Alpana IBPS CAT GMAT VOCABULARY – 377 Words

propensity

a natural inclination

contentious

showing an inclination to disagree

contend

compete for something

vie

compete for something

emulate

strive to equal or match, especially by imitating

simulate

reproduce someone’s behavior or looks

feign

make believe with the intent to deceive

sham

something that is a counterfeit; not what it seems to be

postiche

something that is a counterfeit; not what it seems to be

garb

clothing of a distinctive style or for a particular occasion

vesture

a covering designed to be worn on a person’s body

vest

a sleeveless garment worn underneath a coat

postulate

maintain or assert

obviate

do away with

preclude

make impossible, especially beforehand

foreclose

keep from happening or arising; make impossible

forbid

command against

interdict

command against

afflict

cause physical pain or suffering in

smite

inflict a heavy blow on, with the hand, a tool, or a weapon

cataclysm

a sudden violent change in the earth’s surface

fettle

a state of fitness and good health

estrange

remove from customary environment or associations

berate

censure severely or angrily

have words

censure severely or angrily

objurgate

censure severely

chastise

censure severely

taciturnity

the trait of being uncommunicative

reticence

the trait of being uncommunicative

recoup

regain or make up for

amaze

affect with wonder

dazzle

cause to lose clear vision, especially from intense light

astound

affect with wonder

surprise

come upon or take unawares

amazement

the feeling that accompanies something extremely surprising

constriction

a narrowing that reduces the flow through a channel

coarctation

tight or narrow compression

contraction

the act of decreasing in size or volume or quantity or scope

diminution

change toward something smaller or lower

compunction

a feeling of deep regret, usually for some misdeed

remorse

a feeling of deep regret, usually for some misdeed

penance

voluntary self-punishment in order to atone for something

penitence

remorse for your past conduct

repentance

remorse for your past conduct

self-reproach

the act of blaming yourself

rue

feel sorry for; be contrite about

rue

feel sorry for; be contrite about

bereavement

state of sorrow over the death or departure of a loved one

mourning

state of sorrow over the death or departure of a loved one

lamentation

the passionate activity of expressing grief

reflexion

the phenomenon of a propagating wave (light or sound) being thrown back from a surface

reverberation

a remote or indirect consequence of some action

persist

refuse to stop

persevere

be persistent, refuse to stop

uphold

stand up for; stick up for; of causes, principles, or ideals

vindicate

show to be right by providing justification or proof

embellish

make more attractive, as by adding ornament or color

ameliorate

make better

meliorate

to make better

allude

make an indirect reference to

pertain

be relevant to

advert

a public promotion of some product or service

bring up

raise from a lower to a higher position

anoint

administer an oil or ointment to, often ceremonially

zealous

marked by active interest and enthusiasm

zeal

a feeling of strong eagerness

preclude

make impossible, especially beforehand

extensive

large in spatial extent or range or scope or quantity

intensive

characterized by a heightened level or degree

foster-child

a child who is raised by foster parents

meagre

deficient in amount or quality or extent

scrimpy

deficient in amount or quality or extent

scanty

lacking in extent or quantity

herald

a person who announces important news

precursor

something indicating the approach of something or someone

formidable

extremely impressive in strength or excellence

crunch

reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading

impact

the striking of one body against another

impressive

making a strong or vivid mental image

unnerving

inspiring fear

squander

spend thoughtlessly; throw away

amass

collect or gather

garner

assemble or get together

assemble

create by putting components or members together

expend

use up, consume fully

orchestrate

plan and direct (a complex undertaking)

