新东方•GMAT词汇精选 6/10 – 247 Words

vicinity

a surrounding or nearby region

pyramid

a polyhedron having a polygonal base and triangular sides

compose

form the substance of

prophet

someone who speaks by divine inspiration

personnel

group of people willing to obey orders

cataclysmic

severely destructive

susceptible

yielding readily to or capable of

fluctuation

an instance of change

explicit

precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable

computation

the procedure of calculating

detached

no longer connected or joined

insert

introduce

discrete

constituting a separate entity or part

absorb

take in a liquid

stringent

demanding strict attention to rules and procedures

allude

make an indirect reference to

toxic

of or relating to or caused by a poison

swiftly

in a swift manner

overwhelm

overcome, as with emotions or perceptual stimuli

aristocracy

a privileged class holding hereditary titles

indicate

designate a place, direction, person, or thing

hue

the quality of a color determined by its dominant wavelength

monopoly

a market in which there are many buyers but only one seller

genetic

relating to the study of heredity and variation in organisms

bolt

a screw that screws into a nut to form a fastener

buttress

a support usually of stone or brick

charter

a document creating an institution and specifying its rights

rudder

(nautical) steering mechanism consisting of a hinged vertical plate mounted at the stern of a vessel

perpetuate

cause to continue or prevail

optometrist

a person skilled in testing for defects of vision

subsidiary

functioning in a supporting capacity

prompt

according to schedule or without delay

protestant

expressing opposition through action or words

ordinance

an authoritative rule

monitor

someone who observes to ensure fairness or prevent mistakes

suspicion

an impression that something might be the case

nihilism

complete denial of established authority and institutions

scale

an ordered reference standard

megalithic

of or relating to megaliths or the people who erected megaliths

tuition

a fee paid for instruction, especially for higher education

terrain

a piece of ground having specific characteristics

chalice

a bowl-shaped drinking vessel

configuration

an arrangement of parts or elements

pacemaker

a horse used to set the pace in racing

democrat

an advocate of rule by and for the people

expire

lose validity

credence

the mental attitude that something is believable

capitalize

write in large alphabetic characters

unequivocally

in an unambiguous manner

circumspect

careful to consider potential consequences and avoid risk

plot

a small area of ground covered by specific vegetation

fallow

left unplowed and unseeded during a growing season

novice

someone new to a field or activity

patron

someone who supports or champions something

sensible

able to feel or perceive

devise

arrange by systematic planning and united effort

distill

undergo condensation

austere

of a stern or strict bearing or demeanor

kinetic

relating to the motion of material bodies and their forces

perpetrator

someone who commits wrongdoing

rival

the contestant you hope to defeat

lobby

a large entrance or reception room or area

mileage

distance measured in miles

strand

line consisting of a complex of fibers twisted together

protocol

forms of ceremony and etiquette observed by officials

outnumber

be larger in number

disaster

an event resulting in great loss and misfortune

staggering

so surprisingly impressive as to stun or overwhelm

upsurge

a sudden or abrupt strong increase

miniature

being on a very small scale

pad

a flat mass of soft material used for protection, stuffing, or comfort

engage

consume all of one’s attention or time

unsubstantiated

unsupported by other evidence

reconvene

meet or cause to meet again

stock

a supply of something available for future use

clump

a grouping of a number of similar things

hereditary

occurring among people descended from a common ancestor

rupture

the act of making a sudden noisy break

supernova

a star that explodes and becomes luminous in the process

embarrass

cause to feel self-conscious

lapse

drop to a lower level, as in one’s morals or standards

demonstrably

in an obvious and provable manner

avidly

in a zealous manner

accurate

characterized by perfect conformity to fact or truth

homeostasis

metabolic equilibrium maintained by biological mechanisms

triumph

a successful ending of a struggle or contest

reptile

a cold-blooded vertebrate including snakes and lizards

species

taxonomic group whose members can interbreed

coordinate

of equal importance, rank, or degree

migraine

a severe, recurring headache

council

a body serving in an administrative capacity

property

something owned

inverted

being in such a position that top and bottom are reversed

feudal

relating to a system where vassals are protected by lords

bid

propose a payment

unparalleled

radically distinctive and without equal

shortfall

the property of being an amount by which something is less than expected or required

sediment

matter that has been deposited by some natural process

fluctuate

move or sway in a rising and falling or wavelike pattern

garment

an article of clothing

bland

lacking taste or flavor or tang

indulge

yield to; give satisfaction to

interlude

an intervening period or episode

incur

make oneself subject to

abundant

present in great quantity

regenerate

reestablish on a new, usually improved, basis

resonance

having the character of a loud deep sound

intersect

meet or cross at a point; overlap

embark

go on board

obscure

not clearly understood or expressed

terminate

bring to an end or halt

irritant

something that causes discomfort and annoyance

distinct

constituting a separate entity or part

permeate

spread or diffuse through

liver

large and complicated reddish-brown glandular organ located in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity; secretes bile and functions in metabolism of protein and carbohydrate and fat; synthesizes substances involved in the clotting of the blood; synthesizes vitamin A; detoxifies poisonous substances and breaks down worn-out erythrocytes

