GMAT abstract vocabulary – 384 Words

forestall

keep from happening or arising; make impossible

abolitionism

the doctrine that calls for the abolition of slavery

assume

take to be the case or to be true

commentary

a written explanation or criticism or illustration

academic

associated with an educational institution

assumption

the act of taking something for granted

commit

engage in or perform

acceptance

the state of being satisfactory

attain

gain with effort

competent

properly or sufficiently qualified, capable, or efficient

accidental

happening by chance or unexpectedly or unintentionally

attitude

a complex mental state involving beliefs and feelings

complex

complicated in structure

accommodate

have room for; hold without crowding

attune

adjust or accustom to; bring into harmony with

comprise

be composed of

acknowledge

declare to be true or admit the existence or reality of

authenticate

establish the undisputed credibility of something

conception

the creation of something in the mind

acknowledgement

the state or quality of being recognized

authorization

official permission or approval

conceptual

being or characterized by ideas or their formation

acquisition

something gained

availability

the quality of being at hand when needed

conclusion

a position or opinion reached after consideration

address

the place where a person or organization can be found

beset

assail or attack on all sides

conditional

imposing or depending on or containing an assumption

adjustment

the act of making something different

boom

a deep prolonged loud noise

configuration

an arrangement of parts or elements

aesthetic

characterized by an appreciation of beauty or good taste

border

the boundary of a surface

confine

place limits on

anecdotal

based on stories rather than data or scientific observation

broad

having great extent from one side to the other

confrontation

discord resulting from a clash of ideas or opinions

antithesis

exact opposite

capable

having ability

confuse

mistake one thing for another

apparently

from appearances alone

channel

a deep and relatively narrow body of water

congenial

suitable to your needs

apportion

distribute according to a plan or set apart for a special purpose

characteristic

typical or distinctive

consequently

as a result

appraise

consider in a comprehensive way

characterization

the act of describing essential features

considerable

large in number or amount or extent or degree

approach

move towards

chart

a visual display of information

consign

give over to another for care or safekeeping

approximation

a rough calculation of quantity or degree or worth

claim

assert or affirm strongly

constitute

form or compose

apt

being of striking pertinence

classical

of the most highly developed stage of an early civilization

constitution

the act of forming or establishing something

architectural

of or pertaining to the art and science of architecture

clerical

appropriate for or engaged in office work

construct

make by combining materials and parts

argue

have a disagreement about something

clinical

relating to or based on direct observation of patients

construction

the act of building something

art

the creation of beautiful or significant things

coexistent

existing at the same time

consume

take in as food

artifact

a man-made object

coherent

marked by an orderly and consistent relation of parts

consumption

the act of using something up

aspect

a characteristic to be considered

coincident

occurring or operating at the same time

contemplate

think intently and at length, as for spiritual purposes

assess

estimate the nature, quality, ability or significance of

commend

present as worthy of regard, kindness, or confidence

contemporary

occurring in the same period of time

functional

designed for or capable of a particular use

continuously

at every point

domain

a particular environment or walk of life

fundamental

serving as an essential component

contravention

coming into conflict with

draft

a current of air

gain

obtain

conventionalize

make conventional or adapt to conventions

dramatize

put into a form intended for performance

general

applying to all or most members of a category or group

conventional

following accepted customs and proprieties

drawing

a representation of forms or objects on a surface by means of lines

generalization

the process of abstracting common properties of instances

correspond

take the place of or be parallel or equivalent to

corrupt

not straight; dishonest or immoral or evasive

council

a body serving in an administrative capacity

counteraction

action intended to nullify the effects of some previous action

counterexample

refutation by example

critical

of a serious examination and judgment of something

crucial

of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis

debate

a discussion with reasons for and against some proposal

defend

protect against a challenge or attack

definition

a concise explanation of the meaning of a word or phrase

demand

request urgently and forcefully

democracy

the orientation of those who favor government by the people

denote

have as a meaning

departure

the act of leaving

depiction

representation by drawing, painting, etc.