cerebration

the process of using one’s mind to consider something

chivalry

the medieval principles governing knightly conduct

gallantry

the qualities of a hero or heroine

valour

the qualities of a hero or heroine

decent

socially or conventionally correct; refined or virtuous

descent

a movement downward

declension

the inflection of nouns and pronouns and adjectives in Indo-European languages

steep

having a sharp inclination

abrupt

exceedingly sudden and unexpected

incisive

demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions

acute

ending in a sharp point

intense

possessing a distinctive feature to a heightened degree

relentless

never-ceasing

persistent

stubbornly unyielding

obstinate

marked by tenacious unwillingness to yield

beaming

radiating or as if radiating light

radiant

emanating or as if emanating light

rejoice

feel happiness or joy

exuberate

to express great joy

jubilate

to express great joy

exult

feel extreme happiness or elation

be on cloud nine

feel extreme happiness or elation

walk on air

feel extreme happiness or elation

jump for joy

feel extreme happiness or elation

wallow

roll around

delight

a feeling of extreme pleasure or satisfaction

delectation

a feeling of extreme pleasure or satisfaction

entrancement

a feeling of delight at being filled with wonder and enchantment

ravishment

the crime of forcing a woman to submit to sexual intercourse against her will

contend

compete for something

vie

compete for something

compete

engage in a contest or measure oneself against others

portend

indicate by signs

betoken

be a signal for or a symptom of

bespeak

be a signal for or a symptom of

operose

characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion

gruelling

characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion

toilsome

characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion

toilsome

characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion

conjecture

believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds

anticipate

regard something as probable or likely

retrospective

concerned with or related to the past

ex post facto

affecting things past

retrogressive

going from better to worse

retrograde

moving or directed or tending in a backward direction

retral

moving or directed or tending in a backward direction or contrary to a previous direction

