All the essential words-7 – 500 Words

ground

the solid part of the earth’s surface

figure

the form or shape of a person’s body

further

to or at a greater extent or degree or a more advanced stage

forward

at or to or toward the front

fit

meeting adequate standards for a purpose

foreign

not deriving from the essential nature of something

finish

come or bring to an end

grave

a place for the burial of a corpse

finally

as the end result of a succession or process

gentle

soft and mild; not harsh or stern or severe

generally

usually; as a rule

forth

forward in time, order, or degree

guess

expect, believe, or suppose

finished

ended or brought to an end

generate

bring into existence

financial

involving fiscal matters

fleet

group of aircraft operating under the same ownership

grate

reduce to shreds by rubbing against a perforated surface

flag

a rectangular piece of cloth of distinctive design

finite

bounded in magnitude or spatial or temporal extent

grief

intense sorrow caused by loss of a loved one

glow

emit a steady even light without flames

glorious

having or deserving or conferring high honor

gleam

a flash of light

flush

rinse, clean, or empty with a liquid

forehead

the part of the face above the eyes

gesture

motion of hands or body to emphasize a thought or feeling

guise

an artful or simulated semblance

grim

harshly uninviting or formidable in manner or appearance

fertile

capable of reproducing

gross

lacking fine distinctions or detail

gracious

characterized by kindness and warm courtesy

graduate

receive an academic degree upon completion of one’s studies

gratify

make happy or satisfied

gallant

having or displaying great dignity or nobility

glimpse

a brief or incomplete view

frontier

a wilderness at the edge of a settled area of a country

fundamental

serving as an essential component

glitter

the quality of shining with a bright reflected light

glare

be sharply reflected

foul

highly offensive; arousing aversion or disgust

flourish

grow vigorously

formation

the act of establishing or creating something

founder

a person who establishes some institution

gravity

the force of attraction between all masses in the universe

gamble

take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcome

formula

a group of symbols that make a mathematical statement

growl

utter or emit low dull rumbling sounds

fortify

make strong or stronger

foreigner

a person who comes from another country

foresee

realize beforehand

flutter

flap the wings rapidly or fly with flapping movements

formidable

extremely impressive in strength or excellence

forge

create by hammering

gale

a strong wind moving 45-90 knots

fragrant

pleasant-smelling

frightful

provoking horror

fiscal

involving financial matters

fugitive

someone who is sought by law officers

garrison

a fortified military post where troops are stationed

forsake

leave someone who needs or counts on you; leave in the lurch

fidelity

the quality of being faithful

geology

science of the history of the earth as recorded in rocks

feminine

associated with women and not with men

frustrate

hinder or prevent, as an effort, plan, or desire

flick

throw or toss with a quick motion

gigantic

so exceedingly large or extensive as to suggest a giant

forecast

a prediction about how something will develop

franchise

a statutory right or privilege granted by a government

grumble

make complaining remarks or noises under one’s breath

fringe

an ornamental border of short lengths of hanging threads

frantic

marked by uncontrolled excitement or emotion

flora

all the plant life in a particular region or period

fret

be agitated or irritated

genus

taxonomic group containing one or more species

germ

a structure from which tissue can develop into an organism

generosity

the trait of being willing to give your money or time

genial

diffusing warmth and friendliness

grandeur

the quality of being magnificent or splendid

flexible

able to bend easily

gild

a formal association of people with similar interests

forbear

refrain from doing

foliage

the aggregate of leaves of one or more plants

ferocity

the property of being aggressive or forceful

forthwith

without delay or hesitation; with no time intervening

gorge

a deep ravine, usually with a river running through it

forcible

impelled by physical force especially against resistance

gauge

an instrument for measuring and indicating a quantity

fervent

characterized by intense emotion

forfeit

lose the right to or lose by some error, offense, or crime

flicker

flash intermittently

filth

any substance considered disgustingly foul or unpleasant

groom

someone employed in a stable to take care of the horses

futile

producing no result or effect

ghastly

shockingly repellent; inspiring horror

grunt

issue a low, animal-like noise

grudge

a resentment strong enough to justify retaliation

glimmer

a flash of light

fiend

an evil supernatural being

galley

a large medieval vessel with guns at stern and prow

grievous

causing or marked by grief or anguish

grotesque

