GMAT – 4 – 188 Words

derivative

a compound obtained from another compound

derive

come from

derogatory

expressive of low opinion

descend

move downward and lower, but not necessarily all the way

desegregation

incorporation of a formerly excluded group into a community

desktop

the top of a desk

despise

look down on with disdain

detached

no longer connected or joined

detection

the perception or discovery that something has occurred

detergent

a cleansing agent that differs from soap

deterioration

process of changing to an inferior state

deterrent

something immaterial that interferes with action or progress

detractor

one who disparages or belittles the worth of something

detrimental

causing harm or injury

devastate

cause extensive destruction or ruin utterly

diabetes

a disease characterized by high glucose levels in the blood

diagonal

having an oblique or slanted direction

dialect

the usage or vocabulary characteristic of a group of people

diameter

the length of a straight line through the center of a circle

diaper

item worn by infant to catch excrement

diapir

a domed rock formation where a core of rock has moved upward and pierced through the more brittle overlying strata

dichotomy

a classification into two opposed parts or subclasses

didactic

instructive, especially excessively

die out

become extinct

diesel

an internal-combustion engine that burns heavy oil

difference

the quality of being unlike or dissimilar

digital audiotape

a digital tape recording of sound

dilution

a solution reduced in strength or concentration

diminish

decrease in size, extent, or range

dine

have supper; eat dinner

dinosaur

an extinct terrestrial reptile of the Mesozoic era

dioxide

an oxide containing two atoms of oxygen in the molecule

dip

immerse briefly into a liquid so as to wet, coat, or saturate

diphtheria

acute contagious infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae; marked by the formation of a false membrane in the throat and other air passages causing difficulty in breathing

diploma

a document certifying the completion of a course of study

directive

a pronouncement encouraging or banning some activity

disarm

take away the weapons from; render harmless

disavow

refuse to acknowledge

discern

detect with the senses

discharge

remove the unbalanced electricity from

discount

an amount or percentage deducted

discourse

an extended communication dealing with some particular topic

discrete

constituting a separate entity or part

discretionary

having the ability to act according to your own judgment

discrimination

unfair treatment of a person or group based on prejudice

disenfranchise

deprive of voting rights

disguise

any attire that conceals the wearer’s identity

disinclination

a certain degree of unwillingness

dislodge

remove or force from a position previously occupied

dismal

causing dejection

dismantle

take off or remove

dismember

separate the limbs from the body

disorder

a condition in which things are not in their expected places

disorient

cause to be lost or confused

disparaging

expressive of low opinion

disparate

fundamentally different or distinct in quality or kind

disparity

inequality or difference in some respect

dispassionate

unaffected by strong emotion or prejudice

displace

cause to move, usually with force or pressure

dispose

give, sell, or transfer to another

dissemination

the act of dispersing or diffusing something

dissent

a difference of opinion

dissipate

cause to separate and go in different directions

distill

undergo condensation

distinct

constituting a separate entity or part

distort

twist and press out of shape

distraction

drawing someone’s attention away from something

distribution

the act of spreading or apportioning

diva

a distinguished female operatic singer

divergence

moving away in different direction from a common point

divergent

tending to move apart in different directions

diverse

distinctly dissimilar or unlike

diversify

vary in order to spread risk or to expand

divest

take away possessions from someone

dividend

a number to be divided by another number

divine

a clergyman or other person in religious orders

divisible

capable of being or liable to be divided or separated

division

the act of partitioning

divisor

one of two or more integers that can be exactly divided into another integer

divulge

make known to the public information previously kept secret

docile

easily handled or managed

doctrine

a belief accepted as authoritative by some group or school

dogma

a doctrine or code of beliefs accepted as authoritative

dogwood

a tree of shrub of the genus Cornus often having showy bracts resembling flowers

donor

a person who makes a gift of money, property, etc.

