GMAT and FT vocab – 441 Words

proliferation

a rapid increase in number

For the uninitiated, Hopkins rose to fame as a villainous contestant on The Apprentice UK, where she drew attention for her acerbic, insulting comments.
reiterate

say, state, or perform again

In their opening remarks, they admonished the jury to consider only evidence presented in the trial.
foe

an armed adversary

New resources, of course, have long been on the wish list of public education advocates.
condemn

express strong disapproval of

Far from disrespect, there is great affection for Petersen in the Boise State football complex and throughout the campus.
assertion

a declaration that is made emphatically

Alonso aggravated his existing back condition Tuesday night, while Norris’ situation was the result of a collision with Beltre at the plate on Tuesday.
abase

cause to feel shame

When a flight attendant tried to calm Schneider, he became more agitated, swearing at the crew member, advancing on him and then pushing him.
abject

of the most contemptible kind

This could be a legacy project for an ambitious local politician with his eyes on bigger things.
rebuke

an act or expression of criticism and censure

Their different responses to the unfolding economic drama underscore the strong ambivalence Americans feel about the Greek crisis.
irate

feeling or showing extreme anger

The most exciting aspect of this field is that we don’t know which robotic sport will ultimately drive the most attention and amusement.
bonanza

a sudden happening that brings good fortune

She feels like she is no longer as sharp as her colleagues, causing significant anxiety and depression.
prudent

marked by sound judgment

No, it’s just something to encourage people to step out and stand up for themselves and not be apathetic.
plutocrat

someone who exercises power by virtue of wealth

It takes only one class of art history to learn the basic tools of art interpretation and appreciation.
autocrat

a cruel and oppressive dictator

Even so, many people are apprehensive about exercise after experiencing a heart attack.
resurgent

rising again as to new life and vigor

And what is true of the biological variety should also be true of its artificial counterpart.
astute

marked by practical hardheaded intelligence

The former planned to definitively disprove Cook’s assertions, while the latter intended to defend the explorer’s honor.
extol

praise, glorify, or honor

The other patients died, but Silva’s tumors virtually vanished, to the astonishment of her doctors.
austere

of a stern or strict bearing or demeanor

A maximum security prisoner is back behind bars in Australia after staging an audacious escape.
reluctant

not eager

So averse was she to weapons when her children were young that she wouldn’t let them play with water pistols.
rejig

re-equip a factory or plant

He has often seemed befuddled and confused, along with wrong about just about everything.
stymie

hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of

Lewis is a magnetic and intimidating Henry VIII, accomplishing more with a harsh whisper than he does with a bellicose tantrum.
eminence

high status importance owing to marked superiority

A special session on a budget shortfall has so far been characterized by tensions and bitter divisions among legislators.
malicious

having the nature of threatening evil

It’s also not quite so over-the-top and bombastic as Ghosts, though it’s a far cry from what anyone might describe as realistic.
hoax

something intended to deceive

There’s a common perception of entrepreneurs as bold, brash, and exceedingly confident individuals.
spate

a sudden forceful flow

He’d been called a bully, but his brusque manner was seen as the sidecar to his ability to get things done.
lynching

putting a person to death by mob action without due process

Like death, his father’s presence was cold and often callous, but it was real- brutally honest, inescapably dependable.
insuperable

incapable of being surpassed or excelled

It’s odd to hear such a candid admission from the chief of a company whose trade has always been exaggeration and excess.
exacerbate

make worse

Her candor and exquisite simplicity framed the rest of my trip and helped me better understand the land I was living in.
disbursal

the act of spending or disbursing money

Saint-Saëns was on speaking terms with practically all of them, even if his prickly temperament and caustic wit tended to discourage close friendships.
disguise

any attire that conceals the wearer’s identity

“The prime minister is cavalier in his disregard of international law and agreements when it comes to the proliferation of nuclear weapons,” she told reporters.
ostensibly

from appearances alone

He returned more choleric than before, calling those he met rebels and traitors, in his mad fury.
diminutive

very small

Of course, it’s churlish to speak sourly of a guiltless, newborn child.
array

an impressive display

Ferrell and Hart are two stars with clearly, cleverly designed personalities, but whose films are often lazy and coarse in execution.
nemesis

something causing misery or death

He said his state was prepared for future hurricanes: “Our levies are stronger than they’ve ever been before, but we must not become complacent.”
petulant

easily irritated or annoyed

As parental concern mounts, tech companies are eager to prove that they have the best interests of students at heart.
marvel

be amazed at

In theory a more conciliatory leader might offer some hope for compromise and peace.
relentless

never-ceasing

“The owner is rude, condescending, arrogant, and way too full of himself. Not a good representation of the people of southern Utah.”
wrath

