新东方•GMAT词汇精选 7/10 – 242 Words

precise

sharply exact or accurate or delimited

unwarranted

incapable of being justified or explained

methane

a colorless odorless gas used as a fuel

teem

be abuzz

dissociate

part; cease or break association with

circumference

the length of the closed curve of a circle

impede

be a hindrance or obstacle to

division

the act of partitioning

precursor

something indicating the approach of something or someone

remnant

a small part remaining after the main part no longer exists

recoup

regain or make up for

cognitive

relating to or involving the mental process of knowing

facial

of or concerning the front of the head

overlie

lie upon; lie on top of

deteriorate

become worse or disintegrate

tentative

hesitant or lacking confidence; unsettled in mind or opinion

outlay

the act of spending or disbursing money

sanctuary

a consecrated place where sacred objects are kept

mechanism

device consisting of a piece of machinery

seminar

a course offered for a small group of advanced students

overlook

have a view of something from above

eloquent

expressing yourself readily, clearly, effectively

subordinate

an assistant subject to the authority or control of another

cripple

deprive of the use of a limb, especially a leg

dictate

a guiding principle

purport

have the often specious appearance of being or intending

unprocessed

not refined or processed

caste

a hereditary social class among Hindus

biosphere

the regions of the Earth where living organisms exist

causative

producing an effect

consortium

a cooperative association among institutions or companies

quadruple

having four units or components

coaster

someone who coasts

medication

something that treats or prevents the symptoms of disease

execute

put in effect

competence

the quality of being adequately or well qualified

attorney

a professional person authorized to practice law

faith

complete confidence in a person or plan, etc.

meteorological

of or pertaining to atmospheric phenomena, especially weather and weather conditions

approbation

official acceptance or agreement

sketch

preliminary drawing for later elaboration

undergo

pass through

combine

put or add together

urine

liquid excretory product

scorn

lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

cosmetic

serving an esthetic rather than a useful purpose

adoption

proceeding creating a parent-child relation between persons

veteran

a person who has served in the armed forces

hypothesize

believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds

materialistic

marked by a desire for wealth and possessions

insight

clear or deep perception of a situation

impact

the striking of one body against another

mannerism

a behavioral attribute that is distinctive to an individual

galaxy

a collection of star systems

passive

lacking in energy or will

combustion

a reaction of a substance with oxygen to give heat and light

exemplary

worthy of imitation

specter

a ghostly appearing figure

throne

the chair of state for a monarch, bishop, etc.

levy

impose and collect

geometric

characterized by simple geometric forms in design and decoration

ancestor

someone from whom you are descended

project

a planned undertaking

resign

accept as inevitable

fiscal

involving financial matters

sample

a small part intended as representative of the whole

motion

the act of changing location from one place to another

magnesium

a light silver-white ductile bivalent metallic element

propitious

presenting favorable circumstances

correspond

take the place of or be parallel or equivalent to

divisible

capable of being or liable to be divided or separated

perversion

the action of corrupting something

offshoot

a natural consequence of development

bicker

argue over petty things

questionnaire

a form with a set of queries to gain statistical information

corps

an army unit usually consisting of two or more divisions

stroll

a leisurely walk, usually in some public place

pathogenic

able to cause disease

paradigm

a standard or typical example

hydrogen

a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas; the simplest and lightest and most abundant element in the universe

steer

be a guiding or motivating force or drive

smog

air pollution by a mixture of smoke and fog

exemplify

be characteristic of

amateur

someone who pursues a study or sport as a pastime

stance

a rationalized mental attitude

abstract

existing only in the mind

embalm

preserve a dead body

tangible

perceptible by the senses, especially the sense of touch

decipher

convert code into ordinary language

overcapitalize

capitalize beyond what the business or the profit-making prospects warrant

extrapolation

an inference about the future based on known facts

memoir

an account of the author’s personal experiences

mosque

a Muslim place of worship that usually has a minaret

vacant

without an occupant or incumbent

haven

a sheltered port where ships can take on or discharge cargo

colossal

so great in size or force or extent as to elicit awe

needy

poor enough to need help from others

vaccine

injection of weakened or dead microbes to create antibodies

refugee

an exile who flees for safety

predate

be earlier in time; go back further

hike

walk a long way, as for pleasure or physical exercise

larva

the immature free-living form of most invertebrates and amphibians and fish which at hatching from the egg is fundamentally unlike its parent and must metamorphose

