新东方•GMAT词汇精选 1/10 – 247 Words

scrupulous

characterized by extreme care and great effort

capacity

capability to perform or produce

clandestine

conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods

horticultural

of or relating to the cultivation of plants

radical

far beyond the norm

artery

a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body

enrich

make better or improve in quality

exhaustive

performed comprehensively and completely

sacrifice

the act of killing in order to appease a deity

vine

a plant with a weak stem that derives support from climbing, twining, or creeping along a surface

ridge

a long narrow natural elevation or striation

nocturnal

belonging to or active during the night

restitution

the act of restoring something to its original state

concert

a performance of music by players or singers

militant

engaged in war

disturb

move deeply

strive

attempt by employing effort

rigid

incapable of or resistant to bending

embrace

squeeze tightly in your arms, usually with fondness

decimate

kill in large numbers

bark

the sound made by a dog

relentless

never-ceasing

fiber

a slender and elongated substance that can be spun into yarn

yen

the basic unit of money in Japan; equal to 100 sen

seedling

young plant or tree grown from a seed

propagate

multiply through reproduction

fracture

breaking of hard tissue such as bone

quantum

the smallest discrete quantity of some physical property

triple

having three units or components or elements

confer

present

provoke

provide the needed stimulus for

recession

the act of returning control

dropout

someone who quits school before graduation

expertise

skillfulness by virtue of possessing special knowledge

corroborate

give evidence for

amenable

disposed or willing to comply

impulse

an impelling force or strength

allay

lessen the intensity of or calm

sane

mentally healthy; free from mental disorder

novel

an extended fictional work in prose

substitute

a person or thing that can take the place of another

debris

the remains of something that has been destroyed

bulk

the property possessed by a large mass

congenial

suitable to your needs

tile

a flat thin rectangular slab used to cover surfaces

illegal

prohibited by law or by official or accepted rules

outpost

a military post stationed at a distance from the main body of troops

minute

a unit of time equal to 60 seconds or 1/60th of an hour

nuclear

constituting the core or central part

cabinet

a storage compartment for clothes and valuables

arbitrary

based on or subject to individual discretion or preference

appropriation

a deliberate act of acquisition, often without permission

divulge

make known to the public information previously kept secret

specious

plausible but false

civic

of or relating or belonging to a city

cannon

a large artillery gun that is usually on wheels

glacier

a slowly moving mass of ice

ignite

cause to start burning

howl

cry loudly, as of animals

fatality

the quality of being able to cause death

equivalent

being essentially equal to something

lag

hang or fall in movement, progress, development, etc.

taboo

a ban resulting from social custom or emotional aversion

futile

producing no result or effect

ballistic

of the motion of objects moving under their own momentum

bring about

cause to happen, occur or exist

withstand

resist or confront with resistance

crude

belonging to an early stage of technical development

prevalent

most frequent or common

delinquent

a young offender

sentinel

a person employed to keep watch for some anticipated event

curtail

terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end

subtract

deduct; calculate the difference between two numbers

authorize

grant permission or clearance for

congested

overfull as with blood

subsidize

support through government grants

ongoing

currently happening

contradict

prove negative; show to be false

inertia

the tendency of something to stay in rest or motion

feminist

a supporter of equal rights for women

infirmary

a health facility where patients receive treatment

panacea

hypothetical remedy for all ills or diseases

preponderance

exceeding in heaviness; having greater weight

microbe

a minute life form ; the term is not in technical use

deferential

showing courteous regard for people’s feelings

advocate

a person who pleads for a person, cause, or idea

defendant

someone against whom an action is brought in a court of law

specimen

a bit of tissue or fluid taken for diagnostic purposes

parish

a local church community

catholic

comprehensive or broad-minded in tastes and interests

enhance

increase

resolve

find a solution or answer

articulate

express or state clearly

ancestry

the lineage of an individual

lore

knowledge gained through tradition or anecdote

entity

that which is perceived to have its own distinct existence

justify

show to be right by providing proof

manumission

the formal act of freeing from slavery

ragtime

music with a syncopated melody (usually for the piano)

