GMAT A-G – 467 Words

abduct

take away to an undisclosed location against their will

abrogation

an official or legal cancellation

abstinence

the trait of refraining from something, especially alcohol

accord

concurrence of opinion

accrue

grow by addition

acquiesce

agree or express agreement

acquittal

a judgment of not guilty

acrylic

a glassy thermoplastic

actuate

put in motion

acupuncture

treatment of pain or disease by inserting the tips of needles at specific points on the skin

adamant

very hard native crystalline carbon valued as a gem

adipose

composed of animal fat

adjudication

the final judgment in a legal proceeding

admonition

a firm rebuke

adrenal

relating to the glands near the kidney or their secretions

adulatory

obsequiously complimentary

aerosol

a cloud of solid or liquid particles in a gas

affinity

a natural attraction or feeling of kinship

afflict

cause physical pain or suffering in

afoul

especially of a ship’s lines etc

ailment

an often persistent bodily disorder or disease

ale

a general name for beer made with a top fermenting yeast

alfalfa

plant with trifoliate leaves mostly grown to feed livestock

algae

primitive chlorophyll-containing aquatic organisms

alkaline

relating to or containing an alkali

allergy

hypersensitive immunological reaction to some substance

alligator

an amphibious reptile related to crocodiles

alto

the lowest female singing voice

amalgam

a combination or blend of diverse things

ambivalence

mixed feelings or emotions

ambivalent

uncertain or unable to decide about what course to follow

amino acid

organic compounds containing an amino group and acid group

amphetamine

a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression

anachronism

locating something at a time when it couldn’t have existed

anaerobic

not using or dependent on oxygen

analgesic

capable of relieving pain

anecdotal

based on stories rather than data or scientific observation

anemia

a deficiency of red blood cells

anesthetic

a drug that causes temporary loss of bodily sensations

anesthetic

a drug that causes temporary loss of bodily sensations

Anopheles

malaria mosquitoes

antebellum

belonging to a period before a war

anthology

a collection of selected literary passages

antibiotic

a substance used to kill microorganisms and cure infections

antibody

a protein that produces an immune response

anticlimactic

coming after the climax especially of a dramatic or narrative plot

antifreeze

a liquid added to the water in a cooling system

antigen

any substance that stimulates an immune response in the body

antipode

direct opposite

antipsychotic

tranquilizer used to treat psychotic conditions when a calming effect is desired

antithesis

exact opposite

aperiodic

not recurring at regular intervals

apolitical

neutral with regards to government policy

apothecary

a health professional trained in the art of preparing drugs

apparatus

equipment designed to serve a specific function

apportion

distribute according to a plan or set apart for a special purpose

apprehend

anticipate with dread or anxiety

approbation

official acceptance or agreement

arable

capable of being farmed productively

arbitrary

based on or subject to individual discretion or preference

arbitrator

someone chosen to judge and decide a disputed issue

arcane

requiring secret or mysterious knowledge

arid

lacking sufficient water or rainfall

artery

a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body

artisan

a skilled worker who practices some trade or handicraft

aspersion

a disparaging remark

asphyxiation

the condition of being deprived of oxygen

asteroid

a small celestial body composed of rock and metal

asthma

respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing

asunder

into parts or pieces

at stake

to be won or lost; at risk

attrition

the act of rubbing together

aura

distinctive but intangible quality around a person or thing

aurora

bands of light caused by charged solar particles

austere

of a stern or strict bearing or demeanor

auxin

a plant hormone that promotes root formation and bud growth

backdrop

scenery hung at back of stage

balk

refuse to comply

ballad

a narrative poem of popular origin

ballistic

of the motion of objects moving under their own momentum

baptism

a sacrament signifying spiritual cleansing and rebirth

baritone

the second lowest adult male singing voice

barrel

a bulging cylindrical shape; hollow with flat ends

basketry

the craft of basket making

battalion

an army unit consisting of a headquarters and companies

beatific

resembling or befitting an angel or saint

behest

an authoritative command or request

benefactor

a person who helps people or institutions

bereft

sorrowful through loss or deprivation

beset

assail or attack on all sides

bestow

give as a gift

bicentenary

the 200th anniversary (or the celebration of it)