intense anger

The spacious halls brought again the school feeling, however the atmosphere was not conducive to study but one of uneasiness.
imminent

close in time; about to occur

Even surrounded by family and friend to console you, the world feels empty.
truculent

defiantly aggressive

Some people become more contemplative as they age and take the time to reflect on the life they have lived.
avarice

reprehensible acquisitiveness; insatiable desire for wealth

At this moment, the respectful, cordial tenor of the meeting took a noticeably different and more contentious tone.
covetous

immoderately desirous of acquiring something

It seems contradictory to say Watson played the match of her life in defeat, but she did.
contemplate

think intently and at length, as for spiritual purposes

Star Wars was a breakout success for many well-discussed reasons, but one powerful factor was how it easily lent itself to creative backyard play.
lucid

transparently clear; easily understandable

Yet someone who’s tired or distracted will likely be less critical, and will simply accept what you say as true.
lament

a cry of sorrow and grief

His male supporters regard his crude sexism not as juvenile behavior but as a transgressive political statement.
reticent

reluctant to draw attention to yourself

My squid dream got me curious: Can cephalopods—a group that includes squid, octopuses, and cuttlefish—dream?
detrimental

causing harm or injury

There was no explanation given in the curt, two-paragraph news release that the Dodgers sent out to announce the bizarre move.
postulate

maintain or assert

While we know children are impressionable, they are also discerning and optimistic, often noting the best in people rather than taking a more cynical view.
ample

more than enough in size or scope or capacity

“I have waited in deference while others expressed their feelings, beliefs, confusions and even conclusions – absent the full story.”
conceit

the trait of being unduly vain

He has rarely looked so dejected, so beaten, so incapable of the rousing return for which many golfing fans long.
lampoon

ridicule with satire

Yes, it was see-through – and there was latex! – but it was oddly demure, covered up, with just a hint of suggestion.
eclectic

selecting what seems best of various styles or ideas

In the darkness, the players spent Saturday morning as punching bags for the coaches’ derisive comments.
stewardship

the position of someone who manages the affairs of others

If we truly stopped to think about what each such death meant for victims and their families we would surely become overwhelmed by despair.
dwindling

a becoming gradually less

Tiger’s despondent press conferences will persist, and the press will hang on his words to see if there’s even a glimmer of hope.
afflicted

mentally or physically unfit

The Newsroom is a didactic show, by which I mean, when it presents an argument, it hints pretty clearly which side it believes is right.
quibble

evade the truth of a point by raising irrelevant objections

His manner is diffident and reserved, but the music-making is intense, full of character and rendered on the highest technical level.
— Washington Post (Mar 30, 2015)
lambaste

censure severely or angrily

The library’s executive team testified before Congress in the spring about the dire need for more storage space for its ­ever-increasing collections.
arbitration

giving authoritative judgment

But that didn’t stop the haters, who seized the new forum to rally their disdain.
redundancy

the attribute of being superfluous and unneeded

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau released thousands of complaints Thursday from disgruntled customers of banks, credit card companies and other providers of financial services.
roster

a list of names

He rolled his eyes and walked away in disgust.
earmark

give or assign a resource to a particular person or cause

“I can’t help but cry … because I thought people would defend me and say something. Some people just shook their heads in dismay.”
blip

a radar echo displayed so as to show the position of a reflecting surface

The opera is no masterpiece, but disparagement of the score as uninspired has never seemed justified on the rare occasions we hear it.
reel

a winder around which flexible materials can be wound

Of course football has its celebrated chess-like aspects, but the game’s primal appeal is in the physical domination of some men by some other men.
marred

blemished by injury or rough wear

Some of the claims are dubious, though startling if true.
opt

select as an alternative over another

The good news for veterans is that, because of their service, most Americans are eager to help them succeed in their job searches and careers.
missive

a written message addressed to a person or organization
[He] seemed overly slow and overly earnest, like a man explaining the government to toddlers.
momentous

of very great significance

In photographs taken just after the baby was born, she cuddles the infant, looking ecstatic and proud.
adversity

a state of misfortune or affliction

It’s being called both a “comedy smash” and “really funny,” among other effusive compliments.
opacity

the degree to which something reduces the passage of light

She ended the class elated and high-fived Victoria: “I built a website!
repress

conceal or hide

It’s an elegiac message of farewell—whether to a romantic partner who is leaving or do life itself is subject to the listener’s interpretation.
conglomerate

collect or gather

“I can feel your pain without going through it myself,” says the empathetic person.
hemorrhage

the flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessel

“It is important to emphasize that this study is insufficient to draw any firm conclusions regarding cause and effect,” he added.
seminal