doom

an unpleasant or disastrous destiny

dopamine

a monoamine neurotransmitter found in the brain and essential for the normal functioning of the central nervous system; as a drug (trade names Dopastat and Intropin) it is used to treat shock and hypotension

dope

street names for marijuana

dose

a measured portion of medicine taken at any one time

doubtless

certainly; without question

drab

a dull greyish to yellowish or light olive brown

drain

emptying something by allowing liquid to run out of it

drastic

forceful and extreme and rigorous

draw in

pull inward or towards a center

drizzle

very light rain

dropout

someone who quits school before graduation

dubious

fraught with uncertainty or doubt

ductile

capable of being shaped or bent or drawn out

dummy

a figure representing the human form

dump

a piece of land where waste materials are dumped

duplicate

a copy that corresponds to an original exactly

durability

permanence by virtue of the power to resist stress or force

dwelling

housing that someone is living in

dwindle

become smaller or lose substance

dynamics

mechanics concerned with forces that cause motions of bodies

dysfunction

any disturbance in the working of an organ or body part

dyskinesia

abnormality in performing voluntary muscle movements

echelon

level of authority in a hierarchy

ecology

the environment as it relates to living organisms

economic

of or relating to production and management of wealth

economical

using the minimum of time or resources for effectiveness

economy

the system of production and distribution and consumption

ecosystem

organisms interacting with their physical environment

edge

a line determining the limits of an area

effigy

a representation of a person

effluent

water mixed with waste matter

egalitarianism

the doctrine of the equality of mankind

eggnog

a punch made of sweetened milk or cream mixed with eggs and usually alcoholic liquor

egregious

conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible

elaborate

marked by complexity and richness of detail

elective

not compulsory

electorate

the body of enfranchised citizens; those qualified to vote

electron

an elementary particle with negative charge

elevate

raise from a lower to a higher position

elicit

call forth, as an emotion, feeling, or response

eligible

qualified for or allowed or worthy of being chosen

eliminate

end, take out, or do away with

elite

a group or class of persons enjoying superior status

elliptical

rounded like an egg

elongate

make long or longer by pulling and stretching

elongation

the act of lengthening something

eloquent

expressing yourself readily, clearly, effectively

elude

escape, either physically or mentally

elusive

skillful at evading capture

emanate

give out, as breath or an odor

emancipation

freeing someone from the control of another

embalm

preserve a dead body

embark

go on board

embellish

make more attractive, as by adding ornament or color

embody

represent in bodily form

embrace

squeeze tightly in your arms, usually with fondness

embroider

decorate with needlework

embryo

an animal organism in the early stages of growth

emerald

a green transparent form of beryl

emission

the act of causing to flow forth

empirical

derived from experiment and observation rather than theory

emulate

strive to equal or match, especially by imitating

encapsulate

enclose in or as if in a small container

encephalitis

inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus

encode

convert information into code

encompass

include in scope

encounter

come together

encroach

advance beyond the usual limit

endeavor

attempt by employing effort

endemic

native to or confined to a certain region

endorphin

a neurochemical occurring naturally in the brain and having analgesic properties

endorse

approve of

endorsement

the act of approving

endothermic

occurring or formed with absorption of heat

endowment

natural abilities or qualities

enervation

lack of vitality

engender

call forth

engrave

carve, cut, or etch into a material or surface

engulf

flow over or cover completely

enhance

increase

enlist

join the military

enormous

extraordinarily large in size or extent or degree

enrich

make better or improve in quality

enslave

force into servitude

ensue

take place or happen afterward or as a result

entail

have as a logical consequence

enterprise

a purposeful or industrious undertaking

entice

provoke someone to do something through persuasion

entity

that which is perceived to have its own distinct existence

entrant

someone who comes in

entree

the principal dish of a meal

entrepreneur

someone who organizes a business venture

enumeration

the act of counting; reciting numbers in ascending order

envelope

a flat container for a letter or thin package

envious

painfully desirous of another’s advantages

envision

imagine, conceive of, or see in one’s mind

enzyme

a complex protein produced by cells that acts as a catalyst

epic

a long narrative poem telling of a hero’s deeds

epicenter

a point on the Earth’s surface directly above an earthquake

epidemic

a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease

episode

a happening that is distinctive in a series of events

epochal

highly significant, especially bringing about a new era

equilateral triangle

a three-sided regular polygon
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