GMAT 1 – 250 Words

cascade

a small waterfall or series of small waterfalls

castigate

inflict severe punishment on

cataclysm

a sudden violent change in the earth’s surface

catalyst

substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction

catharsis

purging the body to stimulate evacuation of the bowels

caustic

capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action

cavil

raise trivial objections

censor

a person authorized to suppress unacceptable material

censure

harsh criticism or disapproval

ceremonious

characterized by pomp and stately display

cessation

a stopping

chafe

become or make sore by or as if by rubbing

chaff

material consisting of seed coverings and pieces of stem

chagrin

strong feelings of embarrassment

charisma

personal attractiveness that enables you to influence others

charlatan

a flamboyant deceiver

chary

characterized by great caution

chaste

abstaining from unlawful sexual intercourse

chastise

censure severely

cherish

be fond of

chicanery

the use of tricks to deceive someone

chimera

a grotesque product of the imagination

choleric

characterized by anger

chortle

a soft partly suppressed laugh

circumlocution

an indirect way of expressing something

circumspect

careful to consider potential consequences and avoid risk

citadel

a stronghold for shelter during a battle

clandestine

conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods

clemency

leniency and compassion shown toward offenders

cloying

overly sweet

coagulate

change from a liquid to a thickened or solid state

coalesce

fuse or cause to come together

coda

the closing section of a musical composition

coddle

cook in nearly boiling water

codify

organize into a system, such as a body of law

coffer

a chest especially for storing valuables

cogent

powerfully persuasive

cogitate

consider carefully and deeply

cognate

related by blood

cognitive

relating to or involving the mental process of knowing

cognizant

having or showing knowledge or understanding or realization

coherent

marked by an orderly and consistent relation of parts

cohesion

the state of sticking together

cohort

a band of warriors

collaborate

work together on a common enterprise or project

colloquial

characteristic of informal spoken language or conversation

collusion

secret agreement

comely

according with custom or propriety

commiserate

feel or express sympathy or compassion

commodious

large and roomy

communal

for or by a group rather than individuals

compatible

able to exist and perform in harmonious combination

complacent

contented to a fault with oneself or one’s actions

compliant

disposed to act in accordance with someone’s wishes

comport

behave in a certain manner

comprehensive

including all or everything

compromise

an accommodation in which both sides make concessions

concede

give over

conceit

the trait of being unduly vain

conciliation

the act of placating and overcoming distrust and animosity

conciliatory

making or willing to make concessions

concise

expressing much in few words

conclave

a confidential or secret meeting

condescend

behave in a patronizing manner

condone

excuse, overlook, or make allowances for

confluence

a place where things merge or flow together

confound

be confusing or perplexing to

conglomeration

a sum total of many heterogeneous things taken together

conjure

summon into action or bring into existence

connivance

agreement on a secret plot

connoisseur

an expert able to appreciate a field

consecrate

give entirely to a specific person, activity, or cause

consequential

having important issues or results

consort

keep company with

conspicuous

obvious to the eye or mind

consternation

sudden shock or dismay that causes confusion

constrain

hold back

consummation

the act of bringing to completion or fruition

contemporary

occurring in the same period of time

contempt

lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

contentious

showing an inclination to disagree

contest

a struggle between rivals

contiguous

having a common boundary or edge

contravene

go against, as of rules and laws

contrite

feeling or expressing pain or sorrow for sins or offenses

contumacious

willfully obstinate; stubbornly disobedient

contusion

an injury in which the skin is not broken

conundrum

a difficult problem

conventional

following accepted customs and proprieties

converge

be adjacent or come together

convivial

occupied with or fond of the pleasures of good company

convoke

call together

copious

large in number or quantity

corpulence

the property of excessive fatness

correlate

bear a reciprocal or mutual relation

corroborate

give evidence for

coterie

an exclusive circle of people with a common purpose

covenant

an agreement between God and his people

covetous

immoderately desirous of acquiring something

cower

crouch or curl up

coy

affectedly shy especially in a playful or provocative way

crass

so unrefined as to be lacking in discrimination

craven

lacking even the rudiments of courage; abjectly fearful

culpable

deserving blame or censure as being wrong or injurious

curb

the act of restraining power or action or limiting excess

curmudgeon

an irascible, cantankerous person full of stubborn ideas

cursory

hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough

cynic

someone who is critical of the motives of others

dais

a platform raised above the surrounding level

dally

behave carelessly or indifferently

dank

unpleasantly cool and humid

dauntless

invulnerable to fear or intimidation

dearth

an insufficient quantity or number

debacle

a sudden and complete disaster

debase

make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance

debauchery

a wild gathering involving drinking and promiscuity

debilitate

make weak

debonair

having a sophisticated charm

decadence

the state of being degenerate in mental or moral qualities

deciduous

shedding foliage at the end of the growing season

decisive

characterized by resoluteness and firmness

decorous

characterized by propriety and dignity and good taste

decry

express strong disapproval of

defamation

an abusive attack on a person’s character or good name