containing seeds of later development

It is seductive, engaging, and lit, despite the odds, by a vitality that is in itself a form of hope.
miscreant

a person without moral scruples

As enthusiastic as he was to climb in the Himalaya, Chin didn’t know the first thing about launching an international expedition.
abet

assist or encourage, usually in some wrongdoing

He had been his father’s exuberant companion, who had, Emerson wrote, “touched with his lively curiosity every trivial fact & circumstance in the household.”
dispute

the act of coming into conflict

“We have a very facetious Liverpool sense of humour, laughing at things which are stupid,” says Wells.
fickle

liable to sudden unpredictable change

Despite first being proposed more than a century ago, the idea of a space elevator has always appeared fanciful.
extortionate

greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation

“This is a fatuous show with nothing fresh to say about popular culture and our fixation with fame,” his one-star write-up continued.
juxtapose

place side by side

Mr. Elwes said it has attained such a large and fervent following thanks largely to pre-Internet word-of-mouth raves and home video rentals.
poised

marked by balance or equilibrium and readiness for action

Much work goes into the ceremonies, market officials said, though they only last a fleeting few minutes.
anemic

relating to or having a deficiency of red blood cells

“Any reprimand has to be taken seriously, so I don’t want to come across as flippant about it,” he said.
elongate

make long or longer by pulling and stretching

But something else bothered him – a cold sense of foreboding, as if he hadn’t heard the worst news yet.
accommodative

tending to reconcile or accommodate; bringing into harmony

The image of forlorn bears on small rafts of ice has become a symbol of the dangers of climate change.
beholden

under a moral obligation to someone

She suggests that its appeal lies in its frank treatment of topics usually left undiscussed.
unravel

become or cause to become undone by separating the fibers of

A finance ministry official said both genuine and forged passports were in the packets intercepted in the post.
salience

the state of being significant

In an open letter, the coalition says Twitter’s ban “holds grave consequences for free expression and transparency around the world.”
prone

having a tendency

Aren’t entrepreneurs supposed to be gregarious and commanding—verbally adept and able to inspire employees, clients and investors with the sheer force of their personality?
prod

push against gently

What we can do is hopefully have a detached perspective, without being pompous and haughty.
impel

urge or force to an action; constrain or motivate

He said it was heroic of the officer to put himself in danger to protect the children, who were unhurt.
deceit

the quality of being fraudulent

The mildness of Dellavedova’s provocations only makes the histrionic local reaction to them – the impassioned denunciations, the drippingly earnest think pieces – all the more hilarious.
elaborate

marked by complexity and richness of detail

Speaking about political dialogue, Assad said any initiative that is not based on fighting “terrorism” will be “ hollow” and “meaningless.”
fraudulent

intended to deceive

“A socially inclusive Singapore that is prosperous because it is innovative, and where people always feel hopeful about making progress in their lives.”
predisposition

an inclination to interpret statements in a particular way

There are four months left for the neighbors to patch things up, but for now the mood is hostile.
meddle

intrude in other people’s affairs or business

Today’s foreign-policy thinkers must also test their idealistic notions of American possibility on a geo­political landscape littered with the wreckage of ideals past.
condescending

characteristic of those who treat others with arrogance

Porter is imposing enough physically — he is stocky and more than 6-foot tall — but he can be soft-spoken.
supplication

the act of communicating with a deity

Clearly that was unwise, and to bail out management and investors, let alone reward them for imprudent decisions, is not proper.
pertain

be relevant to

But anyone who relishes elegant and incisive writing and speech will be glad that Vidal was fated to explain, rather than practise, politics.
enmity

a state of deep-seated ill-will

In the case of Guzmán, many Mexicans are particularly incredulous as this was his second escape from a supposedly high-security prison.
sagacious

acutely insightful and wise

I seethed with envy, indignant that they enjoyed the honest freedom I had denied myself.
circumspect

careful to consider potential consequences and avoid risk

But as representatives of the National Socialist Front show up to offer support, the town is plastered with neo-Nazi flags, swastikas and other inflammatory material.
eulogize

praise formally and eloquently

He was very inquisitive — he kept asking and I kept answering.
laud

praise, glorify, or honor

Of course, if used poorly, the suggested questions can come across like bad pickup lines, rehearsed and insincere.
abstinent

self-restraining

“You are insolent. I suppose that is only to be expected of a wildling. We must find you a husband who can teach you courtesy.”
demeanor

the way a person behaves toward other people

But it was exciting, and inspiring, to live in a country where people had fought and won the fight for democracy and openness.
disinclined

unwilling because of mild dislike or disapproval

“If you don’t want a session that is too competitive you can choose one that is less intense.
averse