derivative

a compound obtained from another compound

descriptive

serving to inform

devise

arrange by systematic planning and united effort

devoted

zealous in allegiance or affection

diagnose

subject to a medical analysis

dimension

a construct distinguishing objects or individuals

discernible

perceptible by the senses or intellect

discerning

having or revealing keen insight and good judgment

discharge

remove the unbalanced electricity from

discursive

tending to cover a wide range of subjects

dismal

causing dejection

dismay

the feeling of despair in the face of obstacles

dispute

the act of coming into conflict

dissemination

the act of dispersing or diffusing something

dissension

disagreement among those expected to cooperate

dissolution

separation into component parts

distinction

a discrimination between things as different

distinguish

mark as different

dubious

fraught with uncertainty or doubt

ecclesiastical

of or associated with a church

edition

the form in which a text is published

effect

a phenomenon that is caused by some previous phenomenon

elementary

of or being the essential or basic part

emancipation

freeing someone from the control of another

emotional

of or pertaining to feelings

empirical

derived from experiment and observation rather than theory

emulate

strive to equal or match, especially by imitating

encompass

include in scope

encounter

come together

counter

a calculator recording the number of times something happens

encourage

inspire with confidence

energetic

possessing or displaying forceful exertion

enfranchisement

the act of certifying or bestowing a franchise on

engage

consume all of one’s attention or time

engagement

a meeting arranged in advance

epistemology

the philosophical theory of knowledge

established

brought about or set up or accepted

establishment

the act of forming something

ethics

motivation based on ideas of right and wrong

ethnic

distinctive of the ways of living of a group of people

event

something that happens at a given place and time

exceed

be or do something to a greater degree

exclusively

without any others being included or involved

expense

payment for goods and services that may be tax deductible

explanatory

serving or intended to make clear

extension

act of expanding in scope

facility

a building or place that provides a particular service

feeling

a physical sensation that you experience

fitness

the quality of being suitable

fortuitous

occurring by happy chance

foster

providing nurture though not related by blood or legal ties

framework

the underlying structure

genuine

not fake or counterfeit

genus

taxonomic group containing one or more species

given

acknowledged as a supposition

global

involving the entire earth

grateful

feeling or showing thankfulness

ground

the solid part of the earth’s surface

hard-nosed

guided by practical experience and observation rather than theory

horizontal

parallel to or in the plane of the horizon or a base line

identical

being the exact same one

identification

the act of designating something

identify

recognize as being

illusory

having the nature of a deceptive trick

implication

something that is inferred

impression

a vague idea in which some confidence is placed

impulse

an impelling force or strength

inadvertent

happening by chance or unexpectedly or unintentionally

incentive

a positive motivational influence

incidence

the relative frequency of occurrence of something

incomparable

such that comparison is impossible

incompatibility

being unable to exist or work in congenial combination

incorporate

make into a whole or make part of a whole

indicate

designate a place, direction, person, or thing

individualism

the quality of being a single thing or person

inert

unable to move or resist motion

inevitably

in such a manner as could not be otherwise

infinite

having no limits or boundaries in time or space

informal

not in accord with established conventions and requirements

inherently

in an essential manner

inhibit

limit the range or extent of

innocent

free from sin

innuendo

an indirect and usually malicious implication

inordinate

beyond normal limits

inquiry

an instance of questioning

insofar

to the degree or extent that

inspiration

arousal of the mind to unusual activity or creativity

instance

an item of information that is typical of a class or group

institution

a custom that has been an important feature of some group

insufficient

of a quantity not able to fulfill a need or requirement

insult

treat, mention, or speak to rudely

intellectual

of or associated with or requiring the use of the mind

intense

possessing a distinctive feature to a heightened degree

intensity

high level or degree

intentional

done or made or performed with purpose and intent

interact

do something together or with others

interpretation

the act of expressing something in an artistic performance

intricacy

the quality of having elaborately complex detail

intriguing

capable of arousing interest or curiosity

intuitive

spontaneously derived from or prompted by a natural tendency

inversion

the act of turning inside out

invert

turn inside out or upside down

investigation

an inquiry into unfamiliar or questionable activities

inveterate

habitual

irrational

not consistent with or using reason

judgment

the act of assessing a person or situation or event

justification

the act of defending or explaining by reasoning

justify

show to be right by providing proof

law

the collection of rules imposed by authority

lawsuit

a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy

league

an association of states or individuals for common action

legacy

a gift of personal property by will

literalize

make literal

literally

without exaggeration

literary

relating to or characteristic of creative writing

literature

writings in a particular style on a particular subject

logic

the branch of philosophy that analyzes inference

maintain

keep in a certain state, position, or activity

mandate

a document giving an official instruction or command

margin

the boundary line or area immediately inside the boundary

mastery

great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity

mean

denote or connote

mechanically

in a manner like a machine

mechanism

device consisting of a piece of machinery

mental

involving the mind or an intellectual process

merit

the quality of being deserving

midst

the location of something surrounded by other things

mistaken

wrong in opinion or judgment

momentous

of very great significance

morality

the quality of being in accord with right or good conduct

multiple

having or involving more than one part or entity

necessarily

in such a manner as could not be otherwise

negation

the speech act of denying or refusing

negative

characterized by denial or opposition or resistance

viable

capable of life or normal growth and development

notable

worthy of notice

nuclear

constituting the core or central part

numerous

amounting to a large indefinite number

object

a tangible and visible entity

objective

the goal intended to be attained

observation

the act of taking a patient look

observational

relying on observation or experiment

occurrence

an instance of something happening

official

of or relating to a place of business

omission

leaving out or passing over something

ongoing

currently happening

organization

a methodical and orderly manner or approach

orientation

the act of determining one’s position

originality

the quality of being new (not derived from something else)