distorted and unnatural in shape or size

foster

providing nurture though not related by blood or legal ties

grievance

a complaint about a wrong that causes resentment

festive

offering fun and gaiety

frail

physically weak

forego

do without or cease to hold or adhere to

forlorn

marked by or showing hopelessness

flit

move along rapidly and lightly; skim or dart

graphic

written or drawn or engraved

feudal

relating to a system where vassals are protected by lords

fuse

any igniter used to initiate the burning of a propellant

graze

feed as in a meadow or pasture

glacier

a slowly moving mass of ice

frock

a one-piece garment for a woman; has skirt and bodice

fetter

a shackle for the ankles or feet

fray

wear away by rubbing

flirt

talk or behave amorously, without serious intentions

fruitful

productive or conducive to producing in abundance

gaily

in a joyous or happy manner

fraternal

like or characteristic of or befitting a brother

frivolous

not serious in content or attitude or behavior

gratification

the act or an instance of satisfying

forum

a public facility to meet for open discussion

ferment

cause to undergo the breakdown of sugar into alcohol

foreman

a person who exercises control over workers

gall

a digestive juice secreted by the liver

gaunt

very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold

gaiety

a joyful feeling

frenzy

state of violent mental agitation

gazette

a newspaper or official journal

fumble

feel about uncertainly or blindly

garb

clothing of a distinctive style or for a particular occasion

gape

look with amazement

freshness

the property of being pure and fresh

ferocious

marked by extreme and violent energy

glaring

shining intensely

graduated

marked with or divided into degrees

furrow

a long shallow trench in the ground

gentile

a Christian as contrasted with a Jew

fruitless

unproductive of success

fragile

easily broken or damaged or destroyed

fracture

breaking of hard tissue such as bone

foretell

foreshadow or presage

feud

a bitter quarrel between two parties

glaze

a coating, as for ceramics or metal

filing

the entering of a legal document into the public record

gait

an animal’s manner of moving

gnaw

bite or chew on with the teeth

giddy

lacking seriousness; given to frivolity

furtive

secret and sly or sordid

friction

the resistance when a body is moved in contact with another

fleece

outer coat of especially sheep and yaks

foil

hinder or prevent, as an effort, plan, or desire

forthcoming

at ease in talking to others

grapple

work hard to come to terms with or deal with something

gentry

the most powerful members of a society

folio

a book consisting of large sheets of folded paper

formality

a requirement of etiquette or custom

fortitude

strength of mind that enables one to endure adversity

forefather

the founder of a family

forebode

make a prediction about; tell in advance

fluent

expressing yourself readily, clearly, effectively

flinch

draw back, as with fear or pain

frolic

play boisterously

flip

turn upside down, or throw so as to reverse

frequency

the number of occurrences within a given time period

gruff

brusque and surly and forbidding

groove

a long narrow furrow cut by a natural process or a tool

fluctuate

move or sway in a rising and falling or wavelike pattern

guinea

a former British gold coin worth 21 shillings

ford

cross a river where it’s shallow

fresco

a mural done with watercolors on wet plaster

foreboding

a feeling of evil to come

glossy

reflecting light

gallows

an instrument from which a person is executed by hanging

flux

a state of constant change

foreclose

keep from happening or arising; make impossible

frugal

avoiding waste

financier

a person skilled in large-scale monetary transactions

galaxy

a collection of star systems

gaudy

tastelessly showy

gull

aquatic bird having long pointed wings and short legs

guile

shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception

fitful

occurring in spells and often abruptly

forage

collect or look around for, as food

grimace

contort the face to indicate a certain mental state

gratuity

a small, extra gift of money for services rendered

fervor

feelings of great warmth and intensity

foresight

seeing ahead; knowing in advance; foreseeing

genteel

marked by refinement in taste and manners

flop

fall loosely

flounder

walk with great difficulty

forgery

criminal falsification by making or altering an instrument

fickle

liable to sudden unpredictable change

goad

stab or urge on as if with a pointed stick

genealogy

the study or investigation of ancestry and family history

forbearance

a delay in enforcing rights or claims or privileges

garnish

decorate, as with parsley or other ornamental foods

fraught

filled with or attended with

fidget

move restlessly

fissure

a long narrow depression in a surface

fictitious

formed or conceived by the imagination

glean

gather, as of natural products

forecastle

living quarters consisting of a superstructure in the bow of a merchant ship where the crew is housed