biota

all the plant and animal life of a particular region

bipedalism

the bodily attribute of being bipedal; having two feet

birch

any betulaceous tree or shrub of the genus Betula having a thin peeling bark

bisect

cut in half or cut in two

bland

lacking taste or flavor or tang

blemish

a mark or flaw that spoils the appearance of something

blob

an indistinct shapeless form

blockade

a war measure isolating an area of importance to the enemy

blot

a blemish made by dirt

blurry

indistinct or hazy in outline

bog

wet spongy ground of decomposing vegetation

bolster

support and strengthen

bondage

the state of being under the control of another person

boreal

toward or located in the north

bound

confined by bonds

bountiful

producing in abundance

bounty

the property of copious abundance

bouquet

an arrangement of flowers that is usually given as a present

bower

a framework that supports climbing plants

brazen

unrestrained by convention or propriety

brevity

the attribute of being short or fleeting

bring about

cause to happen, occur or exist

briny

slightly salty

broccoli

plant with dense clusters of tight green flower buds

bubonic

of or evidencing buboes

bugbear

an imaginary monster used to frighten children

bulge

swell or protrude outwards

bumblebee

robust hairy social bee of temperate regions

bummer

an experience that is frustrating or disappointing

bunch

a grouping of a number of similar things

buoyant

tending to float on a liquid or rise in air or gas

burgeon

grow and flourish

burglarize

enter and rob a dwelling

burrow

a hole made by an animal, usually for shelter

bust

a sculpture of the head and shoulders of a person

bustle

move or cause to move energetically or busily

buttress

a support usually of stone or brick

bylaw

a rule adopted by an organization

cache

a hidden storage space

calamitous

having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences

caliph

the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state

canary

any of several small Old World finches

cancerous

relating to or affected with cancer

canon

a collection of books accepted as holy scripture

canopy

a covering (usually of cloth) that shelters an area

capricious

determined by chance or impulse rather than by necessity

captious

tending to find and call attention to faults

captivate

attract; cause to be enamored

captivity

the state of being imprisoned

carcinogen

any substance that produces cancer

cardiac

of or relating to the heart

cardiopulmonary

of or pertaining to or affecting both the heart and the lungs and their functions