panic

an overwhelming feeling of fear and anxiety

particularly

to a distinctly greater extent or degree than is common

pedagogical

relating to the study of teaching

perceive

become aware of through the senses

percept

the representation of what is perceived

perception

the process of becoming aware through the senses

perceptive

of or relating to awareness via the senses

perceptual

of or relating to the act of perceiving

perfunctory

hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough

perplexed

full of difficulty or confusion or bewilderment

perplexity

trouble or confusion resulting from complexity

pervasive

spreading or spread throughout

phenomenon

any state or process known through the senses

physical

involving the body as distinguished from the mind or spirit

pictorial

pertaining to or consisting of pictures

picture

a visual representation produced on a surface

pinpoint

the sharp point of a pin

plague

any large-scale calamity

plausible

apparently reasonable and valid, and truthful

plead

appeal or request earnestly

pledge

a binding commitment to do or give or refrain from something

polarity

a relation between two opposite attributes or tendencies

positional

of or relating to or determined by position

positive

characterized by or displaying affirmation or acceptance

possibility

capability of existing or happening or being true

practical

guided by experience and observation rather than theory

precisely

in a sharply exact manner

presence

current existence

pretend

make believe with the intent to deceive

previously

at an earlier time or formerly

prey

animal hunted or caught for food

principal

main or most important

principle

a basic generalization that is accepted as true

privacy

the condition of being concealed or hidden

private

confined to particular persons or groups

problematic

making great mental demands

proceed

move ahead; travel onward in time or space

process

a particular course of action intended to achieve a result

procure

get by special effort

prominence

the state of being widely known or eminent

prompt

according to schedule or without delay

property

something owned

proportionate

being in due magnitude or extent

proposal

the act of making a suggestion

provision

the activity of supplying something

psychological

mental or emotional as opposed to physical in nature

psychologist

a specialist in the science of mental life

purposive

having a purpose

pursuit

the act of following in an effort to overtake or capture

qualified

meeting the proper standards and requirements for a task

qualitative

involving distinguishing attributes

radical

far beyond the norm

respectively

in the order given

striking

having a quality that thrusts itself into attention

rather

more readily or willingly

respond

show a reaction to something

strip

take off or remove

ration

a fixed portion that is allotted

responsible

worthy of or requiring trust; held accountable

reaction

an idea evoked by some experience

readily

without much difficulty

reality

the state of being actual

realm

a domain in which something is dominant

rear

the side of an object that is opposite its front

reception

the act of taking in

receptive

able to absorb liquid (not repellent)

recognize

perceive to be the same

recount

narrate or give a detailed account of

refute

overthrow by argument, evidence, or proof

regional

characteristic of a particular area

regulate

bring into conformity with rules or principles or usage

regulation

the act of bringing to uniformity

remarkable

unusual or striking

remedy

a medicine or therapy that cures disease or relieves pain

remembrance

the ability to recall past occurrences

render

give or supply

repetitive

persistent

representation

standing in for someone and speaking on their behalf

repute

the state of being held in high esteem and honor

rescue

free from harm or evil

reservation

the act of setting aside for some future occasion

resolution

a decision to do something or to behave in a certain manner

resourceful

adroit or imaginative

responsive

reacting to a stimulus

revise

make changes to

right

free from error; especially conforming to fact or truth

rigorous

rigidly accurate; allowing no deviation from a standard

salvation

rescuing or protecting someone or something from harm

saturated

unable to dissolve still more of a substance

scheme

an elaborate and systematic plan of action

secure

free from danger or risk

seductive

tending to entice into a desired action or state

seem

give a certain impression or have a certain outward aspect

Senate

the upper house of the United States Congress

sequential

in regular succession without gaps

servitude

state of subjection to an owner or master

signal

any action or gesture that encodes a message

specter

a ghostly appearing figure

speculation

continuous contemplation on a subject of a deep nature

speculative

not based on fact or investigation

sphere

a round three-dimensional closed surface

statement

the act of affirming or asserting something

stationary

not capable of being moved

stature

the height of a standing person

statute

an act passed by a legislative body

stimulus

any information or event that acts to arouse action

strait

a narrow channel joining two larger bodies of water

structural

relating to the composition of something

studied

produced or marked by conscious design or premeditation

substantial

real; having a material or factual existence

substitute

a person or thing that can take the place of another

suffrage

a legal right to vote

synthesize

combine and form a complex whole

technical

of or relating to aptitude in a practical skill

train

educate for a future role or function

trait

a distinguishing feature of your personal nature

trample

tread or stomp heavily or roughly

transcription

something written, copied from one medium to another

unavailing

producing no result or effect

unconscionable

greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation

underlying

in the nature of something though not readily apparent

underplay

act (a role) with great restraint

understanding

the condition of someone who knows and comprehends

unerring

not liable to error

unremitting

uninterrupted in time and indefinitely long continuing

tangle

twist together or entwine into a confusing mass

vain

having an exaggerated sense of self-importance

value

the quality that renders something desirable

virtual

being actually such in almost every respect

virtue

the quality of doing what is right

visionary

a person with unusual powers of foresight
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