GMAT 01 – 493 Words

abrupt

exceedingly sudden and unexpected

accelerate

move faster

access

the right to enter

accidental

happening by chance or unexpectedly or unintentionally

accommodate

have room for; hold without crowding

accordingly

in agreement with

accrue

grow by addition

expeditious

marked by speed and efficiency

acquire

come into the possession of something concrete or abstract

acquisition

something gained

acquit

pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

activate

put in motion

acute

ending in a sharp point

acute angle

an angle less than 90 degrees but more than 0 degrees

adamant

very hard native crystalline carbon valued as a gem

addition

the arithmetic operation of summing

additive

characterized or produced by addition

adjacent

having a common boundary or edge

adopt

take into one’s family

adrenal

relating to the glands near the kidney or their secretions

adverse

in an opposing direction

aftermath

the consequences of an event

agenda

a list of matters to be taken up, as at a meeting

aggravate

make worse

airborne

moved or conveyed by or through air

algebra

the mathematics of generalized arithmetical operations

alkaline

relating to or containing an alkali

allergy

hypersensitive immunological reaction to some substance

alligator

an amphibious reptile related to crocodiles

alternative

one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen

altitude

elevation above sea level or above the earth’s surface

amateur

someone who pursues a study or sport as a pastime

amend

make revisions to

ample

more than enough in size or scope or capacity

anatomy

the study of the structure of animals

ancestor

someone from whom you are descended

antibiotic

a substance used to kill microorganisms and cure infections

antitrust law

law intended to promote free competition in the market place by outlawing monopolies

ape

any of various primates with short tails or no tail at all

apparel

clothing in general

appliance

a device or tool that is very useful for a particular job

applicable

having relevance

apportion

distribute according to a plan or set apart for a special purpose

aquatic

operating or living or growing in water

arc

a continuous portion of a circle

arcane

requiring secret or mysterious knowledge

area

the extent of a two-dimensional surface within a boundary

arid

lacking sufficient water or rainfall

arm

a human limb

array

an impressive display

artery

a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body

aspire

have an ambitious plan or a lofty goal

assembly line

mechanical system in a factory whereby an article is conveyed through sites at which successive operations are performed on it

assess

estimate the nature, quality, ability or significance of

asthma

respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing

stroke

a single complete movement

attorney

a professional person authorized to practice law

attribute

a quality belonging to or characteristic of an entity

authentic

not counterfeit or copied

average

an intermediate scale value regarded as normal or usual

average out

amount to or come to an average, without loss or gain

laudable

worthy of high praise

vast

unusually great in size or amount or extent or scope

habitat

the type of environment in which an organism normally lives

species

taxonomic group whose members can interbreed

preserve

keep in safety and protect from harm, loss, or destruction

exclusive

admitting or accepting only a particular group

compelling

driving or forcing

compel

force somebody to do something

radical

far beyond the norm

foster

providing nurture though not related by blood or legal ties

archaeology

the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people

paltry

contemptibly small in amount or size

excavate

recover through digging

outrageous

greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation

expedition

an organized group of people undertaking a journey

expedite

process fast and efficiently

artifact

a man-made object

grip

hold fast or firmly

induce

cause to act in a specified manner

pottery

objects made from clay and baked in a kiln

vessel

an object used as a container, especially for liquids

lamp

a piece of furniture holding one or more electric light bulbs

essential

basic and fundamental

duplicate

a copy that corresponds to an original exactly

virtual

being actually such in almost every respect

virtually

in essence or effect but not in fact

jug

a large bottle with a narrow mouth

precious

of high worth or cost

bulge

swell or protrude outwards

clandestine

conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods

provenance

where something originated or was nurtured

stratigraphy

the branch of geology that studies the arrangement and succession of strata

compose

form the substance of

analogous

similar or equivalent in some respects

continuous

moving in time or space without interruption

outermost

situated at the farthest possible point from a center

composition

the way in which someone or something is put together

gradient

a graded change in the magnitude of something

geology

science of the history of the earth as recorded in rocks

parallel

being everywhere equidistant and not intersecting

undergo

pass through

reveal

make visible

reveal

make visible

crater

a bowl-shaped geological formation at the top of a volcano

bombard

throw bombs at or attack with bombs

constitution

the act of forming or establishing something

constituent

one of the individual parts making up a composite entity

constitute

form or compose

ethos

the distinctive spirit of a culture or an era

segregate

divide from the main body or mass and collect

indignity

an affront to one’s self-esteem

anthropology

science of the origins and social relationships of humans

perception

the process of becoming aware through the senses

tension

the action of stretching something tight

revitalization

bringing again into activity and prominence

conscious

having awareness of surroundings and sensations and thoughts

obscure

not clearly understood or expressed

receptive

able to absorb liquid (not repellent)

