All the essential words-15 – 500 Words

sense

the faculty through which the external world is apprehended

sound

mechanical vibrations transmitted by an elastic medium

success

an event that accomplishes its intended purpose

service

an act of help or assistance

succeed

attain success or reach a desired goal

soldier

an enlisted man or woman who serves in an army

suffice

be adequate, either in quality or quantity

slight

small in quantity or degree

separate

standing apart; not attached to or supported by anything

similar

having the same or nearly the same characteristics

stock

a supply of something available for future use

seize

take hold of; grab

successful

having succeeded or being marked by a favorable outcome

species

taxonomic group whose members can interbreed

shoot

fire a shot

significant

rich in implication

sentence

a string of words satisfying grammatical rules of a language

shade

relative darkness caused by light rays being intercepted by an opaque body

site

the piece of land on which something is located

spare

more than is needed, desired, or required

singular

being a single and separate person or thing

shift

move very slightly

speculate

reflect deeply on a subject

sovereign

a nation’s ruler usually by hereditary right

sensation

an unelaborated elementary awareness of stimulation

subsequent

following in time or order

shed

cause or allow to flow or run out or over

strive

attempt by employing effort

stamp

walk heavily

studied

produced or marked by conscious design or premeditation

specimen

a bit of tissue or fluid taken for diagnostic purposes

steep

having a sharp inclination

smart

characterized by quickness and ease in learning

stimulus

any information or event that acts to arouse action

stout

having rugged physical strength

socialism

a political theory advocating state ownership of industry

sensitive

responsive to physical stimuli

subtle

difficult to detect or grasp by the mind or analyze

sermon

an address of a religious nature

stem

cylinder forming a long narrow part of something

sergeant

a noncommissioned officer ranking above a corporal

spear

a long pointed rod used as a tool or weapon

substantial

real; having a material or factual existence

stoop

bend one’s back forward from the waist on down

sober

not affected by a chemical substance, especially alcohol

spin

revolve quickly and repeatedly around one’s own axis

stride

walk with long steps

successor

a person who follows next in order

shudder

tremble convulsively, as from fear or excitement

shriek

sharp piercing cry

spectator

a close observer; someone who looks at something

subdue

put down by force or intimidation

sow

place seeds in or on the ground for future growth

siege

an action of an armed force that surrounds a fortified place

significance

the quality of being important

stumble

miss a step and fall or nearly fall

sublime

of high moral or intellectual value

severely

to a severe or serious degree

shrewd

marked by practical hardheaded intelligence

solitude

a state of social isolation

shallow

lacking physical depth

socialist

advocating the state ownership of industry

stimulate

cause to act in a specified manner

suffrage

a legal right to vote

sheer

so thin as to transmit light

stately

impressive in appearance

solicit

request urgently or persistently

subordinate

an assistant subject to the authority or control of another

slaughter

the killing of animals, as for food

streak

a narrow marking of a different color from the background

strait

a narrow channel joining two larger bodies of water

sentimental

marked by tender, romantic, or nostalgic emotion

statute

an act passed by a legislative body

stray

wander from a direct course or at random

shrill

having or emitting a high-pitched and sharp tone or tones

strife

bitter conflict; heated often violent dissension

sullen

showing a brooding ill humor

soar

rise rapidly

simultaneous

occurring or operating at the same time

stun

make senseless or dizzy by or as if by a blow

submarine

a submersible warship usually armed with torpedoes

sting

deliver a sudden pain to

summary

a brief statement that presents the main points

superb

surpassingly good

subsist

support oneself

submission

the act of surrendering power to another

sovereignty

the authority of a state to govern another state

stammer

speak haltingly

sturdy

having rugged physical strength

slack

not tense or taut

severity

excessive sternness

sour

one of the four basic taste sensations

stump

the base part that remains after a tree has been felled

spontaneous

said or done without having been planned in advance

stifle

impair the respiration of or obstruct the air passage of

slap

a blow from a flat object (as an open hand)

