All the essential words-10 – 500 Words

low

less than normal in degree or intensity or amount

minute

a unit of time equal to 60 seconds or 1/60th of an hour

likely

having a good chance of being the case or of coming about

lot

anything (straws or pebbles etc.) taken or chosen at random

material

the substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object

list

a database containing an ordered array of items

maintain

keep in a certain state, position, or activity

mass

the property of a body that causes it to have weight

legislate

make laws or bills

lying

the deliberate act of deviating from the truth

marked

easily noticeable

literature

writings in a particular style on a particular subject

medium

the surrounding environment

merit

the quality of being deserving

manifest

clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment

magnificent

characterized by grandeur

metal

a chemical element or alloy that is usually a shiny solid

medicine

the profession devoted to alleviating diseases and injuries

log

a segment of the trunk of a tree when stripped of branches

mingle

bring or combine together or with something else

legend

a story about mythical or supernatural beings or events

lofty

of imposing height; especially standing out above others

mechanics

the branch of physics concerned with the motion of bodies

melancholy

a constitutional tendency to be gloomy and depressed

logic

the branch of philosophy that analyzes inference

mischief

reckless or malicious behavior causing annoyance in others

linger

remain present although waning or gradually dying

leisure

time available for ease and relaxation

license

a legal document giving official permission to do something

ministry

the work of a person authorized to conduct religious worship

marvel

be amazed at

magistrate

a lay judge or civil authority who administers the law

literal

limited to the explicit meaning of a word or text

liable

subject to legal action

machinery

mechanical or electrical devices collectively

legislature

an assembly that makes, amends, or repeals laws

margin

the boundary line or area immediately inside the boundary

legitimate

in accordance with accepted standards or principles

massive

containing a great quantity of matter

marine

of or relating to the sea

martyr

one who voluntarily suffers death

liquor

an alcoholic beverage that is distilled rather than fermented

memorial

a recognition of meritorious service

marshal

a military officer of highest rank

legislative

relating to a lawmaking assembly

manufacturer

someone who constructs or produces something

menace

something that is a source of danger

lust

a strong sexual desire

magnet

a device that attracts iron and produces lines of force

logical

based on known statements or events or conditions

minority

being or relating to the smaller in number of two parts

migrant

traveler who moves from one region or country to another

liberate

grant freedom to; free from confinement

metropolis

a large and densely populated urban area

mediate

act between parties with a view to reconciling differences

memoir

an account of the author’s personal experiences

meek

humble in spirit or manner

loom

a textile machine for weaving yarn into a textile

missile

a weapon that is forcibly thrown or projected at a target

merciful

showing or giving forgiveness

migrate

move from one country or region to another and settle there

levy

impose and collect

lyric

of or relating to poetry that expresses emotion

mirth

great merriment

memorable

worth remembering

massacre

the savage and excessive killing of many people

legion

a large military unit

lifetime

the period during which something is functional

limitation

an act of restricting (as by regulation)

militia

civilians trained as soldiers, not part of the regular army

manifestation

a clear appearance

limp

walk impeded by some physical injury

maintenance

activity involved in keeping something in good working order

meditation

continuous and profound contemplation or musing on a subject

lounge

sit or recline comfortably

liking

a feeling of pleasure and enjoyment

lever

a simple machine giving a mechanical advantage on a fulcrum

lurk

lie in wait or behave in a sneaky and secretive manner

matter of fact

a matter that is an actual fact or is demonstrable as a fact

litter

rubbish carelessly dropped or left about

lumber

the wood of trees prepared for use as building material

militant

engaged in war

maritime

relating to ships or navigation

magnitude

the property of relative size or extent

manor

the landed estate of a lord, including the house on it

metropolitan

relating to or characteristic of a large urban area

loneliness

sadness resulting from being forsaken or abandoned

legacy

a gift of personal property by will

miniature

being on a very small scale

masterpiece

the most outstanding work of a creative artist or craftsman

liability

the state of being legally obliged and responsible

mandate

a document giving an official instruction or command

malicious

having the nature of threatening evil

luminous

softly bright or radiant

misunderstand

interpret in the wrong way

mischievous

naughtily or annoyingly playful

meter

a basic unit of length (approximately 1.094 yards)

