新东方•GMAT词汇精选 8/10 – 249 Words

posterity

all future generations

complacency

the feeling you have when you are satisfied with yourself

bygone

well in the past; former

mutation

a change or alteration in form or qualities

cyclic

marked by repeated series of events

separate

standing apart; not attached to or supported by anything

mortgage

a conveyance of property as security for repaying a loan

outlaw

a criminal, especially one on the run from police

respire

draw air into, and expel out of, the lungs

senate

assembly possessing high legislative powers

representative

serving to typify

devoid

completely wanting or lacking

untenable

incapable of being defended or justified

corporate

of or belonging to a business firm

supersede

take the place or move into the position of

foreclosure

proceedings initiated to repossess the collateral for a loan

adapt

make fit for, or change to suit a new purpose

demonstrate

give an exhibition of to an interested audience

administer

supervise or be in charge of

revitalize

give new life or vigor to

volatile

liable to lead to sudden change or violence

proponent

a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea

raffle

a lottery in which the prizes are goods rather than money

lobe

a rounded projection that is part of a larger structure

ritual

the prescribed procedure for conducting religious ceremonies

forge

create by hammering

errand

a short trip taken in the performance of a necessary task

cathedral

the principal Christian church building of a diocese

entice

provoke someone to do something through persuasion

cylindrical

having the form of a cylinder

essence

the choicest or most vital part of some idea or experience

drastic

forceful and extreme and rigorous

antiquated

so extremely old as seeming to belong to an earlier period

initiate

set in motion, start an event or prepare the way for

domain

a particular environment or walk of life

helicopter

an aircraft without wings that obtains its lift from the rotation of overhead blades

rear

the side of an object that is opposite its front

contiguous

having a common boundary or edge

compact

closely and firmly united or packed together

regiment

army unit smaller than a division

district

a region marked off for administrative or other purposes

vessel

an object used as a container, especially for liquids

gauge

an instrument for measuring and indicating a quantity

indifference

the trait of remaining calm and seeming not to care

peer

look searchingly

fjord

a long narrow inlet of the sea between steep cliffs

updraft

a strong upward air current

convert

change the nature, purpose, or function of something

slick

made smooth, as by ice, grease, or water

originality

the quality of being new (not derived from something else)

sandbar

a bar of sand

forfeit

lose the right to or lose by some error, offense, or crime

positive

characterized by or displaying affirmation or acceptance

deduct

make a subtraction

superb

surpassingly good

threshold

the starting point for a new state or experience

mass

the property of a body that causes it to have weight

dismay

the feeling of despair in the face of obstacles

brutal

resembling a beast; showing lack of human sensibility

identical

being the exact same one

prepay

pay for something before receiving it

encroach

advance beyond the usual limit

bifurcation

a separation into two branches

crack

a narrow opening

bestow

give as a gift

viable

capable of life or normal growth and development

erode

remove soil or rock

eschew

avoid and stay away from deliberately

alligator

an amphibious reptile related to crocodiles

superficial

of, affecting, or being on or near the surface

antagonism

an actively expressed feeling of dislike and hostility

residue

matter that remains after something has been removed

negligence

failure to act with the prudence of a reasonable person

cliff

a steep high face of rock

entrapment

missing

strategy

an elaborate and systematic plan of action

spring

move forward by leaps and bounds

inherent

existing as an essential constituent or characteristic

saturated

unable to dissolve still more of a substance

commit

engage in or perform

estimate

judge tentatively

testify

give a solemn statement in a court of law

thereafter

from that time on

scapegoat

someone who is punished for the errors of others

presuppose

take for granted or as a given

manuscript

the form of a literary work submitted for publication

plausible

apparently reasonable and valid, and truthful

plummet

drop sharply

neutral

having no personal preference

nonessential

not of prime or central importance

analytical

using or skilled in using reasoning

numerator

the dividend of a fraction

ideology

an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group

submit

yield to the control of another

brew

sit or let sit in boiling water so as to extract the flavor

approximate

not quite exact or correct

benefactor

a person who helps people or institutions

curriculum

an integrated course of academic studies

parole

a conditional release from imprisonment

lateral

situated at or extending to the side

appliance

a device or tool that is very useful for a particular job

receipt

the act of receiving

apprentice

someone who works for an expert to learn a trade

nucleus

a part of the cell responsible for growth and reproduction

barrel

a bulging cylindrical shape; hollow with flat ends

sprinkler

a mechanical device for watering a lawn or garden

vocal

music intended to be performed by one or more singers, usually with instrumental accompaniment