cardiovascular

of or pertaining to or involving the heart and blood vessels

caricature

a representation of a person exaggerated for comic effect

caries

soft decayed area in a tooth

carol

a joyful song

carpal

of or relating to the wrist

cascade

a small waterfall or series of small waterfalls

caveat

a warning against certain acts

caviar

salted fish eggs eaten as a delicacy

cedar

any cedar of the genus Cedrus

censure

harsh criticism or disapproval

centrifugal

tending to move away from a center

chaise

a carriage consisting of two wheels and a calash top

chalice

a bowl-shaped drinking vessel

chamber

a natural or artificial enclosed space

char

burn to charcoal

charter

a document creating an institution and specifying its rights

chiaroscuro

the arrangement or interplay of light and dark in an artwork

chisel

an edge tool with a flat steel blade with a cutting edge

cholesterol

a substance in the blood that can cause heart disease

chordate

of or relating to or characteristic of the Chordata

choreography

a show involving artistic dancing

chromosome

a threadlike strand of DNA that carries genes

chronicle

a record or narrative description of past events

churn

a vessel to separate butterfat from buttermilk

cinder

a fragment of incombustible matter left after a fire

circadian

having or relating to 24-hour cycles

circumference

the length of the closed curve of a circle

circumscribe

draw a geometric figure around another figure

circumspect

careful to consider potential consequences and avoid risk

circumvent

surround so as to force to give up

clam

burrowing marine mollusk living on sand or mud

clandestine

conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods

clientele

customers collectively

climatologist

someone who is expert in climatology

clipping

the act of clipping or snipping

clog

any object that acts as a hindrance or obstruction

clothesline

a cord on which clothes are hung to dry

coalesce

fuse or cause to come together

cobble

repair or mend

coda

the closing section of a musical composition

code

a set of rules or principles or laws

coinage

coins collectively

coleslaw

a salad made with raw, shredded cabbage

combustion

a reaction of a substance with oxygen to give heat and light

commonplace

completely ordinary and unremarkable

compactness

the consistency of a compact solid

companionate

like a companion

complacency

the feeling you have when you are satisfied with yourself

complementary

acting as a part that completes another part

condescending

characteristic of those who treat others with arrogance

condor

the largest flying birds in the western hemisphere

cone

a shape with a circular base and sides tapering to a point

configuration

an arrangement of parts or elements

confinement

the state of being enclosed

congenial

suitable to your needs

congestion

excessive crowding

conglomerate

collect or gather

congregation

the act of assembling

congruent

corresponding in character or kind

connive

form intrigues (for) in an underhand manner

constellation

a configuration of stars as seen from the earth

contagious

capable of being transmitted by infection

contemptuous

expressing extreme scorn

contiguous

having a common boundary or edge

contingency

the state of being dependent on something

contingent

determined by conditions or circumstances that follow

contralto

the lowest female singing voice

convalescence

gradual healing through rest after sickness or injury

convoluted

highly complex or intricate

coriander

Old World herb with aromatic leaves and seed resembling parsley

cornerstone

a stone at the outer corner of two intersecting masonry walls

cornstalk

the stalk of a corn plant

corny

dull and tiresome but with pretensions of significance

coronary

surrounding the heart like a crown

corpulence

the property of excessive fatness

corroborate

give evidence for

cortex

the tissue forming the outer layer of an organ or structure in plant or animal

counterfeit

not genuine; imitating something superior

coy

affectedly shy especially in a playful or provocative way

coyote

small wolf native to western North America

crack

a narrow opening

cramped

constricted in size

crass

so unrefined as to be lacking in discrimination

crater

a bowl-shaped geological formation at the top of a volcano

credence

the mental attitude that something is believable

credo

any system of principles or beliefs

crest

the top or extreme point of something

crumple

gather something into small wrinkles or folds

crunch

reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading

crusade

a series of actions tending toward a particular end

crypt

a cellar or vault or underground burial chamber

cryptical

having a secret or hidden meaning

culminate

end, especially to reach a final or climactic stage

culpability

a state of guilt

cumbersome

difficult to handle or use because of size or weight

cytokinin

any of a class of plant hormones that promote cell division and delay the senescence of leaves

