modify


تعریف، مترادف، متضاد، مشابه کلمه modify به انگلیسی

در این قسمت می توانید ریشه کلمه modify، معنی کلمه modify به انگلیسی، تعریف کلمه modify به انگلیسی، مترادف modify و متضاد modify، و همچنین مشابه انگلیسی کلمه modify و معنی نزدیک و معنی دور modify را در دیکشنری آنلاین و رایگان EnglishVocabulary.ir مشاهده نمائید.

To modify is to change or transform, but only slightly. If you miss your free-throws half the time, your coach will probably try to improve your shooting average by modifying your technique.

Modify may mean to alter something, but it’s not a total makeover. When you modify or make modifications, you’re making subtle changes. These tweaks are usually needed to make improvements or make the thing being modified less extreme. So you can modify your voice if your tone is too harsh, or modify your wardrobe with a few new pairs of cool shoes.

Definitions of modify

1

v cause to change; make different; cause a transformation

Synonyms:
alter, change
Types:
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arouse, awaken, rouse, wake, wake up, waken

cause to become awake or conscious
cause to sleep

make fall asleep
affect

act physically on; have an effect upon
freshen, refresh, refreshen

make fresh again
fecundate, fertilise, fertilize, inseminate

introduce semen into (a female)
indispose

cause to feel unwell
cry

bring into a particular state by crying
etiolate

make pale or sickly
shade

vary slightly
animalise, animalize, brutalise, brutalize

make brutal, unfeeling, or inhuman
convert

change the nature, purpose, or function of something
opalise, opalize

make opalescent
arterialise, arterialize

change venous blood into arterial blood
get, make

give certain properties to something
counterchange, interchange, transpose

cause to change places
vascularise, vascularize

make vascular
decrepitate

to roast or calcine so as to cause to crackle or until crackling stops
suburbanise, suburbanize

make suburban in character
overturn, revolutionise, revolutionize

change radically
etiolate

bleach and alter the natural development of (a green plant) by excluding sunlight
barbarise, barbarize

make crude or savage in behavior or speech
alkalinise, alkalinize

make (a substance) alkaline
mythicise, mythicize, mythologise, mythologize

make into a myth
allegorise, allegorize

make into an allegory
demythologise, demythologize

remove the mythical element from (writings)
bring, land

bring into a different state
coarsen

make less subtle or refined
affect, bear on, bear upon, impact, touch, touch on

have an effect upon
alchemise, alchemize

alter (elements) by alchemy
alcoholise, alcoholize

make alcoholic, as by fermenting
form, shape

give shape or form to
round, round down, round off, round out

express as a round number
suspend

cause to be held in suspension in a fluid
sober

cause to become sober
reconstruct

cause somebody to adapt or reform socially or politically
increase

make bigger or more
ease off, ease up, let up

reduce pressure or intensity
assimilate

make similar
dissimilate

make dissimilar; cause to become less similar
commute, convert, exchange

exchange a penalty for a less severe one
vitalise, vitalize

give life to
clear, unclutter

rid of obstructions
activate

make active or more active
activate

make (substances) radioactive
activate, aerate

aerate (sewage) so as to favor the growth of organisms that decompose organic matter
activate

make more adsorptive
deactivate, inactivate

make inactive
blunt, deaden

make less lively, intense, or vigorous; impair in vigor, force, activity, or sensation
reconstruct, redo, remodel

do over, as of (part of) a house
edit, redact

prepare for publication or presentation by correcting, revising, or adapting
cut, edit, edit out

cut and assemble the components of
chasten, subdue, tame

correct by punishment or discipline
chasten, moderate, temper

restrain
ameliorate, amend, better, improve, meliorate

to make better
aggravate, exacerbate, exasperate, worsen

make worse
wet

cause to become wet
dry, dry out

remove the moisture from and make dry
lubricate

make slippery or smooth through the application of a lubricant
beef up, fortify, strengthen

make strong or stronger
fortify, lace, spike

add alcohol to (beverages)
weaken

lessen the strength of
blunt

make less sharp
oxidate, oxidise, oxidize

add oxygen to or combine with oxygen
merge, unify, unite

join or combine
age

make older
mature, ripen

cause to ripen or develop fully
antiquate, antique

give an antique appearance to
antiquate

make obsolete or old-fashioned
develop, make grow

cause to grow and differentiate in ways conforming to its natural development
soften

make soft or softer
damage

inflict damage upon
ossify

cause to become hard and bony
acerbate

make sour or bitter
stabilise, stabilize

make stable and keep from fluctuating or put into an equilibrium
destabilise, destabilize

