新东方•GMAT词汇精选 5/10 – 248 Words

prototype

a standard or typical example

profile

an outline of something, especially a face from the side

saline

containing salt

fatal

bringing death

anesthesia

loss of bodily sensation

alien

from another place or part of the world

maxim

a saying that is widely accepted on its own merits

unbridled

not restrained or controlled

epic

a long narrative poem telling of a hero’s deeds

reservoir

lake used to store water for community use

exert

put to use

amplitude

greatness of magnitude

codify

organize into a system, such as a body of law

cuisine

the manner of preparing food or the food so prepared

sculpture

a three-dimensional work of plastic art

rotate

turn on or around an axis or a center

persist

refuse to stop

magnet

a device that attracts iron and produces lines of force

proclaim

declare formally

forthcoming

at ease in talking to others

exceedingly

to an extreme degree

debunk

expose while ridiculing

immune

of the condition in which an organism can resist disease

flavor

the taste experience when a savoury condiment is taken into the mouth

solidarity

a union of interests or purposes among members of a group

coalition

the union of diverse things into one body or form or group

probability

a measure of how likely it is that some event will occur

observatory

a building equipped to view astronomical phenomena

pragmatic

concerned with practical matters

outrage

a disgraceful event

upholster

provide furniture with comfortable padding or covers

masculine

associated with men and not with women

applicable

having relevance

brace

a support that steadies or strengthens something else

infuse

fill, as with a certain quality

refute

overthrow by argument, evidence, or proof

particular

unique or specific to a person or thing or category

spawn

the mass of eggs deposited by fish or amphibians or mollusks

elaborate

marked by complexity and richness of detail

approximate

not quite exact or correct

quota

a prescribed number

unionization

act of forming labor unions

regime

the governing authority of a political unit

format

the general appearance of a publication

convoluted

highly complex or intricate

customize

make to specifications

crate

a rugged box (usually made of wood); used for shipping

divisive

causing or characterized by disagreement or disunity

fervent

characterized by intense emotion

pinpoint

the sharp point of a pin

sequence

a following of one thing after another in time

aspersion

a disparaging remark

rinse

wash off soap or remaining dirt

racism

the prejudice that one people are superior to another

intangible

incapable of being perceived by the senses, especially touch

rugby

a form of football played with an oval ball

shareholder

someone who holds shares of stock in a corporation

analogy

drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity

cocaine

a narcotic extracted from coca leaves

snout

a long projecting or anterior elongation of an animal’s head

predominantly

much greater in number or influence

scout

explore, often with the goal of finding something or somebody

autonomy

political independence

recur

happen or occur again

purview

the range of interest or activity that can be anticipated

landscape

an expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view

pollinate

fertilize by transfering pollen

authority

the power or right to give orders or make decisions

fetal

of or relating to a fetus

pigment

dry coloring material

procedure

a particular course of action intended to achieve a result

domesticate

make fit for cultivation and service to humans

revive

cause to regain consciousness

manic

affected with or marked by frenzy uncontrolled by reason

disproportionate

out of proper balance

facilitate

make easier

malpractice

professional wrongdoing that results in injury or damage

quarantine

isolation to prevent the spread of infectious disease

concurrent

occurring or operating at the same time

simultaneous

occurring or operating at the same time

medium

the surrounding environment

aura

distinctive but intangible quality around a person or thing

roughly

with rough motion as over a rough surface

strenuous

taxing to the utmost; testing powers of endurance

sensation

an unelaborated elementary awareness of stimulation

ally

a friendly nation

poll

the counting of votes (as in an election)

hail

precipitation of ice pellets

renovation

the act of improving by renewing and restoring

prokaryote

a unicellular organism lacking membrane-bound nuclei

obstacle

something that stands in the way and must be surmounted

block

obstruct

eliminate

end, take out, or do away with

mammalian

of or relating to the class Mammalia

function

what something is used for

embryo

an animal organism in the early stages of growth

dormant

inactive but capable of becoming active

persecute

cause to suffer

community

a group of people living in a particular local area

debase

make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance

desire

the feeling that accompanies an unsatisfied state

fertility

the state of being capable of producing offspring

comply

act in accordance with someone’s rules, commands, or wishes

transit

a journey

cascade

a small waterfall or series of small waterfalls

commensurate

corresponding in size or degree or extent

burden

weight to be borne or conveyed

proceeds

the income or profit arising from a transaction

wage

something that remunerates

conserve

keep in safety and protect from harm, loss, or destruction

contend

compete for something

catastrophe

a sudden violent change in the earth’s surface

electron

an elementary particle with negative charge

isotope

atom with same atomic number, different number of neutrons

shed

cause or allow to flow or run out or over

probe

an exploratory action or expedition

sting

deliver a sudden pain to

blot

a blemish made by dirt

foreshadow

indicate by signs

complement

something added to embellish or make perfect

territory

a region marked off for administrative or other purposes

slope

be at an angle

divest

take away possessions from someone

erratic

liable to sudden unpredictable change

stumble

miss a step and fall or nearly fall

virtuous

morally excellent

dump

a piece of land where waste materials are dumped

poacher

someone who hunts or fishes illegally on the property of another

radiant

emanating or as if emanating light

inquisitive

given to questioning

perimeter

a line enclosing a plane area

proximity

the property of being close together

pact

a written agreement between two states or sovereigns

innate

present at birth but not necessarily hereditary

dye

a usually soluble substance for staining or coloring e.g. fabrics or hair

deter

turn away from by persuasion

collinear

lying on the same line

critic

a person engaged in the analysis and interpretation of art

malleable

capable of being shaped or bent

panel

sheet that forms a distinct section of something

discrepancy

a difference between conflicting facts or claims or opinions

receptive

able to absorb liquid (not repellent)

