新东方•GMAT词汇精选 3/10 – 246 Words

optimum

most desirable possible under a restriction

outfit

a set of clothing

propagandistic

of or relating to or characterized by propaganda

shelter

covering that provides protection from the weather

alternate

go back and forth

symbiotic

of organisms living together, especially to mutual advantage

inflict

impose something unpleasant

convection

transfer of heat caused by molecular motion in liquid or gas

negotiate

discuss the terms of an arrangement

primitive

characteristic of an earlier ancestral type

optimal

most desirable possible under a restriction

compromise

an accommodation in which both sides make concessions

gorilla

largest anthropoid ape

physiology

the science dealing with the functioning of organisms

chaise

a carriage consisting of two wheels and a calash top

viability

the state of being capable of normal growth and development

hurricane

a severe tropical cyclone usually with heavy rains and winds

maternal

characteristic of a mother

flourish

grow vigorously

broker

a businessman who buys or sells for another

prescribe

issue commands or orders for

ailment

an often persistent bodily disorder or disease

chronicle

a record or narrative description of past events

penetrate

pass into or through, often by overcoming resistance

fixture

an object firmly secured in place, especially in a household

pecuniary

relating to or involving money

literally

without exaggeration

gyroscope

rotating mechanism in the form of a mounted spinning wheel

accumulate

get or gather together

credit

an estimate of ability to fulfill financial commitments

extreme

of the greatest possible degree, extent, or intensity

enlightened

having knowledge and spiritual insight

constellation

a configuration of stars as seen from the earth

consequence

a phenomenon that is caused by some previous phenomenon

bold

fearless and daring

receptor

a cellular structure that is postulated to exist in order to mediate between a chemical agent that acts on nervous tissue and the physiological response

predator

any animal that lives by preying on other animals

character

a property that defines the individual nature of something

perceive

become aware of through the senses

scent

any property detected by the olfactory system

insecticide

a chemical used to kill bugs

unification

the act of making or becoming a single entity

sturdy

having rugged physical strength

mint

any member of the mint family of plants

attain

gain with effort

formula

a group of symbols that make a mathematical statement

interdependence

a relation between entities that rely on each other

submarine

a submersible warship usually armed with torpedoes

version

something a little different from others of the same type

morale

a state of individual psychological well-being

contemporary

occurring in the same period of time

sinew

a band of tissue connecting a muscle to its bony attachment

hide

prevent from being seen or discovered

constrict

squeeze or press together

assign

select something or someone for a specific purpose

pall

burial garment in which a corpse is wrapped

deduce

reason from the general to the particular

barren

completely wanting or lacking

diagonal

having an oblique or slanted direction

referral

the act of sending or directing something to someone

emerge

come out into view, as from concealment

neuron

a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses

passbook

a record of deposits and withdrawals and interest held by depositors at certain banks

instantaneous

occurring with no delay

logotype

a company emblem or device

consent

give an affirmative reply to; respond favorably to

categorical

relating to or included in a class or classes

antibiotic

a substance used to kill microorganisms and cure infections

measles

a contagious viral disease marked by distinct red spots

slam

close violently

absenteeism

habitual failure to be present from work

sodium

a silvery soft waxy metallic element of the alkali metal group; occurs abundantly in natural compounds (especially in salt water); burns with a yellow flame and reacts violently in water; occurs in sea water and in the mineral halite (rock salt)