cytology

the branch of biology that studies the structure and function of cells

cytoplasm

the substance inside a cell, not including the nucleus

debacle

a sudden and complete disaster

debase

make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance

debilitate

make weak

debris

the remains of something that has been destroyed

decimate

kill in large numbers

deferential

showing courteous regard for people’s feelings

defrost

make or become free of frost or ice

degenerate

a person whose behavior deviates from what is acceptable

deleterious

harmful to living things

delineate

represented accurately or precisely

delude

be dishonest with

deluge

a heavy rain

deluxe

rich and superior in quality

demise

the time when something ends

demolish

destroy completely

demur

politely refuse or take exception to

demure

shy or modest, often in a playful or provocative way

denouement

the outcome of a complex sequence of events

denounce

speak out against

denude

make bare or strip of a covering

denunciation

a public act of denouncing

deplore

express strong disapproval of

deprive

take away

deregulate

lift the authoritative rules on

desegregation

incorporation of a formerly excluded group into a community

designate

design or destine

destabilize

make unsturdy, insecure, or less able to function smoothly

deter

turn away from by persuasion

detergent

a cleansing agent that differs from soap

detriment

a damage or loss

detrimental

causing harm or injury

dexterous

skillful in physical movements; especially of the hands

dichotomy

a classification into two opposed parts or subclasses

didactic

instructive, especially excessively

dietary

a regulated daily food allowance

diffuse

spread out; not concentrated in one place

diffusive

spreading by diffusion

diminution

change toward something smaller or lower

dine

have supper; eat dinner

disarm

take away the weapons from; render harmless

disavow

refuse to acknowledge

discernible

perceptible by the senses or intellect

discrepant

not in agreement

disinclination

a certain degree of unwillingness

disintegration

separation into component parts

dislodge

remove or force from a position previously occupied

dismember

separate the limbs from the body

dismissal

the sending away of someone

disorient

cause to be lost or confused

disparage

express a negative opinion of

disparate

fundamentally different or distinct in quality or kind

dispassionate

unaffected by strong emotion or prejudice

disperse

move away from each other

disregard

lack of attention and due care

disseminate

cause to become widely known

dissident

a person who objects to some established policy

dissipate

cause to separate and go in different directions

dissolve

pass into a solution

dissuade

turn away from by persuasion

diverge

move or draw apart

divisible

capable of being or liable to be divided or separated

divisor

one of two or more integers that can be exactly divided into another integer

divulge

make known to the public information previously kept secret

doctorate

one of the highest earned degrees conferred by a university

dope

street names for marijuana

dosage

a measured portion of medicine taken at any one time

dough

a flour mixture stiff enough to knead or roll

drizzle

very light rain

drudgery

hard, monotonous, routine work

dubious

fraught with uncertainty or doubt

ductile

capable of being shaped or bent or drawn out

dupe

fool or hoax

dwelling

housing that someone is living in

dwindle

become smaller or lose substance

efficacious

giving the power to produce an intended result

electorate

the body of enfranchised citizens; those qualified to vote

electromagnet

a temporary magnet made by coiling wire around an iron core

electron

an elementary particle with negative charge

elevate

raise from a lower to a higher position

elicit

call forth, as an emotion, feeling, or response

eligible

qualified for or allowed or worthy of being chosen

elliptical

rounded like an egg

eloquence

powerful and effective language

eloquent

expressing yourself readily, clearly, effectively

elusive

skillful at evading capture

emanate

give out, as breath or an odor

emancipate

free from slavery or servitude

embalm

preserve a dead body

embargo

a government order imposing a trade barrier

embark

go on board

embellish

make more attractive, as by adding ornament or color

embody

represent in bodily form

embrace

squeeze tightly in your arms, usually with fondness

emerald

a green transparent form of beryl

empirical

derived from experiment and observation rather than theory

emulate

strive to equal or match, especially by imitating

encapsulate

enclose in or as if in a small container

encase

enclose in, or as if in, a case

encephalitis

inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus

encode

convert information into code

encroach

advance beyond the usual limit

endemic

native to or confined to a certain region

endowment

natural abilities or qualities

enfranchise

grant freedom to, as from slavery or servitude

engrave

carve, cut, or etch into a material or surface

engulf

flow over or cover completely

enlist

join the military

enshrine

enclose in a place of worship

ensue

take place or happen afterward or as a result

entail

have as a logical consequence

entice

provoke someone to do something through persuasion

entrench

fix firmly or securely

entrenched

dug in

envelop

enclose or enfold completely with or as if with a covering

envious

painfully desirous of another’s advantages

enzyme

a complex protein produced by cells that acts as a catalyst

epicenter

a point on the Earth’s surface directly above an earthquake

epidemic

a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease

epitome

a standard or typical example

epochal

highly significant, especially bringing about a new era

equidistant

the same distance apart at every point

equilateral

having all sides of the same length

equivocal

open to two or more interpretations

erratic

liable to sudden unpredictable change

erudition

profound scholarly knowledge

erythromycin

an antibiotic (trade name Erythrocin or E-Mycin or Ethril or Ilosone or Pediamycin) obtained from the actinomycete Streptomyces erythreus; effective against many Gram-positive bacteria and some Gram-negative

escarole

variety of endive having leaves with irregular frilled edges

eschew

avoid and stay away from deliberately

espouse

choose and follow a theory, idea, policy, etc.

