新东方•GMAT词汇精选 2/10 – 248 Words

aversion

a feeling of intense dislike

jurisdiction

the territory within which power can be exercised

landlocked

surrounded entirely or almost entirely by land

intervention

the act of interposing one thing between or among others

odor

any property detected by the sense of smell

pugnacious

ready and able to resort to force or violence

pharmacy

a retail shop where medicine and other articles are sold

presentation

the activity of formally giving something, as a prize

incentive

a positive motivational influence

exile

the act of expelling a person from their native land

missile

a weapon that is forcibly thrown or projected at a target

navy

an organization of military vessels belonging to a country and available for sea warfare

conform

be similar, be in line with

diverge

move or draw apart

collateral

accompanying; following as a consequence

tactile

of or relating to or proceeding from the sense of touch

prose

ordinary writing as distinguished from verse

pang

a sudden sharp feeling

enumerate

specify individually

diverse

distinctly dissimilar or unlike

admit

declare to be true or accept the reality of

gentry

the most powerful members of a society

variable

something that is likely to change

relieve

free from a burden, evil, or distress

encephalitis

inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus

decay

the organic phenomenon of rotting

expound

add details, as to an account or idea

disrupt

make a break in

withdraw

pull back or move away or backward

rug

floor covering consisting of a piece of thick heavy fabric

rating

standing or position on a scale

altitude

elevation above sea level or above the earth’s surface

humid

containing or characterized by a great deal of water vapor

spectacular

sensational in appearance or thrilling in effect

substance

the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists

aftermath

the consequences of an event

warrior

someone engaged in or experienced in warfare

designate

design or destine

consecutive

one after the other

antique

made in or typical of earlier times and valued for its age

arable

capable of being farmed productively

eminent

standing above others in quality or position

criterion

the ideal in terms of which something can be judged

replete

filled to satisfaction with food or drink

dough

a flour mixture stiff enough to knead or roll

homing

orienting or directing homeward or to a destination

duplicate

a copy that corresponds to an original exactly

predicate

involve as a necessary condition of consequence

predict

tell in advance

culminate

end, especially to reach a final or climactic stage

shield

armor carried on the arm to intercept blows

monsoon

a seasonal wind in southern Asia

samurai

feudal Japanese military aristocracy

hinder

be an obstacle to

relinquish

turn away from; give up

enroll

register formally as a participant or member

cargo

goods carried by a large vehicle

comet

a small frozen mass that travels around the sun

accommodate

have room for; hold without crowding

barrack

lodge in buildings used to house military personnel

specify

be particular about

betrayal

the quality of aiding an enemy

pelvis

the structure of the skeleton supporting the lower limbs

evil

morally bad or wrong

revert

go back to a previous state

brass

an alloy of copper and zinc

decimal

a number in a system based on ten

progressive

favoring or promoting modern or innovative ideas

exhaust

wear out completely

insulin

hormone secreted by the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas

delta

the 4th letter of the Greek alphabet

thrive

make steady progress

contemplate

think intently and at length, as for spiritual purposes

patent

a document granting an inventor sole rights to an invention

treaty

a written agreement between two states or sovereigns

endemic

native to or confined to a certain region

bona fide

not counterfeit or copied

pregnancy

the state of being pregnant

slice

a thin flat piece cut off of some object

juxtapose

place side by side

ethic

the principles of right and wrong for an individual or group

predicament

an unpleasant or difficult situation

trait

a distinguishing feature of your personal nature

control

power to direct or determine

contract

a binding agreement that is enforceable by law

redress

make reparations or amends for

overpayment

a payment larger than needed or expected

concede

give over

effigy

a representation of a person

painstaking

characterized by extreme care and great effort

incursion

the act of entering some territory or domain

sheer

so thin as to transmit light

nematode

unsegmented worms with elongated rounded body pointed at both ends; mostly free-living but some are parasitic

linear

involving a single dimension

retrieve

get or find back; recover the use of

pneumonia

respiratory disease characterized by lung inflammation

malfunction

fail to work properly

severe

unsparing and uncompromising in discipline or judgment

potent

having or wielding force or authority

whim

an odd or fanciful or capricious idea

integer

any natural number or its negative, or zero

dietary

a regulated daily food allowance

factor

anything that contributes causally to a result

invade

march aggressively into a territory by military force

barrier

a structure or object that impedes free movement

endorse

approve of

evacuation

the act of leaving a dangerous place in an orderly fashion

dismal

causing dejection

envelop

enclose or enfold completely with or as if with a covering

diameter

the length of a straight line through the center of a circle

inscribe

carve, cut, or etch into a material or surface

compound

a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts

lizard

relatively long-bodied reptile with legs and a tapering tail

perfunctory

hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough

explode

burst and release energy as through a violent reaction

par

the standard number of golf strokes

ethnographic

of or relating to ethnography

scrap

a small fragment of something broken off from the whole

stationary

not capable of being moved

ingest

take food, drink, or some other substance into the body

exaggerate

enlarge beyond bounds or the truth

copper

a ductile malleable reddish-brown corrosion-resistant diamagnetic metallic element; occurs in various minerals but is the only metal that occurs abundantly in large masses; used as an electrical and thermal conductor