subside

wear off or die down

solar

relating to the sun or utilizing the energies of the sun

stratum

one of several parallel layers of material

sly

marked by skill in deception

sneak

to go stealthily or furtively

shove

come into rough contact with while moving

strew

spread by scattering

sever

set or keep apart

snare

a trap for birds or small mammals; often has a slip noose

squat

sit on one’s heels

slate

fine-grained metamorphic rock that can be split into layers

subsidy

a grant paid by a government to an enterprise

stealth

avoiding detection by moving carefully

shroud

burial garment in which a corpse is wrapped

slew

a large number or amount or extent

steadfast

marked by firm determination or resolution; not shakable

shuffle

walk by dragging one’s feet

sentinel

a person employed to keep watch for some anticipated event

smother

deprive of oxygen and prevent from breathing

shun

avoid and stay away from deliberately

sterling

highest in quality

stature

the height of a standing person

sensibility

mental responsiveness and awareness

skeptic

someone who habitually doubts accepted beliefs

skirmish

a minor short-term fight

sinister

wicked, evil, or dishonorable

sequence

a following of one thing after another in time

sophisticate

a person who is cultured and has worldly experience

sponge

primitive multicellular marine animal whose porous body is supported by a fibrous skeletal framework; usually occurs in sessile colonies

stanza

a fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem

suggestive

tending to imply

solemnity

a trait of dignified seriousness

sonnet

a verse form of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme

straggle

wander from a direct or straight course

sterile

incapable of reproducing

strangle

kill by squeezing the throat of so as to cut off the air

shady

sheltered from the sun’s rays

slander

words falsely spoken that damage the reputation of another

stipulate

make an express demand or provision in an agreement

suitor

a man who courts a woman

sophisticated

having worldly knowledge and refinement

sensual

marked by the appetites and passions of the body

specialize

become more focused on an area of activity or field of study

sledge

a vehicle mounted on runners and pulled by horses or dogs

sundry

consisting of a haphazard assortment of different kinds

seminary

a school for training ministers or priests or rabbis

shoal

a stretch of shallow water

sojourn

a temporary stay

skim

remove from the surface

speck

a very small spot

stoke

stir up

subsistence

a means of surviving

separable

capable of being divided or pulled apart

sleeper

a rester who is in slumber

suffocate

deprive of oxygen and prevent from breathing

speechless

temporarily incapable of speaking

succumb

consent reluctantly

solicitor

a British lawyer who gives legal advice

sordid

foul and run-down and repulsive

sequel

something that follows something else

sham

something that is a counterfeit; not what it seems to be

solace

comfort in disappointment or misery

semblance

an outward appearance that is deliberately misleading

sluggish

moving slowly

spruce

any coniferous tree of the genus Picea

staid

characterized by dignity and propriety

solicitude

a feeling of excessive concern

smelt

extract by heating, as a metal

sumptuous

rich and superior in quality

submerge

put under water

slacken

become slow or slower

sociology

the study and classification of human societies

sorcery

the belief in magical spells that harness occult forces

subsidiary

functioning in a supporting capacity

serenity

the absence of mental stress or anxiety

servile

submissive or fawning in attitude or behavior

subjection

the act of conquering

shack

small crude shelter used as a dwelling

stint

supply sparingly and with restricted quantities

serviceable

ready to function or provide assistance

stupefy

make dull or muddle, as with intoxication

stifled

held in check with difficulty

servitude

state of subjection to an owner or master

stalwart

having rugged physical strength

simplify

make easier or reduce in complexity or extent

slick

made smooth, as by ice, grease, or water

sleek

having a smooth, gleaming surface reflecting light

subvert

destroy completely

sprout

produce buds or branches; germinate

stolid

having or revealing little emotion or sensibility

stupendous

so great in size, force, or extent as to elicit awe

studious

characterized by diligent learning and fondness for reading

spectrum

a broad range of related objects, values, or qualities

shear

cut or cut through with scissors

soluble

capable of being dissolved in some solvent

self-respect

the quality of being worthy of esteem or respect

stigma

a symbol of disgrace or infamy

staunch

firm and dependable especially in loyalty

subtlety

the quality of being difficult to detect or analyze

Spartan

of or relating to or characteristic of Sparta or its people

shimmer

shine with a weak or fitful light

submissive

inclined or willing to give in to orders or wishes of others

specialty

an asset of special worth or utility

sleigh

a vehicle mounted on runners and pulled by horses or dogs

smear

smudge or soil by smudging

subterranean

being or operating under the surface of the earth

spat

a quarrel about petty points

simulate

reproduce someone’s behavior or looks

sociable

inclined to or conducive to companionship with others

stratagem

an elaborate or deceitful scheme to deceive or evade

stationary

not capable of being moved

subjective

taking place within the mind and modified by individual bias

soprano

the highest female voice; the voice of a boy before puberty

spurn

reject with contempt

souvenir

something of sentimental value

strut

walk with a lofty proud gait

squander

spend thoughtlessly; throw away

stimulant

any stimulating information or event; acts to arouse action

snub

refuse to acknowledge

sheaf

a package of several things tied together

speculator

one who makes risky investments in the hopes of high profits

shaving

a thin fragment or slice that has been shaved from something

stink

smell badly and offensively

sheath

a protective covering, as for a knife or sword

subjugate

make subservient; force to submit or subdue

suave

having a sophisticated charm

sprightly

full of spirit and vitality

solvent

capable of meeting financial obligations

spawn

the mass of eggs deposited by fish or amphibians or mollusks

sensuous

taking delight in beauty

slink

move or walk stealthily

shrivel

wither, as with a loss of moisture

stockade

fortification consisting of a fence set firmly for defense

stupor

marginal consciousness

sonorous

full and loud and deep

stampede

a wild headlong rush of frightened animals

sultry

attractive and suggesting hidden passion

sparse

not dense

stereotype

a conventional or formulaic conception or image

sloth

a disinclination to work or exert yourself

skiff

a small boat propelled by oars or by sails or by a motor

signification

the message that is intended or expressed or signified

soot

black powder formed when fuel such as wood or coal is burned

semicircle

a plane figure with the shape of half a circle

somber

grave or even gloomy in character

squabble

a quarrel about petty points

sonata

a musical composition of movements of contrasting forms

shirk

avoid one’s assigned duties

stunted

inferior in size or quality

stringent

demanding strict attention to rules and procedures

soliloquy

speech you make to yourself

standstill

a situation in which no progress can be made

shackle

a restraint that confines or restricts freedom

stagnant

not growing or changing; without force or vitality

solicitous

full of anxiety and concern

sheathe

enclose with a protective covering

simile

a figure of speech expressing a resemblance between things

succor

assistance in time of difficulty

squash

any of numerous annual trailing plants of the genus Cucurbita grown for their fleshy edible fruits