strongly opposed

The police said they did not yet know if the shooting was accidental or intentional.
repugnant

offensive to the mind

Horns honked, and an irate motorist yelled, “Get out of the street so people can get to work!”
defraud

deprive of by deceit

She continues with a irreverent speech that blends slightly off-color jokes with sincere praise and gratitude.
apt

being of striking pertinence

When they travel, rich 20-somethings are drawn toward gregarious pleasures that can be shared on social media to make their friends jealous.
avow

declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true

But in their translation into the bald language of reality—the jejune prose of fact—our dreams have a way of losing their finer essence.
relent

give in, as to influence or pressure

“We’re not pushing a hardcore agenda. The events tend to be very friendly and jovial, but safety is our No. 1 concern.”
boisterous

full of rough and exuberant animal spirits

Thus began one of West’s familiar monologues on the fashion industry’s judgmental nature — its bullying and mean-girl tendencies and refusal to recognize his brilliance.
caprice

a sudden desire

And yes, as we’ve read in laudatory profiles and seen in TV spots, the rookie is smart, studious, humble, and looks fantastic in denim.
exorbitant

greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation

Supreme Court rulings are typically dry legalistic documents, but Friday’s decision recognizing gay marriage nationwide was more lyrical than most.
hostility

a state of deep-seated ill-will

China’s Internet police issued warnings against those who sought to point fingers or spread malicious rumors online.
discernment

the cognitive condition of someone who understands

As a child she was a shy, melancholic loner riddled with very early-onset teenage angst.
shrewd

marked by practical hardheaded intelligence

But though his aesthetic has been mercurial, his theme has arguably stayed the same.
assert

declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true

But the decision we came around to was that it was editorially important to show how methodical, planned and deliberate this was.
dissident

a person who objects to some established policy

Others found ways of mocking it, calling it – not so politely – a waste of time.
acquit

pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

The Supreme Court is on the verge of a momentous decision that could legalize gay marriage across the country.
acute

ending in a sharp point

The amiable Brian takes refuge in mordant humor: “Bad luck. Good luck. It’s all chance,” he says, then adding darkly, “Rotten sort of lottery, life.”
adamant

very hard native crystalline carbon valued as a gem

Eeyore, the morose donkey in Winnie-the-Pooh, at one point complains: ‘A little consideration, a little thought for others, makes all the difference.’
adverse

in an opposing direction

To feel motivated to clean something, you’ve first got to notice, and care, that it’s dirty.
arcane

requiring secret or mysterious knowledge

Often disruptive behaviors involve major negative interactions, like screaming at a nurse or harshly insulting a colleague.
bland

lacking taste or flavor or tang

“Leaving a child unattended in a car or a house is negligent conduct,” Judge Mary Catherine Cuff wrote.
canon

a collection of books accepted as holy scripture

If I have strong views, I’m probably not going to be a good editor: it’s hard for me to write in a neutral way.”
captivate

attract; cause to be enamored

Finally, highly-math-anxious parents may become flustered when their children’s teachers use novel strategies that parents themselves never learned.
charter

a document creating an institution and specifying its rights

It is important as a scientist, irrespective of belief, to be as objective as possible and steer clear of overtly political, advocacy, or activist stances.
clerical

appropriate for or engaged in office work

Their representative assemblies passed obsequious resolutions expressing loyalty and gratitude to the King, and the people; and erected his statue in a public place.
compile

get or gather together

An obstinate captive raven nearly brought photographer Vince Musi to tears last week when the bird refused to stand still for a picture.
confinement

the state of being enclosed

Ominous foreshadowings at the film’s beginning hint how that story ends, but the derring-do along the way is something to see.
conform

be similar, be in line with

Growing up, she played football with brothers and cousins and rushed to join the team, despite opposition from relatives.
culminate

end, especially to reach a final or climactic stage

Physicists are optimistic the mystery will be sorted out soon with more data.
delinquent

a young offender

Still, it’s the outspoken, go-for-broke honesty that has helped him with audiences.
discrete

constituting a separate entity or part

To see it otherwise, he said, “implies that the media are passive observers rather than active participants who can do something about it.”
divine

a clergyman or other person in religious orders

The term “tolerance” itself is problematic for its patronizing implications, for the “tolerant” one is always the one in the dominant position.
elude

escape, either physically or mentally

They speak in an over-precise way with much pedantic insistence on letters not generally sounded, especially Hs.
endorse

approve of

Perry is extremely socially perceptive, a quality that has helped him connect with people from many different backgrounds.
entice

provoke someone to do something through persuasion

So, while there is pressure on young men and women to look like models there is another equally pernicious trend emerging – the normalisation of obesity.
erratic