quadrant

any of the four areas into which a plane is divided

tragedy

an event resulting in great loss and misfortune

interest rate

the percentage of a sum of money charged for its use

antedate

be earlier in time; go back further

reflex

an automatic instinctive unlearned reaction to a stimulus

ultrasound

using high-frequency sound waves to construct a sonogram

tremendous

extraordinarily large in extent or amount or power

respective

considered individually

perplex

be a mystery or bewildering to

beam

a long thick piece of material used in construction

diminish

decrease in size, extent, or range

puritan

someone who adheres to strict religious principles

hinterland

a remote and undeveloped area

recommend

express a good opinion of

dispense

administer or bestow, as in small portions

whisker

a long stiff hair growing on the face of a mammal

invariant

unvarying in nature

aviator

someone who operates an aircraft

implausible

highly imaginative but unlikely

debate

a discussion with reasons for and against some proposal

disperse

move away from each other

coupon

a certificate that can be redeemed for value as needed

outright

without reservation or concealment

revenue

the entire amount of income before any deductions are made

abnormal

not typical or usual or regular

comprehend

get the meaning of something

alumna

a woman who has received a degree from a school

prorate

make a proportional settlement or distribution

amass

collect or gather

dedicated

devoted to a cause or ideal or purpose

bronze

an alloy of copper and tin and sometimes other elements

studious

characterized by diligent learning and fondness for reading

antitrust

of laws and regulations

sophisticated

having worldly knowledge and refinement

clarify

make clear by removing impurities or solids, as by heating

outline

the line that appears to bound an object

vein

a blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart

egoistic

limited to or caring only about yourself and your own needs

boomerang

a curved piece of wood

cue

a reminder for some action or speech

conspire

act in agreement and in secret towards a deceitful purpose

undertake

enter upon an activity or enterprise

invoke

request earnestly; ask for aid or protection

elite

a group or class of persons enjoying superior status

mediate

act between parties with a view to reconciling differences

detection

the perception or discovery that something has occurred

altruism

the quality of unselfish concern for the welfare of others

per capita

per person

correlate

bear a reciprocal or mutual relation

inhabit

live in; be a resident of

replicate

reproduce or make an exact copy of

supplement

an additional component that improves capability

extend

stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope

medieval

relating to or belonging to the Middle Ages

infest

occupy in large numbers or live on a host

adjust

alter or regulate so as to conform to a standard

prefigure

imagine or consider beforehand

activate

put in motion

dominate

be in control

overlay

put something on top of something else

conceal

prevent from being seen or discovered

coronary

surrounding the heart like a crown

funnel

a conically shaped utensil with a narrow tube at one end

assess

estimate the nature, quality, ability or significance of

lobster

any of several edible marine crustaceans

proton

a stable particle with positive charge

mimic

imitate, especially for satirical effect

retaliation

action taken in return for an injury or offense

stitch

a link or loop made by sewing, knitting, or needlework

spine

the series of vertebrae forming the backbone

qualitative

involving distinguishing attributes

abdicate

give up, such as power, as of monarchs and emperors

blast

a sudden very loud noise

parity

functional equality

deserve

be worthy

foresee

realize beforehand

category

a general concept that marks divisions or coordinations

extinguish

put out, as of fires, flames, or lights

wary

marked by keen caution and watchful prudence

temperance

the trait of avoiding excesses

restrain

hold back

intrinsic

belonging to a thing by its very nature

dilemma

state of uncertainty in a choice between unfavorable options

supreme

greatest in status or authority or power

conduct

the way a person behaves toward other people

startlingly

in a startling manner

mainstream

the prevailing current of thought

capsule

a small container

controversy

a dispute where there is strong disagreement

forecast

a prediction about how something will develop

overt

open and observable; not secret or hidden

discord

lack of agreement or harmony

perceptible

capable of being grasped by the mind or senses

retention

the act of keeping something

abolish

do away with

lump

a compact mass

vicious

having the nature of evildoing

shrill

having or emitting a high-pitched and sharp tone or tones

remedy

a medicine or therapy that cures disease or relieves pain

surge

rise and move, as in waves or billows

addict

to cause to become dependent

burglarize

enter and rob a dwelling

array

an impressive display

irradiation

(medicine) the treatment of disease (especially cancer) by exposure to a radioactive substance

kidney

either of two bean-shaped excretory organs that filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them and water in urine

rumor

gossip passed around by word of mouth

marital

of or relating to the state of marriage

availability

the quality of being at hand when needed

partial

being or affecting only a segment

circuit

a journey or route all the way around a place or area

boycott

refusal to have commercial dealings with some organization

accord

concurrence of opinion

apiece

to or from every one of two or more

harmonize

bring into accord

wig

hairpiece covering the head and made of real or synthetic hair

extract

remove, usually with some force or effort

creativity

the ability to bring something into existence

elective

not compulsory

allergy

hypersensitive immunological reaction to some substance

ironic

displaying incongruity between what is expected and what is

pasture

a field covered with grass and suitable for grazing

idiosyncrasy

a behavioral attribute peculiar to an individual

uninitiated

not initiated; deficient in relevant experience

disseminate

cause to become widely known

accuracy

the quality of being near to the true value

ingrained

deeply rooted; firmly fixed or held
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