All the essential words-3 – 500 Words

Christ

a teacher and prophet born in Bethlehem and active in Nazareth; his life and sermons form the basis for Christianity (circa 4 BC – AD 29)

civil

of or occurring between or among citizens of the state

camp

temporary lodgings in the country for travelers

charm

attractiveness that interests or pleases or stimulates

commission

the act of granting authority to undertake certain functions

communal

for or by a group rather than individuals

campaign

related operations aimed at achieving a particular goal

check

examine so as to determine accuracy, quality, or condition

career

the particular occupation for which you are trained

choice

the act of selecting

conceive

have the idea for

conceal

prevent from being seen or discovered

champion

someone who has won first place in a competition

characteristic

typical or distinctive

capacity

capability to perform or produce

butt

the small unused part of something

cabinet

a storage compartment for clothes and valuables

cling

hold on tightly or tenaciously

compute

make a mathematical calculation

comparative

relating to or based on or involving comparison

conception

the creation of something in the mind

collected

brought together in one place

cardinal

a vivid red color

clasp

hold firmly and tightly

chapel

a place of worship that has its own altar

comparison

the act of examining resemblances

colleague

an associate that one works with

compliment

a remark expressing praise and admiration

concede

give over

complex

complicated in structure

chase

go after with the intent to catch

coin

a flat metal piece (usually a disc) used as money

compromise

an accommodation in which both sides make concessions

cede

give over

complicate

make less simple

circulate

move through a system and return to the starting point

cite

make reference to

compensate

make amends for

chorus

actors who comment on the action in a classical Greek play

championship

a competition at which a winner is chosen

compound

a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts

competent

properly or sufficiently qualified, capable, or efficient

collapse

break down, literally or metaphorically

bulk

the property possessed by a large mass

calculated

carefully thought out in advance

cherish

be fond of

bureau

an administrative unit of government

brook

a natural stream of water smaller than a river

chronicle

a record or narrative description of past events

compassion

a deep awareness of and sympathy for another’s suffering

commodity

articles of commerce

brood

hang over, as of something threatening, dark, or menacing

classify

arrange or order by categories

casual

without or seeming to be without plan or method; offhand

circuit

a journey or route all the way around a place or area

canon

a collection of books accepted as holy scripture

clap

strike one’s hands together

clip

a small fastener used to hold loose articles together

chuckle

a soft partly suppressed laugh

coincide

happen simultaneously

coalition

the union of diverse things into one body or form or group

chip

a small fragment of something broken off from the whole

choir

a chorus that sings as part of a religious ceremony

calamity

an event resulting in great loss and misfortune

compact

closely and firmly united or packed together

chant

a repetitive song in which syllables are assigned to a tone

concession

the act of yielding

commune

communicate intimately with

commonwealth

a political system in which power lies in a body of citizens

characterize

be typical of

bruise

a small injury that results in discoloration

bust

a sculpture of the head and shoulders of a person

chivalry

the medieval principles governing knightly conduct

bully

discourage or frighten with threats or a domineering manner

commonplace

completely ordinary and unremarkable

bump

an impact (as from a collision)

