GMAT 1/2 – 500 Words

abate

become less in amount or intensity

aberration

a state or condition markedly different from the norm

abhor

find repugnant

abhorrence

hate coupled with disgust

abstemious

marked by temperance in indulgence

abstruse

difficult to penetrate

accede

yield to another’s wish or opinion

accost

approach and speak to someone aggressively or insistently

acquisitive

eager to attain and possess material possessions

acrid

strong and sharp, as a taste or smell

acrimony

a rough and bitter manner

acumen

shrewdness shown by keen insight

adamant

very hard native crystalline carbon valued as a gem

adept

having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude

adroit

quick or skillful or adept in action or thought

aerate

fill, combine, or supply with oxygen

affectation

a deliberate pretense or exaggerated display

affected

influenced

agnostic

a person who claims the existence of God is unknowable

akimbo

with hands on hips and elbows extending outward

alacrity

liveliness and eagerness

allay

lessen the intensity of or calm

allocate

distribute according to a plan or set apart for a purpose

allusion

passing reference or indirect mention

allude

make an indirect reference to

altruistic

showing unselfish concern for the welfare of others

altruism

the quality of unselfish concern for the welfare of others

amenable

disposed or willing to comply

amiable

diffusing warmth and friendliness

amicable

characterized by friendship and good will

amorphous

having no definite form or distinct shape

anarchist

an advocate of the abolition of governments

annotate

add explanatory notes to or supply with critical comments

antediluvian

of or relating to the period before the biblical flood

anthropology

science of the origins and social relationships of humans

antipathy

a feeling of intense dislike

antipodal

the relation of opposition along a diameter

apathetic

showing little or no emotion or animation

apathy

an absence of emotion or enthusiasm

apex

the highest point of something

aplomb

great coolness and composure under strain

apocryphal

being of questionable authenticity

apropos

of a suitable, fitting, or pertinent nature

apt

being of striking pertinence

arable

capable of being farmed productively

arboreal

of or relating to or formed by trees

arcane

requiring secret or mysterious knowledge

arid

lacking sufficient water or rainfall

ascendancy

the state when one person or group has power over another

ascetic

someone who practices self denial as a spiritual discipline

asceticism

rigorous self-denial and active self-restraint

aspersion

a disparaging remark

aspire

have an ambitious plan or a lofty goal

assail

attack someone physically or emotionally

assiduous

marked by care and persistent effort

assuage

provide physical relief, as from pain

atrophy

a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse

attenuate

become weaker, in strength, value, or magnitude

august

profoundly honored

aura

distinctive but intangible quality around a person or thing

aural

of or pertaining to hearing or the ear

auspicious

auguring favorable circumstances and good luck

autocrat

a cruel and oppressive dictator

autocratic

characteristic of an absolute ruler or absolute rule

automaton

a mechanism that can move independently of external control

avarice

reprehensible acquisitiveness; insatiable desire for wealth

avocation

an auxiliary activity

banal

repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse

bane

something causing misery or death

barrage

the heavy fire of artillery to saturate an area

beguile

attract; cause to be enamored

belabor

beat soundly

beleaguer

annoy persistently

belie

be in contradiction with

belligerent

characteristic of an enemy or one eager to fight

benevolent

showing or motivated by sympathy and understanding

bequeath

leave or give, especially by will after one’s death

berate

censure severely or angrily

bereavement

state of sorrow over the death or departure of a loved one

blighted

affected by something that prevents growth or prosperity

bog

wet spongy ground of decomposing vegetation

bolster

support and strengthen

bombastic

ostentatiously lofty in style

boon

something that is desirable, favorable, or beneficial

boorish

ill-mannered and coarse in behavior or appearance

bowdlerize

edit by omitting or modifying parts considered indelicate

bravado

a swaggering show of courage

bromide

a trite or obvious remark

brusque

rudely abrupt or blunt in speech or manner

bucolic

devoted to raising sheep or cattle

bungle

make a mess of, destroy, or ruin

buoyant

tending to float on a liquid or rise in air or gas

burgeon

grow and flourish

buttress

a support usually of stone or brick

cacophonous

having an unpleasant sound

cacophony

loud confusing disagreeable sounds

cajole

influence or urge by gentle urging, caressing, or flattering

callous

emotionally hardened

calumniate

charge falsely or with malicious intent

capitulate

surrender under agreed conditions

capricious

determined by chance or impulse rather than by necessity

captious

tending to find and call attention to faults

carping

persistent petty and unjustified criticism

castigate

inflict severe punishment on