wardrobe

a piece of furniture that provides storage space for clothes

fingerpost

a guidepost resembling a hand with a pointing index finger

surmise

infer from incomplete evidence

gulf

an arm of a sea or ocean partly enclosed by land

peninsula

a large mass of land projecting into a body of water

isthmus

a narrow strip of land connecting two larger land areas

continent

one of the large landmasses of the earth

chaste

abstaining from unlawful sexual intercourse

sheer

so thin as to transmit light

mystic

beyond ordinary understanding

stoic

seeming unaffected by pleasure or pain; impassive

hysterical

characterized by a state of violent mental agitation

surmount

get on top of; deal with successfully

subdue

put down by force or intimidation

overcome

win a victory over

revokable

capable of being revoked or annulled

harangue

a loud bombastic declamation expressed with strong emotion

ranting

a loud bombastic declamation expressed with strong emotion

belligerent

characteristic of an enemy or one eager to fight

warring

engaged in war

infallible

incapable of failure or error

inexorable

not to be placated or appeased or moved by entreaty

unappeasable

not to be placated or appeased or moved by entreaty

fastidious

giving careful attention to detail

meticulous

marked by precise accordance with details

itinerary

an established line of travel or access

eloquence

powerful and effective language

articulateness

the quality of being facile in speech and writing

volubility

the quality of being facile in speech and writing

elusive

skillful at evading capture

impalpable

not perceptible to the touch

entomology

the branch of zoology that studies insects

stumbling block

any obstacle or impediment

impediment

something immaterial that interferes with action or progress

demagogue

a leader who seeks support by appealing to popular passions

detour

a roundabout road or route

detour

a roundabout road or route

roundabout way

a roundabout road

crackle

make a crackling sound

castigate

inflict severe punishment on

chasten

censure severely

berate

censure severely or angrily

approbation

official acceptance or agreement

opprobrium

a state of extreme dishonor

ignominy

a state of dishonor

jabber

talk in a noisy, excited, or declamatory manner

rave

talk in a noisy, excited, or declamatory manner

grandiloquent

lofty in style

allure

the power to entice or attract

visage

the human face

countenance

the appearance conveyed by a person’s face

blooper

an embarrassing mistake

boo-boo

an embarrassing mistake

foul-up

an embarrassing mistake

subservient

compliant and obedient to authority

submissive

inclined or willing to give in to orders or wishes of others

abject

of the most contemptible kind

wretched

deserving or inciting pity

hapless

unfortunate and deserving pity

destitute

poor enough to need help from others

impoverished

poor enough to need help from others

indigent

poor enough to need help from others

meek

humble in spirit or manner

modest

marked by simplicity; having a humble opinion of yourself

humble

marked by meekness or modesty; not arrogant or prideful

chagrin

strong feelings of embarrassment

mortification

strong feelings of embarrassment

flesh out

add details, as to an account or idea

expedite

process fast and efficiently

hasten

move fast

linger

remain present although waning or gradually dying

waffle

pancake batter baked in an iron

waver

pause or hold back in uncertainty or unwillingness

sway

move back and forth

bewitch

cast a spell over someone or something

jinx

an evil spell

deception

a misleading falsehood

deceit

the quality of being fraudulent

refutal

the act of determining that something is false

rebuttal

the speech act of refuting by offering a contrary argument

pleading

begging

imperative

requiring attention or action

strident

unpleasantly loud and harsh

cacophonic

having an unpleasant sound

abrasive

causing irritation or erosion by friction

forlorn

marked by or showing hopelessness

despairing

arising from or marked by despair or loss of hope

desperate

a person who is frightened and in need of help

rapture

a state of being carried away by overwhelming emotion

exaltation

the elevation of a person, as to the status of a god

deification

elevation to the status of a god

exquisite

delicately beautiful

dainty

something considered choice to eat

indolence

inactivity resulting from a dislike of work

conceit

the trait of being unduly vain

vanity

feelings of excessive pride

pride

a feeling of self-respect and personal worth

superbia

unreasonable and inordinate self-esteem

petulant

easily irritated or annoyed

categorically

in an unqualified manner

unconditionally

not subject to a condition

flatly

in a decisive or blunt manner

distress

a state of adversity

anguish

extreme distress of body or mind

torment

intense feelings of suffering; acute mental or physical pain

agony

intense feelings of suffering; acute mental or physical pain

melancholy

a constitutional tendency to be gloomy and depressed

elation

a feeling of joy and pride

euphoria

a feeling of great elation

vertigo

a reeling sensation; a feeling that you are about to fall

indicant

something that serves to indicate or suggest

trite

repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse

contemplate

think intently and at length, as for spiritual purposes

mull over

reflect deeply on a subject

complacent

contented to a fault with oneself or one’s actions

biennial

occurring every second year

magnanimous

noble and generous in spirit

intrepid

invulnerable to fear or intimidation

anthropomorphic

suggesting human features for animals or inanimate things

anthropomorphic

suggesting human features for animals or inanimate things

benevolent

showing or motivated by sympathy and understanding

beneficent

doing or producing good

inculpable

free of guilt; not subject to blame

exculpate

pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

inculpate

suggest that someone is guilty

evoke

call forth, as an emotion, feeling, or response

kindle

catch fire

quench

