GMAT Advanced I – 250 Words

recumbent

lying down; in a position of comfort or rest

pellucid

transmitting light; able to be seen through with clarity

filigree

delicate and intricate ornamentation

repine

express discontent

guile

shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception

appropriate

suitable for a particular person, place, or situation

ramify

have or develop complicating consequences

luminary

a celebrity who is an inspiration to others

ineffable

defying expression or description

precis

a sketchy summary of the main points of an argument

seminal

containing seeds of later development

elegy

a mournful poem; a lament for the dead

gossamer

a gauze fabric with an extremely fine texture

conflate

mix together different elements

supine

lying face upward

usury

the act of lending money at an exorbitant rate of interest

exhort

spur on or encourage especially by cheers and shouts

inchoate

only partly in existence; imperfectly formed

macerate

soften and cause to disintegrate as a result

fulsome

unpleasantly and excessively suave or ingratiating

august

profoundly honored

aggrandize

embellish; increase the scope, power, or importance of

auspicious

auguring favorable circumstances and good luck

poseur

a person who habitually pretends to be something he is not

epicure

a person devoted to refined sensuous enjoyment

minatory

threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments

encomium

a formal expression of praise

inveigh

complain bitterly

tamp

press down tightly

bedizen

decorate tastelessly

expatiate

add details, as to an account or idea

plumb

exactly vertical

homiletics

the art of preaching

caparison

stable gear consisting of a decorated covering for a horse, especially (formerly) for a warhorse