catharsis

purging the body to stimulate evacuation of the bowels

caustic

capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action

censorious

harshly critical or expressing censure

censure

harsh criticism or disapproval

cerebral

of or relating to the brain

chagrin

strong feelings of embarrassment

charlatan

a flamboyant deceiver

chary

characterized by great caution

chastise

censure severely

chicanery

the use of tricks to deceive someone

chide

censure severely or angrily

chimerical

like a grotesque product of the imagination

churlish

having a bad disposition; surly

circuitous

deviating from a straight course

circumlocution

an indirect way of expressing something

circumscribe

draw a geometric figure around another figure

circumspect

careful to consider potential consequences and avoid risk

circumvent

surround so as to force to give up

clandestine

conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods

coalesce

fuse or cause to come together

coin

a flat metal piece (usually a disc) used as money

compendious

briefly giving the gist of something

complacency

the feeling you have when you are satisfied with yourself

complacent

contented to a fault with oneself or one’s actions

complaisant

showing a cheerful willingness to do favors for others

compliant

disposed to act in accordance with someone’s wishes

compliance

the act of submitting, usually surrendering power to another

complicity

guilt as a confederate in a crime or offense

comportment

manner of behaving or conducting oneself; bearing

conciliate

gain the good will of or cause to be more favorably inclined

conciliatory

making or willing to make concessions

concur

happen simultaneously

conducive

tending to bring about; being partly responsible for

conflagration

a very intense and uncontrolled fire

conflate

mix together different elements

confluence

a place where things merge or flow together

congenial

suitable to your needs

conscientious

characterized by extreme care and great effort

consecrated

made or declared or believed to be holy

consecration

sanctification of something by dedicating it to God

consonance

the property of sounding harmonious

conspicuous

obvious to the eye or mind

consternation

sudden shock or dismay that causes confusion

consummate

having or revealing supreme mastery or skill

contemptuous

expressing extreme scorn

contemptible

deserving of scorn or disrespect

contentious

showing an inclination to disagree

contiguous

having a common boundary or edge

contingency

the state of being dependent on something

contraband

distributed or sold illicitly

contrite

feeling or expressing pain or sorrow for sins or offenses

convivial

occupied with or fond of the pleasures of good company

copious

large in number or quantity

corollary

an inference following from the proof of another proposition

corpulence

the property of excessive fatness

corroborate

give evidence for

corrugated

shaped into alternating parallel grooves and ridges

cosmopolitan

composed of people from many parts of the world

craven

lacking even the rudiments of courage; abjectly fearful

credulity

tendency to believe readily

credulous

showing a lack of judgment or experience

culpable

deserving blame or censure as being wrong or injurious

cupidity

extreme greed for material wealth

cursory

hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough

dalliance

the act of delaying and playing instead of working

dauntless

invulnerable to fear or intimidation

dearth

an insufficient quantity or number

debacle

a sudden and complete disaster

debilitate

make weak

debunk

expose while ridiculing

decimate

kill in large numbers

decorum

propriety in manners and conduct

decorous

characterized by propriety and dignity and good taste

decry

express strong disapproval of

deference

courteous regard for people’s feelings

deferential

showing courteous regard for people’s feelings

degradation

changing to a lower, less respected state

deleterious

harmful to living things

delimit

set, mark, or draw the boundaries of something

delineate

represented accurately or precisely

demagogue

a leader who seeks support by appealing to popular passions

demonstrative

a pronoun that points out an intended referent

demure

shy or modest, often in a playful or provocative way

demurral

(law) a formal objection to an opponent’s pleadings

demystify

make something easier to understand

denigrate

charge falsely or with malicious intent

denude

make bare or strip of a covering

depose

force to leave an office

depravity

moral perversion; impairment of virtue and moral principles

deprecate

express strong disapproval of; deplore

depreciation

a decrease in price or value

depreciate

decline in value

deride

treat or speak of with contempt

derivative

a compound obtained from another compound

derogatory

expressive of low opinion

derogate

cause to seem less serious; play down

desecration

blasphemous behavior

desiccate

lacking vitality or spirit; lifeless

despoil

plunder or steal goods

despondent

without or almost without hope

despot

a cruel and oppressive dictator

destitute

poor enough to need help from others

deterrent