depict

give a description of

intact

undamaged in any way

tenet

a religious doctrine proclaimed as true without proof

monarch

a nation’s ruler usually by hereditary right

paramount

having superior power and influence

transform

change or alter in form, appearance, or nature

condominium

housing complex in which each unit is individually owned

graphite

used as a lubricant and as a moderator in nuclear reactors

maneuver

a military training exercise

preferential

manifesting partiality

evade

avoid or try to avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing

hospitable

disposed to treat guests and strangers with generosity

permit

allow the presence of or allow without opposing

intricate

having many complexly arranged elements; elaborate

battalion

an army unit consisting of a headquarters and companies

contract

a binding agreement that is enforceable by law

scatter

cause to separate and go in different directions

tribute

something given or done as an expression of esteem

foster

providing nurture though not related by blood or legal ties

penalty

the disadvantage or painful consequences of an action

placate

cause to be more favorably inclined

accrue

grow by addition

conglomerate

collect or gather

juror

a member of a group that delivers a verdict at a trial

strut

walk with a lofty proud gait

photosynthesis

synthesis of compounds in plants aided by radiant energy

endanger

pose a threat to

multitude

a large indefinite number

anatomy

the study of the structure of animals

pesticide

a chemical used to kill destructive insects or animals

accompaniment

a musical part that supports other musical parts

collapse

break down, literally or metaphorically

external

happening or arising outside some limits or surface

allowance

the act of permitting

procreative

producing new life or offspring

obsolescence

falling into disuse or becoming out of date

foresight

seeing ahead; knowing in advance; foreseeing

disparaging

expressive of low opinion

humane

marked by concern with the alleviation of suffering

salvage

rescuing a ship or its crew from a shipwreck or a fire

handicap

being unable to perform due to physical or mental unfitness

bisect

cut in half or cut in two

pervasive

spreading or spread throughout

delicate

developed with extreme subtlety

flat

having a surface without slope

preoccupation

the mental state of being obsessed by something

Paleolithic

second part of the Stone Age beginning about 750,00 to 500,000 years BC and lasting until the end of the last ice age about 8,500 years BC

lessen

decrease in size, extent, or range

lame duck

an elected official still in office but not slated to continue

yeast

a single-celled fungus that reproduces asexually

bellows

a mechanical device that blows a strong current of air

degrade

reduce in worth or character, usually verbally

upstate

in or toward the northern parts of a state

dose

a measured portion of medicine taken at any one time

staple

material suitable for manufacture or use or finishing

generate

bring into existence

raccoon

an omnivorous nocturnal mammal native to North America and Central America

dilute

lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture

hardy

having rugged physical strength

crass

so unrefined as to be lacking in discrimination

possess

have ownership of

offspring

the immediate descendants of a person

spouse

a person’s partner in marriage

commonplace

completely ordinary and unremarkable

fungus

an organism of the kingdom Fungi lacking chlorophyll and feeding on organic matter; ranging from unicellular or multicellular organisms to spore-bearing syncytia

realm

a domain in which something is dominant

particulate

composed of distinct particles

clan

group of people related by blood or marriage

mutual

common to or shared by two or more parties

saleable

capable of being sold; fit for sale

carcinogen

any substance that produces cancer

dialect

the usage or vocabulary characteristic of a group of people

expatriate

a person who is voluntarily absent from home or country

readily

without much difficulty

premise

a statement that is held to be true

adjacent

having a common boundary or edge

summit

the top or extreme point of something

trench

any long ditch cut in the ground

intense

possessing a distinctive feature to a heightened degree

inextricably

in a manner incapable of being disentangled or untied

decorate

make more attractive, as by adding ornament or color

eligible

qualified for or allowed or worthy of being chosen

trivial

(informal) small and of little importance

marsh

low-lying wet land with grassy vegetation

household

a social unit living together in a residence

cessation

a stopping

segment

one of several parts that fit with others to make a whole

esteem

the condition of being honored

captivate

attract; cause to be enamored

minus

on the negative side or lower end of a scale

static

not in physical motion

render

give or supply

overflow

flow or run over (a limit or brim)

claim

assert or affirm strongly

entrant

someone who comes in

sponsor

an advocate who presents a person

alumnus

a person who has received a degree from a school

ratio

relation with respect to comparative quantity or magnitude

mound

a collection of objects laid on top of each other

rheumatic

of or pertaining to arthritis

constituent

one of the individual parts making up a composite entity

follicle

any small spherical group of cells containing a cavity

hover

hang in the air; fly or be suspended above

fertilize

provide with fertilizers or add nutrients to

interstellar

between or among stars

courtesy

a considerate and respectful manner

drought

a shortage of rainfall

ideographic

of or relating to or consisting of ideograms

roost

a perch on which birds or bats rest or sleep

portrait

any likeness of a person, in any medium

predation

the act of preying by a predator who kills and eats the prey

obsess

be preoccupied with something

uniform

clothing of distinctive design worn by members of a group

ripple

a small wave on the surface of a liquid

anomaly

deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule

tactic

a plan for attaining a particular goal

exceptional

surpassing what is common or usual or expected

adhere

stick to firmly

differentiate

acquire a distinct character

round

having a circular shape

outcome

something that results

undue

not appropriate or proper in the circumstances

description

the act of depicting something

notice

the act of paying attention

secluded

hidden from general view or use

symptom

a sensation associated with a particular disease

propel

cause to move forward with force

focus

the concentration of attention or energy on something

rebut

overthrow by argument, evidence, or proof

deliberate

carefully thought out in advance

antibody

a protein that produces an immune response

entitle

give the right to

peddle

sell or offer for sale from place to place

sympathetic

expressing compassion or friendly fellow feelings

fortify

make strong or stronger

fraction

a small part or item forming a piece of a whole

leaven

a substance used to produce fermentation in dough

efficiency

skillfulness in avoiding wasted time and effort

accountant

someone who maintains and audits financial records

fluid

continuous amorphous matter that tends to flow

lane

a narrow way or road

enthusiastic

having or showing great excitement and interest

chart

a visual display of information

cylinder

a surface generated by rotating a line around a fixed line

surgeon

a physician who specializes in surgery

burrow

a hole made by an animal, usually for shelter

peak

a V shape

hormone

the secretion of an endocrine gland transmitted by the blood
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