liable to sudden unpredictable change

While the judge’s ruling is not binding on other states, it’s forceful and it might be persuasive from one judge to another.
exhort

spur on or encourage especially by cheers and shouts

What I resist most is the insistent, pervasive, inescapable message that we all must be happy.
florid

elaborately or excessively ornamented

“But lawyers are trained to always look for the worst-case scenario. They benefit more from being pessimistic, and that takes a toll.”
frugal

avoiding waste

Nick Saban, the Alabama coach, stamped out of one news conference last week like a petulant child, all because reporters dared to do their jobs.
havoc

violent and needless disturbance

She clasped her hands in her lap and her face was placid, the worries from a few moments ago having transformed to a deep calm.
impart

bestow a quality on

But a series of poignant, heart-wrenching tweets from Parker’s boyfriend laid bare the tragic human consequences of the horrific episode.
impede

be a hindrance or obstacle to

Moviegoers had an overwhelmingly positive response toward the film, giving it an average A grade, according to audience polling firm CinemaScore.
increment

the amount by which something increases

For the Hawaiians, who invented the sport, surfing was no mere pastime but a profound expression of their religion and culture.
incumbent

necessary as a duty or responsibility; morally binding

She’s not afraid to push buttons and be the provocative journalist she should be.”
indigent

poor enough to need help from others

Such puerile charges remind me rather of the tricks of children than actions of men.
indulge

yield to; give satisfaction to

He’s quarrelsome on Twitter, always ready to tussle with any old nobody who’s talking trash.
infest

occupy in large numbers or live on a host

Perhaps it is because patients fear the quizzical look and follow-up question: “You’re eating what?”
inherent

existing as an essential constituent or characteristic

The brothers had a rancorous split and have essentially not talked since.
innate

present at birth but not necessarily hereditary

Sometimes she seems receptive to advice, but more often she just has an answer for everything and gets really defensive.
instill

impart gradually

It came after a night of drinking and reckless stunt driving at a construction site in which he and a passenger could have been killed.
jolt

move or cause to move with a sudden jerky motion

When he talked of the pain of rejection, the heartbreak of grief, he knew exactly what he was talking about, both personally and politically.
latch

catch for fastening a door or gate

Montgomery officials are proceeding slowly in addressing the problem sidewalks, reluctant to move forward until they have more laboratory findings.
liken

consider or describe as similar or equal

In a statement, Booker voiced deep reservations but concluded: “It is better to support a deeply flawed deal, for the alternative is worse.
obedience

the trait of being willing to obey

They are so overwhelmed by juggling demands that many have moved from frustration and anxiety to resignation and despair, which is worse.
obtrusive

sticking out; protruding

And while typically you speak in a reverent voice in respect for the dead, tonight, feel free to speak up and ask questions.
offset

a compensating equivalent

When you’re too rigid or strict or hard on yourself, willpower becomes white-knuckling, and there’s nothing fun or inspiring about that.
orthodox

adhering to what is commonly accepted

As the sanguine reaction from investors indicates, amid the gloom there may be some reason to be optimistic.
outright

without reservation or concealment

Humor must lie beneath the surface, ready to materialize in the form of a sardonic quip, or a quick dose of withering wit.
pang

a sudden sharp feeling

He was, in short, what is called a deep designing villain, and the saturnine and sinister expression of his countenance at once proclaimed this.
partisan

a fervent and even militant proponent of something

The spy agency had a scandalous reputation in the years before South Korea embraced democracy in the 1980s, and was involved in abductions and killings.
persecute

cause to suffer

A deep, scornful hatred, like black syrup pumping thick through my heart.
phony

fraudulent; having a misleading appearance

He finds pleasure in thinking itself, surrendering to the seductive pull of creative association.
pinnacle

a slender upright spire at the top of a buttress of tower

All around us, seemingly happy celebrity couples are calling it quits, prompting many people to declare that “love is dead.”
plaintiff

a person who brings an action in a court of law

But there is one area students can accidentally get into some serious trouble: their finances.
potent

having or wielding force or authority

Before sentencing Holmes, Samour tried to reassure victims who were upset at the lack of a death penalty that Holmes’ punishment would still be severe.
prevalence

the quality of being widespread

It is real and sincere, a reflection of the authentic desires and feelings of the People.
primitive

characteristic of an earlier ancestral type

More sinister are the nameless, faceless critics lurking on social media and comments sections, giving voice to a society’s most hateful impulses.
pronounce

speak or utter in a certain way

OpenDaylight’s success comes as a shock to those of us that were initially skeptical of its legitimacy and relevance.
purge