maternal

characteristic of a mother

mat

a small pad of material that is used to protect a surface

mar

render imperfect

madden

make mad

mantle

a sleeveless garment like a cloak but shorter

manipulate

influence or control shrewdly or deviously

lull

make calm or still

matron

a married woman who is staid and dignified

loathe

find repugnant

metaphysics

the philosophical study of being and knowing

lawmaker

a maker of laws; someone who gives a code of laws

metaphor

a figure of speech that suggests a non-literal similarity

magnificence

splendid or imposing in size or appearance

Madonna

the mother of Jesus

magician

someone who performs tricks to amuse an audience

mastery

great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity

legislator

someone who makes or enacts laws

lucid

transparently clear; easily understandable

martial

suggesting war or military life

matrimony

state of being a married couple voluntarily joined for life

ludicrous

inviting ridicule

lunacy

foolish or senseless behavior

lowly

low or inferior in station or quality

misty

filled or abounding with fog

loath

strongly opposed

mime

an actor who communicates entirely by gesture

magnanimous

noble and generous in spirit

luxuriant

produced or growing in extreme abundance

merger

an occurrence that involves the production of a union

mania

an irrational but irresistible motive for a belief or action

mitigate

lessen or to try to lessen the seriousness or extent of

malady

impairment of normal physiological function

malignant

dangerous to health

maneuver

a military training exercise

maneuver

a military training exercise

lookout

the act of looking out

merciless

having or showing no forgiveness

maze

complex system of paths or tunnels in which it is easy to get lost

listless

lacking zest or vivacity

maxim

a saying that is widely accepted on its own merits

mimic

imitate, especially for satirical effect

martyrdom

death because of a person’s adherence of a faith or cause

lunatic

an insane person

miscellaneous

having many aspects

manifold

many and varied; having many features or forms

mercenary

a person hired to fight for another country than their own

mire

a soft wet area of low-lying land that sinks underfoot

libel

a false and malicious publication

materialism

a desire for wealth and possessions

loiter

linger, remain, or wait around for no apparent reason

medieval

relating to or belonging to the Middle Ages

liberality

the trait of being generous in behavior and temperament

livelihood

the financial means whereby one lives

loot

goods or money obtained illegally

mammal

a warm-blooded vertebrate having the skin covered with hair

midsummer

June 21, when the sun is at its northernmost point

lucrative

producing a sizeable profit

likelihood

the probability of a specified outcome

mince

cut into small pieces

miser

a stingy hoarder of money and possessions

layman

someone who is not a clergyman or a professional person

mediocre

moderate to inferior in quality

metaphysical

pertaining to the philosophical study of being and knowing

melodrama

a story with characters behaving in an extreme emotional way

mane

long coarse hair growing from the crest of the animal’s neck

licit

authorized, sanctioned by, or in accordance with law

mistrust

regard as untrustworthy

mangle

destroy or injure severely

mien

a person’s appearance, manner, or demeanor

mercantile

relating to or characteristic of trade or traders

microscope

magnifier of the image of small objects

literacy

the ability to read and write

malign

speak unfavorably about

loft

a large unpartitioned space over a commercial space

mishap

an unpredictable outcome that is unfortunate

misrepresent

describe or present falsely

millennium

a span of 1000 years

lottery

a game in which players buy chances to win

marginal

at or constituting a border or edge

mash

to compress with violence, out of natural shape or condition

marred

blemished by injury or rough wear

malaria

a disease caused by parasites transmitted by mosquito bite

lunar

of or relating to or associated with the moon

melodious

having a musical sound; especially a pleasing tune

methodical

characterized by orderliness

mite

small arachnid infesting animals or plants or stored foods

lurid

glaringly vivid and graphic; marked by sensationalism

leash

restraint consisting of a rope used to restrain an animal

marrow

network of connective tissue filling the cavities of bones

licentious

lacking moral discipline

livid

furiously angry

lax

without rigor or strictness

masquerade

a party of guests wearing costumes and masks

loch

a long narrow inlet of the sea in Scotland

lithe

moving and bending with ease

mammoth

extinct elephant widely distributed in the Pleistocene

maim

injure or wound seriously and leave permanent disfiguration

mentor

a wise and trusted guide and advisor

liner

a protective covering that protects an inside surface

leaven

a substance used to produce fermentation in dough

lieu

the post or function properly occupied or served by another

manifesto

a public declaration of intentions

litigious

of or relating to legal proceedings

leeward

on the side away from the wind

levity

a manner lacking seriousness

lifelong

continuing through life

