GMAT 2/2 – 457 Words

lampoon

ridicule with satire

languid

lacking spirit or liveliness

lassitude

a feeling of lack of interest or energy

latent

potentially existing but not presently evident or realized

latency

the state of being not yet evident or active

laud

praise, glorify, or honor

laudatory

full of or giving praise

lethargic

deficient in alertness or activity

levity

a manner lacking seriousness

libelous

harmful and often untrue; tending to discredit or malign

licentious

lacking moral discipline

lionize

assign great social importance to

listless

lacking zest or vivacity

lithe

moving and bending with ease

litigious

of or relating to legal proceedings

localize

concentrate on a particular place or spot

loquacious

full of trivial conversation

lucid

transparently clear; easily understandable

lucrative

producing a sizeable profit

lugubrious

excessively mournful

lull

make calm or still

lurid

glaringly vivid and graphic; marked by sensationalism

luxuriant

produced or growing in extreme abundance

machination

a crafty and involved plot to achieve your ends

magisterial

of or relating to a civil officer who administers the law

magnanimity

nobility and generosity of spirit

magnanimous

noble and generous in spirit

malady

impairment of normal physiological function

malfeasance

wrongful conduct by a public official

malign

speak unfavorably about

malleable

capable of being shaped or bent

manifesto

a public declaration of intentions

marred

blemished by injury or rough wear

martinet

someone who demands exact conformity to rules and forms

maudlin

effusively or insincerely emotional

maverick

someone who exhibits independence in thought and action

meander

move or cause to move in a sinuous or circular course

melancholy

a constitutional tendency to be gloomy and depressed

melodrama

a story with characters behaving in an extreme emotional way

membranous

characterized by formation of a membrane

mercenary

a person hired to fight for another country than their own

mercurial

liable to sudden unpredictable change

metamorphose

change in outward structure or looks

misanthrope

someone who dislikes people in general

miscreant

a person without moral scruples

miserly

characterized by or indicative of lack of generosity

misnomer

an incorrect or unsuitable name

missive

a written message addressed to a person or organization

mitigate

lessen or to try to lessen the seriousness or extent of

modicum

a small or moderate or token amount

mollify

cause to be more favorably inclined

morose

showing a brooding ill humor

motley

consisting of a haphazard assortment of different kinds

multifarious

having many aspects

munificent

very generous

myopic

unable to see distant objects clearly

myriad

a large indefinite number

nadir

the lowest point of anything

narcissist

someone who is excessively self-centered

nebulous

lacking definite form or limits

nefarious

extremely wicked

neophyte

any new participant in some activity

nettle

plant having stinging hairs that cause skin irritation

nonpartisan

free from party affiliation or bias

notoriety

the state of being known for some unfavorable act or quality

notorious

known widely and usually unfavorably

noxious

injurious to physical or mental health

nuance

a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude

nullify

declare invalid

obdurate

stubbornly persistent in wrongdoing

obfuscate

make obscure or unclear

oblivion

the state of being disregarded or forgotten

obsequious

attempting to win favor from influential people by flattery

obstreperous

noisily and stubbornly defiant

occlusion

the act of blocking

odious

unequivocally detestable

odoriferous

emitting a smell, especially an unpleasant smell

officious

intrusive in a meddling or offensive manner

onerous

burdensome or difficult to endure

onus

a burdensome or difficult concern

openhanded

given or giving freely

opportune

suitable or advantageous especially for a particular purpose

opportunist

a person who places expediency above principle

opportunistic

taking advantage of any circumstance of possible benefit

oppugn

challenge the accuracy, probity, or propriety of

oracle

a shrine where a prophet is consulted

orthodox

adhering to what is commonly accepted

osmosis

diffusion of molecules through a semipermeable membrane

ossify

become bony

ostensible

appearing as such but not necessarily so

ostentatious

intended to attract notice and impress others

ostracize

expel from a community or group

oversight

an unintentional omission from failure to notice something

pacifist

someone opposed to violence as a means of settling disputes

pacify

ease the anger, agitation, or strong emotion of

painstaking

characterized by extreme care and great effort

pall

burial garment in which a corpse is wrapped

palliate

lessen or to try to lessen the seriousness or extent of

palliative

moderating pain or sorrow by making it easier to bear

pallid

deficient in color suggesting physical or emotional distress

paltry

contemptibly small in amount or size

panacea

hypothetical remedy for all ills or diseases

panache

distinctive and stylish elegance

pandemic

existing everywhere

paradigm

a standard or typical example

paragon

a perfect embodiment of a concept

parch

cause to wither from exposure to heat

pariah

a person who is rejected from society or home

parochial

relating to or supported by or located in a parish

parody

a composition that imitates or misrepresents a style

parsimonious

excessively unwilling to spend

parsimony

extreme stinginess

particular

unique or specific to a person or thing or category

