新东方•GMAT词汇精选 9/10 – 249 Words

trigger

lever that activates the firing mechanism of a gun

folklore

the unwritten stories and proverbs and songs of a culture

intersection

the act of meeting at a point

bounce

spring back; spring away from an impact

aquarium

a tank or pool filled with water for keeping live fish

headquarters

the main office or administrative center of a business

portray

represent abstractly, for example in a painting

patch

a small contrasting part of something

off-season

the season when travel is least active and rates are lowest

edge

a line determining the limits of an area

hone

sharpen with a whetstone

subsequent

following in time or order

median

relating to or situated in or extending toward the middle

gloomy

depressingly dark

intersperse

introduce into one’s writing or speech (certain expressions)

vestige

an indication that something has been present

cowhide

the hide of a cow

deprivation

the disadvantage that results from losing something

commodity

articles of commerce

identify

recognize as being

specific

stated explicitly or in detail

frame

the internal structure that gives an artifact its shape

stake

a strong wooden or metal post driven into the ground

molten

reduced to liquid form by heating

impose

charge and collect payment

cellular

relating to cells

collide

crash together with violent impact

periodical

happening or recurring at regular intervals

temporary

not permanent; not lasting

euphoria

a feeling of great elation

hierarchy

a series of ordered groupings within a system

primordial

having existed from the beginning

addict

to cause to become dependent

captive

a person who is confined; especially a prisoner of war

anterior

of or near the head end or toward the front plane of a body

manual

of or relating to the hands

ecosystem

organisms interacting with their physical environment

wreck

something or someone that has suffered ruin or dilapidation

dismantle

take off or remove

tariff

a government tax on imports or exports

condescending

characteristic of those who treat others with arrogance

acute

ending in a sharp point

microorganism

any organism of microscopic size

file

record in a public office or in a court of law

ornamentation

the act of adding extraneous decorations to something

proviso

a stipulated condition

disparate

fundamentally different or distinct in quality or kind

analogue

something similar or equivalent to something else

distinguish

mark as different

alter

cause to change; make different

dichotomy

a classification into two opposed parts or subclasses

extracurricular

outside the regular academic course of studies

cynical

believing the worst of human nature and motives

excerpt

a passage selected from a larger work

nucleotide

a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside

distribute

give to several people

collective

done by or characteristic of individuals acting together

inlet

an arm off of a larger body of water

quest

the act of searching for something

periphery

the outside boundary or surface of something

mosquito

two-winged insect that sucks the blood of humans and animals

religious

having or showing belief in and reverence for a deity

raid

a sudden short attack

attribute

a quality belonging to or characteristic of an entity

resort

have recourse to

habitat

the type of environment in which an organism normally lives

fossil

the remains of a plant or animal from a past geological age

portfolio

a large, thin case for loose papers or drawings or maps

stratosphere

atmospheric layer between the troposphere and the mesosphere

theophylline

a colorless crystalline alkaloid derived from tea leaves or made synthetically; used in medicine as a bronchial dilator

arid

lacking sufficient water or rainfall

bankruptcy

a legal process for a corporation declared to be insolvent

dislodge

remove or force from a position previously occupied

grind

reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading

subscribe

pay as a contribution to a charity or service

hedgehog

small nocturnal Old World mammal covered with both hair and protective spines

apparatus

equipment designed to serve a specific function

untainted

(of reputation) free from blemishes

wreak

cause to happen or to occur as a consequence

ultimate

furthest or highest in degree or order; utmost or extreme

classify

arrange or order by categories

scheme

an elaborate and systematic plan of action

thermal

relating to or associated with heat

ceramic

an artifact made of clay baked at a high temperature

mononucleosis

an acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious; some believe it can be transmitted by kissing

accretion

an increase by natural growth or addition

transfer

move from one place to another

compensate

make amends for

grill

a framework of metal bars used as a partition or a grate

hazard

an unpredictable phenomenon that causes a certain result

access

the right to enter

discard

anything that is cast aside

rhinoceros

massive powerful herbivorous odd-toed ungulate of southeast Asia and Africa having very thick skin and one or two horns on the snout