prevail

be larger in number, quantity, power, status or importance

prevailing

most frequent or common

foothold

a place providing support for the foot in standing or climbing

sensibility

mental responsiveness and awareness

sought

that is looked for

attain

gain with effort

attainment

the act of achieving an aim

terrestrial

of or relating to or characteristic of the planet Earth

cardiovascular

of or pertaining to or involving the heart and blood vessels

adaptation

the process of adjusting or conforming to new conditions

adaptation

the process of adjusting or conforming to new conditions

orientation

the act of determining one’s position

tilt

lean over; tip

spatial

pertaining to the expanse in which things are located

entail

have as a logical consequence

arboreal

of or relating to or formed by trees

dwell

inhabit or live in

posture

the arrangement of the body and its limbs

pause

cease an action temporarily

momentarily

for an instant

wiggle

move to and fro

contraction

the act of decreasing in size or volume or quantity or scope

contraction

the act of decreasing in size or volume or quantity or scope

torso

the body excluding the head and neck and limbs

compress

squeeze or press together

vein

a blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart

venous

of or contained in or performing the function of the veins

simultaneously

at the same instant

sustain

lengthen or extend in duration or space

conceptual

being or characterized by ideas or their formation

janitor

someone employed to clean and maintain a building

ambiguity

unclearness by virtue of having more than one meaning

arbitrary

based on or subject to individual discretion or preference

backdrop

scenery hung at back of stage

bark

the sound made by a dog

barrel

a bulging cylindrical shape; hollow with flat ends

benefactor

a person who helps people or institutions

betray

deliver to an enemy by treachery

betrayal

the quality of aiding an enemy

beverage

any liquid suitable for drinking

better off

in a more fortunate or prosperous condition

bid

propose a payment

bilateral

having two sides or parts

bilingual

using or knowing two languages

binary

of or pertaining to a number system having 2 as its base

bisect

cut in half or cut in two

bizarre

conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual

blackout

darkness resulting from the extinction of lights

bland

lacking taste or flavor or tang

boom

a deep prolonged loud noise

boost

increase

bound

confined by bonds

bounty

the property of copious abundance

bouquet

an arrangement of flowers that is usually given as a present

breakthrough

the act of making an important discovery

brewery

a plant where beer is brewed by fermentation

bring about

cause to happen, occur or exist

broccoli

plant with dense clusters of tight green flower buds

brochure

a small book usually having a paper cover

brokerage

the business of a broker

bronze

an alloy of copper and tin and sometimes other elements

browse

feed as in a meadow or pasture

brutal

resembling a beast; showing lack of human sensibility

bunch

a grouping of a number of similar things

bureaucrat

a nonelective government official

bust

a sculpture of the head and shoulders of a person

validate

confirm the legal force of

narrative

an account that tells the particulars of an act or event

autobiography

a book or account of your own life

biography

an account of the series of events making up a person’s life

affirm

declare solemnly and formally as true

continuity

uninterrupted connection or union

collective

done by or characteristic of individuals acting together

cautious

showing careful forethought

disinterested

unaffected by concern for one’s own welfare

convention

the act of meeting formally

device

an instrumentality invented for a particular purpose

pivotal

being of crucial importance

unwitting

not aware or knowing

pivot

axis consisting of a shaft supporting something that turns

depict

give a description of

throughput

output relative to input

undermine

weaken or impair, especially gradually

posit

take as a given; assume as a postulate or axiom

stem

cylinder forming a long narrow part of something

cabin

a small house built of wood; usually in a wooded area

calcium

a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light

call for

express the need or desire for; ask for

calorie

unit of heat raising 1 gram of water by 1 degree centigrade

campaign

related operations aimed at achieving a particular goal

canon

a collection of books accepted as holy scripture

canvas

a heavy, closely woven fabric

capacity

capability to perform or produce

captivate

attract; cause to be enamored

capture

seize as if by hunting, snaring, or trapping

carbohydrate

an essential component of living cells and source of energy

cargo

goods carried by a large vehicle

casualty

someone injured or killed in an accident

category

a general concept that marks divisions or coordinations

cater

give what is desired or needed

caterpillar

a wormlike and often hairy larva of a moth or butterfly

cathedral

the principal Christian church building of a diocese

causality

the relation between reasons and effects

caviar

salted fish eggs eaten as a delicacy

celebrity

the state or quality of being widely honored and acclaimed

censure

harsh criticism or disapproval

center

an area that is in the middle of some larger region

ceramic

an artifact made of clay baked at a high temperature

cereal

grass whose starchy grains are used as food: wheat

chamber

a natural or artificial enclosed space

charge

assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to

charity

an institution set up to provide help to the needy

charter

a document creating an institution and specifying its rights

check

examine so as to determine accuracy, quality, or condition

cheetah

long-legged spotted cat of Africa and southwestern Asia having nonretractile claws; the swiftest mammal; can be trained to run down game