disdainful

showing arrogant superiority to those one views as unworthy

proficient

having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude

sentient

endowed with feeling and unstructured consciousness

plague

any large-scale calamity

resemble

be similar or bear a likeness to

filibuster

a tactic for delaying legislation by making long speeches

prairie

a treeless grassy plain

truce

a state of peace agreed to between opponents

excrete

eliminate from the body

sidestep

avoid or try to avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing

epidemic

a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease

herbicide

a chemical agent that destroys plants or inhibits their growth

instrument

the means whereby some act is accomplished

erase

remove by or as if by rubbing

intermediary

a negotiator who acts as a link between parties

relay

passing something along from one person or group to another

bearer

a messenger who presents

incorporate

make into a whole or make part of a whole

relativity

the quality of having significance vis-a-vis something else

refund

pay back

substantial

real; having a material or factual existence

timber

the wood of trees prepared for use as building material

inflammatory

arousing to action or rebellion

culpability

a state of guilt

ethnic

distinctive of the ways of living of a group of people

mortality

the quality or state of being subject to death

impoverished

poor enough to need help from others

elicit

call forth, as an emotion, feeling, or response

delineate

represented accurately or precisely

prerequisite

something that is needed or obligatory in advance

stereotype

a conventional or formulaic conception or image

spiral

something wound in a continuous series of loops

apparent

clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment

microscopic

so small as to be invisible without a magnifying device

pneumonic

relating to or affecting the lungs

capture

seize as if by hunting, snaring, or trapping

promising

full or promise

ambivalent

uncertain or unable to decide about what course to follow

sue

institute legal proceedings against; file a suit against

inalienable

incapable of being repudiated or transferred to another

flippant

showing an inappropriate lack of seriousness

stunt

check the growth or development of

anthropologist

a social scientist specializing in the study of humanity

noxious

injurious to physical or mental health

underlie

be underneath

formidable

extremely impressive in strength or excellence

beckon

summon with a wave, nod, or some other gesture

hieroglyphic

a writing system using picture symbols

excavate

recover through digging

component

one of the individual parts making up a larger entity

superior

of high quality or performance

psyche

that which is responsible for one’s thoughts and feelings

corral

a pen for cattle

wholesale

the selling of goods to merchants

institution

a custom that has been an important feature of some group

indispensable

essential

reliable

worthy of trust

deform

assume a different shape

intimate

marked by close acquaintance, association, or familiarity

interact

do something together or with others

tenure

the term during which some position is held

ransom

the act of freeing from captivity or punishment

friction

the resistance when a body is moved in contact with another

corrosion

erosion by chemical action

spatial

pertaining to the expanse in which things are located

screen

partition consisting of a decorative frame or panel that serves to divide a space

cord

a line made of twisted fibers or threads

takeover

a change by sale or merger in the controlling interest of a corporation

lactic

of or relating to or obtained from milk

comedian

a performer who tells jokes

kin

a person related to another or others

infancy

the early stage of growth or development

nucleon

a constituent (proton or neutron) of an atomic nucleus

hedge

a fence formed by a row of closely planted shrubs or bushes

synthesis

the combination of ideas into a complex whole

perpendicular

intersecting at or forming right angles

soar

rise rapidly

biodegradable

capable of being decomposed

rugged

having long narrow shallow depressions in the surface

inherit

receive from a predecessor

gravitational

of or relating to or caused by gravitation

anecdotal

based on stories rather than data or scientific observation

retail

the selling of goods to consumers

attrition

the act of rubbing together

conscription

compulsory military service

millennium

a span of 1000 years

depreciation

a decrease in price or value

empirical

derived from experiment and observation rather than theory

heed

careful attention

aggression

a disposition to behave forcefully and energetically

illicit

contrary to accepted morality or convention

subject

some situation or event that is thought about

parallel

being everywhere equidistant and not intersecting

brochure

a small book usually having a paper cover

encyclopedia

a reference work containing articles on various topics

predominate

be larger in number, quantity, power, status or importance

inferior

of or characteristic of low rank or importance

bias

a partiality preventing objective consideration of an issue

perturb

disturb in mind or make uneasy or cause to be worried

misinterpret

construe wrongly

hemoglobin

a hemoprotein that gives red blood cells their color

antifreeze

a liquid added to the water in a cooling system

suppress

put down by force or authority

negative

characterized by denial or opposition or resistance

excursion

a journey taken for pleasure

boardinghouse

a private house that provides accommodations and meals for paying guests

idle

not in action or at work

export

sell or transfer abroad

qualify

prove capable or fit; meet requirements

clarity

the quality of being coherent and easily understood

ration

a fixed portion that is allotted

inoculate

inject or treat with the germ of a disease to render immune

ruin

an irrecoverable state of devastation and destruction

et al

and others

paltry

contemptibly small in amount or size

manufacture

put together out of artificial or natural components

perennial

lasting an indefinitely long time

countervail

oppose and mitigate the effects of by contrary actions

insuperable

incapable of being surpassed or excelled

decorous

characterized by propriety and dignity and good taste

imply

express or state indirectly

enterprise

a purposeful or industrious undertaking

dramatize

put into a form intended for performance

litigant

a party to a lawsuit

wreath

a circular band of foliage or flowers for ornamentation

calefaction

the property of being warming

prudery

excessive or affected modesty

principal

main or most important

courier

a person who carries a message

embargo

a government order imposing a trade barrier

ingredient

a component of a mixture or compound

oriented

adjusted or located in relation to surroundings

artifact

a man-made object

extinct

no longer in existence

creditworthiness

trustworthiness with money as based on a person’s credit history; a general qualification for borrowing

haunt

follow stealthily or pursue like a ghost

campaign

related operations aimed at achieving a particular goal

balcony

a platform projecting from the wall of a building

cult

a system of religious beliefs and rituals

leach

cause (a liquid) to percolate
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