comprise

be composed of

bustle

move or cause to move energetically or busily

clement

(of weather or climate) mild

censure

harsh criticism or disapproval

collective

done by or characteristic of individuals acting together

condescend

behave in a patronizing manner

browse

feed as in a meadow or pasture

competitor

the contestant you hope to defeat

compile

get or gather together

caprice

a sudden desire

clumsy

lacking grace in movement or posture

comprehensive

including all or everything

cohere

cause to form a united, orderly, and consistent whole

compress

squeeze or press together

competitive

involving rivalry over something

celestial

relating to or inhabiting a divine heaven

catastrophe

a sudden violent change in the earth’s surface

commitment

the act of binding yourself to a course of action

collide

crash together with violent impact

comparable

able to be described as similar

commentary

a written explanation or criticism or illustration

clan

group of people related by blood or marriage

concur

happen simultaneously

collector

a person who collects things

coincident

occurring or operating at the same time

chaplain

a member of the clergy ministering to some institution

censor

a person authorized to suppress unacceptable material

complacent

contented to a fault with oneself or one’s actions

chaste

abstaining from unlawful sexual intercourse

cemetery

a tract of land used for burials

caste

a hereditary social class among Hindus

condense

cause a gas or vapor to change into a liquid

chaos

formless state of matter before the creation of the cosmos

candid

openly straightforward and direct without secretiveness

clamor

utter or proclaim insistently and noisily

conciliate

gain the good will of or cause to be more favorably inclined

conclusive

forming an end or termination

buff

a soft thick undyed leather from the skins of e.g. buffalo or oxen

coincidence

the property of two things happening at the same time

comprehensible

capable of being comprehended or understood

brotherhood

the kinship relation between a male offspring and the siblings

collaborate

work together on a common enterprise or project

casualty

someone injured or killed in an accident

census

a periodic count of the population

coax

influence or urge by gentle urging, caressing, or flattering

composure

steadiness of mind under stress

clown

a person who amuses others by ridiculous behavior

collision

an accident resulting from violent impact of a moving object

cloister

residence that is a place of religious seclusion

chronic

long-lasting or characterized by long suffering

complication

the act or process of making more difficult or challenging

compatible

able to exist and perform in harmonious combination

compartment

a partitioned section within a larger enclosed area

coherent

marked by an orderly and consistent relation of parts

compelling

driving or forcing

comprehension

an ability to understand the meaning of something

commemorate

call to remembrance

cadet

a military trainee (as at a military academy)

conceit

the trait of being unduly vain

compulsory

required by rule

compliance

the act of submitting, usually surrendering power to another

cipher

a secret method of writing

component

one of the individual parts making up a larger entity

cant

a slope in the turn of a road or track

citadel

a stronghold for shelter during a battle

cartridge

a module designed to be inserted into a larger piece of equipment

commotion

a disorderly outburst or tumult

ceremonial

marked by pomp or ceremony or formality

Christendom

the collective body of Christians throughout the world and history (found predominantly in Europe and the Americas and Australia)

capitulate

surrender under agreed conditions

cleave

separate or cut with a tool, such as a sharp instrument

colossal

so great in size or force or extent as to elicit awe

canny

showing self-interest and shrewdness in dealing with others

clamber

climb awkwardly, as if by scrambling

chastise

censure severely

clinch

secure or fasten by flattening the ends of nails or bolts

chateau

an impressive country house (or castle) in France

chasm

a deep opening in the earth’s surface

caricature

a representation of a person exaggerated for comic effect

comely

according with custom or propriety

christen

administer baptism to

buoyant

tending to float on a liquid or rise in air or gas

bulwark

an embankment built around a space for defensive purposes

bullock

young bull

cleft

a long narrow opening

char

burn to charcoal

burgher

a citizen of an English borough

calumny

a false accusation of an offense

coerce

cause to do through pressure or necessity

chafe

become or make sore by or as if by rubbing

chagrin

strong feelings of embarrassment

comical

arousing or provoking laughter

collier

someone who works in a coal mine

complement

something added to embellish or make perfect

chancery

an office of archives for public or ecclesiastic records

bulge

swell or protrude outwards

circumference

the length of the closed curve of a circle

chisel

an edge tool with a flat steel blade with a cutting edge

catechism

an elementary book summarizing the principles of a religion

capricious

determined by chance or impulse rather than by necessity

carcass

the dead body of an animal

chaff

material consisting of seed coverings and pieces of stem

captivate

attract; cause to be enamored

cataract

disease that involves the clouding of the lens of the eye

ceremonious

characterized by pomp and stately display

bureaucracy

a government administered primarily by nonelective officials

chronology

an arrangement of events in time

chide

censure severely or angrily

buffet

piece of furniture that stands at the side of a dining room

commute

a regular journey to and from your place of work

canto

a major division of a long poem

chivalrous

attentive and honorable like an ideal knight

cessation

a stopping

cholera

an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food

Calvinism

the theological system of John Calvin and his followers emphasizing omnipotence of God and salvation by grace alone

clime

the weather in some location averaged over a period of time

Catholicism

the beliefs and practices of a Catholic Church

comeback

a quick reply to a question or remark

cavalier

given to haughty disregard of others

clarify

make clear by removing impurities or solids, as by heating

canter

a smooth three-beat gait

chastity

abstaining from sexual relations

concussion

injury to the brain caused by a blow

compulsion

using force to cause something to occur

burly

muscular and heavily built

callous

emotionally hardened

chancellor

the person who is head of state (in several countries)