chef

a professional cook

chord

a combination of three or more notes that blend harmoniously

circle

ellipse in which the two axes are of equal length

circulation

the movement of blood through the heart and blood vessels

circumference

the length of the closed curve of a circle

circumstances

one’s overall condition in life

civic

of or relating or belonging to a city

civil

of or occurring between or among citizens of the state

clam

burrowing marine mollusk living on sand or mud

clerical

appropriate for or engaged in office work

cling to

hold firmly, usually with one’s hands

cling

hold on tightly or tenaciously

clipping

the act of clipping or snipping

clockwise

in the direction that the hands of a clock move

clog

any object that acts as a hindrance or obstruction

clone

a genetically identical organism derived from a single cell

clumsy

lacking grace in movement or posture

cobble

repair or mend

cocaine

a narcotic extracted from coca leaves

cocoa

powder of ground roasted cacao beans with most of the fat removed

code

a set of rules or principles or laws

codify

organize into a system, such as a body of law

coherent

marked by an orderly and consistent relation of parts

coleslaw

a salad made with raw, shredded cabbage

collaborate

work together on a common enterprise or project

combat

the act of fighting; any contest or struggle

combination

the act of bringing things together to form a new whole

comedian

a performer who tells jokes

comet

a small frozen mass that travels around the sun

commercial

connected with or engaged in the exchange of goods

commonplace

completely ordinary and unremarkable

compact

closely and firmly united or packed together

compactness

the consistency of a compact solid

compatible

able to exist and perform in harmonious combination

compensate

make amends for

compensation

the act of making amends for service or loss or injury

compile

get or gather together

complement

something added to embellish or make perfect

complex

complicated in structure

comply

act in accordance with someone’s rules, commands, or wishes

component

one of the individual parts making up a larger entity

compound

a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts

comprehend

get the meaning of something

compromise

an accommodation in which both sides make concessions

conceal

prevent from being seen or discovered

concentrate

make denser, stronger, or purer

concern

something that interests you because it is important

concert

a performance of music by players or singers

concession

the act of yielding

concrete

capable of being perceived by the senses

condense

cause a gas or vapor to change into a liquid

cone

a shape with a circular base and sides tapering to a point

configuration

an arrangement of parts or elements

confinement

the state of being enclosed

conform

be similar, be in line with

confront

oppose, as in hostility or a competition

congestion

excessive crowding

conspiracy

a plot to carry out some harmful or illegal act

constraint

the state of being physically limited

contagious

capable of being transmitted by infection

contaminant

a substance that contaminates

contemporary

occurring in the same period of time

control

power to direct or determine

conversion

the act of changing from one use or function to another

convert

change the nature, purpose, or function of something

conviction

an unshakable belief in something without need for proof

cornerstone

a stone at the outer corner of two intersecting masonry walls

corridor

an enclosed passageway

counterclockwise

in a direction opposite to the direction in which the hands of a clock move

crack

a narrow opening

cramped

constricted in size

crater

a bowl-shaped geological formation at the top of a volcano

crest

the top or extreme point of something

crestfallen

brought low in spirit

criterion

the ideal in terms of which something can be judged

critique

appraise or judge in an analytical way

crucial

of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis

crumple

gather something into small wrinkles or folds

crunch

reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading

crusade

a series of actions tending toward a particular end

cube