suffuse

cause to spread or flush or flood through, over, or across

spasmodic

occurring in spells and often abruptly

stagnate

stand still

squalid

foul and run-down and repulsive

spinster

an elderly unmarried woman

slough

a hollow filled with mud

sully

make dirty or spotty

subaltern

British commissioned army officer below the rank of captain

skepticism

doubt about the truth of something

stoic

seeming unaffected by pleasure or pain; impassive

spurious

plausible but false

skulk

lie in wait or behave in a sneaky and secretive manner

sobriety

the state of being unaffected or not intoxicated by alcohol

subconscious

just below the level of awareness

spangle

adornment consisting of a small piece of shiny material

squatter

someone who settles on land without right or title

selective

characterized by very careful or fastidious choice

static

not in physical motion

spectral

resembling or characteristic of a phantom

Sol

ancient Roman god

subservient

compliant and obedient to authority

specious

plausible but false

substantive

having a firm basis in reality and therefore important

sequester

keep away from others

specter

a ghostly appearing figure

stellar

being or relating to or resembling or emanating from stars

stallion

uncastrated adult male horse

supercilious

having or showing arrogant disdain or haughtiness

stench

a distinctive odor that is offensively unpleasant

specie

coins collectively

sodden

wet through and through; thoroughly wet

sufficiency

the quality of being enough for the end in view

slur

utter indistinctly

slovenly

negligent of neatness especially in dress and person

substantiate

establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts

stanch

stop the flow of a liquid

singe

burn superficially or lightly

sporadic

recurring in scattered or unpredictable instances

separatist

an advocate of secession or independence from a larger group

subterfuge

something intended to misrepresent the nature of an activity

siren

a warning signal that is a loud wailing sound

steppe

an extensive plain without trees

subpoena

a writ issued to compel the attendance of a witness

severance

the act of cutting

smug

marked by excessive complacency or self-satisfaction

solder

join or fuse with an alloy

similitude

similarity in appearance or character or nature between persons or things

sunder

break apart or in two, using violence

septic

of or relating to or caused by putrefaction

summarily

without delay; in a summary manner

sinewy

consisting of tendons or resembling a tendon

subversive

in opposition to an established system or government

stingy

unwilling to spend

smirk

smile affectedly or derisively

shrew

small mouselike mammal with a long snout; related to moles

serpentine

resembling a snake in form

sophistry

a deliberately invalid argument in the hope of deceiving

succinct

briefly giving the gist of something

stagnation

a state of inactivity

strident

unpleasantly loud and harsh

sinuous

curved or curving in and out

sibling

a person’s brother or sister

stipend

a sum of money allotted on a regular basis

slavish

abjectly submissive; characteristic of a servant

spendthrift

someone who spends money freely or wastefully

snip

sever or remove by pinching or snipping

sententious

concise and full of meaning

sluice

conduit that carries a rapid flow of water

stripling

a juvenile between the onset of puberty and maturity

spontaneity

the quality of coming from feelings without constraint

smudge

make a smear on or soil by smearing

sidelong

inclining or directed to one side

sophism

a deliberately invalid argument displaying ingenuity in reasoning in the hope of deceiving someone

splice

join the ends of

smolder

burn slowly and without a flame

squalor

sordid dirtiness

stricture

severe criticism

somersault

an acrobatic feat in which the feet roll over the head (either forward or backward) and return

seminar

a course offered for a small group of advanced students

sublimate

change directly from a solid into a vapor without melting

sisterhood

the kinship relation between a female offspring and the siblings

succulent

tasty and full of juice

spew

eject or send out in large quantities (also metaphorical)