something immaterial that interferes with action or progress

devoid

completely wanting or lacking

diatribe

thunderous verbal attack

didactic

instructive, especially excessively

diffident

showing modest reserve

diffidence

lack of self-assurance

diffuse

spread out; not concentrated in one place

digression

a message that departs from the main subject

dilatory

wasting time

dilettante

an amateur engaging in an activity without serious intention

diminutive

very small

diminution

change toward something smaller or lower

dire

fraught with extreme danger; nearly hopeless

dirge

a song or hymn of mourning as a memorial to a dead person

disarming

act of reducing or depriving of weapons

discern

detect with the senses

discerning

having or revealing keen insight and good judgment

discomfit

cause to lose one’s composure

disenfranchise

deprive of voting rights

dishearten

take away the enthusiasm of

disillusionment

freeing from false belief

disingenuous

not straightforward or candid

disparage

express a negative opinion of

dispassionate

unaffected by strong emotion or prejudice

dispel

to cause to separate and go in different directions

disputatious

showing an inclination to disagree

disquiet

a feeling of mild anxiety about possible developments

dissemble

behave unnaturally or affectedly

disseminate

cause to become widely known

dissolute

unrestrained by convention or morality

distaste

a feeling of intense dislike

distend

cause to expand as if by internal pressure

distension

the act of expanding by pressure from within

divergent

tending to move apart in different directions

divisive

causing or characterized by disagreement or disunity

divulge

make known to the public information previously kept secret

doctrine

a belief accepted as authoritative by some group or school

dogmatic

pertaining to a code of beliefs accepted as authoritative

dormant

inactive but capable of becoming active

Draconian

imposing a harsh code of laws

drought

a shortage of rainfall

dupe

fool or hoax

duplicitous

marked by deliberate deceptiveness

duplicity

the act of deceiving or acting in bad faith

ebullient

joyously unrestrained

eclectic

selecting what seems best of various styles or ideas

edify

make understand

effacement

the act of withdrawing, eliminating, or making inconspicuous

effervesce

become bubbly or frothy or foaming

effrontery

audacious behavior that you have no right to

effusive

uttered with unrestrained enthusiasm

egalitarian

favoring social equality

elan

enthusiastic and assured vigor and liveliness

elated

exultantly proud and joyful; in high spirits

elation

a feeling of joy and pride

elegy

a mournful poem; a lament for the dead

elicit

call forth, as an emotion, feeling, or response

elucidate

make clear and comprehensible

elude

escape, either physically or mentally

elusive

skillful at evading capture

emaciated

very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold

emancipate

free from slavery or servitude

embitter

cause to be resentful

embroil

force into some kind of situation or course of action

emend

make corrections to

empathetic

showing ready comprehension of others’ states

empathy

understanding and entering into another’s feelings

empirical

derived from experiment and observation rather than theory

encompass

include in scope

encroach

advance beyond the usual limit

encumbrance

an onerous or difficult concern

endemic

native to or confined to a certain region

enfranchise

grant freedom to, as from slavery or servitude

engender

call forth

enigmatic

not clear to the understanding

enumerate

specify individually

ephemeral

anything short-lived, as an insect that lives only for a day

epidemic

a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease

epiphany

a divine manifestation

epitome

a standard or typical example

epitomize

embody the essential characteristics of

equanimity

steadiness of mind under stress

equitable

fair to all parties as dictated by reason and conscience

equivocal

open to two or more interpretations

erudite

having or showing profound knowledge

erudition

profound scholarly knowledge

eschew

avoid and stay away from deliberately

esoteric

understandable only by an enlightened inner circle

estrange

remove from customary environment or associations

estrangement

separation resulting from hostility

eulogy

a formal expression of praise for someone who has died

eulogize

praise formally and eloquently

euphemism

an inoffensive expression substituted for an offensive one

euphony

any pleasing and harmonious sounds

evanescent

tending to vanish like vapor

eventuality

a possible event or occurrence or result

evince

give expression to

evoke

call forth, as an emotion, feeling, or response

exacting

severe and unremitting in making demands

excavate

recover through digging

excise

remove by cutting

excoriate

express strong disapproval of

exculpate

pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

execrate

curse or declare to be evil or anathema

exemplar

something to be imitated

exhibitionist

someone who deliberately behaves in such a way as to attract attention

exhibitionistic

compulsively attracting attention to yourself especially by public exposure or exaggerated behavior

