GMAT 4 – 241 Words

placate

cause to be more favorably inclined

placid

calm and free from disturbance

plaintive

expressing sorrow

platonic

free from physical desire

plausible

apparently reasonable and valid, and truthful

plenary

full in all respects

plethora

extreme excess

plumb

exactly vertical

polemic

a verbal or written attack, especially of a belief or dogma

polemicist

a writer who argues in opposition to others

pommel

strike, usually with the fist

ponderous

having great mass and weight and unwieldiness

portend

indicate by signs

potable

suitable for drinking

potent

having or wielding force or authority

pragmatic

concerned with practical matters

prate

speak about unimportant matters rapidly and incessantly

prattle

speak about unimportant matters rapidly and incessantly

precarious

not secure; beset with difficulties

precept

rule of personal conduct

precipitate

bring about abruptly

preclude

make impossible, especially beforehand

precocious

characterized by exceptionally early development

predecessor

one who precedes you in time

prefatory

serving as an introduction or preface

premise

a statement that is held to be true

presage

a foreboding about what is about to happen

prescience

the power to foresee the future

prevalent

most frequent or common

prevaricate

be deliberately ambiguous or unclear

pristine

immaculately clean and unused

privy

informed about something secret or not generally known

probity

complete and confirmed integrity

problematic

making great mental demands

prodigal

recklessly wasteful

prodigious

great in size, force, extent, or degree

profound

situated at or extending to great depth

profusion

the property of being extremely abundant

progeny

the immediate descendants of a person

program

a series of steps to be carried out

proliferate

grow rapidly

prolific

intellectually productive

promontory

a natural elevation

propagate

multiply through reproduction

propensity

a natural inclination

propinquity

the property of being close together

propitiate

make peace with

prosaic

lacking wit or imagination

proselytize

convert or try to convert someone to another religion

protocol

forms of ceremony and etiquette observed by officials

proverbial

widely known and spoken of

provident

giving something useful for the future

provincial

associated with an administrative district of a nation

proviso

a stipulated condition

provocative

serving or tending to excite or stimulate

provoke

provide the needed stimulus for

quaff

swallow hurriedly or greedily or in one draught

quagmire

a soft wet area of low-lying land that sinks underfoot

quaint

attractively old-fashioned

qualified

meeting the proper standards and requirements for a task

qualm

uneasiness about the fitness of an action

quandary

state of uncertainty in a choice between unfavorable options

quarantine

isolation to prevent the spread of infectious disease

quiescent

being quiet or still or inactive

quintessence

the most typical example or representative of a type

quirk

a strange attitude or habit

quixotic

not sensible about practical matters

rabid

marked by excessive enthusiasm for a cause or idea

raconteur

a person skilled in telling anecdotes

ramification

a consequence, especially one that causes complications

rampant

occurring or increasing in an unrestrained way

rampart

an embankment built around a space for defensive purposes

rancid

having a rank smell or taste

rancor

a feeling of deep and bitter anger and ill-will

rant

talk at length in a noisy, excited, or angry manner

rapacious

living by preying on other animals

ratify

approve and express assent, responsibility, or obligation

rationalize

employ logic or reason

raucous

unpleasantly loud and harsh

raze

tear down so as to make flat with the ground

realm

a domain in which something is dominant

rebuff

a deliberate discourteous act

rebuttal

the speech act of refuting by offering a contrary argument

recalcitrant

stubbornly resistant to authority or control

recession

the act of returning control

recidivism

habitual relapse into crime

reciprocal

concerning each of two or more persons or things

recluse

one who lives in solitude

recondite

difficult to penetrate

rectify

make right or correct

recumbent

lying down; in a position of comfort or rest

redolent

having a strong pleasant odor

redundant

more than is needed, desired, or required

refurbish

improve the appearance or functionality of

refute

overthrow by argument, evidence, or proof

regal

belonging to or befitting a supreme ruler

reiterate

say, state, or perform again

relegate

assign to a lower position

relevant

having a bearing on or connection with the subject at issue

relinquish

turn away from; give up

remonstrate

argue in protest or opposition

remorse

a feeling of deep regret, usually for some misdeed

Renascence

the period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages and the rise of the modern world; a cultural rebirth from the 14th through the middle of the 17th centuries