downstream

in the direction of a stream’s current

compile

get or gather together

participatory

affording the opportunity for individual involvement

smokestack

a large, tall chimney

hatch

a movable barrier covering an entrance

pulp

any soft or soggy mass

deprecate

express strong disapproval of; deplore

antiquity

the historic period preceding the Middle Ages in Europe

solar

relating to the sun or utilizing the energies of the sun

entrepreneur

someone who organizes a business venture

appeal

earnest or urgent request

sewage

waste matter carried away in drains

pseudonym

a fictitious name used when performing a particular role

hominid

a member of a family of primate mammals that includes humans

diplomatic

relating to negotiation between nations

conviction

an unshakable belief in something without need for proof

engender

call forth

solitary

not growing or living in groups or colonies

spectator

a close observer; someone who looks at something

stipend

a sum of money allotted on a regular basis

termite

whitish soft-bodied ant-like social insect that feeds on wood

contraband

distributed or sold illicitly

emulate

strive to equal or match, especially by imitating

calf

young of domestic cattle

intercept

seize, interrupt, or stop something on its way

elude

escape, either physically or mentally

lodge

a small (rustic) house used as a temporary shelter

mythology

the body of stories associated with a culture or institution

expedition

an organized group of people undertaking a journey

cater

give what is desired or needed

unprecedented

novel; having no earlier occurrence

feasible

capable of being done with means at hand

guarantee

an unconditional commitment that something will happen

multiply

combine by adding the same number repeatedly

marrow

network of connective tissue filling the cavities of bones

proportion

relation with respect to comparative quantity or magnitude

lethal

of an instrument of certain death

parasite

an animal or plant that lives in or on a host

responsible

worthy of or requiring trust; held accountable

celestial

relating to or inhabiting a divine heaven

judicial

expressing careful judgment

dispel

to cause to separate and go in different directions

longevity

the property of having lived for a considerable time

stroke

a single complete movement

Confucian

relating to Chinese philosophical teachings

segregate

divide from the main body or mass and collect

veritable

not counterfeit or copied

loom

a textile machine for weaving yarn into a textile

domestic

of or relating to the home

tempt

dispose, incline, or entice to

regressive

opposing progress; returning to a former less advanced state

catalyst

substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction

mandatory

required by rule

conceptual

being or characterized by ideas or their formation

potter

a craftsperson who makes ceramic objects

elliptical

rounded like an egg

snap

separate or cause to separate abruptly

compress

squeeze or press together

paralysis

loss of the ability to move a body part

transatlantic

crossing the Atlantic Ocean

paradox

a statement that contradicts itself

unique

the single one of its kind

bond

a connection that fastens things together

equity

conformity with rules or standards

smear

smudge or soil by smudging

urbanize

make more industrial or city-like

downplay

understate the importance or quality of

circular

having a circular shape

answerable

capable of being answered

reimburse

pay back for some expense incurred

reverse

change to the contrary

exploit

use or manipulate to one’s advantage

slip

move obliquely or sideways, usually in an uncontrolled manner

terminology

a system of words used to name things in a discipline

niche

a small concavity

complainant

a person who brings an action in a court of law

vegetarian

someone who eats no meat or fish

electorate

the body of enfranchised citizens; those qualified to vote

mitigate

lessen or to try to lessen the seriousness or extent of

peel

the rind of a fruit or vegetable

outlet

an opening that permits escape or release

demographer

a scientist who studies the growth and density of populations and their vital statistics

shatter

break into many pieces

escalate

increase in extent or intensity

secure

free from danger or risk

allege

report or maintain

chatty

prone to friendly informal communication

gland

any of various organs that synthesize substances needed by the body and release it through ducts or directly into the bloodstream

hamper

prevent the progress or free movement of

newlywed

someone recently married

dogma

a doctrine or code of beliefs accepted as authoritative

fraternal

like or characteristic of or befitting a brother

subsidy

a grant paid by a government to an enterprise

caffeine

a stimulant found in coffee and tea

overcharge

rip off; ask an unreasonable price

certify

provide evidence for

ecology

the environment as it relates to living organisms

authenticate

establish the undisputed credibility of something

olfactory

of or relating to the sense of smell

multicellular

consisting of many basic structural and functional units

enclose

surround completely

commoner

a person who holds no title

locomotion

the power or ability to move

prey

animal hunted or caught for food

utensil

an implement for practical use

secrete

generate and separate from cells or bodily fluids

suspect

regard as untrustworthy

fragment

a piece broken off or cut off of something else

resurgence

bringing again into activity and prominence

surpass

be or do something to a greater degree

preserve

keep in safety and protect from harm, loss, or destruction

welfare

something that aids or promotes well-being

permit

allow the presence of or allow without opposing

fickle

liable to sudden unpredictable change

cortex

the tissue forming the outer layer of an organ or structure in plant or animal

amend

make revisions to

desegregation

incorporation of a formerly excluded group into a community

convey

transmit or serve as the medium for transmission

clergy

the entire class of religious officials in Christianity

coincide

happen simultaneously

minimum

the smallest possible quantity

advocate

a person who pleads for a person, cause, or idea

flock

a group of birds

digest

convert food into absorbable substances

omen

a sign of a thing about to happen

mantle

a sleeveless garment like a cloak but shorter

fragile

easily broken or damaged or destroyed

doctorate

one of the highest earned degrees conferred by a university

overstock

stock excessively

validity

the quality of being legitimate and rigorous

herd

a group of cattle or sheep or other domestic mammals

anaerobic

not using or dependent on oxygen
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