calculable

capable of being calculated or estimated

concoct

make something by mixing

burlesque

a theatrical entertainment of broad and earthy humor

cater

give what is desired or needed

claimant

someone who claims a benefit or right or title

canvass

get opinions by asking specific questions

canary

any of several small Old World finches

concerted

involving the joint activity of two or more

caustic

capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action

buccaneer

someone who robs at sea or plunders the land from the sea

cadence

the accent in a metrical foot of verse

buttress

a support usually of stone or brick

complacency

the feeling you have when you are satisfied with yourself

candor

the quality of being honest and straightforward

cereal

grass whose starchy grains are used as food: wheat

concise

expressing much in few words

collateral

accompanying; following as a consequence

carnal

of or relating to the body or flesh

caucus

meet to select a candidate or promote a policy

clemency

leniency and compassion shown toward offenders

cognizant

having or showing knowledge or understanding or realization

chaotic

completely unordered and unpredictable and confusing

cascade

a small waterfall or series of small waterfalls

brusque

rudely abrupt or blunt in speech or manner

caption

brief description accompanying an illustration

coffer

a chest especially for storing valuables

concerto

a composition for orchestra and a soloist

concurrence

the property of two things happening at the same time

chastisement

a rebuke for making a mistake

carnage

the savage and excessive killing of many people

combustion

a reaction of a substance with oxygen to give heat and light

burnish

polish and make shiny

bumper

a bar on a vehicle to absorb shock and prevent damage

brunt

the main part, especially of a force or shock

condole

express one’s sympathy on the occasion of someone’s death

conciliatory

making or willing to make concessions

chasten

censure severely

collate

assemble in proper sequence

carp

any of various freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae

celibate

abstaining from sexual intercourse

bungle

make a mess of, destroy, or ruin

commodious

large and roomy

clearance

vertical space available to allow easy passage under something

brooch

a decorative pin

clandestine

conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods

clot

a lump of material formed from the content of a liquid

competence

the quality of being adequately or well qualified

chattel

personal as opposed to real property

cavalcade

a procession of people traveling on horseback

cache

a hidden storage space

coercion

using force to cause something to occur

cerebral

of or relating to the brain

capacious

large in the amount that can be contained

compilation

the act of putting together

compunction

a feeling of deep regret, usually for some misdeed

chore

a specific piece of work required to be done

clout

(boxing) a blow with the fist

brokerage

the business of a broker

cajole

influence or urge by gentle urging, caressing, or flattering

clamorous

conspicuously and offensively loud

complaisant

showing a cheerful willingness to do favors for others

conciliation

the act of placating and overcoming distrust and animosity

concave

curving inward

compression

the act of applying force

cartilage

tough elastic tissue, mostly converted to bone in adults

churl

a crude or uncouth person lacking culture or refinement

commiserate

feel or express sympathy or compassion

cabal

a clique that seeks power usually through intrigue

bullion

a mass of precious metal

buffoon

a person who amuses others by ridiculous behavior

cognizance

the state or act of having knowledge of

circumscribe

draw a geometric figure around another figure

canine

a dog or related mammal

cession

the act of surrendering possession or control

clique

an exclusive circle of people with a common purpose

cistern

a sac or cavity containing fluid

centurion

leader of soldiers in ancient Rome

carouse

engage in boisterous, drunken merrymaking

causal

involving an entity that produces an effect

choral

related to or written for or performed by a chorus or choir

chaperon

one who accompanies and supervises a young woman or gatherings of young people

clairvoyant

someone who can perceive things not present to the senses

caliber

diameter of a tube or gun barrel

colloquy

formal conversation

chalice

a bowl-shaped drinking vessel