fixture

an object firmly secured in place, especially in a household

garner

assemble or get together

generalize

draw from specific cases for broader cases

grotto

a small cave, usually with attractive features

generic

applicable to an entire class or group

gesticulate

show, express, or direct through movement

giver

someone who devotes himself completely

grill

a framework of metal bars used as a partition or a grate

foreground

the part of a scene that is near the viewer

frenzied

affected with or marked by mania uncontrolled by reason

filial

designating the generation following the parental generation

flowery

of or relating to or suggestive of blossoms

genre

a kind of literary or artistic work

gladden

make glad or happy

felony

a serious crime, such as murder or arson

functionary

a worker who holds or is invested with an office

gratuitous

unnecessary and unwarranted

figurative

not literal

finale

the closing section of a musical composition

gloss

the property of being smooth and shiny

grudging

petty or reluctant in giving or spending

flax

plant of the genus Linum that is cultivated for its seeds and for the fibers of its stem

fraudulent

intended to deceive

frigid

extremely cold

finery

elaborate or showy attire and accessories

fusion

the act of melding or melting together

free trade

international trade free of government interference

flagrant

conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible

fretful

nervous and unable to relax

grouse

popular game bird having a plump body and feathered legs

generality

the quality of being widespread or having wide applicability

gradation

relative position in a ranked series

futility

uselessness as a consequence of having no practical result

forestall

keep from happening or arising; make impossible

grenadier

an infantryman equipped with grenades

flaunt

display proudly

gendarme

a French policeman

functional

designed for or capable of a particular use

flimsy

a thin strong lightweight translucent paper

glacial

relating to or derived from a slowly moving mass of ice

gauntlet

a glove of armored leather that protects the hand

fermentation

breaking down an organic substance, as sugar into alcohol

florid

elaborately or excessively ornamented

gobble

eat hastily without proper chewing

forerunner

something that precedes something or someone

fluctuation

an instance of change

galvanic

pertaining to electric current by chemical action

fungus

an organism of the kingdom Fungi lacking chlorophyll and feeding on organic matter; ranging from unicellular or multicellular organisms to spore-bearing syncytia

flippant

showing an inappropriate lack of seriousness

gloat

dwell on with satisfaction

galleon

a large square-rigged sailing ship with three or more masts

glib

artfully persuasive in speech

fiat

a legally binding command or decision

foray

a sudden short attack

frailty

the state of being weak in health or body

foreshadow

indicate by signs

ferret

a small domesticated mammal with a flexible, elongated body

foggy

filled or abounding with fog or mist

fodder

coarse food composed of plants or leaves and stalks

furlong

a unit of length equal to 220 yards

fete

an elaborate party, often outdoors

fete

an elaborate party, often outdoors

fleck

a small contrasting part of something

fondle

touch or stroke lightly in a loving or endearing manner

gruesome

shockingly repellent; inspiring horror

gnarl

make complaining remarks or noises under one’s breath

gourd

any vine of the family Cucurbitaceae that bears fruits with hard rinds

frivolity

the trait of being not serious or sensible

girth

the distance around something, especially a person’s body

grovel

show submission or fear

foment

try to stir up

germinate

sprout; produce buds or branches

frieze

an ornament consisting of a horizontal sculptured band

fetish

sexual desire in which gratification depends on some object

fetish

sexual desire in which gratification depends on some object

glamor

alluring beauty or charm (often with sex-appeal)