punctilious

marked by precise accordance with details

cleave

separate or cut with a tool, such as a sharp instrument

puissance

power to influence or coerce

recreant

having deserted a cause or principle

quaff

swallow hurriedly or greedily or in one draught

pithy

concise and full of meaning

peripatetic

traveling especially on foot

anathema

a formal ecclesiastical curse accompanied by excommunication

peccadillo

a petty misdeed

effluvium

a foul-smelling outflow or vapor

noisome

causing or able to cause nausea

rebus

a puzzle consisting of pictures representing words

pariah

a person who is rejected from society or home

ascetic

someone who practices self denial as a spiritual discipline

insensible

barely able to be perceived

philistine

a person who is uninterested in intellectual pursuits

rubicund

having a healthy reddish color

sanctimony

the quality of being hypocritically pious or devout

variegated

having a variety of colors

hirsute

having or covered with hair

replete

filled to satisfaction with food or drink

obstreperous

noisily and stubbornly defiant

polemical

of or involving dispute or controversy

impute

attribute or credit to

moribund

being on the point of death

cavil

raise trivial objections

sartorial

of or relating to tailoring or clothing

apex

the highest point of something

lachrymose

showing sorrow

perfidy

an act of deliberate betrayal

euphony

any pleasing and harmonious sounds

virago

a noisy or scolding or domineering woman

innervate

stimulate to action

soubriquet

a familiar name for a person

neologism

a newly invented word or phrase

list

a database containing an ordered array of items

egress

the act or means of going out

harrow

a cultivator that pulverizes or smooths the soil

nadir

the lowest point of anything

tendentious

having a strong bias, especially a controversial one

dulcet

pleasing to the ear

pedestrian

a person who travels by foot

calumniate

charge falsely or with malicious intent

deprecate

express strong disapproval of; deplore

recant

formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief

torpid

in a condition of biological rest or suspended animation

supercilious

having or showing arrogant disdain or haughtiness

assiduous

marked by care and persistent effort

wend

direct one’s course or way

turbid

clouded as with sediment

ignoble

dishonorable in character or purpose

perfunctory

hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough

levee

an embankment built to prevent a river from overflowing

munificence

liberality in bestowing gifts

fetid

offensively malodorous

prate

speak about unimportant matters rapidly and incessantly

diffident

showing modest reserve

reprove

reprimand, scold, or express dissatisfaction with

tawdry

tastelessly showy

inscrutable

difficult or impossible to understand

tetchy

easily irritated or annoyed

asseverate

state categorically

affective

characterized by emotion

eponymous

relating to a name derived from a person

effusive

uttered with unrestrained enthusiasm

gregarious

temperamentally seeking and enjoying the company of others

quotidian

found in the ordinary course of events

fatuous

devoid of intelligence

venal

capable of being corrupted

desultory

marked by lack of definite plan or regularity or purpose

demagogue

a leader who seeks support by appealing to popular passions

acarpous

producing no fruit

acumen

shrewdness shown by keen insight

exact

marked by strict and complete accordance with fact

interdict

command against

lugubrious

excessively mournful

supplicant

someone who prays to God

labile

liable to change

preen

clean with one’s bill

approbation

official acceptance or agreement

vitriolic

harsh, bitter, or malicious in tone

ribald

humorously vulgar

blithe

carefree and happy and lighthearted

iconoclastic

characterized by attack on established beliefs

equipoise

equality of distribution

tyro

someone new to a field or activity

germane

relevant and appropriate

quay

wharf usually built parallel to the shoreline

abscission

the act of cutting something off

rampart

an embankment built around a space for defensive purposes

mellifluous

pleasing to the ear

sycophant

a person who tries to please someone to gain an advantage

nice

pleasant or pleasing or agreeable in nature or appearance

profligate

unrestrained by convention or morality

petrous

resembling stone in hardness

sinecure

a job that involves minimal duties

beget

generate children

untoward

not in keeping with accepted standards of what is proper

garrulous

full of trivial conversation

maxim

a saying that is widely accepted on its own merits

sodden

wet through and through; thoroughly wet

cajole

influence or urge by gentle urging, caressing, or flattering

iniquity

absence of moral or spiritual values

pandemic

existing everywhere

apocryphal

being of questionable authenticity

mettle

the courage to carry on

adroit

quick or skillful or adept in action or thought

steep

having a sharp inclination

apogee

the farthest point in an orbit around the Earth

proscribe

command against

verdant

characterized by abundance of vegetation and green foliage

diaphanous

so thin as to transmit light

pique

a sudden outburst of anger

expound

add details, as to an account or idea

descant

a decorative musical accompaniment (often improvised) added above a basic melody

foment

try to stir up

capitulate

surrender under agreed conditions

gambit

a chess move in which the player sacrifices minor pieces

misogynist

a misanthrope who dislikes women in particular

idyll

a short poem descriptive of rural or pastoral life

distention

the state of being stretched beyond normal dimensions

emollient

a substance with a soothing effect when applied to the skin

stupefy

make dull or muddle, as with intoxication

apotheosis

model of excellence or perfection of a kind

panache

distinctive and stylish elegance

militate

have force or influence; bring about an effect or change

dogmatic

pertaining to a code of beliefs accepted as authoritative

ubiquitous

being present everywhere at once

incandescent

emitting light as a result of being heated

apposite

being of striking appropriateness and pertinence

tonic

a medicine that strengthens and invigorates

vacuous

devoid of matter

desiccate

lacking vitality or spirit; lifeless

inimical

not friendly

seine

a large fishnet that hangs vertically

axiomatic

evident without proof or argument

splenetic

of or relating to the spleen

harangue

a loud bombastic declamation expressed with strong emotion

deposition

the act of putting something somewhere

laud

praise, glorify, or honor

upbraid

express criticism towards

welter

a confused multitude of things

hubris

overbearing pride or presumption

prodigious

great in size, force, extent, or degree

refractory

stubbornly resistant to authority or control

stoic

seeming unaffected by pleasure or pain; impassive

pusillanimous

lacking in courage, strength, and resolution

felicitous

exhibiting an agreeably appropriate manner or style

phlegmatic

showing little emotion

distrait

having the attention diverted especially because of anxiety

rectitude

righteousness as a consequence of being honorable and honest

pundit

a person with special knowledge who performs skillfully

discursive

tending to cover a wide range of subjects

bane

something causing misery or death

pulchritude

physical beauty, especially of a woman

rail

a horizontal bar (usually of wood or metal)

doggerel

a comic verse of irregular measure

occult

supernatural forces and events and beings collectively

abjure

formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief

consonant

a speech sound that is not a vowel

overweening

presumptuously arrogant

venerate

regard with feelings of respect and reverence

parsimonious

excessively unwilling to spend

cachinnate

laugh loudly and in an unrestrained way

comely

according with custom or propriety

platonic

free from physical desire

virulent

extremely poisonous or injurious; producing venom

guy

an informal term for a youth or man

mordant

harshly ironic or sinister

excoriate

express strong disapproval of

quixotic

not sensible about practical matters

ossify

become bony

putrefy

decay with an offensive smell

vernacular

the everyday speech of the people

quail

small gallinaceous game birds

sepulchral

of or relating to a chamber that is used as a grave

esoteric

understandable only by an enlightened inner circle

natty

marked by up-to-dateness in dress and manners

tumid

abnormally distended especially by fluids or gas

heterodox

characterized by departure from accepted standards

timorous

shy and fearful by nature

gauche

lacking social polish

impugn

attack as false or wrong

plaintive

expressing sorrow

lumber

the wood of trees prepared for use as building material

prolific

intellectually productive

sanguine

confidently optimistic and cheerful

expiate

make amends for

largess

liberality in bestowing gifts

querulous

habitually complaining

consummate

having or revealing supreme mastery or skill

ford

cross a river where it’s shallow

sedulous

marked by care and persistent effort

contemn

look down on with disdain

choleric

characterized by anger

turgid

ostentatiously lofty in style

nugatory

of no real value

stentorian

very loud or booming

acerbic

sour or bitter in taste

solder

join or fuse with an alloy

egregious

conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible

chagrin

strong feelings of embarrassment

mendacity

the tendency to be untruthful

predilection

a predisposition in favor of something

magnanimity

nobility and generosity of spirit

luculent

(of language) transparently clear; easily understandable

mendicant

a pauper who lives by begging

coda

the closing section of a musical composition

stymie

hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of

peroration

the concluding section of a rhetorical address

caret

a mark used to indicate an insertion into a text

wag

a movement from side to side

wizened

lean and wrinkled by shrinkage as from age or illness

agglutination

the coalescing of small particles that are suspended in solution; these larger masses are then (usually) precipitated

paean

a hymn of praise

nostrum

patent medicine whose efficacy is questionable
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