eradicate

destroy completely, as if down to the roots

modem

a device used to connect computers by a telephone line

theme

the subject matter of a conversation or discussion

misrepresent

describe or present falsely

asthma

respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing

stipulate

make an express demand or provision in an agreement

accelerate

move faster

acreage

an area of ground used for some particular purpose

incineration

the act of burning something completely

odd

not divisible by two

fault

an imperfection in an object or machine

renal

of or relating to the kidneys

inconsistent

displaying a lack of regularity

chamber

a natural or artificial enclosed space

plead

appeal or request earnestly

signify

denote or connote

slump

fall or sink heavily

impartial

free from undue bias or preconceived opinions

rectangle

a parallelogram with four right angles

delve

turn up, loosen, or remove earth

literacy

the ability to read and write

exclusively

without any others being included or involved

revolution

a single complete turn

sustain

lengthen or extend in duration or space

referendum

a legislative act referred for approval to a popular vote

sparse

not dense

illuminate

make lighter or brighter

choreographer

someone who creates new dances

sterile

incapable of reproducing

mow

cut with a blade or mower

sustenance

the act of providing a means of subsistence or survival

revise

make changes to

vertebrate

animals having a bony or cartilaginous skeleton

indenture

formal agreement as to terms of a debt

sinus

an abnormal passage leading from a suppurating cavity to the body surface

quiz

an examination consisting of a few short questions

forage

collect or look around for, as food

apportion

distribute according to a plan or set apart for a special purpose

resent

feel bitter or indignant about

irate

feeling or showing extreme anger

recruit

cause to assemble or enlist in the military

faculty

an inherent cognitive or perceptual power of the mind

scrutinize

examine carefully for accuracy

irreconcilable

impossible to bring into accord

outmoded

out of fashion

bizarre

conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual

omission

leaving out or passing over something

undeterred

not deterred

code

a set of rules or principles or laws

scarce

deficient in quantity or number compared with the demand

eternal

continuing forever or indefinitely

accordingly

in agreement with

perspective

a way of regarding situations or topics

bind

secure with or as if with ropes

Congress

the legislature of the United States government

spruce

any coniferous tree of the genus Picea

primate

any placental mammal of the order Primates

inhibit

limit the range or extent of

cultivated

developed by human care and for human use

deficit

the property of being less than expected or required

patrol

the activity of going around or through an area at regular intervals for security purposes

reconcile

come to terms

partisan

a fervent and even militant proponent of something

treasury

a depository where wealth can be kept safely

dexterity

adroitness in using the hands

influx

the process of flowing in

characterization

the act of describing essential features

statute

an act passed by a legislative body

coral

a very small ocean creature that often forms reefs

intensify

increase in extent

psychopath

a person with an antisocial personality disorder

scrape

cut the surface of; wear away the surface of

hexagonal

having six sides or divided into hexagons

academic

associated with an educational institution

ale

a general name for beer made with a top fermenting yeast

inspection

a formal or official examination

varsity

a team representing a college or university

crest

the top or extreme point of something

disciple

one who believes and helps spread the doctrine of another

pollen

the fine spores that contain male gametes and that are borne by an anther in a flowering plant

enact

order by virtue of superior authority; decree

automate

operate or make run by machines rather than human action

havoc

violent and needless disturbance

intake

an opening through which fluid is admitted to a tube

bound

confined by bonds

triangle

a three-sided polygon

mold

the distinctive form in which a thing is made

upstream

toward the source or against the current

predisposition

an inclination to interpret statements in a particular way

pursue

follow in an effort to capture

demobilization

act of changing from a war basis to a peace basis including disbanding or discharging troops

wrap

cloak that is folded or wrapped around a person

exacerbate

make worse

resist

withstand the force of something

illustrate

depict with a visual representation

session

a meeting for execution of a group’s functions

confederation

the state of being allied

profound

situated at or extending to great depth

complex

complicated in structure

testimony

something that serves as evidence

flexible

able to bend easily

latitude

an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator

ambiguous

having more than one possible meaning

metric

based on a decimal unit of measurement

mythic

relating to or having the nature of myth

proprietary

protected by trademark or patent or copyright

reinforce

strengthen and support with rewards

elevate

raise from a lower to a higher position

pledge

a binding commitment to do or give or refrain from something

conduct

the way a person behaves toward other people

nutrition

the organic process of nourishing or being nourished

chip

a small fragment of something broken off from the whole

merchant

a businessperson engaged in retail trade

smuggler

someone who imports or exports goods illegally

shrink

wither, as with a loss of moisture

ardent

characterized by intense emotion

rhetoric

study of the technique for using language effectively

circulate

move through a system and return to the starting point

indicative

pointing out or revealing clearly

compassion

a deep awareness of and sympathy for another’s suffering

benchmark

a surveyor’s mark on an object of predetermined position

reactor

apparatus to maintain and control a nuclear reaction

comment

a statement that expresses a personal opinion

client

someone who pays for goods or services

unobtrusive

not undesirably noticeable

naturalize

make into a citizen

interior

inside and toward a center

caterpillar

a wormlike and often hairy larva of a moth or butterfly

depress

push down

stem

cylinder forming a long narrow part of something

bacterium

single-celled or noncellular organisms lacking chlorophyll

budget

a summary of intended expenditures

indigent

poor enough to need help from others

porcelain

ceramic ware made of a more or less translucent ceramic

ease

freedom from difficulty or hardship or effort

dissent

a difference of opinion

affluent

having an abundant supply of money or possessions of value

preeminent

greatest in importance, degree, or significance

compulsory

required by rule

biography

an account of the series of events making up a person’s life

implicit

suggested though not directly expressed

venture

an undertaking with an uncertain outcome
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