esthetic

concerning an appreciation of beauty or good taste

estrange

remove from customary environment or associations

ethnicity

an affiliation resulting from racial or cultural ties

ethnocentric

centered on a specific ethnic group, usually one’s own

ethnology

branch of anthropology dealing with divisions of humankind

ethylene

a flammable colorless gaseous alkene

etymology

a history of a word

euphoria

a feeling of great elation

Eurasian

relating to, or coming from, Europe and Asia

evict

expel or eject without recourse to legal process

excavate

recover through digging

excavation

the act of digging

excerpt

a passage selected from a larger work

excrete

eliminate from the body

excursion

a journey taken for pleasure

executioner

an official who inflicts capital punishment

exemplify

be characteristic of

exhale

expel air

exile

the act of expelling a person from their native land

exonerate

pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

exorbitant

greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation

exorcism

freeing from evil spirits

exotic

characteristic of another place or part of the world

expatriate

a person who is voluntarily absent from home or country

expedient

appropriate to a purpose

expedite

process fast and efficiently

expedition

an organized group of people undertaking a journey

explicate

elaborate, as of theories and hypotheses

expound

add details, as to an account or idea

expulsion

the act of forcing out someone or something

extant

still in existence; not extinct or destroyed or lost

exterminate

kill on a large scale

extraterrestrial

originating, located, or occurring outside Earth

extricate

release from entanglement or difficulty

extrinsic

not forming an essential part of a thing

fabricate

put together out of artificial or natural components

factorial

the product of all the integers up to and including a given integer

factual

existing in reality

fallacy

a misconception resulting from incorrect reasoning

falsity

the state of being untrue

fauna

all the animal life in a particular region or period

fecundity

the state of being fertile or capable of producing offspring

femininity

the trait of behaving in ways considered typical for women

feminist

a supporter of equal rights for women

fertile

capable of reproducing

fervent

characterized by intense emotion

fetal

of or relating to a fetus

feudal

relating to a system where vassals are protected by lords

fiberglass

a covering material made of glass fibers in resins

figurative

not literal

fissure

a long narrow depression in a surface

fledgling

young bird that has just become capable of flying

flora

all the plant life in a particular region or period

florid

elaborately or excessively ornamented

fluorescent

emitting light during exposure to external radiant energy

foe

an armed adversary

foliage

the aggregate of leaves of one or more plants

forage

collect or look around for, as food

foreshorten

shorten lines in a drawing so as to create an illusion of depth

forestall

keep from happening or arising; make impossible

forester

someone trained in forestry

formaldehyde

a colorless poisonous gas; made by the oxidation of methanol

fortify

make strong or stronger

fragmentary

consisting of small disconnected parts

franchise

a statutory right or privilege granted by a government

fraternal

like or characteristic of or befitting a brother

fraudulent

intended to deceive

freeway

a broad highway designed for high-speed traffic

frontal

belonging to the front part

frugal

avoiding waste

fume

a cloud of fine particles suspended in a gas

fumigate

treat with smoke, especially with the aim of disinfecting

funnel

a conically shaped utensil with a narrow tube at one end

furtive

secret and sly or sordid

fuse

any igniter used to initiate the burning of a propellant

gel

a colloid in a more solid form than a sol

geminate

form by reduplication

genesis

a coming into being

girdle

a band of material around the waist that strengthens a skirt or trousers

gland

any of various organs that synthesize substances needed by the body and release it through ducts or directly into the bloodstream

glean

gather, as of natural products

globular

having the shape of a sphere or ball

glycerol

a sweet syrupy trihydroxy alcohol obtained by saponification of fats and oils

gourmet

a person devoted to and knowledgeable about fine food

graft

tissue or organ transplanted from a donor to a recipient

granite

plutonic igneous rock having visibly crystalline texture

granular

composed of or covered with particles resembling meal

graphite

used as a lubricant and as a moderator in nuclear reactors

graze

feed as in a meadow or pasture

gregarious

temperamentally seeking and enjoying the company of others

grievance

a complaint about a wrong that causes resentment

grim

harshly uninviting or formidable in manner or appearance

grueling

characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion

gullible

naive and easily deceived or tricked

gynecologist

a specialist in gynecology

gypsy

a laborer who moves from place to place as demanded by employment
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