satisfy, as thirst

assuage

provide physical relief, as from pain

gratification

the act or an instance of satisfying

debase

make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance

devalue

lower the worth or quality of

intermittent

stopping and starting at irregular intervals

colossal

so great in size or force or extent as to elicit awe

gargantuan

of great mass; huge and bulky

rustic

characteristic of rural life

bucolic

devoted to raising sheep or cattle

pastoral

devoted to raising sheep or cattle

countryfied

characteristic of rural life

bizarre

conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual

eerie

suggestive of the supernatural; mysterious

grotesque

distorted and unnatural in shape or size

peculiar

beyond or deviating from the usual or expected

queer

beyond or deviating from the usual or expected

forestall

keep from happening or arising; make impossible

foreclose

keep from happening or arising; make impossible

incessant

uninterrupted in time and indefinitely long continuing

perpetual

continuing forever or indefinitely

ephemeral

anything short-lived, as an insect that lives only for a day

transitory

lasting a very short time

transient

lasting a very short time

ubiquitous

being present everywhere at once

instigate

provoke or stir up

set off

direct attention to, as if by means of contrast

bring out

make visible

utopia

ideally perfect state

dystopia

state in which the conditions of life are extremely bad

propinquity

the property of being close together

proximity

the property of being close together

vicious

having the nature of evildoing

savage

without civilizing influences

uncivilised

without civilizing influences

acrophobia

a morbid fear of great heights

wacky

ludicrous, foolish

whacky

informal or slang terms for mentally irregular

umpteen

innumerable but many

legion

a large military unit

concourse

a wide hallway in a building where people can walk

concise

expressing much in few words

laconic

brief and to the point

terse

brief and to the point

curt

brief and to the point

crisp

tender and brittle

succinct

briefly giving the gist of something

extirpate

destroy completely, as if down to the roots

root out

destroy completely, as if down to the roots

uproot

move forcibly from a homeland into a new foreign environment

deracinate

pull up by or as if by the roots

expedite

process fast and efficiently

litigate

engage in legal proceedings

annihilate

kill in large numbers

carry off

remove from a certain place, environment, or mental or emotional state; transport into a new location or state

bear off

remove from a certain place, environment, or mental or emotional state; transport into a new location or state

bear away

remove from a certain place, environment, or mental or emotional state; transport into a new location or state

spirit away

carry off mysteriously; as if by magic

impede

be a hindrance or obstacle to

impediment

something immaterial that interferes with action or progress

indolence

inactivity resulting from a dislike of work

faineance

the trait of being idle out of a reluctance to work

commonplace

completely ordinary and unremarkable

trite

repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse

hackneyed

repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse

hideous

grossly offensive to decency or morality; causing horror

outrageous

greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation

exorbitant

greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation

ferocious

marked by extreme and violent energy

scald

burn with a hot liquid or steam

bump

an impact (as from a collision)

dodge

a quick evasive movement

forgery

criminal falsification by making or altering an instrument

counterfeit

not genuine; imitating something superior

phoney

fraudulent; having a misleading appearance

scarab

scarabaeid beetle considered divine by ancient Egyptians

astray

away from the right path or direction

stratify

form, arrange, or deposit in layers

rampant

occurring or increasing in an unrestrained way

siphon off

convey, draw off, or empty by or as if by a siphon

accreditation

the act of granting official approval or recognition

conduit

a passage through which water or electric wires can pass

prey

animal hunted or caught for food

dupe

fool or hoax

camouflage

an outward semblance misrepresenting the nature of something

prudent

marked by sound judgment

provident

giving something useful for the future

barnacle

marine crustaceans with feathery food-catching appendages

crustacean

mainly aquatic arthropod usually having a segmented body

iconoclast

someone who attacks cherished ideas or institutions

laconic

brief and to the point

lackadaisical

idle or indolent especially in a dreamy way

dazed

stunned or confused and slow to react

uncanny

surpassing the ordinary or normal

acrobatics

the gymnastic moves of an acrobat

manoeuvre

a military training exercise

manoeuver

act in order to achieve a certain goal

squarely

in a square shape

Pleistocene

from two million to 11 thousand years ago

treading water

a stroke that keeps the head above water by thrashing the legs and arms

leeway

a permissible difference

fallout

radioactive particles that settle after a nuclear explosion

sovereignty

the authority of a state to govern another state

fraternity

a social club for male undergraduates

snub

refuse to acknowledge

scorn

lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

contempt

lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

admonish

scold or reprimand; take to task

presumptuous

going beyond what is appropriate, permitted, or courteous

pedantic

marked by a narrow focus on or display of learning

prevaricate

be deliberately ambiguous or unclear

placate

cause to be more favorably inclined

appease

make peace with

propitiate

make peace with

opprobrium

a state of extreme dishonor

ignominy

a state of dishonor

piety

righteousness by virtue of being religiously devout

turpitude

a corrupt or depraved or degenerate act or practice
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