statutory

relating to or created by regulations

sonic

having or caused by speed equal to the speed of sound

shambles

a condition of great disorder

shiftless

lacking ambition or initiative

slake

satisfy, as thirst

senile

mentally or physically infirm with age

stamina

enduring strength and energy

sportive

given to merry frolicking

simper

smile affectedly or derisively

sentient

endowed with feeling and unstructured consciousness

soothsayer

someone who makes predictions of the future

subversion

the act of overthrowing or destroying, as a government

spry

moving quickly and lightly

steeply

in a steep manner

statuette

a small carved or molded figure

stigmatize

condemn or openly or formally or brand as disgraceful

staccato

separating the notes; in music

stalemate

a situation in which no progress can be made

self-indulgence

an inability to resist the gratification of whims and desires

slothful

disinclined to work or exertion

streamlet

a small stream

shoddy

of inferior workmanship and materials

silt

mud or clay or small rocks deposited by a river or lake

shunt

a conductor diverting a fraction of current from a device

sinus

an abnormal passage leading from a suppurating cavity to the body surface

squeamish

excessively fastidious and easily disgusted

snicker

laugh quietly

suffragist

an advocate of the extension of voting rights

spate

a sudden forceful flow

suckle

suck milk from the mother’s breasts

superannuate

retire and pension because of age or physical inability

sinecure

a job that involves minimal duties

sufferance

patient endurance especially of pain or distress

stratified

deposited or arranged in horizontal layers

smattering

a slight or superficial understanding of a subject

suavity

the quality of being charming and gracious in manner

stentorian

very loud or booming

slag

the scum formed by oxidation at the surface of molten metals

sketchy

giving only major points; lacking completeness

snivel

cry or whine with snuffling

statistician

someone versed in the interpretation of numerical data

superannuated

too old to be useful

solstice

when the sun is at its greatest distance from the equator

soggy

(of soil) soft and watery

seminal

containing seeds of later development

stilted

artificially formal

skittish

unpredictably excitable, especially of horses

sleight

adroitness in using the hands

spoof

a humorous imitation of another work or style of work

stiletto

a small dagger with a tapered blade

somnolent

inclined to or marked by drowsiness

sere

having lost all moisture

sophist

someone whose reasoning is subtle and often specious

slither

pass or move unobtrusively or smoothly

statecraft

wisdom in the management of public affairs

sobriquet

a familiar name for a person

sherbet

a frozen dessert made primarily of fruit juice and sugar

snuffle

snuff up mucus through the nose

statuesque

suggestive of a sculpture representing a human or animal

skit

a short theatrical episode

squelch

suppress or crush completely

shrinkage

process or result of becoming less or smaller

superabundance

a quantity that is more than what is appropriate

sluggard

an idle slothful person

stymie

hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of

sextant

an instrument for measuring angular distance

sidestep

avoid or try to avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing

serrated

notched like a saw with teeth pointing toward the apex

stultify

deprive of strength or efficiency; make useless or worthless

stanchion

any vertical post or rod used as a support

shard

a broken piece of a brittle artifact

stickler

someone who insists on something

self-righteous

excessively or hypocritically pious

sepulcher

a chamber that is used as a grave

subservience

being something that is useful in carrying out a plan

spatial

pertaining to the expanse in which things are located

slipshod

marked by great carelessness

sibilant

of speech sounds forcing air through a constricted passage

shibboleth

a favorite saying of a sect or political group

sibylline

resembling or characteristic of a prophet or prophecy

suborn

incite to commit a crime or an evil deed

stodgy

excessively conventional and unimaginative and hence dull

solecism

a socially awkward or tactless act

spheroid

a shape that is generated by rotating an ellipse around one of its axes

