新东方•GMAT词汇精选 4/10 – 247 Words

presume

take to be the case or to be true

companionate

like a companion

certificate

a document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts

refine

reduce to a pure state

sanction

official permission or approval

condense

cause a gas or vapor to change into a liquid

palatable

acceptable to the taste or mind

apparel

clothing in general

phase

any distinct time period in a sequence of events

underwrite

protect by insurance

squash

any of numerous annual trailing plants of the genus Cucurbita grown for their fleshy edible fruits

spectrum

a broad range of related objects, values, or qualities

carnivore

a terrestrial or aquatic flesh-eating mammal

bloc

a group of countries in special alliance

animate

make lively

milieu

the environmental condition

nebula

an immense cloud of gas and dust in interstellar space

underscore

give extra weight to

drab

a dull greyish to yellowish or light olive brown

status

the condition or someone or something at a particular time

vortex

a powerful circular current of water

exempt

freed from or not subject to an obligation or liability

spice

any of a variety of pungent aromatic vegetable substances used for flavoring food

canopy

a covering (usually of cloth) that shelters an area

malaria

a disease caused by parasites transmitted by mosquito bite

eventual

expected to follow in the indefinite future

speculate

reflect deeply on a subject

plywood

a laminate made of thin layers of wood

whirl

the shape of something rotating rapidly

rudimentary

being in the earliest stages of development

assume

take to be the case or to be true

premature

too soon or too hasty

aurora

bands of light caused by charged solar particles

simulate

reproduce someone’s behavior or looks

leery

openly distrustful and unwilling to confide

endorphin

a neurochemical occurring naturally in the brain and having analgesic properties

nominate

propose as a candidate for some honor

single entry

a simple bookkeeping system

noncommittal

refusing to bind oneself to a particular course of action

steppe

an extensive plain without trees

iconography

the images and symbolic representations that are traditionally associated with a person or a subject

intuition

instinctive knowing, without the use of rational processes

subsistence

a means of surviving

limestone

a sedimentary rock consisting mainly of calcium that was deposited by the remains of marine animals

disenchanted

freed from enchantment

provenance

where something originated or was nurtured

objective

the goal intended to be attained

audit

examine carefully for accuracy

gourmet

a person devoted to and knowledgeable about fine food

dimension

a construct distinguishing objects or individuals

fivefold

having five units or components

exclude

prevent from entering; shut out

ranch

farm consisting of a large tract of land along with facilities needed to raise livestock (especially cattle)

equip

provide with, usually for a specific purpose

y-axis

the vertical axis in a plane coordinate system

enormous

extraordinarily large in size or extent or degree

denunciatory

containing warning of punishment

central

in or near an inner area

virtuoso

someone who is dazzlingly skilled in any field

sniper

a marksman who shoots from a concealed place

rekindle

arouse again

extraterrestrial

originating, located, or occurring outside Earth

buffer

protect from impact

orthodox

adhering to what is commonly accepted

indiscriminate

failing to make or recognize distinctions

humble

marked by meekness or modesty; not arrogant or prideful

spin

revolve quickly and repeatedly around one’s own axis

outpatient

a patient who does not reside in the hospital where he is being treated

dense

having high compaction or concentration

morphine

an alkaloid narcotic drug extracted from opium

discipline

a system of rules of conduct or method of practice

drift

be in motion due to some air or water current

cabin

a small house built of wood; usually in a wooded area

crusade

a series of actions tending toward a particular end

provision

the activity of supplying something

chauvinism

fanatical patriotism

ample

more than enough in size or scope or capacity

underlying

in the nature of something though not readily apparent

liable

subject to legal action

encounter

come together

renounce

turn away from; give up

assert

declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true

illiterate

not able to read or write

nomad

a member of a people who have no permanent home

bucolic

devoted to raising sheep or cattle

amalgam

a combination or blend of diverse things

finite

bounded in magnitude or spatial or temporal extent

reside

live in

petition

a formal request that something be submitted to an authority

rigor

excessive sternness

envelope

a flat container for a letter or thin package

inflate

fill with gas or air

jumbo

of great mass; huge and bulky

pernicious

exceedingly harmful

yield

give or supply

liquidation

termination of a business operation by using its assets to discharge its liabilities

