with a soft unsegmented body usually in a shell

submersible

capable of being immersed in water

incipient

only partly in existence; imperfectly formed

foreshadow

indicate by signs

mint

any member of the mint family of plants

fusion

the act of melding or melting together

cellular

relating to cells

cane

a strong slender often flexible stem as of bamboos, reeds, rattans, or sugar cane

shovel

a hand tool for lifting loose material

thrust

push forcefully

segregate

divide from the main body or mass and collect

marketplace

an area in a town where a public mercantile establishment is set up

repertoire

the range of skills in a particular field or occupation

twig

a small branch or division of a branch

sap

a watery solution in the vascular system of a plant

glut

supply with an excess of

slate

fine-grained metamorphic rock that can be split into layers

tadpole

a larval frog or toad

rebuttal

the speech act of refuting by offering a contrary argument

staple

material suitable for manufacture or use or finishing

confound

be confusing or perplexing to

scrub

wash thoroughly

tally

the act of counting; reciting numbers in ascending order

paleontology

the earth science that studies fossil organisms

plagiarize

take without referencing from someone’s writing or speech

paradigm

a standard or typical example

pigment

dry coloring material

tract

an extended area of land

barb

a point facing the main point making an arrowhead or spear

discern

detect with the senses

terse

brief and to the point

lush

produced or growing in extreme abundance

sterile

incapable of reproducing

teem

be abuzz

jostle

make one’s way by pushing or shoving

astound

affect with wonder

scald

burn with a hot liquid or steam

carcass

the dead body of an animal

bonanza

a sudden happening that brings good fortune

graze

feed as in a meadow or pasture

fastidious

giving careful attention to detail

scathe

the act of damaging something or someone

propulsion

the act of moving forward

vestige

an indication that something has been present

glimmer

a flash of light

enmesh

entangle or catch in (or as if in) a mesh

sunlit

lighted by sunlight

detritus

loose material that is worn away from rocks

etymology

a history of a word

rejoice

feel happiness or joy

pouch

a small or medium size container for holding or carrying things

trample

tread or stomp heavily or roughly

cliche

a trite or obvious remark

genially

in an affable manner

covert

secret or hidden

patron

someone who supports or champions something

grim

harshly uninviting or formidable in manner or appearance

tangent

a line that touches a curve at only one point

underwriter

an agent who sells insurance

primate

any placental mammal of the order Primates

cumbersome

difficult to handle or use because of size or weight

impediment

something immaterial that interferes with action or progress

pedestrian

a person who travels by foot

canine

a dog or related mammal

impede

be a hindrance or obstacle to

conflate

mix together different elements

stark

severely simple

stilted

artificially formal

insofar

to the degree or extent that

elucidate

make clear and comprehensible

undue

not appropriate or proper in the circumstances

reprehensible

bringing or deserving severe rebuke or censure

emboss

raise in a relief

notation

a comment or instruction (usually added)

annotation

the act of adding notes

connotation

an idea that is implied or suggested

mediocre

moderate to inferior in quality

kowtow

bend the knees and bow in a servile manner

suffice

be adequate, either in quality or quantity

grease

a thick fatty oil

due

that which is deserved or owed

sublime

of high moral or intellectual value

mucous

of or secreting or covered with or resembling mucus

ulcer

an inflammatory lesion resulting in decay of tissue

sloth

a disinclination to work or exert yourself

vintner

someone who sells wine

temperate

not extreme

strait

a narrow channel joining two larger bodies of water

predisposition

an inclination to interpret statements in a particular way

mantle

a sleeveless garment like a cloak but shorter

seismic

subject to or caused by an earthquake or earth vibration

ratify

approve and express assent, responsibility, or obligation

venerable

profoundly honored

convene

meet formally

pugnacious

ready and able to resort to force or violence

truce

a state of peace agreed to between opponents

sacred

made or declared or believed to be holy

deity

a supernatural being worshipped as controlling the world

brisk

quick and energetic

bottleneck

the narrow part of a bottle near the top

expatriate

a person who is voluntarily absent from home or country

enshrine

enclose in a place of worship

ensconce

fix firmly

layman

someone who is not a clergyman or a professional person

fencing

a barrier that serves to enclose an area

divination

the art or gift of prophecy by supernatural means

asocial

given to avoiding association with others

springboard

a beginning from which an enterprise is launched

bladder

a distensible membranous sac

bowel

the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus

smear

smudge or soil by smudging

manicure

professional care for the hands and fingernails

pervert

corrupt morally or by intemperance or sensuality

amass

collect or gather

diabolical

showing cunning or ingenuity or wickedness

antagonize

provoke the hostility of

pester

annoy persistently

shred

a small piece of cloth or paper

raccoon

an omnivorous nocturnal mammal native to North America and Central America

extraneous

not belonging to that in which it is contained

braid

make by interlacing

adage

a condensed but memorable saying embodying an important fact

defecate

have a bowel movement

auxiliary

furnishing added support

infest

occupy in large numbers or live on a host

louse

a wingless, parasitic insect

despicable

morally reprehensible

counterfeit

not genuine; imitating something superior

clandestine

conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods

bulge

swell or protrude outwards

paltry

contemptibly small in amount or size

omnivore

an animal that feeds on both animal and vegetable substances

conundrum

a difficult problem

tenet

a religious doctrine proclaimed as true without proof

crisp

tender and brittle

shun

avoid and stay away from deliberately

antecedent

a preceding occurrence or cause or event

conglomerate

collect or gather

oyster

marine mollusks having a rough irregular shell

saline

containing salt

pare

strip the skin off

sag

droop, sink, or settle

bolster

support and strengthen

trim

make a reduction in

oust

remove from a position or office

impeach

bring an accusation against

bark

the sound made by a dog

conical

relating to or resembling a cone

terminology

a system of words used to name things in a discipline

debilitate

make weak

venom

toxin secreted by animals

potent

having or wielding force or authority

squash

any of numerous annual trailing plants of the genus Cucurbita grown for their fleshy edible fruits

pollinate

fertilize by transfering pollen

fig

Mediterranean tree widely cultivated for its edible fruit

snooze

sleep lightly or for a short period of time

crate

a rugged box (usually made of wood); used for shipping

lousy

very bad

retract

formally reject or disavow

concede

give over

rub

move over something with pressure

lineage

the kinship relation between an individual and progenitors

kindred

group of people related by blood or marriage

slander

words falsely spoken that damage the reputation of another

freight

goods carried by a large vehicle

guild

a formal association of people with similar interests

gulp

utter or make a noise, as when swallowing too quickly

devour

eat immoderately

categorically

in an unqualified manner
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