lenient

tolerant

maize

corn

maraud

raid and rove in search of booty

lyre

a harp used by ancient Greeks for accompaniment

magnanimity

nobility and generosity of spirit

lovable

having characteristics that attract love or affection

linguist

a specialist in the study of language

maniac

an insane person

Martian

of or relating to the planet Mars

louse

a wingless, parasitic insect

litigation

a legal proceeding in a court

magnate

a very wealthy or powerful businessperson

legible

capable of being read or deciphered

microscopy

research with the use of microscopes

misconduct

activity that transgresses moral or civil law

lineage

the kinship relation between an individual and progenitors

misuse

improper handling or application of something

metamorphosis

striking change in appearance or character or circumstances

levee

an embankment built to prevent a river from overflowing

lethargy

inactivity; showing an unusual lack of energy

mantel

a shelf that projects from the wall above fireplace

malevolent

wishing or appearing to wish evil to others

light-hearted

carefree and happy and lighthearted

maverick

someone who exhibits independence in thought and action

leaflet

a small book usually having a paper cover

liquidate

eliminate a debt by paying it off

medley

a musical composition consisting of a series of songs

lunge

the act of moving forward suddenly

lea

a field covered with grass or herbage and suitable for grazing by livestock

menial

relating to unskilled work, especially domestic work

microphone

device for converting sound waves into electrical energy

lustrous

reflecting light

mentality

a habitual or characteristic attitude of the mind

loam

a rich soil consisting of sand, clay and organic materials

minimize

make small or insignificant

misplace

put (something) where one cannot find it again

makeup

the way in which someone or something is composed

loll

be lazy or idle

meager

deficient in amount or quality or extent

liberalism

a political orientation favoring social progress by reform

mallet

a tool resembling a hammer but with a large head

ministration

assistance in time of difficulty

lethal

of an instrument of certain death

mason

a craftsman who works with stone or brick

masonry

the craft of building with stone or brick

microscopic

so small as to be invisible without a magnifying device

lush

produced or growing in extreme abundance

mettle

the courage to carry on

mirage

when hot air distorts reflections of distant objects

materialize

come into being; become reality

misdeed

improper or wicked or immoral behavior

legalize

sanction or make permissible by law

missive

a written message addressed to a person or organization

maroon

a dark purplish-red to dark brownish-red color

limpid

clear and bright

lewd

suggestive of or tending to moral looseness

miscreant

a person without moral scruples

mismanage

handle badly or incompetently

liaison

a means of communication between groups

metrical

relating to the rhythmic arrangement of syllables

ligament

a band of fibrous tissue connecting bones or cartilages

mandatory

required by rule

machination

a crafty and involved plot to achieve your ends

mendicant

a pauper who lives by begging

linguistic

consisting of or related to language

meander

move or cause to move in a sinuous or circular course

makeshift

done or made using whatever is available

marauder

someone who attacks in search of booty

menagerie

a collection of live animals for study or display

marital

of or relating to the state of marriage

lope

run easily

memento

a reminder of past events

misinterpret

construe wrongly

misdemeanor

a crime less serious than a felony

luscious

having strong sexual appeal

manliness

the trait of being manly

magistracy

the position of magistrate

metric

based on a decimal unit of measurement

miscellany

a collection containing a variety of sorts of things

militarism

maintaining a strong force of armed services

meticulous

marked by precise accordance with details

midwife

a woman skilled in aiding the delivery of babies

luminary

a celebrity who is an inspiration to others

linear

involving a single dimension

minion

a servile or fawning dependant

misapprehend

interpret in the wrong way

lingua

a mobile mass of muscular tissue covered with mucous membrane and located in the oral cavity

malefactor

someone who has committed a crime

mischance

an unpredictable outcome that is unfortunate

medallion

an award for winning a championship or commemorating some other event

legitimacy

lawfulness by virtue of being authorized

limbo

in Catholicism, the place of unbaptized but innocent souls

mausoleum

a large burial chamber, usually above ground

longevity

the property of having lived for a considerable time

libretto

the words of an opera or musical play

liquefy

make a solid substance into a fluid, as by heating

luxuriance

the property of being lush and abundant

liturgy

a rite or body of rites prescribed for public worship

luster

the property of something that shines with reflected light

libertine

unrestrained by convention or morality

maul

injure badly

legging

a garment covering the leg

mastiff

an old breed of powerful deep-chested smooth-coated dog used chiefly as a watchdog and guard dog