exhort

spur on or encourage especially by cheers and shouts

exiguous

extremely scanty

exonerate

pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

exorbitant

greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation

expedient

appropriate to a purpose

expedite

process fast and efficiently

expeditious

marked by speed and efficiency

expo

a collection of things for public display

expunge

remove by erasing or crossing out or as if by drawing a line

expurgate

edit by omitting or modifying parts considered indelicate

extant

still in existence; not extinct or destroyed or lost

extemporize

perform or speak without preparation

extirpation

the act of pulling up or out

extol

praise, glorify, or honor

extricate

release from entanglement or difficulty

facetious

cleverly amusing in tone

facile

arrived at without due care or effort; lacking depth

faction

a dissenting clique

fallacious

containing or based on incorrect reasoning

fallacy

a misconception resulting from incorrect reasoning

fallible

wanting in moral strength, courage, or will

fallow

left unplowed and unseeded during a growing season

fanaticism

excessive intolerance of opposing views

fastidious

giving careful attention to detail

fecund

capable of producing offspring or vegetation

feign

make believe with the intent to deceive

felicitous

exhibiting an agreeably appropriate manner or style

felonious

involving or being or having the nature of a crime

finagle

achieve something by means of trickery or devious methods

finesse

subtly skillful handling of a situation

flag

a rectangular piece of cloth of distinctive design

flagrant

conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible

flay

strip the skin off

flippant

showing an inappropriate lack of seriousness

floridity

extravagant elaborateness

flotsam

the floating wreckage of a ship

flummox

be a mystery or bewildering to

folly

the trait of acting stupidly or rashly

foolhardy

marked by defiant disregard for danger or consequences

forbearance

a delay in enforcing rights or claims or privileges

forlorn

marked by or showing hopelessness

fortitude

strength of mind that enables one to endure adversity

fortuitous

occurring by happy chance

fraudulent

intended to deceive

frugality

prudence in avoiding waste

furor

an interest followed with exaggerated zeal

furtive

secret and sly or sordid

futile

producing no result or effect

futility

uselessness as a consequence of having no practical result

gait

an animal’s manner of moving

gallantry

the qualities of a hero or heroine

galvanize

stimulate (muscles) by administering a shock

gargantuan

of great mass; huge and bulky

garish

tastelessly showy

garrulous

full of trivial conversation

genial

diffusing warmth and friendliness

germinate

sprout; produce buds or branches

gestate

be pregnant with

gingerly

in a manner marked by extreme care or delicacy

glib

artfully persuasive in speech

glut

supply with an excess of

gluttonous

given to excess in consumption of especially food or drink

goad

stab or urge on as if with a pointed stick

grandiloquent

lofty in style

grandiose

impressive because of unnecessary largeness or magnificence

gratify

make happy or satisfied

gratification

the act or an instance of satisfying

gratuitous

unnecessary and unwarranted

greenhorn

an awkward and inexperienced youth

gregarious

temperamentally seeking and enjoying the company of others

gubernatorial

relating to the head of a state government

guile

shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception

guileless

innocent and free of deceit

hackneyed

repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse

halcyon

a mythical bird said to breed at the winter solstice

harangue

a loud bombastic declamation expressed with strong emotion

harbinger

something indicating the approach of something or someone

hardy

having rugged physical strength

hasten

move fast

hedonist

someone motivated by desires for sensual pleasures

heedful

giving close and thoughtful attention

heresy

a belief that rejects the orthodox tenets of a religion

heretic

a person whose religious beliefs conflict with church dogma

histrionic

characteristic of acting or a stage performance

hubris

overbearing pride or presumption

husbandry

the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock

hyperbole

extravagant exaggeration

iconoclastic

characterized by attack on established beliefs

idealogue

someone who theorizes (especially in science or art)

