GMAT economist tutor – 341 Words

rend

tear or be torn violently

caulk

a waterproof filler and sealant used in building and repair

damp

slightly wet

dross

worthless or dangerous material that should be removed

tarnish

make or become dirty or spotty

sedition

an illegal action inciting resistance to lawful authority

seemly

according with custom or propriety

platitude

a trite or obvious remark

stipulate

make an express demand or provision in an agreement

abasement

depriving one of self-esteem

gouge

an impression in a surface, as made by a blow

grouse

popular game bird having a plump body and feathered legs

fallow

left unplowed and unseeded during a growing season

agog

highly excited

cloture

a rule for limiting or ending debate in a deliberative body

stigma

a symbol of disgrace or infamy

cosset

treat with excessive indulgence

doff

remove

apostle

an ardent early supporter of a cause or reform

conscript

enroll into service compulsorily

euphony

any pleasing and harmonious sounds

dilate

become wider

penchant

a strong liking

coterie

an exclusive circle of people with a common purpose

armada

a large fleet

exemplar

something to be imitated

dilettante

an amateur engaging in an activity without serious intention

endow

give qualities or abilities to

coffer

a chest especially for storing valuables

dawdle

hang or fall in movement, progress, development, etc.

artless

simple and natural; without cunning or deceit

nadir

the lowest point of anything

dote

shower with love; show excessive affection for

effigy

a representation of a person

apprise

inform somebody of something

bilk

cheat somebody out of what is due, especially money

debacle

a sudden and complete disaster

divest

take away possessions from someone

eddy

a miniature whirlpool or whirlwind

connote

express or state indirectly

erstwhile

belonging to some prior time

flail

an implement with a handle and a free swinging stick

pertain

be relevant to

efficacy

capacity or power to produce a desired result

docile

easily handled or managed

expiate

make amends for

fracas

noisy quarrel

ardent

characterized by intense emotion

forestall

keep from happening or arising; make impossible

gainsay

take exception to

emboss

raise in a relief

gambit

a chess move in which the player sacrifices minor pieces

nostrum

patent medicine whose efficacy is questionable

pine

a coniferous tree

apostate

not faithful to religion or party or cause

phalanx

any closely ranked crowd of people

placate

cause to be more favorably inclined

glower

look angry or sullen as if to signal disapproval

waft

a long flag; often tapering

vitiate

make imperfect

dally

behave carelessly or indifferently

welter

a confused multitude of things

torrid

characterized by intense emotion

viscous

having a relatively high resistance to flow

undermine

weaken or impair, especially gradually

tawdry

tastelessly showy

synoptic

presenting a summary or general view of a whole

repast

the food served and eaten at one time

anomaly

deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule

collude

act in unison and in secret towards a deceitful purpose

assay

a test of a substance to determine its components

unsparing

not forbearing; ruthless

cogent

powerfully persuasive

arduous

characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion

munificent

very generous

inquest

an inquiry into the cause of an unexpected death

prophetic

foretelling events as if by supernatural intervention

overwrought

deeply agitated especially from emotion

statute

an act passed by a legislative body

decorum

propriety in manners and conduct

precis

a sketchy summary of the main points of an argument

quiescence

a state of possibly temporary inaction or dormancy

epaulet

an ornamental cloth pad worn on the shoulder

descry

catch sight of

craven

lacking even the rudiments of courage; abjectly fearful

skittish

unpredictably excitable, especially of horses

diffident

showing modest reserve

declaim

recite in elocution

erudite

having or showing profound knowledge

apposite

being of striking appropriateness and pertinence

impious

lacking piety or reverence for a god

fecund

capable of producing offspring or vegetation

shirk

avoid one’s assigned duties

arbitration

giving authoritative judgment

glib

artfully persuasive in speech

importune

beg persistently and urgently

supplant

take the place or move into the position of

hew

make or shape as with an axe

arrogate

seize and take control without authority

invective

abusive language used to express blame or censure

martinet

someone who demands exact conformity to rules and forms

staunch

firm and dependable especially in loyalty

dither

be undecided or uncertain

usury

the act of lending money at an exorbitant rate of interest

turpitude

a corrupt or depraved or degenerate act or practice

sate

fill to contentment

aseptic

free of pathological microorganisms

goad

stab or urge on as if with a pointed stick

lax

without rigor or strictness

deride

treat or speak of with contempt

laconic

brief and to the point

gall

a digestive juice secreted by the liver

ingrate

a person who shows no gratitude

largesse

liberality in bestowing gifts

canard

a deliberately misleading fabrication

modish

in the current fashion or style

leery

openly distrustful and unwilling to confide

fluke

a stroke of luck

insipid

lacking interest or significance or impact