leviathan

the largest or most massive thing of its kind

middling

lacking exceptional quality or ability

locomotion

the power or ability to move

lugubrious

excessively mournful

limber

easily bent

left-handed

using or intended for the left hand

maltreat

be cruel to someone

misapprehension

an understanding of something that is not correct

malcontent

dissatisfied as toward authority

lawgiver

a maker of laws; someone who gives a code of laws

matrix

an enclosure within which something originates or develops

misadventure

an instance of misfortune

liqueur

strong highly flavored sweet liquor usually drunk after a meal

mannerism

a behavioral attribute that is distinctive to an individual

machinist

a craftsman skilled in operating machine tools

Milky Way

the galaxy containing the solar system

maudlin

effusively or insincerely emotional

lexicon

a reference book containing an alphabetical list of words

mimicry

imitative behavior

lout

an awkward stupid person

misconstrue

interpret in the wrong way

mincing

affectedly dainty or refined

mileage

distance measured in miles

malediction

the act of calling down a curse that invokes evil

migratory

(of animals) moving seasonally

lilt

a jaunty rhythm in music or speech

mead

made of fermented honey and water

lingo

a characteristic language of a particular group

manacle

shackle that can be locked around the wrist

mauve

a moderate purple

mace

a ceremonial staff carried as a symbol of office

metallurgy

the science and technology of metals

loquacious

full of trivial conversation

lubricate

make slippery or smooth

liquidation

termination of a business operation by using its assets to discharge its liabilities

leniency

a disposition to yield to the wishes of someone

lode

a deposit of valuable ore

mannered

having unnatural behavioral attributes

lien

the right to take and hold the property of a debtor

misanthropy

hatred of mankind

miserly

characterized by or indicative of lack of generosity

liege

a feudal lord entitled to allegiance and service

misbehave

act badly

mercurial

liable to sudden unpredictable change

leave-taking

the act of departing politely

lough

Irish word for a lake

lucre

informal terms for money

mange

a skin disease causing inflammation, itching, and hair loss

mete

a line that indicates a boundary

masticate

bite and grind with the teeth

malevolence

wishing evil to others

logician

a person skilled at symbolic reasoning

manumit

free from slavery or servitude

lithograph

a print produced by lithography

litany

any long and tedious address or recital

magisterial

of or relating to a civil officer who administers the law

lifelike

evoking realistic images within the mind

meteoric

of extraterrestrial bodies that hit the earth’s atmosphere

missal

(Roman Catholic Church) a book containing all the prayers and responses needed to celebrate Mass throughout the year

mayhem

violent and needless disturbance

lingual

pertaining to, resembling. or lying near the tongue

lethargic

deficient in alertness or activity

misrule

government that is inefficient or dishonest

mendacity

the tendency to be untruthful

maelstrom

a powerful circular current of water

matinee

a theatrical performance held during the daytime

madrigal

an unaccompanied partsong for several voices

lopsided

having one side lower or smaller or lighter than the other

melee

a noisy riotous fight

legionary

a soldier who is a member of a legion

milieu

the environmental condition

ligature

the act of tying or binding things together

lodgment

the state or quality of being lodged or fixed even temporarily

microcosm

a miniature model of something

limn

make a portrait of

meddlesome

intrusive in an offensive manner

magnetize

make magnetic

luxuriate

enjoy to excess

malleable

capable of being shaped or bent

mesmerize

attract strongly, as if with a magnet

militate

have force or influence; bring about an effect or change

liniment

a medicinal liquid that is rubbed into the skin to relieve muscular stiffness and pain