appoint

assign a duty, responsibility, or obligation to

exterminate

kill on a large scale

emission

the act of causing to flow forth

launch

propel with force

span

the distance or interval between two points

envision

imagine, conceive of, or see in one’s mind

auction

the public sale of something to the highest bidder

allocate

distribute according to a plan or set apart for a purpose

insomnia

an inability to sleep

chord

a combination of three or more notes that blend harmoniously

meteor

small extraterrestrial body that hits the earth’s atmosphere

rim

the shape of a raised edge of a more or less circular object

emergency

a sudden unforeseen crisis that requires immediate action

discern

detect with the senses

osmotic

of or relating to osmosis

anonymous

having no known name or identity or known source

outlying

relatively far from a center or middle

loaf

a shaped mass of baked bread that is usually sliced before eating

undermine

weaken or impair, especially gradually

laxity

an absence of rigor or strictness

pant

breathe noisily, as when one is exhausted

cumbersome

difficult to handle or use because of size or weight

descend

move downward and lower, but not necessarily all the way

survey

consider in a comprehensive way

carcass

the dead body of an animal

fabric

artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting fibers

equalize

make equal, uniform, corresponding, or matching

juvenile

of or relating to children or young people

fledgling

young bird that has just become capable of flying

gradient

a graded change in the magnitude of something

pamphlet

a small book usually having a paper cover

constant

uninterrupted in time and indefinitely long continuing

steep

having a sharp inclination

putty

a dough-like mixture of whiting and boiled linseed oil

inventory

a detailed list of all the items in stock

afflict

cause physical pain or suffering in

haze

dust or smoke in the air that causes reduced visibility

calligraphic

of or relating to or expressed in calligraphy

quail

small gallinaceous game birds

slight

small in quantity or degree

arch

a curved masonry construction for spanning an opening

asset

a useful or valuable quality

devastate

cause extensive destruction or ruin utterly

succession

the action or process of taking over an office or position

lipoprotein

a conjugated protein having a lipid component

aggregate

a sum total of many heterogeneous things taken together

note

a brief written record

artisan

a skilled worker who practices some trade or handicraft

discretionary

having the ability to act according to your own judgment

enlist

join the military

constitute

form or compose

backwater

a body of water that was created by a flood or tide

listless

lacking zest or vivacity

candidate

someone who is considered for something

enforce

compel to behave in a certain way

commission

the act of granting authority to undertake certain functions

congregation

the act of assembling

singular

being a single and separate person or thing

substrate

the substance that is acted upon by an enzyme or ferment

specialize

become more focused on an area of activity or field of study

reception

the act of taking in

modest

marked by simplicity; having a humble opinion of yourself

amenity

pleasantness resulting from agreeable conditions

dehydrate

remove water from

landfill

an area where waste is disposed of by burying it underground

confess

admit to a wrongdoing

aquatic

operating or living or growing in water

underline

draw a line or lines underneath to call attention to

distort

twist and press out of shape

nexus

the means of connection between things linked in series

reverence

a feeling of profound respect for someone or something

definitive

clearly formulated

vegetation

the process of growth in plants

resplendent

having great beauty

neural

of or relating to the nervous system

evaporate

change into gas or steam

magnitude

the property of relative size or extent

unscrupulous

without principles

tenant

someone who pays rent to use property owned by someone else

sedentary

requiring sitting or little activity

stun

make senseless or dizzy by or as if by a blow

countermeasure

an action taken to offset another action

element

a substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances

shroud

burial garment in which a corpse is wrapped

herbivore

any animal that feeds chiefly on grass and other plants

revamp

patch up or renovate; repair or restore

peninsular

of a mass of land projecting into a body of water

pantheon

a temple to all the gods of antiquity

exodus

a journey by a group to escape from a hostile environment

install

set up for use

sphere

a round three-dimensional closed surface

bylaw

a rule adopted by an organization

hypnotize

induce a state that resembles sleep in

intent

an anticipated outcome that guides your planned actions

mural

a painting that is applied to a wall surface

therapy

the act of caring for someone

enzyme

a complex protein produced by cells that acts as a catalyst

donate

give to a charity or good cause

encode

convert information into code

proliferate

grow rapidly

induce

cause to act in a specified manner

metabolic

of or relating to metabolism

implication

something that is inferred

fluorescent

emitting light during exposure to external radiant energy

moor

come into or dock at a wharf

intermediate

lying between two extremes in time, space, or state

cereal

grass whose starchy grains are used as food: wheat

evolve

undergo development

prejudice

a partiality preventing objective consideration of an issue

disenfranchise

deprive of voting rights

glucose

a monosaccharide sugar that has several forms

sensitive

responsive to physical stimuli

martial

suggesting war or military life

ozone

a colorless gas that is a screen for ultraviolet radiation

increment

the amount by which something increases

protege

a person who receives support from an influential patron

allegiance

the act of binding yourself to a course of action

plow

a farm tool for breaking up or turning over soil

obese

excessively fat

integrated

formed or united into a whole

fecundity

the state of being fertile or capable of producing offspring

skull

the bony skeleton of the head of vertebrates

coinage

coins collectively

spur

a sharp prod on a rider’s heel used to urge a horse onward

pedestrian

a person who travels by foot

acquire

come into the possession of something concrete or abstract

gut

the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus

disinclined

unwilling because of mild dislike or disapproval

permanent

continuing or enduring without marked change in status

bolster

support and strengthen

notorious

known widely and usually unfavorably

glean

gather, as of natural products

relic

an antiquity that has survived from the distant past

default

an option that is selected automatically

arithmetic

mathematics dealing with numerical calculations

fodder

coarse food composed of plants or leaves and stalks

forestall

keep from happening or arising; make impossible

ostentation

pretentious or showy or vulgar display

paternalism

attitude that people should be controlled in a fatherly way

rib

any of the 12 pairs of curved arches of bone extending from the spine to or toward the sternum in humans (and similar bones in most vertebrates)

beehive

a structure that provides a natural habitation for bees

brokerage

the business of a broker

drizzle

very light rain

endeavor

attempt by employing effort

wield

handle effectively

boom

a deep prolonged loud noise

fierce

marked by extreme and violent energy

vegetative

of or relating to an activity that is passive and monotonous

utilize

put into service

collaborate

work together on a common enterprise or project

slot

a small slit (as for inserting a coin or depositing mail)

matrix

an enclosure within which something originates or develops

radius

a straight line from the center to the perimeter of a circle

imitate

reproduce someone’s behavior or looks

deplete

use up, as resources or materials

maturation

the act of coming to full development

dividend

a number to be divided by another number

subtle

difficult to detect or grasp by the mind or analyze

quotient

the number obtained by division

uneven

not fairly matched as opponents

preside

act as executive officer

dioxide

an oxide containing two atoms of oxygen in the molecule

deem

judge or regard in a particular way

expulsion

the act of forcing out someone or something

scribe

someone employed to make written copies of documents

Renaissance

period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages

temblor

shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting from underground movement along a fault plane of from volcanic activity

cryptic

having a secret or hidden meaning

appetite

a feeling of craving something

recall

bring to mind

string

a lightweight cord

hum

sing with closed lips

eclipse

the phenomenon when one celestial body obscures another

substantiate

establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts
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