a three-dimensional figure with six equal squares as faces

culminate

end, especially to reach a final or climactic stage

cultivation

production of food by preparing the land to grow crops

curb

the act of restraining power or action or limiting excess

cure-all

hypothetical remedy for all ills or diseases

curriculum

an integrated course of academic studies

customize

make to specifications

cylinder

a surface generated by rotating a line around a fixed line

supreme

greatest in status or authority or power

court

an assembly to conduct judicial business

treaty

a written agreement between two states or sovereigns

cite

make reference to

enclave

an enclosed territory that is culturally distinct

tribe

a social division of (usually preliterate) people

diversion

a turning aside

tribe

a social division of (usually preliterate) people

sovereignty

the authority of a state to govern another state

sovereignty

the authority of a state to govern another state

sovereignty

the authority of a state to govern another state

statute

an act passed by a legislative body

barred

preventing entry or exit or a course of action

pragmatic

concerned with practical matters

doctrine

a belief accepted as authoritative by some group or school

sovereignty

the authority of a state to govern another state

buttress

a support usually of stone or brick

variation

the process of being or becoming different

orbit

the path of a celestial body in its revolution about another

chronology

an arrangement of events in time

isotope

atom with same atomic number, different number of neutrons

deduce

reason from the general to the particular

sediment

matter that has been deposited by some natural process

molecule

the simplest structural unit of an element or compound

evaporate

change into gas or steam

calcium

a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light

carbonate

treat with carbon dioxide

radiometer

meter to detect and measure radiant energy

particulate

composed of distinct particles

debut

the act of beginning something new

decay

the organic phenomenon of rotting

decimal

a number in a system based on ten

decimal point

the dot at the left of a decimal fraction

deduct

make a subtraction

defendant

someone against whom an action is brought in a court of law

defrost

make or become free of frost or ice

delicate

developed with extreme subtlety

delinquent

a young offender

delta

the 4th letter of the Greek alphabet

denote

have as a meaning

depart

go away or leave

deplete

use up, as resources or materials

depletion

the state of being used up

depress

push down

descend

move downward and lower, but not necessarily all the way

descendant

a person considered as coming from some ancestor or race

detached

no longer connected or joined

detergent

a cleansing agent that differs from soap

detrimental

causing harm or injury

diagonal

having an oblique or slanted direction

dialect

the usage or vocabulary characteristic of a group of people

diaper

item worn by infant to catch excrement

diesel

an internal-combustion engine that burns heavy oil

dimension

a construct distinguishing objects or individuals

diminish

decrease in size, extent, or range

dine

have supper; eat dinner

dinosaur

an extinct terrestrial reptile of the Mesozoic era

dip

immerse briefly into a liquid so as to wet, coat, or saturate

disarm

take away the weapons from; render harmless

discharge

remove the unbalanced electricity from

discrete

constituting a separate entity or part

discrimination

unfair treatment of a person or group based on prejudice

disorder

a condition in which things are not in their expected places

displace

cause to move, usually with force or pressure

distinct

constituting a separate entity or part

distraction

drawing someone’s attention away from something

distribution

the act of spreading or apportioning

diverse

distinctly dissimilar or unlike

diversify

vary in order to spread risk or to expand

divine

a clergyman or other person in religious orders

divisible

capable of being or liable to be divided or separated

division

the act of partitioning

divisor

one of two or more integers that can be exactly divided into another integer

donor

a person who makes a gift of money, property, etc.