lambaste

censure severely or angrily

missive

a written message addressed to a person or organization

whitewash

wash consisting of lime and size in water

impugn

attack as false or wrong

knell

the sound of a bell rung slowly to announce a death

mire

a soft wet area of low-lying land that sinks underfoot

boycott

refusal to have commercial dealings with some organization

whittle

cut small bits or pare shavings from

jibe

shift from one side of the ship to the other

gaffe

a socially awkward or tactless act

imbue

spread or diffuse through

modest

marked by simplicity; having a humble opinion of yourself

pundit

a person with special knowledge who performs skillfully

florid

elaborately or excessively ornamented

recant

formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief

maudlin

effusively or insincerely emotional

gist

the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work

prude

a person excessively concerned about propriety and decorum

yoke

a wooden frame across the shoulders for carrying buckets

apathy

an absence of emotion or enthusiasm

malign

speak unfavorably about

prolific

intellectually productive

qualm

uneasiness about the fitness of an action

minion

a servile or fawning dependant

proxy

a person authorized to act for another

fringe

an ornamental border of short lengths of hanging threads

magnate

a very wealthy or powerful businessperson

abstain

refrain from doing, consuming, or partaking in something

pare

strip the skin off

forage

collect or look around for, as food

mince

cut into small pieces

extol

praise, glorify, or honor

tout

advertise in strongly positive terms

pallid

deficient in color suggesting physical or emotional distress

falter

move hesitatingly, as if about to give way

mar

render imperfect

abreast

alongside each other, facing in the same direction

larceny

the act of taking something from someone unlawfully

faction

a dissenting clique

upbraid

express criticism towards

deign

do something that one considers to be below one’s dignity

loll

be lazy or idle

confound

be confusing or perplexing to

verdant

characterized by abundance of vegetation and green foliage

indolence

inactivity resulting from a dislike of work

libertine

unrestrained by convention or morality

winsome

charming in a childlike or naive way

diffuse

spread out; not concentrated in one place

incubus

an evil spirit thought to visit people while they sleep

limpid

clear and bright

jettison

throw away, of something encumbering

demur

politely refuse or take exception to

incise

make a depression in by carving or cutting

blowhard

a very boastful and talkative person

quack

the harsh sound of a duck

anodyne

capable of relieving pain

dirge

a song or hymn of mourning as a memorial to a dead person

impute

attribute or credit to

accession

the act of attaining a new office or right or position

foment

try to stir up

burnish

polish and make shiny

eschew

avoid and stay away from deliberately

abrade

rub hard or scrub

convoke

call together

fervid

characterized by intense emotion

abeyance

temporary cessation or suspension

occlude

block passage through

nascent

being born or beginning

temperate

not extreme

turgid

ostentatiously lofty in style

urbane

showing a high degree of refinement

elucidate

make clear and comprehensible

verbose

using or containing too many words

facetious

cleverly amusing in tone

vapid

lacking significance or liveliness or spirit or zest

whet

sharpen by rubbing

grovel

show submission or fear

zeal

a feeling of strong eagerness

impetuous

characterized by undue haste and lack of thought

ersatz

an artificial or inferior substitute or imitation

homage

respectful deference

endemic

native to or confined to a certain region

philistine

a person who is uninterested in intellectual pursuits

diatribe

thunderous verbal attack

vilify

spread negative information about

pastiche

a work of art that imitates the style of some previous work

ambivalent

uncertain or unable to decide about what course to follow

catharsis

purging the body to stimulate evacuation of the bowels

oblique

slanting or inclined in direction or course or position

egress

the act or means of going out

abjure

formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief

sardonic

disdainfully or ironically humorous

morose

showing a brooding ill humor

myopic

unable to see distant objects clearly

foible

a minor weakness or peculiarity in someone’s character

cacophony

loud confusing disagreeable sounds

acolyte

an assistant to a priest or minister in a liturgical service

impasse

a situation in which no progress can be made

chauvinism

fanatical patriotism

maelstrom

a powerful circular current of water

listless

lacking zest or vivacity

gerontocracy

a political system governed by old people

diurnal

having a daily cycle or occurring every day

neophyte

any new participant in some activity

burlesque

a theatrical entertainment of broad and earthy humor

edify

make understand

echelon

level of authority in a hierarchy

monolithic

imposing in size or bulk or solidity

barrage

the heavy fire of artillery to saturate an area

compendium

a publication containing a variety of works

homogeneous

all of the same or similar kind or nature

misanthropy

hatred of mankind

disingenuous

not straightforward or candid

austere

of a stern or strict bearing or demeanor

normative