cardiac

of or relating to the heart

projection

the act of expelling or ejecting

statistic

a datum that can be represented numerically

critique

appraise or judge in an analytical way

pertinent

being of striking appropriateness

dynamic

characterized by action or forcefulness of personality

metaphor

a figure of speech that suggests a non-literal similarity

scramble

move hurriedly

discount

an amount or percentage deducted

surplus

a quantity much larger than is needed

cube

a three-dimensional figure with six equal squares as faces

priority

status established in order of importance or urgency

diagnose

subject to a medical analysis

prudent

marked by sound judgment

aerodynamic

of or relating to aerodynamics

curb

the act of restraining power or action or limiting excess

mole

a small congenital pigmented spot on the skin

bulge

swell or protrude outwards

ingenious

showing inventiveness and skill

additive

characterized or produced by addition

conversion

the act of changing from one use or function to another

astronomy

the branch of physics that studies celestial bodies

contaminate

make impure

progression

the act of moving forward, as toward a goal

depart

go away or leave

previous

just preceding something else in time or order

initial

occurring at the beginning

aspiration

a cherished desire

quiescent

being quiet or still or inactive

siege

an action of an armed force that surrounds a fortified place

blackout

darkness resulting from the extinction of lights

versatility

having a wide variety of skills

lease

a contract granting use or occupation of property

unconfined

not restricted

verge

the limit beyond which something happens or changes

lounge

sit or recline comfortably

lunar

of or relating to or associated with the moon

exonerate

pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

crucial

of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis

overrun

seize the position of and defeat

resume

take up or begin anew

carbohydrate

an essential component of living cells and source of energy

ferrous

of or relating to or containing iron

repeal

cancel officially

nonstarter

a person with a record of failing

counterpart

a person or thing having the same function as another

counterfeit

not genuine; imitating something superior

instruct

impart skills or knowledge to

excessive

beyond normal limits

diploma

a document certifying the completion of a course of study

posit

take as a given; assume as a postulate or axiom

skeptical

marked by or given to doubt

overlord

a person who has general authority over others

hoary

having gray or white hair as with age

bounty

the property of copious abundance

prominent

conspicuous in position or importance

dubious

fraught with uncertainty or doubt

denote

have as a meaning

evident

clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment

highlight

an area of lightness in a picture

amino acid

organic compounds containing an amino group and acid group

appropriate

suitable for a particular person, place, or situation

communal

for or by a group rather than individuals

snuff

inhale audibly through the nose

primary

of first rank or importance or value

elongate

make long or longer by pulling and stretching

consult

seek information from

lumber

the wood of trees prepared for use as building material

storefront

the front side of a store facing the street

furnace

an enclosed chamber in which heat is produced for a building

sanitary

free from filth and pathogens

oat

annual grass of Europe and North Africa

stimulant

any stimulating information or event; acts to arouse action

reticent

reluctant to draw attention to yourself

frustrate

hinder or prevent, as an effort, plan, or desire

edible

suitable for use as food

inevitable

incapable of being avoided or prevented

cease

put an end to a state or an activity

prestige

a high standing achieved through success or influence

restore

bring back into original existence, function, or position

seismic

subject to or caused by an earthquake or earth vibration

unwieldy

difficult to use or handle because of size or weight

alluvial

relating to deposits carried by rushing streams

derive

come from

sensitize

make sensitive or aware

constraint

the state of being physically limited

polygraph

a medical instrument that records several physiological processes simultaneously (e.g., pulse rate and blood pressure and respiration and perspiration)

clog

any object that acts as a hindrance or obstruction

adept

having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude

genuine

not fake or counterfeit

engulf

flow over or cover completely

ovulate

produce and discharge eggs

accustomed

commonly used or practiced; usual

urchin

a poor and often mischievous city child

proportional

having a constant ratio

articulate

express or state clearly

archeology

the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures

ethanol

the intoxicating agent in fermented and distilled liquors

dwarf

a person who is markedly small

photon

a quantum of electromagnetic radiation

prognosis

a prediction of the course of a disease

endothermic

occurring or formed with absorption of heat

oblique

slanting or inclined in direction or course or position

verify

confirm the truth of

anole

small arboreal tropical American insectivorous lizards with the ability to change skin color

commute

a regular journey to and from your place of work

wrestle

the act of engaging in close hand-to-hand combat

estate

extensive landed property retained by the owner

genial

diffusing warmth and friendliness

framework

the underlying structure

sporadically

in an irregular or unpredictable manner

adverse

in an opposing direction

viscosity

resistance of a liquid to flowing

rangeland

land suitable for grazing livestock

confront

oppose, as in hostility or a competition

census

a periodic count of the population

bluntly

in a blunt direct manner

optimism

the hopeful feeling that all is going to turn out well

encompass

include in scope

amber

a hard yellowish to brownish translucent fossil resin

lymph

a thin coagulable fluid (similar to plasma but) containing white blood cells (lymphocytes) and chyle; is conveyed to the blood stream by lymphatic vessels

architect

someone who creates plans to be used in making something

warbler

a singer

seesaw

a plaything consisting of a board balanced on a fulcrum

bonus

an additional payment (or other remuneration) to employees as a means of increasing output

etched

cut or impressed into a surface

billing

request for payment of a debt

cramped

constricted in size

expedient

appropriate to a purpose

seminal

containing seeds of later development

transplant

transfer from one place or period to another

anticipate

regard something as probable or likely

customs

money collected under a tariff

jeopardize

pose a threat to; present a danger to

tissue

part of an organism consisting of an aggregate of cells

ally

a friendly nation

pirate

someone who robs at sea or plunders the land from the sea without having a commission from any sovereign nation

mount

go up, advance, or increase

plateau

a relatively flat highland

alga

primitive chlorophyll-containing mainly aquatic eukaryotic organisms lacking true stems and roots and leaves

contingent

determined by conditions or circumstances that follow

certitude

complete assurance or confidence

animosity

a feeling of ill will arousing active hostility

echolocation

determination of the position of objects by reflected sound

recourse

act of turning to for assistance

cluster

a grouping of a number of similar things

egalitarianism

the doctrine of the equality of mankind

integrate

make into a whole or make part of a whole

pallid

deficient in color suggesting physical or emotional distress

onset

the beginning or early stages

particle

(nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything

cupidity

extreme greed for material wealth

isolate

place or set apart

indigenous

originating where it is found

arthritis

inflammation of a joint or joints

parliament

a legislative assembly in certain countries
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