rid of impurities

Perhaps they would have pulled it off, had it not been for the smug, self-satisfied expressions on their faces as they pretended to be offended.
revise

make changes to

One step at a time, in solemn synchrony, the casket team carried the coffin up the grassy hill on Tuesday at Arlington National Cemetery.
solicit

request urgently or persistently

The commemoration of this event provides a somber occasion to take stock of losses.
spiteful

showing malicious ill will and a desire to hurt

Elsewhere in the Hungarian capital, thousands marched in solidarity with the migrants, and demanded the government do more to help them.
stale

lacking freshness, palatability, or showing deterioration

Seeking stability in an unsteady economy, investors had begun parking their money in Washington real estate.
stringent

demanding strict attention to rules and procedures

Photographic, video and eyewitness accounts have been assembled to substantiate the allegations, officials said.
sturdy

having rugged physical strength

Except for their accents, these people are identical to a certain class of spoiled, supercilious New Yorkers who exude a smug sense of entitlement.
substantiate

establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts

Alongside the superficial changes, more fundamental shifts are under way as rebel leaders seek to eliminate European influences and align their region with Russia.
tally

the act of counting; reciting numbers in ascending order

Rugby league people insist, in all seriousness, that rugby league is the greatest game of all, that it’s superior to all other games.
tentative

hesitant or lacking confidence; unsettled in mind or opinion

Managers who were perceived as kind and caring, and who could inspire and coach employees would do better than bosses who were mean and surly.
thrive

make steady progress

Government officials and others have called for compassion and tolerance, and the overwhelming reaction to the migrants has been sympathetic.
viable

capable of life or normal growth and development

Other of my friends seem to pity me, although they are usually tactful enough to not say it out loud.
virulent

extremely poisonous or injurious; producing venom

Apologizing often makes you seem tentative and unsure — and that’s definitely not a plus in the workplace.
dissemination

the act of dispersing or diffusing something

Where the U.S. could have been aggressive in its pursuit of additional bi- and multi-lateral trade agreements, it has been timid.
inoculate

inject or treat with the germ of a disease to render immune

Classicists insist the only syrup to use is Fox’s U-bet, chocolate being the most traditional flavor, though vanilla and strawberry are certainly not unheard of.
onslaught

an offensive against an enemy

“It’s unpredictable, unanticipated, and it’s simply an unfortunate accident when it happens.”
gauge

an instrument for measuring and indicating a quantity

When singing about searing indignities, that unctuous and unbothered voice of his makes it sound as if he’s just buttering up his adversary.
nadir

the lowest point of anything

Bypassing the system of checks and balances would only cause chaos and undermine the legitimacy of the state.
unravel

become or cause to become undone by separating the fibers of

In an unprecedented show of military might Beijing has promised never-before-seen firepower on display.
vex

disturb, especially by minor irritations

While the process can often take up to a year or more, the outbreak created a sense of urgency that could speed things up.
vehemently

in a fierce manner

Folks tend to be either hardcore cloud “fans” or vehement cloud “detractors”, and often there is not much middle ground between them.
economics

science dealing with the circulation of goods and services

These are questions that for years have vexed the courts, which have struggled to define the difference between permissible and illegal computer use.
acerbic

sour or bitter in taste

We know these cities, at their best, can all be inviting, vibrant, and dynamic destinations.
admonish

scold or reprimand; take to task

If you read the online versions of newspaper columns you can click over to the reader comments, which are often critical, vituperative and insulting.
advocate

a person who pleads for a person, cause, or idea

“Patients today are unyielding in their desire to continue to be active and maintain a physically vivacious life,” Grossman said.
affection

a positive feeling of liking

At age 40, most men can take a wistful look back and think of a few things they wish they had done in their youth.
aggravated

made more severe or intense especially in law

The whole evening was a strange yet fluid mix of witty comments and funny anecdotes with thoughtful reflection about literature and poignant personal disclosures.
agitated

physically disturbed or set in motion

A zealous prosecutor, Elizabeth Scheibel, went on a crusade, bringing criminal charges against six teenagers that held them directly responsible for causing…death.
ambitious