relating to or dealing with typical standards or patterns

hapless

unfortunate and deserving pity

milieu

the environmental condition

grandiloquent

lofty in style

quibble

evade the truth of a point by raising irrelevant objections

idyll

a short poem descriptive of rural or pastoral life

heterodox

characterized by departure from accepted standards

reticence

the trait of being uncommunicative

opine

express one’s view openly and without fear or hesitation

sobriquet

a familiar name for a person

nexus

the means of connection between things linked in series

droll

comical in an odd or whimsical manner

salient

conspicuous, prominent, or important

pyre

wood heaped for burning a dead body as a funeral rite

syncopation

a musical rhythm accenting a normally weak beat

inchoate

only partly in existence; imperfectly formed

panache

distinctive and stylish elegance

depravity

moral perversion; impairment of virtue and moral principles

rococo

having excessive asymmetrical ornamentation

quell

suppress or crush completely

soporific

inducing sleep

loquacious

full of trivial conversation

tyro

someone new to a field or activity

paucity

an insufficient quantity or number

transgression

the violation of a law or a duty or moral principle

fortuitous

occurring by happy chance

wizened

lean and wrinkled by shrinkage as from age or illness

pique

a sudden outburst of anger

sublime

of high moral or intellectual value

umbrage

a feeling of anger caused by being offended

volatile

liable to lead to sudden change or violence

panoply

a complete and impressive array

inert

unable to move or resist motion

savant

a learned person

syntax

the study of the rules for forming admissible sentences

terse

brief and to the point

canonical

conforming to orthodox or recognized rules

virulent

extremely poisonous or injurious; producing venom

quotidian

found in the ordinary course of events

chronic

long-lasting or characterized by long suffering

boor

a crude uncouth ill-bred person lacking refinement

treacherous

dangerously unstable and unpredictable

vestige

an indication that something has been present

abscond

run away, often taking something or somebody along

blithe

carefree and happy and lighthearted

coda

the closing section of a musical composition

bucolic

devoted to raising sheep or cattle

altruism

the quality of unselfish concern for the welfare of others

catalyst

substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction

aloof

remote in manner

blight

any plant disease resulting in withering without rotting

condone

excuse, overlook, or make allowances for

aberration

a state or condition markedly different from the norm

capricious

determined by chance or impulse rather than by necessity

polemic

a verbal or written attack, especially of a belief or dogma

audacious

disposed to venture or take risks

bombastic

ostentatiously lofty in style

prosaic

lacking wit or imagination

frieze

an ornament consisting of a horizontal sculptured band

lacuna

a blank gap or missing part

recalcitrant

stubbornly resistant to authority or control

desultory

marked by lack of definite plan or regularity or purpose

epistemology

the philosophical theory of knowledge

galvanize

stimulate (muscles) by administering a shock

soliloquy

speech you make to yourself

mirth

great merriment

hegemony

the dominance or leadership of one social group over others

supine

lying face upward

hermetic

completely sealed or airtight

nonplussed

filled with bewilderment

gossamer

a gauze fabric with an extremely fine texture

truculent

defiantly aggressive

frenetic

excessively agitated

dictum

an authoritative declaration

opaque

not transmitting or reflecting light or radiant energy

vitriol

abusive or venomous language to express blame or censure

ebullient

joyously unrestrained

iconoclast

someone who attacks cherished ideas or institutions

dyspeptic

suffering from indigestion

circumspect

careful to consider potential consequences and avoid risk

lachrymose

showing sorrow

ignoble

dishonorable in character or purpose

halcyon

a mythical bird said to breed at the winter solstice

fusillade

rapid simultaneous discharge of firearms

credulous

showing a lack of judgment or experience

harangue

a loud bombastic declamation expressed with strong emotion

winnow

the act of separating grain from chaff

paean

a hymn of praise

xenophobia

a fear of foreigners or strangers

arbiter

someone chosen to judge and decide a disputed issue

daguerreotype

a photograph made by an early photographic process

ascribe

attribute or credit to

subpoena

a writ issued to compel the attendance of a witness

bevy

a flock of birds

irascible

quickly aroused to anger

plethora

extreme excess

coalesce

fuse or cause to come together

lugubrious

excessively mournful

esoteric

understandable only by an enlightened inner circle

vociferous

conspicuously and offensively loud

itinerant

traveling from place to place to work

contrite

feeling or expressing pain or sorrow for sins or offenses

malediction

the act of calling down a curse that invokes evil

immutable

not subject or susceptible to change or variation

discordant

not in agreement or harmony

acerbic

sour or bitter in taste

ephemeral

anything short-lived, as an insect that lives only for a day

adept

having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude
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