venom

toxin secreted by animals

dwelling

housing that someone is living in

despise

look down on with disdain

pup

young of any of various canines such as a dog or wolf

necessitate

require as useful, just, or proper

unearth

recover through digging

consumption

the act of using something up

invertebrate

any animal lacking a backbone or notochord

boost

increase

doctrine

a belief accepted as authoritative by some group or school

scurrilous

expressing offensive reproach

combat

the act of fighting; any contest or struggle

refutation

the act of determining that something is false

upheaval

a violent disturbance

toxin

a poisonous substance produced organically

melancholy

a constitutional tendency to be gloomy and depressed

circumvent

surround so as to force to give up

hint

an indirect suggestion

ambiguity

unclearness by virtue of having more than one meaning

harness

an arrangement of leather straps fitted to a draft animal

recipient

a person who is sent something

princely

having the rank of or befitting a prince

affirmative

giving assent

intestinal

of or relating to or inside the intestines

catalogue

a complete list of things, usually arranged systematically

strain

exert much effort or energy

radioactive

exhibiting or caused by emissions in nuclear decay

dissipate

cause to separate and go in different directions

reef

a submerged ridge of rock or coral near the water’s surface

premium

having or reflecting superior quality or value

index

alphabetical listing of names and topics with page numbers

sluggish

moving slowly

conservative

resistant to change

graph

a visual representation of the relations between quantities

geophysical

of or concerned with geophysics

outstrip

go far ahead of

skeptic

someone who habitually doubts accepted beliefs

decade

a period of 10 years

molecule

the simplest structural unit of an element or compound

frugal

avoiding waste

release

grant freedom to; free from confinement

interfere

get involved, so as to alter or hinder an action

calculate

make a mathematical computation

criminology

the scientific study of crime and criminal behavior and law enforcement

conscience

motivation deriving from ethical or moral principles

Hispanic

an American whose first language is Spanish

stave

one of the slats of wood forming sides of a barrel or bucket

effluent

water mixed with waste matter

laurel

a small aromatic tree with shiny dark green leaves

instill

impart gradually

effect

a phenomenon that is caused by some previous phenomenon

inhalation

the act of drawing in air or other gases

ore

a mineral that contains metal valuable enough to be mined

rodent

relatively small placental mammals

bureau

an administrative unit of government

predecessor

one who precedes you in time

prosecute

conduct legal proceedings against a defendant

spray

water in small drops in the atmosphere

stamina

enduring strength and energy

splinter

a small thin sharp bit or wood, glass, or metal

frontier

a wilderness at the edge of a settled area of a country

adolescent

a juvenile between the onset of puberty and maturity

scour

rub hard or scrub

overview

a general summary of a subject

plunge

dash violently or with great speed or impetuosity

pagination

the system of numbering pages

approve

judge to be right or commendable; think well of

protein

an organic compound essential to living cells

philosophy

the rational investigation of existence and knowledge

petroleum

a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons

fetch

go or come after and bring or take back

runner

someone who travels on foot by running

counteract

act in opposition to

embed

fix or set securely or deeply

detach

cause to become separated

confidential

given in secret

compatible

able to exist and perform in harmonious combination

elaborate

marked by complexity and richness of detail

discriminate

marked by the ability to see or make fine distinctions

ridicule

language or behavior intended to mock or humiliate

sibling

a person’s brother or sister

currency

the metal or paper medium of exchange that is presently used

prospect

the possibility of future success

agrarian

relating to rural matters

intrigue

a crafty and involved plot to achieve your ends

coherent

marked by an orderly and consistent relation of parts

irreversible

incapable of being turned around

philanthropic

of or relating to charitable giving

confirm

strengthen

membrane

a sheet of tissue that lines or connects organs or cells

declension

the inflection of nouns and pronouns and adjectives in Indo-European languages

womb

a hollow muscular organ in which a developing fetus grows

rescind

cancel officially

reluctant

not eager

peculiar

beyond or deviating from the usual or expected

responsive

reacting to a stimulus

tract

an extended area of land

fuel

a substance that can be consumed to produce energy

booth

a small shop at a fair; for selling goods or entertainment

implement

a piece of equipment or a tool used for a specific purpose

skeleton

the structure providing a frame for the body of an animal

ingenuity

the power of creative imagination

vacuum

an empty area or space

odometer

instrument in a vehicle that measures the distance traveled

rally

gather or bring together

comprise

be composed of

offset

a compensating equivalent

entail

have as a logical consequence

amplify

increase the volume of

identity

the characteristics by which a thing or person is known

condemn

express strong disapproval of

semicircle

a plane figure with the shape of half a circle

margin

the boundary line or area immediately inside the boundary

legitimate

in accordance with accepted standards or principles

hybrid

a composite of mixed origin

mystic

beyond ordinary understanding

pension

regular payment to allow a person to subsist without working

deleterious

harmful to living things

reciprocal

concerning each of two or more persons or things

dire

fraught with extreme danger; nearly hopeless

embellish

make more attractive, as by adding ornament or color

ascending

the act of changing location in an upward direction

strait

a narrow channel joining two larger bodies of water

practitioner

someone who carries out a learned profession

dinosaur

an extinct terrestrial reptile of the Mesozoic era

unleavened

made without leavening

absurd

inconsistent with reason or logic or common sense

defrost

make or become free of frost or ice

shrub

a low woody plant usually having several stems

overlap

extend over and cover a part of

diaper

item worn by infant to catch excrement

originate

come into existence; take on form or shape

well-being

a contented state of being happy and healthy and prosperous

contraction

the act of decreasing in size or volume or quantity or scope

casualty

someone injured or killed in an accident

crust

a hard outer layer that covers something

cardiovascular

of or pertaining to or involving the heart and blood vessels

visual

relating to or using sight

separate

standing apart; not attached to or supported by anything

commend

present as worthy of regard, kindness, or confidence

strife

bitter conflict; heated often violent dissension

violate

fail to agree with; go against

letup

a pause during which things are calm or activities are diminished

renown

the state or quality of being widely honored and acclaimed

explore

travel to or penetrate into

deposit

the act of putting something somewhere

sovereign

a nation’s ruler usually by hereditary right

hydroponic

of or relating to aquiculture

eject

put out or expel from a place

velocity

distance travelled per unit time

rationale

an explanation of the fundamental reasons
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