idiosyncratic

peculiar to the individual

idyllic

charmingly simple and serene

ignominy

a state of dishonor

ignominious

deserving or bringing disgrace or shame

illicit

contrary to accepted morality or convention

illusory

having the nature of a deceptive trick

imbue

spread or diffuse through

impasse

a situation in which no progress can be made

impecunious

not having enough money to pay for necessities

impede

be a hindrance or obstacle to

impediment

something immaterial that interferes with action or progress

imperious

having or showing arrogant superiority

impertinent

improperly forward or bold

impetuous

characterized by undue haste and lack of thought

impetus

a force that makes something happen

implacable

incapable of being appeased or pacified

impregnable

incapable of being attacked or tampered with

impudence

the trait of being rude and impertinent

impudent

improperly forward or bold

impugn

attack as false or wrong

inane

devoid of intelligence

incarnate

possessing or existing in bodily form

incense

make furious

incongruity

the quality of disagreeing

incongruous

lacking in harmony or compatibility or appropriateness

incontrovertible

impossible to deny or disprove

incorrigible

impervious to correction by punishment

incredulous

not disposed or willing to believe; unbelieving

incredulity

doubt about the truth of something

incriminate

suggest that someone is guilty

incubate

grow under conditions that promote development

indefatigable

showing sustained enthusiasm with unflagging vitality

indeterminate

not fixed or known in advance

indictment

an accusation of wrongdoing

indigenous

originating where it is found

indigent

poor enough to need help from others

indignant

angered at something unjust or wrong

indiscriminate

failing to make or recognize distinctions

indisposed

somewhat ill or prone to illness

indolent

disinclined to work or exertion

indomitable

impossible to subdue

induce

cause to act in a specified manner

induction

the act of bringing about something

indulgent

given to yielding to the wishes of someone

ineffable

defying expression or description

ineptitude

unskillfulness resulting from a lack of training

inert

unable to move or resist motion

inertia

the tendency of something to stay in rest or motion

inexorable

not to be placated or appeased or moved by entreaty

infelicity

inappropriate and unpleasing manner or style

infelicitous

not appropriate in application; defective

ingenuous

lacking in sophistication or worldliness

inherent

existing as an essential constituent or characteristic

inhibit

limit the range or extent of

innate

present at birth but not necessarily hereditary

innocuous

not injurious to physical or mental health

innuendo

an indirect and usually malicious implication

inquisition

a severe interrogation

inscrutable

difficult or impossible to understand

insidious

working or spreading in a hidden and usually injurious way

insipid

lacking interest or significance or impact

insolence

the trait of being rude and impertinent

insolent

marked by casual disrespect

insolvent

unable to meet or discharge financial obligations

insouciant

marked by unconcern

instigate

provoke or stir up

insularity

the state of being isolated or detached

insuperable

incapable of being surpassed or excelled

insurgent

in opposition to a civil authority or government

insurrection

organized opposition to authority

intonation

the act of singing in a monotonous tone

intractable

difficult to manage or mold

intransigent

impervious to pleas, persuasion, requests, or reason

intransigence

stubborn refusal to compromise or change

intrepid

invulnerable to fear or intimidation

inundate

fill or cover completely, usually with water

invoke

request earnestly; ask for aid or protection

irascible

quickly aroused to anger

irate

feeling or showing extreme anger

ireful

feeling or showing extreme anger

irony

incongruity between what might be expected and what occurs

ironic

displaying incongruity between what is expected and what is

irresolute

uncertain how to act or proceed

irreverent

showing lack of due respect or veneration

irreverence

a mental attitude showing lack of due respect

itinerant

traveling from place to place to work

jaded

exhausted

jocular

characterized by jokes and good humor

jovial

full of or showing high-spirited merriment

judicious

marked by the exercise of good judgment in practical matters

juggernaut

a massive inexorable force

juxtaposition

the act of positioning close together

laborious

characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion

labyrinth

complex system of paths in which it is easy to get lost

lackadaisical

idle or indolent especially in a dreamy way

laconic

brief and to the point

laggard

someone who takes more time than necessary

lambaste

censure severely or angrily
بازی یادگیری زبان انگلیسی