granary

a storehouse for threshed grain or animal feed

glut

supply with an excess of

flout

treat with contemptuous disregard

floral

relating to or associated with flowers

finality

the quality of being definitely settled

gainsay

take exception to

filibuster

a tactic for delaying legislation by making long speeches

garrulous

full of trivial conversation

gingerly

in a manner marked by extreme care or delicacy

flay

strip the skin off

gnarled

old and twisted and covered in lines

grisly

shockingly repellent; inspiring horror

forethought

planning or plotting in advance of acting

gambol

play or run boisterously

fervid

characterized by intense emotion

flamboyant

tending to attract attention; marked by ostentatious display

glower

look angry or sullen as if to signal disapproval

foible

a minor weakness or peculiarity in someone’s character

gist

the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work

fussy

exacting especially about details

gibe

laugh at with contempt and derision

glossary

an alphabetical list of technical terms in a field

furlough

a temporary leave of absence from military duty

forte

an asset of special worth or utility

floe

a flat mass of ice drifting at sea

gnash

grind together

frisk

search by running the hands rapidly over the clothing

gnome

a legendary creature resembling a tiny old man

fief

a piece of land held under the feudal system

guileless

innocent and free of deceit

fruition

the condition of bearing fruit

glutton

a person who is devoted to eating and drinking to excess

flashy

tastelessly showy

flail

an implement with a handle and a free swinging stick

gratis

costing nothing

gibber

speak (about unimportant matters) rapidly and incessantly

forswear

formally reject or disavow

fluke

a stroke of luck

fritter

fried batter containing fruit or meat or vegetables

fluency

powerful and effective language

feudalism

the social system in which vassals were protected by lords

flair

a natural talent

gruel

a thin porridge

gentility

elegance by virtue of fineness of manner and expression

gouge

an impression in a surface, as made by a blow

fledgling

young bird that has just become capable of flying

fledgling

young bird that has just become capable of flying

finesse

subtly skillful handling of a situation

furtherance

encouragement of the progress or growth or acceptance of something

grandiose

impressive because of unnecessary largeness or magnificence

festal

offering fun and gaiety

fester

ripen and generate pus

firebrand

a piece of wood that has been burned or is burning

fiasco

a complete failure or collapse

frugality

prudence in avoiding waste

foolhardy

marked by defiant disregard for danger or consequences

forensic

used in the investigation of facts or evidence in court

gregarious

temperamentally seeking and enjoying the company of others

galvanize

stimulate (muscles) by administering a shock

flue

a conduit to carry off smoke

funereal

suited to or suggestive of a grave or burial

forthright

directly and without evasion; not roundabout

fluster

cause to be nervous or upset

fortuitous

occurring by happy chance

florist

someone who grows and deals in flowers

fetus

an unborn vertebrate in the later stages of development

gaseous

existing as or having characteristics of a gas

furbish

polish and make shiny

gory

covered with blood

genocide

systematic killing of a racial or cultural group

gossamer

a gauze fabric with an extremely fine texture

grouch

show one’s unhappiness or critical attitude

garish

tastelessly showy

frond

compound leaf of a fern or palm or cycad

gesticulation

a deliberate and vigorous motion of the hands or body

gawk

look with amazement

granulate

form into grains

furor

an interest followed with exaggerated zeal

gangrene

the localized death of living cells

forgo

do without or cease to hold or adhere to

forgo

do without or cease to hold or adhere to

filch

make off with belongings of others

gastric

relating to or involving the stomach

flighty

guided by whim and fancy

freebooter

someone who takes spoils or plunder (as in war)