dope

street names for marijuana

dose

a measured portion of medicine taken at any one time

doubtless

certainly; without question

drain

emptying something by allowing liquid to run out of it

drastic

forceful and extreme and rigorous

dropout

someone who quits school before graduation

dummy

a figure representing the human form

dump

a piece of land where waste materials are dumped

duplicate

a copy that corresponds to an original exactly

biography

an account of the series of events making up a person’s life

historiography

the writing of history

controversy

a dispute where there is strong disagreement

refine

reduce to a pure state

sphere

a round three-dimensional closed surface

ample

more than enough in size or scope or capacity

foster

providing nurture though not related by blood or legal ties

colonial

relating to a body of people who settle far from home

metabolic

of or relating to metabolism

neuron

a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses

neurotransmitter

a neurochemical that transmits nerve impulses across a synapse

serotonin

a neurotransmitter involved in e.g. sleep and depression and memory

amino

pertaining to or containing any of a group of organic compounds of nitrogen derived from ammonia

acid

any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste

tryptophan

an amino acid that occurs in proteins

elevation

distance of something above a reference point

insulin

hormone secreted by the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas

secretion

the organic process of releasing some substance

carbohydrate

an essential component of living cells and source of energy

elicit

call forth, as an emotion, feeling, or response

protein

an organic compound essential to living cells

mechanism

device consisting of a piece of machinery

tyrosine

an amino acid found in most proteins

leucine

a white crystalline amino acid occurring in proteins that is essential for nutrition; obtained by the hydrolysis of most dietary proteins

enact

order by virtue of superior authority; decree

legislative

relating to a lawmaking assembly

oppose

be against

instance

an item of information that is typical of a class or group

cause

events that provide the generative force of something

contend

compete for something

concur

happen simultaneously

extant

still in existence; not extinct or destroyed or lost

stringent

demanding strict attention to rules and procedures

comply

act in accordance with someone’s rules, commands, or wishes

behaviorism

an approach to psychology that emphasizes observable measurable behavior

electoral

of or relating to elections

candidacy

the campaign of a candidate to be elected

durable

existing for a long time

hamper

prevent the progress or free movement of

regime

the governing authority of a political unit

ramification

a consequence, especially one that causes complications

foreshadow

indicate by signs

endure

undergo or be subjected to

maneuver

a military training exercise

vague

lacking clarity or distinctness

ambiguity

unclearness by virtue of having more than one meaning

novelty

originality by virtue of being refreshingly new

intuition

instinctive knowing, without the use of rational processes

grasp

hold firmly

capricious

determined by chance or impulse rather than by necessity

cognitive

relating to or involving the mental process of knowing

synthesize

combine and form a complex whole

leery

openly distrustful and unwilling to confide

engender

call forth

plausible

apparently reasonable and valid, and truthful

inextricably

in a manner incapable of being disentangled or untied

concert

a performance of music by players or singers

instigate

provoke or stir up

stipulate

make an express demand or provision in an agreement

assert

declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true

trail

a path or track

escalate

increase in extent or intensity

ailment

an often persistent bodily disorder or disease

efficacy

capacity or power to produce a desired result

archean

of or relating to the earliest known rocks formed during the Precambrian Eon

quartz

a hard glossy mineral consisting of silicon dioxide in crystal form; present in most rocks (especially sandstone and granite); yellow sand is quartz with iron oxide impurities

fluid

continuous amorphous matter that tends to flow

molten

reduced to liquid form by heating

granite

plutonic igneous rock having visibly crystalline texture

metamorphic

having undergone transformation by pressure, heat, etc.

dehydration

the process of extracting moisture

sedimentary

formed by or containing the accumulation of deposited matter

shed

cause or allow to flow or run out or over

alluvial

relating to deposits carried by rushing streams

unravel

become or cause to become undone by separating the fibers of

geology

science of the history of the earth as recorded in rocks

aerial

existing, living, growing, or operating in the air

magnetic

of or relating to or caused by attraction for iron

mineralogy

the branch of geology that studies minerals: their structure and properties and the ways of distinguishing them

halo

a circle of light around the sun or moon

envelop

enclose or enfold completely with or as if with a covering

mineralize

convert into a mineral substance

ore

a mineral that contains metal valuable enough to be mined

infest

occupy in large numbers or live on a host

infestation

the state of being invaded or overrun by parasites

jeopardize

pose a threat to; present a danger to

relic

an antiquity that has survived from the distant past

postulate

maintain or assert
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