complicity

guilt as a confederate in a crime or offense

clipper

scissors for cutting hair or finger nails

capsize

overturn accidentally

carrion

the dead and rotting body of an animal; unfit for human food

conclave

a confidential or secret meeting

condensation

process of changing from a gas to a liquid or solid state

commuter

someone who travels regularly from home to work in a city

circumvent

surround so as to force to give up

burgess

a citizen of an English borough

circuitous

deviating from a straight course

combustible

capable of igniting and burning

collation

assembling in proper numerical or logical sequence

cohort

a band of warriors

clarion

loud and clear

buoyancy

the tendency to float in water or other liquid

concord

a harmonious state of things and of their properties

charisma

personal attractiveness that enables you to influence others

celerity

a rate that is rapid

commensurate

corresponding in size or degree or extent

cogitate

consider carefully and deeply

catastrophic

extremely harmful; bringing physical or financial ruin

colloquial

characteristic of informal spoken language or conversation

calorie

unit of heat raising 1 gram of water by 1 degree centigrade

cogent

powerfully persuasive

chimera

a grotesque product of the imagination

colossus

someone or something that is abnormally large and powerful

cohesion

the state of sticking together

concurrent

occurring or operating at the same time

circumspect

careful to consider potential consequences and avoid risk

coma

a state of deep and often prolonged unconsciousness

cameo

engraving or carving in low relief on a stone

capillary

a minute blood vessel connecting arterioles with venules

charlatan

a flamboyant deceiver

cavil

raise trivial objections

compendium

a publication containing a variety of works

catholic

comprehensive or broad-minded in tastes and interests

catapult

an engine providing medieval artillery used during sieges

cataclysm

a sudden violent change in the earth’s surface

canker

an ulcerlike sore

concomitant

following or accompanying as a consequence

calculus

the branch of mathematics that is concerned with limits and with the differentiation and integration of functions

complaisance

a disposition or tendency to yield to the will of others

chronometer

an accurate clock (especially used in navigation)

certitude

complete assurance or confidence

cognitive

relating to or involving the mental process of knowing

categorical

relating to or included in a class or classes

buxom

healthily plump and vigorous

concentric

having a common center

burgeon

grow and flourish

cardiac

of or relating to the heart

caldron

a very large pot that is used for boiling

coalesce

fuse or cause to come together

cog

tooth on the rim of gear wheel

compost

a mixture of decaying vegetation and manure

centrifugal

tending to move away from a center

careen

pitching dangerously to one side

cadaver

the dead body of a human being

complementary

acting as a part that completes another part

comport

behave in a certain manner

checkered

patterned with alternating squares of color

collusion

secret agreement

cliche

a trite or obvious remark

commissariat

a stock or supply of foods

cantata

a musical composition for voices and orchestra

cantonment

temporary living quarters specially built by the army for soldiers

commingle

mix or blend

coagulate

change from a liquid to a thickened or solid state

carnivorous

relating to flesh-eating animals

centimeter

a metric unit of length equal to one hundredth of a meter

churlish

having a bad disposition; surly

coddle

cook in nearly boiling water

Canaanite

a member of an ancient Semitic people who occupied Canaan before it was conquered by the Israelites

chimerical

like a grotesque product of the imagination

catalyst

substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction

committal

the official act of consigning a person to confinement

bronchitis

inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchial tubes

castigate

inflict severe punishment on

comeliness

the quality of being good looking and attractive

circlet

a small ring-shaped object

clairvoyance

apparent power to perceive things not present to the senses

chiffon

a sheer fabric of silk or rayon

commandeer

take arbitrarily or by force

bronchus

either of the two main branches of the trachea

chary

characterized by great caution

centenary

the 100th anniversary (or the celebration of it)