gamut

a complete extent or range

guffaw

a burst of loud and hearty laughter

geniality

a disposition to be friendly and approachable

fusillade

rapid simultaneous discharge of firearms

graceless

clumsy

gourmet

a person devoted to and knowledgeable about fine food

fetid

offensively malodorous

fetid

offensively malodorous

globular

having the shape of a sphere or ball

glazier

someone who cuts flat glass to size

grindstone

a revolving stone shaped like a disk

genesis

a coming into being

fulminate

cause to explode violently and with loud noise

fractious

easily irritated or annoyed

fixate

pay attention to exclusively and obsessively

gosling

young goose

foresail

the lowest sail on the foremast of a square-rigged vessel

genital

of or relating to the external sex organs

foolery

foolish or senseless behavior

fracas

noisy quarrel

grueling

characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion

gibberish

unintelligible talking

freethinker

a person who believes that God created the universe and then abandoned it

fulsome

unpleasantly and excessively suave or ingratiating

frolicsome

given to merry play

foist

force onto another

garble

make false by mutilation or addition

frankincense

an aromatic gum resin formerly valued for worship

foreknowledge

knowledge of an event before it occurs

gavel

a small mallet used by a presiding officer or a judge

galore

existing in abundance

figment

a contrived or fantastic idea

gambit

a chess move in which the player sacrifices minor pieces

fumigate

treat with smoke, especially with the aim of disinfecting

gestate

be pregnant with

gastronomy

the art and practice of preparing and eating good food

flaccid

drooping without elasticity

fructify

make productive or fruitful

gourmand

a person who is devoted to eating and drinking to excess

granule

a tiny grain

grandiloquent

lofty in style

granular

composed of or covered with particles resembling meal

figurehead

a person used as a cover for some questionable activity

gaffe

a socially awkward or tactless act

frizzle

curl tightly

genitive

serving to express or indicate possession

gargoyle

an ornament consisting of a grotesquely carved figure

gestation

the period during which an embryo develops

fustian

a strong cotton and linen fabric with a slight nap

froward

habitually disposed to disobedience and opposition

gadfly

any of various large flies that annoy livestock

gullible

naive and easily deceived or tricked

fledged

having developed feathers or plumage

filigree

delicate and intricate ornamentation

graphite

used as a lubricant and as a moderator in nuclear reactors

frenetic

excessively agitated

frenetic

excessively agitated

fulcrum

the pivot about which a lever turns

garbled

lacking orderly continuity

fission

reproduction of a unicellular organism by cell division

fishmonger

someone who sells fish

gradient

a graded change in the magnitude of something

gargantuan

of great mass; huge and bulky

flotsam

the floating wreckage of a ship

globose

having the shape of a sphere or ball

gamely

in a plucky or sporting manner

feral

wild and menacing

felonious

involving or being or having the nature of a crime

gluttonous

given to excess in consumption of especially food or drink

glutinous

having the sticky properties of an adhesive

florescence

the time and process of budding and unfolding of blossoms

flak

artillery designed to shoot upward at airplanes

gauche

lacking social polish

genuflect

bend the knees and bow in a servile manner

germinal

containing seeds of later development

foreordain

foreordain or determine beforehand

foursome

four people considered as a unit

fuddle

a confused multitude of things

foppish

affecting extreme elegance in dress and manner

flabbergasted

as if struck dumb with astonishment and surprise

futurist

someone who predicts the future

Gordian knot

an intricate knot tied by Gordius, the king of Phrygia, and cut by the sword of Alexander the Great after he heard that whoever undid it would become ruler of Asia

fez

a felt cap for a man

genealogist

an expert in genealogy

frizz

curl tightly

furrier

someone who makes or sells garments made of animal pelts

germane

relevant and appropriate

figurine

a small carved or molded figure

grantee

a recipient of a grant

finicky

exacting especially about details

garrote

an instrument of execution for execution by strangulation

foolproof

not liable to failure

fusible

capable of being melted and fused

foreshore

the part of the seashore between the highwater mark and the low-water mark

forecourt

the outer or front court of a building or of a group of buildings

gerrymander

divide voting districts unfairly and to one’s advantage

finical

exacting especially about details

fulmination

the act of exploding with noise and violence

frowzy

negligent of neatness especially in dress and person

flatulence

a state of excessive gas in the alimentary canal

gaucherie

the quality of being rustic or gauche

galvanism

electricity produced by chemical action

forfend

prevent the occurrence of; prevent from happening

fungous

of or relating to fungi

grantor

a person who makes a grant in legal form

gerontology

the scientific study of aging and the elderly

gastritis

inflammation of the lining of the stomach

finagle

achieve something by means of trickery or devious methods

geriatrics

the branch of medical science that deals with old people

fugacious

lasting a very short time

foreordination

being determined in advance

fungible

freely exchangeable for something of like nature

gerontocracy

a political system governed by old people

fraudulence

the quality of being deceptive

fiducial

based on trust

flection

the state of being flexed (as of a joint)

Freemason

a member of a widespread secret fraternal order pledged to mutual assistance and brotherly love

gambit

a chess move in which the player sacrifices minor pieces

Hyracotherium

extinct horse genus; formerly called eohippus

Verner

Danish philologist (1846-1896)

fluent

expressing yourself readily, clearly, effectively

footnote

a printed comment placed below the main text on a page

forerunner

something that precedes something or someone

flute

a high-pitched woodwind instrument

flag officer

a senior naval officer above the rank of captain

fore edge

the part of a book that faces inward when the book is shelved; the part opposite the spine

forbearance

a delay in enforcing rights or claims or privileges

forebear

a person from whom you are descended

folklore

the unwritten stories and proverbs and songs of a culture

fuss

an excited state of agitation

flaunt

display proudly

foreboding

a feeling of evil to come

gloss over

treat hurriedly or avoid dealing with properly

hopper

someone who leaps
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