deference

courteous regard for people’s feelings

deferential

showing courteous regard for people’s feelings

defunct

no longer in force or use; inactive

deign

do something that one considers to be below one’s dignity

deleterious

harmful to living things

deliberate

carefully thought out in advance

delineate

represented accurately or precisely

delusion

a mistaken or unfounded opinion or idea

demise

the time when something ends

demur

politely refuse or take exception to

denigrate

charge falsely or with malicious intent

denounce

speak out against

depict

give a description of

deplete

use up, as resources or materials

deposition

the act of putting something somewhere

depravity

moral perversion; impairment of virtue and moral principles

deprecate

express strong disapproval of; deplore

depredation

an act of plundering and pillaging and marauding

deride

treat or speak of with contempt

derision

the act of treating with contempt

derisive

expressing contempt or ridicule

derogatory

expressive of low opinion

desecrate

violate the sacred character of a place or language

desist

stop performing some action

desolate

providing no shelter or sustenance

despoil

plunder or steal goods

despotism

dominance through threat of punishment and violence

destitute

poor enough to need help from others

desultory

marked by lack of definite plan or regularity or purpose

detached

no longer connected or joined

deter

turn away from by persuasion

determinate

supplying or being a final or conclusive settlement

devoid

completely wanting or lacking

dexterous

skillful in physical movements; especially of the hands

diatribe

thunderous verbal attack

dichotomy

a classification into two opposed parts or subclasses

dictum

an authoritative declaration

didactic

instructive, especially excessively

diffidence

lack of self-assurance

diffident

showing modest reserve

diffuse

spread out; not concentrated in one place

digress

wander from a direct or straight course

dilettante

an amateur engaging in an activity without serious intention

diligence

conscientiousness in paying proper attention to a task

diminutive

very small

din

a loud harsh or strident noise

dint

force or effort

dirge

a song or hymn of mourning as a memorial to a dead person

disapprobation

pronouncing as wrong or morally culpable

disarray

untidiness, especially of clothing and appearance

disavow

refuse to acknowledge

discerning

having or revealing keen insight and good judgment

discomfit

cause to lose one’s composure

discord

lack of agreement or harmony

discourse

an extended communication dealing with some particular topic

discreet

marked by prudence or modesty and wise self-restraint

discrete

constituting a separate entity or part

discriminate

marked by the ability to see or make fine distinctions

disdain

lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

disentangle

separate a twisted mass

disheartened

made less hopeful or enthusiastic

disingenuous

not straightforward or candid

disinterested

unaffected by concern for one’s own welfare

disparage

express a negative opinion of

disparate

fundamentally different or distinct in quality or kind

disparity

inequality or difference in some respect

dispassionate

unaffected by strong emotion or prejudice

disperse

move away from each other

disputatious

showing an inclination to disagree

dissemble

behave unnaturally or affectedly

disseminate

cause to become widely known

dissent

a difference of opinion

dissonance

disagreeable sounds

dissonant

harmonically unresolved

distant

separated in space or coming from far away

diverge

move or draw apart

diverse

distinctly dissimilar or unlike

docile

easily handled or managed

document

a representation of a person’s thinking with symbolic marks

doggerel

a comic verse of irregular measure

dogma

a doctrine or code of beliefs accepted as authoritative

dogmatic

pertaining to a code of beliefs accepted as authoritative

dormant

inactive but capable of becoming active

doting

extravagantly or foolishly loving and indulgent

dowdy

lacking in stylishness or taste

dubious

fraught with uncertainty or doubt

duplicity

the act of deceiving or acting in bad faith

duress

compulsory force or threat

earthy

of or consisting of or resembling the soil

ebullience

eager enjoyment or approval

eccentric

conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual

ecclesiastic

of or associated with a church

eclectic

selecting what seems best of various styles or ideas

economical

using the minimum of time or resources for effectiveness

edifice

a structure that has a roof and walls

edify

make understand

educe

construe a meaning or elicit a principle

efface

remove by or as if by rubbing or erasing

effeminate

having unsuitable feminine qualities

effervescence

the process of bubbling as gas escapes

effigy

a representation of a person

effluvium

a foul-smelling outflow or vapor

effrontery

audacious behavior that you have no right to

effusive

uttered with unrestrained enthusiasm

egocentric

limited to or caring only about yourself and your own needs

egress

the act or means of going out

elaboration

developing in intricate and painstaking detail

elegy

a mournful poem; a lament for the dead

ellipsis

omission or suppression of parts of words or sentences

eloquence

powerful and effective language

elucidate

make clear and comprehensible

elusive

skillful at evading capture

emanate

give out, as breath or an odor

embellish

make more attractive, as by adding ornament or color

eminence

high status importance owing to marked superiority

emollient

a substance with a soothing effect when applied to the skin

emulate

strive to equal or match, especially by imitating

enamored

marked by foolish or unreasoning fondness

encomium

a formal expression of praise

encroach

advance beyond the usual limit

encumber

hold back, impede, or weigh down

endemic

native to or confined to a certain region

endorse

approve of

enervate

weaken mentally or morally

enfranchise

grant freedom to, as from slavery or servitude

engender

call forth
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