castrate

remove the testicles of a male animal

choreography

a show involving artistic dancing

bromide

a trite or obvious remark

callow

young and inexperienced

Calvary

a hill near Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified

clapper

metal striker that hangs inside a bell and makes a sound

captious

tending to find and call attention to faults

coercive

serving or intended to force

cognate

related by blood

codify

organize into a system, such as a body of law

cadaverous

of or relating to a corpse

compulsive

caused by an irrational motive for repetitive actions

camaraderie

the quality of affording easy familiarity and sociability

choleric

characterized by anger

bucolic

devoted to raising sheep or cattle

circumnavigate

travel completely around something

bulbous

rounded and bulging

circumlocution

an indirect way of expressing something

commemorative

intended to honor the memory of someone or something

buffoonery

acting like a clown

bulrush

tall marsh plant with cylindrical seed heads

censorious

harshly critical or expressing censure

coiffure

the arrangement of the hair

codicil

a supplement to a will

browbeat

discourage or frighten with threats or a domineering manner

chromatic

being or having or characterized by hue

colander

bowl-shaped strainer used to wash or drain foods

clientele

customers collectively

cathartic

emotionally purging

compliant

disposed to act in accordance with someone’s wishes

collegian

a student (or former student) at a college or university

coeval

of the same period

carefree

without trouble or worry

cohesive

well integrated

chicanery

the use of tricks to deceive someone

carat

a unit of measurement for the proportion of gold in an alloy

cohabit

share living quarters

concordat

a signed written agreement between two or more parties

caitiff

a cowardly and despicable person

cantankerous

stubbornly obstructive and unwilling to cooperate

caulk

a waterproof filler and sealant used in building and repair

chortle

a soft partly suppressed laugh

collage

a paste-up of pieces to form an artistic image

climactic

consisting of or causing a decisive moment

clangor

a loud resonant repeating noise

clothier

a merchant who sells men’s clothing

carping

persistent petty and unjustified criticism

chassis

the skeleton of a motor vehicle

cabalism

adherence to some extreme traditional theological concept or interpretation

cacophony

loud confusing disagreeable sounds

cardiologist

a specialist in the structure and function of the heart

cadge

obtain or seek to obtain by wheedling

bungler

someone who makes mistakes because of incompetence

bumptious

offensively self-assertive

concordance

a harmonious state of things and of their properties

callus

a skin area that is thick or hard from continual pressure

condign

fitting or appropriate and deserved

carousal

revelry in drinking; a merry drinking party

centripetal

tending to move toward an area in the middle

cathode

a negatively charged electrode that is the source of electrons entering an electrical device

centrifuge

an apparatus that separates particles from a suspension

concatenate

add by linking or joining so as to form a chain or series

castigation

verbal punishment

butte

a hill that rises abruptly from the surrounding region

calligraphy

beautiful handwriting

cloying

overly sweet

coda

the closing section of a musical composition

cajolery

flattery intended to persuade

bromine

a nonmetallic heavy volatile corrosive dark brown liquid element belonging to the halogens; found in sea water

centigrade

temperature scale on which water freezes at 0 degrees

carillon

set of bells hung in a bell tower

comity

a state or atmosphere of harmony or mutual civility

cherubic

having a sweet nature befitting an angel

claustrophobia

a morbid fear of being closed in a confined space

chameleon

lizard of Africa and Madagascar able to change skin color

catcall

a cry expressing disapproval

comatose

in a state of deep and usually prolonged unconsciousness

canard

a deliberately misleading fabrication

bugaboo

an imaginary monster used to frighten children

carapace

hard outer covering or case of certain organisms

clavicle

bone linking the scapula and sternum

collapsible

capable of breaking down

close-hauled

having the sails trimmed for sailing as close to the wind as possible

complacence

the feeling you have when you are satisfied with yourself

calisthenics

light exercises designed to promote general fitness

cauterize

burn, sear, or freeze using a hot iron or electric current

coagulation

the process of forming semisolid lumps in a liquid

colloquialism

an expression that seeks to imitate informal speech

cadenza

a solo passage occurring near the end of a piece of music

centaur

a mythical being that is half man and half horse

cloture

a rule for limiting or ending debate in a deliberative body

coalescence

the union of diverse things into one body or form or group

carafe

a bottle with a stopper, for serving wine or water

catholicity

the quality of being universal; existing everywhere

catharsis

purging the body to stimulate evacuation of the bowels

chauvinist

a person with a prejudiced belief in his own superiority

compressible

capable of being compressed or made more compact

coalescing

growing together, fusing

ciliated

having a margin or fringe of hairlike projections

comestible

suitable for use as food

bursar

the treasurer at a college or university

calorific

heat-generating

comeuppance

a usually negative outcome or fate that is well deserved

cartographer

a person who makes maps

cerebration

the process of using one’s mind to consider something

callosity

an area of skin that is thick or hard from continual pressure or friction (as the sole of the foot)

cacophonous

having an unpleasant sound

caret

a mark used to indicate an insertion into a text

coagulant

an agent that produces coagulation

carcinogenic

causing or tending to cause cancer

circumlocutory

roundabout and unnecessarily wordy

centiliter

a metric unit of volume equal to one hundredth of a liter

Brummagem

a city in central England

cohort

a band of warriors

cat-o’-nine-tails

a whip with nine knotted cords

caliper

an instrument for measuring the distance between two points

chasten

censure severely

burgeon

grow and flourish

Calvinism

the theological system of John Calvin and his followers emphasizing omnipotence of God and salvation by grace alone

compensatory time

time off that is granted to a worker as compensation for working overtime

cliche

a trite or obvious remark

bylaw

a rule adopted by an organization

churlish

having a bad disposition; surly

cameo

engraving or carving in low relief on a stone

condiment

a preparation to enhance flavor or enjoyment

chaffinch

small European finch with a cheerful song

condolence

an expression of sympathy with another’s grief
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