having a strong desire for success or achievement

ambivalence

mixed feelings or emotions

amusement

an activity that is diverting and that holds the attention

anxiety

a vague unpleasant emotion in anticipation of a misfortune

apathetic

showing little or no emotion or animation

appreciation

understanding of the nature or meaning of something

apprehensive

in fear or dread of possible evil or harm

artificial

contrived by art rather than nature

assertion

a declaration that is made emphatically

astonishment

the feeling that accompanies something extremely surprising

audacious

disposed to venture or take risks

averse

strongly opposed

befuddled

perplexed by many conflicting situations or statements

bellicose

having or showing a ready disposition to fight

bitter

proceeding from or exhibiting great hostility or animosity

bombastic

ostentatiously lofty in style

brash

offensively bold

brusque

rudely abrupt or blunt in speech or manner

callous

emotionally hardened

candid

openly straightforward and direct without secretiveness

candor

the quality of being honest and straightforward

caustic

harsh or corrosive in tone

cavalier

given to haughty disregard of others

choleric

characterized by anger

churlish

having a bad disposition; surly

coarse

lacking refinement or cultivation or taste

complacent

contented to a fault with oneself or one’s actions

concern

an anxious feeling

conciliatory

making or willing to make concessions

condescending

characteristic of those who treat others with arrogance

conducive

tending to bring about; being partly responsible for

console

give moral or emotional strength to

contemplative

deeply or seriously thoughtful

contentious

showing an inclination to disagree

contradictory

not able to be true at the same time

creative

having the ability or power to invent or make something

critical

of a serious examination and judgment of something

crude

conspicuously and tastelessly indecent

curious

eager to investigate and learn or learn more

curt

brief and to the point

cynical

believing the worst of human nature and motives

deference

courteous regard for people’s feelings

dejected

affected or marked by low spirits

demure

shy or modest, often in a playful or provocative way

derisive

expressing contempt or ridicule

despair

a state in which all hope is lost or absent

despondent

without or almost without hope

didactic

instructive, especially excessively

diffident

showing modest reserve

dire

fraught with extreme danger; nearly hopeless

disdain

lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

disgruntled

in a state of sulky dissatisfaction

disgust

strong feelings of dislike

dismay

the feeling of despair in the face of obstacles

disparagement

a communication that belittles somebody or something

domination

power to defeat

dubious

fraught with uncertainty or doubt

eager

having or showing keen interest or intense desire

earnest

characterized by a firm, humorless belief in one’s opinions

ecstatic

feeling great rapture or delight

effusive

uttered with unrestrained enthusiasm

elated

exultantly proud and joyful; in high spirits

elegiac

resembling or characteristic of a lament for the dead

empathetic

showing ready comprehension of others’ states

emphasize

stress or single out as important

engaging

attracting or delighting

enthusiastic

having or showing great excitement and interest

exuberant

joyously unrestrained

facetious

cleverly amusing in tone

fanciful

indulging in or influenced by the imagination

fatuous

devoid of intelligence

fervent

characterized by intense emotion

fleeting

lasting for a markedly brief time

flippant

showing an inappropriate lack of seriousness

foreboding

a feeling of evil to come

forlorn

marked by or showing hopelessness

frank

characterized by directness in manner or speech

genuine

not fake or counterfeit

grave

causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm

gregarious

temperamentally seeking and enjoying the company of others

haughty

having or showing arrogant superiority

heroic

having qualities appropriate for brave figures

histrionic

characteristic of acting or a stage performance

hollow

devoid of significance or point

hopeful

having or manifesting optimism

hostile

characterized by enmity or ill will

idealistic

of high moral or intellectual value

imposing

befitting an important, distinguished, or powerful person

imprudent

not sensible, responsible, or wise

incisive

demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions

incredulous

not disposed or willing to believe; unbelieving

indignant

angered at something unjust or wrong

inflammatory

arousing to action or rebellion

inquisitive

given to questioning

insincere

lacking the quality of being open and truthful

insolent

marked by casual disrespect

inspiring

stimulating or exalting to the spirit

intense

possessing a distinctive feature to a heightened degree

intentional

done or made or performed with purpose and intent

irate

feeling or showing extreme anger

irreverent

showing lack of due respect or veneration

jealous

suspicious or fearful of being displaced by a rival

jejune

lacking interest or significance or impact

jovial

full of or showing high-spirited merriment

judgmental

relating to an assessment of a person, situation, or event

laudatory

full of or giving praise

lyrical

expressing deep emotion

malicious

having the nature of threatening evil

melancholic

characterized by or causing or expressing sadness

mercurial

liable to sudden unpredictable change

methodical

characterized by orderliness

mocking

expressing contempt or ridicule

momentous

of very great significance

mordant

harshly ironic or sinister

morose

showing a brooding ill humor

motivated

given incentive for action

negative

characterized by denial or opposition or resistance

negligent

characterized by undue lack of attention or concern

neutral

having no personal preference

novel

original and of a kind not seen before

objective

undistorted by emotion or personal bias