simian

relating to or resembling an ape

simplistic

characterized by extreme and misleading lack of complexity

somnambulist

someone who walks about in their sleep

soporific

inducing sleep

sleazy

morally degraded

senility

the state of being infirm with age

sidereal

of or relating to the stars or constellations

subliminal

below the threshold of conscious perception

sophistical

plausible but misleading

sidetrack

wander from a direct or straight course

sirocco

a windstorm that lifts up clouds of dust or sand

summation

calculating the total of two or more numbers

stringency

conscientious attention to rules and details

skinflint

a selfish person who is unwilling to give or spend

skimp

work hastily or carelessly

submersible

capable of being immersed in water

splenetic

of or relating to the spleen

suasion

the act of persuading

spatula

a hand tool with a thin flexible blade

serendipity

good luck in making unexpected and fortunate discoveries

subtend

be opposite to; of angles and sides, in geometry

solubility

the quality of being easily dissolved in liquid

suggestible

easily influenced or swayed by others

submergence

sinking until covered completely with water

somnolence

a very sleepy state

sequestrate

keep away from others

statics

the branch of mechanics concerned with forces in equilibrium

submersion

the act of wetting something by submerging it

sinuosity

having curves

stipple

engrave by means of dots and flicks

somatic

characteristic of the body as opposed to the mind or spirit

semiannual

occurring or payable twice each year

subsume

contain or include

shyster

a person who uses unscrupulous or unethical methods

sextet

six performers or singers who perform together

sensorium

the areas of the brain that process and register incoming sensory information and make possible the conscious awareness of the world

Stoicism

(philosophy) the philosophical system of the Stoics following the teachings of the ancient Greek philosopher Zeno

slapdash

marked by great carelessness

stagy

having characteristics of the stage especially an artificial and mannered quality

subjacent

lying nearby but lower

sequent

in regular succession without gaps

spinous

shaped like a spine or thorn

Shangri-la

any place of complete bliss and delight and peace

skulduggery

misrepresentation intended to take advantage of someone

substantiation

the act of validating

subacid

slightly sour to the taste

sentience

state of elementary or undifferentiated consciousness

stridency

having the timbre of a loud high-pitched sound

semiconscious

partially conscious; not completely aware of sensations

sphericity

the roundness of a 3-dimensional object

serration

the condition of being serrated

sibilate

make a sharp hissing sound, as if to show disapproval

spoilsport

someone who ruins the pleasure of others

somniferous

sleep inducing

sextuple

having six units or components

sublingual

beneath the tongue

spelunker

a person who explores caves

spoonerism

transposition of initial consonants in a pair of words

spherometer

a measuring instrument for measuring the curvature of a surface

sensitization

the process of becoming highly responsive to situations

subtrahend

the number to be subtracted from the minuend

subaquatic

growing or remaining under water

sergeant major

a noncommissioned officer serving as chief administrative officer of a headquarters unit of the Army

suppurate

cause to ripen and discharge pus

Stygian

dark and dismal as of the river in Hades

sophomore

a second-year undergraduate

sensibilize

make sensitive or aware

sully

make dirty or spotty

squeamish

excessively fastidious and easily disgusted

steep

having a sharp inclination

stemmer

a worker who strips the stems from moistened tobacco leaves and binds the leaves together into books

sibilant

of speech sounds forcing air through a constricted passage

sergeant at arms

an officer who maintains order and executes commands

septenary

the cardinal number that is the sum of six and one

striate

marked with stripes

shun

avoid and stay away from deliberately

Sphinx

(Greek mythology) a riddling winged monster with a woman’s head and breast on a lion’s body; daughter of Typhon

submit

yield to the control of another
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