rend

tear or be torn violently

render

give or supply

renegade

someone who rebels and becomes an outlaw

repast

the food served and eaten at one time

replete

filled to satisfaction with food or drink

replica

copy that is not the original

reproach

express criticism towards

reprobate

a person without moral scruples

reproof

an act or expression of criticism and censure

repudiate

refuse to acknowledge, ratify, or recognize as valid

repugnant

offensive to the mind

resignation

the act of giving up, as a claim or office or possession

resilient

recovering readily from adversity, depression, or the like

resolution

a decision to do something or to behave in a certain manner

resonant

characterized by a loud deep sound

respite

a pause from doing something

resplendent

having great beauty

reticent

reluctant to draw attention to yourself

retract

formally reject or disavow

reverent

feeling or showing profound respect or veneration

reverie

an abstracted state of absorption

revile

spread negative information about

rhapsodize

say with great enthusiasm

rhetorical

relating to using language effectively

ribald

humorously vulgar

rigor

excessive sternness

roseate

of something having a dusty purplish pink color

rout

an overwhelming defeat

rudimentary

being in the earliest stages of development

ruffian

a cruel and brutal fellow

ruminate

reflect deeply on a subject

rummage

search haphazardly

rustic

characteristic of rural life

saga

a narrative telling the adventures of a hero or a family

sagacious

acutely insightful and wise

salient

conspicuous, prominent, or important

salubrious

promoting health

salvage

rescuing a ship or its crew from a shipwreck or a fire

sanction

official permission or approval

sanguine

confidently optimistic and cheerful

sarcasm

witty language used to convey insults or scorn

sardonic

disdainfully or ironically humorous

satire

witty language used to convey insults or scorn

saturate

infuse or fill completely

saturnine

bitter or scornful

saunter

walk leisurely and with no apparent aim

savant

a learned person

savor

a particular taste or smell, especially an appealing one

scanty

lacking in extent or quantity

schism

division of a group into opposing factions

scourge

something causing misery or death

scrupulous

characterized by extreme care and great effort

scrutinize

examine carefully for accuracy

scurrilous

expressing offensive reproach

sectarian

of or relating to a subdivision of a larger religious group

sedentary

requiring sitting or little activity

sedition

an illegal action inciting resistance to lawful authority

sedulous

marked by care and persistent effort

seethe

foam as if boiling

sequester

keep away from others

serendipity

good luck in making unexpected and fortunate discoveries

serrated

notched like a saw with teeth pointing toward the apex

servile

submissive or fawning in attitude or behavior

shady

sheltered from the sun’s rays

shoal

a stretch of shallow water

shoddy

of inferior workmanship and materials

sinuous

curved or curving in and out

skeptic

someone who habitually doubts accepted beliefs

skulk

lie in wait or behave in a sneaky and secretive manner

slander

words falsely spoken that damage the reputation of another

sloth

a disinclination to work or exert yourself

slothful

disinclined to work or exertion

slovenly

negligent of neatness especially in dress and person

sodden

wet through and through; thoroughly wet

sojourn

a temporary stay

solace

comfort in disappointment or misery

solemnity

a trait of dignified seriousness

solicit

request urgently or persistently

soliloquy

speech you make to yourself

solubility

the quality of being easily dissolved in liquid

somber

grave or even gloomy in character

soporific

inducing sleep

sordid

foul and run-down and repulsive

sovereign

a nation’s ruler usually by hereditary right

specious

plausible but false

spelunker

a person who explores caves

spendthrift

someone who spends money freely or wastefully

sporadic

recurring in scattered or unpredictable instances

spurious

plausible but false

spurn

reject with contempt

squalid

foul and run-down and repulsive

stagnant

not growing or changing; without force or vitality

staid

characterized by dignity and propriety

stamina

enduring strength and energy

stanch

stop the flow of a liquid

stanza

a fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem

static

not in physical motion

steadfast

marked by firm determination or resolution; not shakable

stigma

a symbol of disgrace or infamy

stigmatize

condemn or openly or formally or brand as disgraceful

stipend

a sum of money allotted on a regular basis

stoic

seeming unaffected by pleasure or pain; impassive

stoke

stir up

stolid

having or revealing little emotion or sensibility

striate

marked with stripes

strident

unpleasantly loud and harsh

stupor

marginal consciousness

stymie

hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of

suave

having a sophisticated charm

subjugate

make subservient; force to submit or subdue

subliminal

below the threshold of conscious perception

subsidiary

functioning in a supporting capacity

substantive

having a firm basis in reality and therefore important

subsume

contain or include

subtlety

the quality of being difficult to detect or analyze

succinct

briefly giving the gist of something

succor

assistance in time of difficulty

succumb

consent reluctantly

suffuse

cause to spread or flush or flood through, over, or across

sumptuous

rich and superior in quality

sunder

break apart or in two, using violence

sundry

consisting of a haphazard assortment of different kinds

superficial

of, affecting, or being on or near the surface

superfluous

more than is needed, desired, or required

superlative

highest in quality

supplant

take the place or move into the position of

suppliant

humbly entreating

suppress

put down by force or authority

surfeit

indulge (one’s appetite) to satiety

surmise

infer from incomplete evidence

surpass

be or do something to a greater degree

surreptitious

marked by quiet and caution and secrecy

susceptible

yielding readily to or capable of

swathe

wrap in swaddling clothes

sycophant

a person who tries to please someone to gain an advantage

syllogism

reasoning in which a conclusion is derived from two premises

symmetry

balance among the parts of something

synthetic

a compound made artificially by chemical reactions
بازی یادگیری زبان انگلیسی