scorpion

arachnid of warm dry regions having a long segmented tail ending in a venomous stinger

deluxe

rich and superior in quality

cosmic

pertaining to or characteristic of the universe

salient

conspicuous, prominent, or important

tribal

relating to or characteristic of a clan or social group

cling

hold on tightly or tenaciously

latch

catch for fastening a door or gate

palm

the inner surface of the hand

dispose

give, sell, or transfer to another

manipulate

influence or control shrewdly or deviously

alpha

the 1st letter of the Greek alphabet

alleviate

provide physical relief, as from pain

pronounced

strongly marked; easily noticeable

entry

the act of going in

lysis

(biochemistry) dissolution or destruction of cells such as blood cells or bacteria

faction

a dissenting clique

cartel

a consortium formed to limit commercial competition

grove

a small growth of trees without underbrush

recipe

directions for making something

lure

provoke someone to do something through persuasion

crossbred

bred from parents of different varieties or species

spate

a sudden forceful flow

consistency

a harmonious uniformity or agreement among things or parts

radiate

send out rays or waves

renegade

someone who rebels and becomes an outlaw

gregarious

temperamentally seeking and enjoying the company of others

convince

make realize the truth or validity of something

federal

of a government with central and regional authorities

insulate

surround with material to protect from heat, cold, or noise

opaque

not transmitting or reflecting light or radiant energy

charity

an institution set up to provide help to the needy

procure

get by special effort

repertory

a collection of works that an artist or company can perform

ensemble

an assemblage of parts considered as forming a whole

ductile

capable of being shaped or bent or drawn out

homogeneity

the quality of being similar or comparable

digit

a finger or toe, or a corresponding body part

patriotic

inspired by love for your country

aluminum

a silvery ductile metallic element

surcharge

an additional charge

confine

place limits on

spiteful

showing malicious ill will and a desire to hurt

remainder

something left after other parts have been taken away

advent

arrival that has been awaited

corruption

use of a position of trust for dishonest gain

stew

cook slowly and for a long time in liquid

retain

secure and keep for possible future use or application

intimate

marked by close acquaintance, association, or familiarity

quasar

a starlike object that may send out radio waves

durability

permanence by virtue of the power to resist stress or force

filament

a thin wire heated by the passage of an electric current

transmit

send from one person or place to another

priest

a clergyman in Christian churches who has the authority to perform or administer various religious rites; one of the Holy Orders

lucrative

producing a sizeable profit

polar

of or existing within the Arctic or Antarctic Circles

bead

a small ball with a hole through the middle

diesel

an internal-combustion engine that burns heavy oil

reserve

hold back or set aside, especially for future use

extraneous

not belonging to that in which it is contained

artificial

contrived by art rather than nature

quote

repeat a passage from

concrete

capable of being perceived by the senses

epochal

highly significant, especially bringing about a new era

reign

royal authority; the dominion of a monarch

exotic

characteristic of another place or part of the world

bar

a rigid piece of metal or wood

infer

conclude by reasoning

infect

contaminate with a disease

cutback

a reduction in quantity or rate

chore

a specific piece of work required to be done

payroll

a list of employees and their salaries

interpolation

the action of interjecting an action or remark

vague

lacking clarity or distinctness

mishap

an unpredictable outcome that is unfortunate

repudiate

refuse to acknowledge, ratify, or recognize as valid

quarry

animal hunted or caught for food

discharge

remove the unbalanced electricity from

sacred

made or declared or believed to be holy

deflect

turn from a straight course or fixed direction

interval

the distance between things

compel

force somebody to do something

privilege

a special advantage or benefit not enjoyed by all

clockwise

in the direction that the hands of a clock move

recreation

an activity that diverts or amuses or stimulates

bilateral

having two sides or parts

reclaim

reassert one’s right or title to

temperate

not extreme

sloth

a disinclination to work or exert yourself

pastoral

devoted to raising sheep or cattle

shuttle

bobbin that passes the weft thread between the warp threads

transport

move something or somebody around

turbulent

characterized by unrest or disorder or insubordination

assemble

create by putting components or members together

mature

having reached full natural growth or development

plaintiff

a person who brings an action in a court of law

solvency

the ability to meet maturing obligations as they come due

dislocation

an event that results in a displacement or discontinuity

tropical

relating to part of the Earth’s surface with hot climate

ascribe

attribute or credit to

multiple

having or involving more than one part or entity

depression

a sunken or lowered geological formation

quantitative

expressible as an amount that can be measured

contemptuous

expressing extreme scorn

parlor

a room in a private house or establishment where people can sit and talk and relax

neutron

an elementary particle with zero charge

sip

drink in sips
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