obsequious

attempting to win favor from influential people by flattery

obstinate

marked by tenacious unwillingness to yield

ominous

threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments

opposition

being against something that you disapprove or disagree with

optimistic

hopeful that the best will happen in the future

outspoken

given to expressing yourself freely or insistently

passive

lacking in energy or will

patronizing

characteristic of those who treat others with arrogance

pedantic

marked by a narrow focus on or display of learning

perceptive

having the ability to understand

pernicious

exceedingly harmful

persuasive

intended or having the power to induce action or belief

pervasive

spreading or spread throughout

pessimistic

expecting the worst possible outcome

petulant

easily irritated or annoyed

placid

not easily irritated

poignant

keenly distressing to the mind or feelings

positive

characterized by or displaying affirmation or acceptance

profound

showing intellectual penetration or emotional depth

provocative

serving or tending to excite or stimulate

puerile

displaying or suggesting a lack of maturity

quarrelsome

given to arguing

quizzical

perplexed

rancorous

showing deep-seated resentment

receptive

open to arguments, ideas, or change

reckless

marked by defiant disregard for danger or consequences

rejection

the state of being turned down

reluctant

not eager

reservation

an unstated doubt that prevents you from accepting something

resignation

the act of giving up, as a claim or office or possession

reverent

feeling or showing profound respect or veneration

rigid

incapable of or resistant to bending

sanguine

confidently optimistic and cheerful

sardonic

disdainfully or ironically humorous

saturnine

bitter or scornful

scandalous

giving offense to moral sensibilities

scornful

expressing extreme contempt

seductive

tending to entice into a desired action or state

seemingly

from appearances alone

serious

of great consequence

severe

unsparing and uncompromising in discipline or judgment

sincere

open and genuine; not deceitful

sinister

wicked, evil, or dishonorable

skeptical

marked by or given to doubt

smug

marked by excessive complacency or self-satisfaction

solemn

dignified and somber in manner or character

somber

grave or even gloomy in character

solidarity

a union of interests or purposes among members of a group

stability

the quality or attribute of being firm and steadfast

substantiate

establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts

supercilious

having or showing arrogant disdain or haughtiness

superficial

of, affecting, or being on or near the surface

superior

of high quality or performance

surly

unfriendly and inclined toward anger or irritation

sympathetic

expressing compassion or friendly fellow feelings

tactful

having a sense of what is considerate in dealing with others

tentative

hesitant or lacking confidence; unsettled in mind or opinion

timid

showing fear and lack of courage

traditional

consisting of or derived from a practice of long standing

unanticipated

not expected

unctuous

unpleasantly and excessively suave or ingratiating

undermine

weaken or impair, especially gradually

unprecedented

novel; having no earlier occurrence

urgency

an earnest and insistent necessity

vehement

marked by extreme intensity of emotions or convictions

vexed

troubled persistently especially with petty annoyances

vibrant

vigorous and animated

vituperative

marked by harshly abusive criticism

vivacious

vigorous and animated

wistful

showing pensive sadness

witty

combining clever conception and facetious expression

zealous

marked by active interest and enthusiasm

explicit

precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable

implicit

suggested though not directly expressed

allude

make an indirect reference to

frank

characterized by directness in manner or speech

indignant

angered at something unjust or wrong

scornful

expressing extreme contempt

disdain

lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

elegiac

resembling or characteristic of a lament for the dead

aplomb

great coolness and composure under strain

brackish

slightly salty

brandish

move or swing back and forth

commotion

a disorderly outburst or tumult

concoction

the act of creating something by compounding or mixing

conspicuous

obvious to the eye or mind

cunning

showing inventiveness and skill

deft

skillful in physical movements; especially of the hands

dismal

causing dejection

dispel

to cause to separate and go in different directions

egregious

conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible

engross

devote fully to

exasperation

actions that cause great irritation

exhilarate

fill with sublime emotion

fragrance

a pleasingly sweet olfactory property

furtive

secret and sly or sordid

grueling

characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion

gusto

vigorous and enthusiastic enjoyment

hasten

move fast

impending

close in time; about to occur

malleable

capable of being shaped or bent

meander

move or cause to move in a sinuous or circular course

meticulous

marked by precise accordance with details

muster

gather or bring together

obscure

not clearly understood or expressed

outlandish

conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual

persistent

stubbornly unyielding

pertinent

being of striking appropriateness

quell

suppress or crush completely

replenish

fill something that had previously been emptied

repugnant

offensive to the mind

restitution

the act of restoring something to its original state

serenity

the absence of mental stress or anxiety

somber

grave or even gloomy in character

terse

brief and to the point

versatile

having great diversity or variety

vigilant

carefully observant or attentive

abundant

present in great quantity

solitude

a state of social isolation

eloquence

powerful and effective language

diffusely

in a diffuse manner
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