misanthrope

someone who dislikes people in general

malaise

a general feeling of discomfort, uneasiness, or depression

minutia

a small or minor detail

libido

(psychoanalysis) a Freudian term for sexual urge or desire

leeway

a permissible difference

matriculate

enroll as a student

marsupial

a mammal the female of which has a pouch carrying the young

loiterer

someone who lingers aimlessly in or about a place

martinet

someone who demands exact conformity to rules and forms

maidenhood

the childhood of a girl

malnutrition

a state of poor nourishment

littoral

of or relating to a coastal or shore region

mangy

worn or threadbare

misnomer

an incorrect or unsuitable name

miasma

an unwholesome atmosphere

leonine

of or characteristic of or resembling a lion

maniacal

wildly disordered

lexicography

the act of writing dictionaries

litigant

a party to a lawsuit

minuscule

very small

mawkish

effusively or insincerely emotional

manumission

the formal act of freeing from slavery

medial

relating to or situated in or extending toward the middle

laxative

stimulating evacuation of feces

macabre

shockingly repellent; inspiring horror

low-spirited

filled with melancholy and despondency

mellifluous

pleasing to the ear

maharaja

a great raja

lectern

desk or stand with a slanted top used to hold a text

meretricious

tastelessly showy

miter

joint that forms a corner

millet

any of various small-grained annual cereal and forage grasses of the genera Panicum, Echinochloa, Setaria, Sorghum, and Eleusine

legerdemain

an illusory feat

lumen

a cavity or passage in a tubular organ

macerate

soften and cause to disintegrate as a result

luminosity

the quality of being luminous; emitting or reflecting light

lexicographer

a compiler or writer of a dictionary

metempsychosis

after death the soul begins a new cycle of existence in another human body

misogyny

hatred of women

mendacious

given to lying

Machiavellian

of or relating to amoral or conniving political principles

lucubrate

add details, as to an account or idea

litigate

engage in legal proceedings

metallurgical

of or relating to the science and technology of metals

misbehavior

improper or wicked or immoral behavior

manlike

resembling human beings

misanthropic

hating mankind in general

lucent

softly bright or radiant

levitate

cause to rise in the air and float

memorialize

be or provide a monument to a person or an event

mnemonic

of or relating to the practice of aiding the memory

leery

openly distrustful and unwilling to confide

lionize

assign great social importance to

malodorous

having an unpleasant smell

micrometer

a metric unit of length equal to one millionth of a meter

lecherous

given to excessive indulgence in sexual activity

lechery

unrestrained indulgence in sexual activity

malinger

avoid responsibilities and duties

megalomania

a psychological state characterized by delusions of grandeur

mettlesome

having a proud, courageous, and unbroken spirit

macadamize

surface with macadam

linguistics

the scientific study of language

malfeasance

wrongful conduct by a public official

meliorate

to make better

matriarch

a female head of a family or tribe

matriculation

admission to a group, especially a college or university

metronome

clicking pendulum indicating the tempo of a piece of music

man-eater

large aggressive shark widespread in warm seas

libidinous

driven by lust

misogynist

a misanthrope who dislikes women in particular

legato

connecting the notes; in music

mephitic

of noxious stench from atmospheric pollution

magniloquent

lofty in style

maladroit

not quick or skillful in action or thought

macrocosm

everything that exists anywhere

maleficent

harmful or evil in intent or effect

mislay

place (something) where one cannot find it again

mealy-mouthed

hesitant to state facts or opinions simply and directly as from e.g. timidity or hypocrisy

minatory

threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments

matricide

the murder of one’s own mother

ligneous

consisting of or containing xylem

masochist

someone who obtains pleasure from receiving punishment

locative

the semantic role of the noun phrase that designates the place of the state or action denoted by the verb

malingerer

someone shirking duty by feigning illness or incapacity

metonymy

substituting the name of a feature for the name of the thing

luminescent

emitting light not caused by heat

luminescence

the emission of light without heat

maladjusted

unable to cope with the demands and stresses of daily living

maculate

morally blemished; stained or impure

miscount

count wrongly

lithesome

moving and bending with ease

malapropism

misuse of a word by confusion with one that sounds similar

lilliputian

very small

malapropos

at an inconvenient time

mealymouthed

hesitant to state facts or opinions simply and directly

luculent

(of language) transparently clear; easily understandable

misogamy

hatred of marriage

litotes

understatement for rhetorical effect

maleficent

harmful or evil in intent or effect

metaphysics

the philosophical study of being and knowing

lordliness

formality in bearing and appearance

lunette

semicircular or crescent-shaped opening

machination

a crafty and involved plot to achieve your ends

lithotomy

surgical removal of a stone (calculus)

maculate

morally blemished; stained or impure

liquefaction

the conversion of a solid or a gas into a liquid

lineament

the characteristic parts of a person’s face

minutia

a small or minor detail

matinee

a theatrical performance held during the daytime

misgiving

uneasiness about the fitness of an action

mantrap

a trap for catching trespassers

Missouri

a midwestern state in central United States
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