partisan

a fervent and even militant proponent of something

pathos

a quality that arouses emotions, especially pity or sorrow

patronize

provide support for

paucity

an insufficient quantity or number

pedagogy

the profession of a teacher

pedant

a person who pays too much attention to formal rules

pedantic

marked by a narrow focus on or display of learning

pedantry

an ostentatious and inappropriate display of learning

peevish

easily irritated or annoyed

penchant

a strong liking

penurious

excessively unwilling to spend

penury

a state of extreme poverty or destitution

peremptory

putting an end to all debate or action

perennial

lasting an indefinitely long time

perfidious

tending to betray

perfunctory

hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough

peripheral

on or near an edge or constituting an outer boundary

pernicious

exceedingly harmful

perquisite

an incidental benefit for certain types of employment

perspicacious

mentally acute or penetratingly discerning

pestilence

any epidemic disease with a high death rate

petulant

easily irritated or annoyed

philanthropist

someone who makes charitable donations

philanthropic

of or relating to charitable giving

phlegmatic

showing little emotion

piety

righteousness by virtue of being religiously devout

pious

having or showing or expressing reverence for a deity

pithy

concise and full of meaning

placate

cause to be more favorably inclined

placid

calm and free from disturbance

plasticity

the property of being physically malleable

platitude

a trite or obvious remark

platitudinous

dull and tiresome but with pretensions of significance or originality

plaudit

enthusiastic approval

plausible

apparently reasonable and valid, and truthful

plethora

extreme excess

plethoric

excessively abundant

pliable

capable of being shaped or bent or drawn out

pliant

capable of being shaped or bent or drawn out

polarize

cause to concentrate about two conflicting positions

polemical

of or involving dispute or controversy

ponderous

having great mass and weight and unwieldiness

populace

people in general considered as a whole

populous

densely filled with inhabitants

portent

a sign of something about to happen

prattle

speak about unimportant matters rapidly and incessantly

precarious

not secure; beset with difficulties

precipitate

bring about abruptly

preclude

make impossible, especially beforehand

precocious

characterized by exceptionally early development

predilection

a predisposition in favor of something

premonition

an early warning about a future event

presage

a foreboding about what is about to happen

prescient

perceiving the significance of events before they occur

presumption

a premise that is taken for granted

presumptive

having a reasonable basis for belief or acceptance

presumptuous

going beyond what is appropriate, permitted, or courteous

pretense

the act of giving a false appearance

pretension

the advancing of a claim

pretext

a fictitious reason that conceals the real reason

prevaricator

a person who has lied or who lies repeatedly

proclivity

a natural inclination

procure

get by special effort

prodigal

recklessly wasteful

prodigious

great in size, force, extent, or degree

profane

grossly irreverent toward what is held to be sacred

profligate

unrestrained by convention or morality

profound

situated at or extending to great depth

profundity

the quality of being physically deep

profuse

produced or growing in extreme abundance

profusion

the property of being extremely abundant

prognosticator

someone who makes predictions of the future

prohibitive

tending to discourage, especially of prices

prohibition

the action of forbidding

proletarian

belonging to or characteristic of the working class

proliferate

grow rapidly

proliferation

a rapid increase in number

prolific

intellectually productive

pronouncement

an authoritative declaration

propensity

a natural inclination

propitiate

make peace with

proponent

a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea

prosaic

lacking wit or imagination

prospective

of or concerned with or related to the future

prospectus

a document that sets forth a plan for a business enterprise

prostrate

stretched out and lying at full length along the ground

provident

giving something useful for the future

provincial

associated with an administrative district of a nation

pugnacious

ready and able to resort to force or violence

punctilious

marked by precise accordance with details

pundit

a person with special knowledge who performs skillfully

quagmire

a soft wet area of low-lying land that sinks underfoot

quandary

state of uncertainty in a choice between unfavorable options

quash

declare invalid

quell

suppress or crush completely

querulous

habitually complaining

quiescent

being quiet or still or inactive

quixotic

not sensible about practical matters

raconteur

a person skilled in telling anecdotes

rampant

occurring or increasing in an unrestrained way

ramshackle

in deplorable condition

rancorous

showing deep-seated resentment

rapport

a relationship of mutual understanding between people

rarefy

lessen the density or solidity of

ratify

approve and express assent, responsibility, or obligation

raucous

unpleasantly loud and harsh

ravenous

extremely hungry

raze

tear down so as to make flat with the ground

reap

get or derive

rebuff

a deliberate discourteous act

rebuttal

the speech act of refuting by offering a contrary argument

recalcitrant

stubbornly resistant to authority or control

recant

formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief

recessive

of or pertaining to a recession

recluse

one who lives in solitude

reclusive

withdrawn from society; seeking solitude

recourse

act of turning to for assistance

recrimination

mutual accusations

rectify

make right or correct

rectitude

righteousness as a consequence of being honorable and honest

redolent

having a strong pleasant odor

redouble

double again

refractory

stubbornly resistant to authority or control

refutation

the act of determining that something is false

refute

overthrow by argument, evidence, or proof

regressive

opposing progress; returning to a former less advanced state

relegate

assign to a lower position

relinquish

turn away from; give up

remission

an abatement in intensity or degree

remunerate

make payment to; compensate

renegade

someone who rebels and becomes an outlaw

renounce

turn away from; give up

repertory

a collection of works that an artist or company can perform

replete

filled to satisfaction with food or drink

reprehensible

bringing or deserving severe rebuke or censure

reprieve

postpone the punishment of a convicted criminal

reprimand

an act or expression of criticism and censure

reproach

express criticism towards

reprove

reprimand, scold, or express dissatisfaction with

repudiate

refuse to acknowledge, ratify, or recognize as valid

repugnant

offensive to the mind

rescind

cancel officially

respite

a pause from doing something

resplendent

having great beauty

restitution

the act of restoring something to its original state

resurgent

rising again as to new life and vigor

reticent

reluctant to draw attention to yourself

reticence

the trait of being uncommunicative

reverent

feeling or showing profound respect or veneration

rhapsodize

say with great enthusiasm

rhetorical

relating to using language effectively

rhetorician

a person who delivers a speech or oration

ribald

humorously vulgar

rouse

cause to become awake or conscious

rousing

capable of stirring enthusiasm or excitement

saccharine

overly sweet

sacrilegious

grossly irreverent toward what is considered holy

sacrosanct

treated as if holy and kept free from violation or criticism

sage

a mentor in spiritual and philosophical topics

salutary

tending to promote physical well-being; beneficial to health

salvo

rapid simultaneous discharge of firearms

sanctimonious

excessively or hypocritically pious

sanctity

the quality of being holy

sanguine

confidently optimistic and cheerful

sardonic

disdainfully or ironically humorous

satiate

fill to satisfaction

satire

witty language used to convey insults or scorn

satirical

exposing human folly to ridicule

satirize

ridicule with witty language used to convey insults or scorn

saturate

infuse or fill completely

scanty

lacking in extent or quantity

scathing

marked by harshly abusive criticism

scintillating

having brief brilliant points or flashes of light

scope

the state of the environment in which a situation exists

scour

rub hard or scrub

scrupulous

characterized by extreme care and great effort

scrutinize

examine carefully for accuracy

scrutiny

the act of examining something closely, as for mistakes

seclusion

the act of isolating oneself from others

seditious

arousing to action or rebellion

sedulous

marked by care and persistent effort

self-righteous

excessively or hypocritically pious

self-serving

interested only in yourself

serendipity

good luck in making unexpected and fortunate discoveries

sermonize

speak as if preaching or expressing moral judgments

servile

submissive or fawning in attitude or behavior

shopworn

worn or faded from being on display in a store

shrewd

marked by practical hardheaded intelligence

shroud

burial garment in which a corpse is wrapped

simile

a figure of speech expressing a resemblance between things

sinecure

a job that involves minimal duties

sleight

adroitness in using the hands

slipshod

marked by great carelessness

slovenly

negligent of neatness especially in dress and person

solace

comfort in disappointment or misery

solemnize

observe or perform with dignity or gravity

solicitous

full of anxiety and concern

somber

grave or even gloomy in character

sophistry

a deliberately invalid argument in the hope of deceiving

soporific

inducing sleep

sovereign

a nation’s ruler usually by hereditary right

spare

more than is needed, desired, or required

spartan

unsparing and uncompromising in discipline or judgment

spate

a sudden forceful flow

specious

plausible but false

sporadic

recurring in scattered or unpredictable instances

sportive

given to merry frolicking

spurious

plausible but false

spurn

reject with contempt

squander

spend thoughtlessly; throw away

stagnant

not growing or changing; without force or vitality

stagnation

a state of inactivity

stalwart

having rugged physical strength

stark

severely simple

staunch

firm and dependable especially in loyalty

steadfast

marked by firm determination or resolution; not shakable

stipulate

make an express demand or provision in an agreement

stockpile

something kept back or saved for future use

stoic

seeming unaffected by pleasure or pain; impassive

stolid

having or revealing little emotion or sensibility

stratified

deposited or arranged in horizontal layers

strident

unpleasantly loud and harsh

stupefy

make dull or muddle, as with intoxication

stupefaction

the action of stupefying; making dull or lethargic

stymie

hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of

subjugate

make subservient; force to submit or subdue

subservient

compliant and obedient to authority

substantiate

establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts

subterfuge

something intended to misrepresent the nature of an activity

subversive

in opposition to an established system or government

succulent

tasty and full of juice

supercilious

having or showing arrogant disdain or haughtiness

superfluous

more than is needed, desired, or required

supine

lying face upward

supplant

take the place or move into the position of

supposition

the cognitive process of conjecturing

surfeit

indulge (one’s appetite) to satiety

surreptitious

marked by quiet and caution and secrecy

susceptible

yielding readily to or capable of

swoon

pass out from weakness or physical or emotional distress

sycophant

a person who tries to please someone to gain an advantage

symbiosis

the relation between two interdependent species of organisms

synchrony

the relation that exists when things occur at the same time

synergy

the working together of two things to produce an effect

synergistic

working together for an enhanced effect

tacit

implied by or inferred from actions or statements

taciturn

habitually reserved and uncommunicative

talisman

a trinket thought to be a magical protection against evil

tandem

an arrangement of objects or persons one behind another

tangential

of superficial relevance if any

tantamount

being essentially equal to something

tawdry

tastelessly showy

teem

be abuzz

teeming

abundantly filled with especially living things

temerarious

presumptuously daring

temperamental

subject to sharply varying moods

tempestuous

characterized by violent emotions or behavior

temporize

draw out a discussion or process in order to gain time

tenacious

stubbornly unyielding

tenacity

persistent determination

tendentious

having a strong bias, especially a controversial one

tenebrous

dark and gloomy

tenuous

very thin in gauge or diameter

tepid

moderately warm

timorous

shy and fearful by nature

tirade

a speech of violent denunciation

titillate

excite pleasurably or erotically

toady

a person who tries to please someone to gain an advantage

torpor

a state of motor and mental inactivity

totalitarian

of a government with an authority exerting absolute control

tout

advertise in strongly positive terms

tractable

easily managed

transient

lasting a very short time

travail

use of physical or mental energy; hard work

treacly

overly sweet

treatise

a formal exposition

tremulous

quivering as from weakness or fear

trenchant

having keenness and forcefulness and penetration in thought

trepidation

a feeling of alarm or dread

tribulation

an annoying or frustrating or catastrophic event

trifling

not worth considering

trite

repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse

trove

a valuable collection or treasure found hidden

truculent

defiantly aggressive

truculence

obstreperous and defiant aggressiveness

ubiquitous

being present everywhere at once

unabashed

not embarrassed

unassuming

not arrogant

uncanny

surpassing the ordinary or normal

uncouth

lacking refinement or cultivation or taste

undefiled

free from stain or blemish

unfathomable

impossible to come to understand

ungainly

lacking grace in movement or posture

unruly

unable to be governed or controlled

unsightly

unpleasant to look at

unwitting

not aware or knowing

upbraid

express criticism towards

urbane

showing a high degree of refinement

usurp

seize and take control without authority

vacuous

devoid of matter

vacuity

the absence of matter

vagabond

a wanderer with no established residence or means of support

vagary

an unexpected and inexplicable change in something

vainglorious

feeling self-importance

valorous

having or showing the qualities of a hero or heroine

vanquish

defeat in a competition, race, or conflict

vapid

lacking significance or liveliness or spirit or zest

venal

capable of being corrupted

venerable

profoundly honored

venerate

regard with feelings of respect and reverence

verbose

using or containing too many words

verity

conformity to reality or actuality

vertiginous

having or causing a whirling sensation; liable to falling

verve

an energetic style

vicarious

experienced at secondhand

vigilant

carefully observant or attentive

vignette

a brief literary description

vilify

spread negative information about

vindicate

show to be right by providing justification or proof

vindication

the act of defending against criticism or censure

vindictive

disposed to seek revenge or intended for revenge

virtuoso

someone who is dazzlingly skilled in any field

virtuosity

technical skill or fluency or style exhibited by a virtuoso

virulent

extremely poisonous or injurious; producing venom

viscid

having the sticky properties of an adhesive

viscous

having a relatively high resistance to flow

vitiate

make imperfect

vitriolic

harsh, bitter, or malicious in tone

vituperative

marked by harshly abusive criticism

vocation

the particular occupation for which you are trained

vociferous

conspicuously and offensively loud

volition

the act of making a choice

voluble

marked by a ready flow of speech

vie

compete for something

waning

a gradual decrease in magnitude or extent

watershed

a ridge of land that separates two adjacent river systems

wayward

resistant to guidance or discipline

winnow

the act of separating grain from chaff

witticism

a message whose ingenuity has the power to evoke laughter

wrath

intense anger

wry

humorously sarcastic or mocking

zealot

a fervent and even militant proponent of something

zenith

the point above the observer directly opposite the nadir

zephyr

a slight wind
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