make unstable
sensibilise, sensibilize, sensify, sensitise, sensitize

make sensitive or aware
desensitise, desensitize

make insensitive
accustom, habituate

make psychologically or physically used (to something)
disarray, disorder

bring disorder to
discolor, discolour

cause to lose or change color
color, color in, colorise, colorize, colour, colour in, colourise, colourize

add color to
stain

produce or leave stains
hue

take on color or become colored
uglify

make ugly
untune

cause to be out of tune
adjust, correct, set

alter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standard
set

put into a certain state; cause to be in a certain state
disqualify, indispose, unfit

make unfit or unsuitable
domesticate, domesticise, domesticize, reclaim, tame

overcome the wildness of; make docile and tractable
widen

make wider
dehydrogenate

remove hydrogen from
hydrogenate

combine or treat with or expose to hydrogen; add hydrogen to the molecule of (an unsaturated organic compound)
oxygenise, oxygenize

change (a compound) by increasing the proportion of the electronegative part; or change (an element or ion) from a lower to a higher positive valence: remove one or more electrons from (an atom, ion, or molecule)
darken

make dark or darker
brighten, lighten, lighten up

make lighter or brighter
blear, blur

make dim or indistinct
bedim, obscure, overcloud

make obscure or unclear
blot out, hide, obliterate, obscure, veil

make undecipherable or imperceptible by obscuring or concealing
cook

transform by heating
slenderise, slenderize

make slender or appear to be slender
crack

cause to become cracked
dismiss, dissolve

declare void
end, terminate

bring to an end or halt
defog, demist

free from mist
concentrate, condense, contract

compress or concentrate
chill, cool, cool down

make cool or cooler
heat, heat up

make hot or hotter
warm

make warm or warmer
boil

bring to, or maintain at, the boiling point
freeze

cause to freeze
blister

cause blisters to form on
change over, shift, switch

make a shift in or exchange of
transpose

change key
change over, convert

change from one system to another or to a new plan or policy
transform

increase or decrease (an alternating current or voltage)
transform

change (a bacterial cell) into a genetically distinct cell by the introduction of DNA from another cell of the same or closely related species
transform

convert (one form of energy) to another
transmute

alter the nature of (elements)
transform, transmute, transubstantiate

change or alter in form, appearance, or nature
ash

convert into ashes
transform, translate

change from one form or medium into another
reclaim, rectify, reform, regenerate

bring, lead, or force to abandon a wrong or evil course of life, conduct, and adopt a right one
convert

cause to adopt a new or different faith
Islamise, Islamize

cause to conform to Islamic law
invert, reverse, turn back

turn inside out or upside down
invert

make an inversion (in a musical composition)
customise, customize

make according to requirements
individualise, individualize, personalise, personalize

make personal or more personal
depersonalise, depersonalize, objectify

make impersonal or present as an object
sharpen

raise the pitch of (musical notes)
drop, flatten

lower the pitch of (musical notes)
disintegrate

cause to undergo fission or lose particles
magnetise, magnetize

make magnetic
degauss, demagnetise, demagnetize

make nonmagnetic; take away the magnetic properties (of)
simplify

make simpler or easier or reduce in complexity or extent
complicate, elaborate, rarify, refine

make more complex, intricate, or richer
refine

make more precise or increase the discriminatory powers of
complicate, perplex

make more complicated
pressurise, pressurize, supercharge

increase the pressure on a gas or liquid
centralise, centralize, concentrate

make central
decentralise, decentralize, deconcentrate

make less central
socialise, socialize

make conform to socialist ideas and philosophies
fix, gear up, prepare, ready, set, set up

make ready or suitable or equip in advance for a particular purpose or for some use, event, etc
internationalise, internationalize

make international in character
bolshevise, bolshevize, communise, communize

make Communist or bring in accord with Communist principles
Europeanise, Europeanize

make (continental) European in customs, character, or ideas
Europeanise, Europeanize

denationalize and subject (a territory) to the supervision of an agency of a European community of nations
bestialise, bestialize

make brutal and depraved; give animal-like qualities to
Americanise, Americanize

make American in character
Frenchify

make French in appearance or character
civilise, civilize

raise from a barbaric to a civilized state
nationalise, nationalize

put under state control or ownership
denationalise, denationalize

put under private control or ownership
naturalise, naturalize

make into a citizen
denaturalise, denaturalize

strip of the rights and duties of citizenship
naturalise, naturalize

make more natural or lifelike
denaturalise, denaturalize

make less natural or unnatural
even, even out

become even or more even
equal, equalise, equalize, equate, match

make equal, uniform, corresponding, or matching
stiffen

make stiff or stiffer
loose, loosen

make loose or looser
fasten, tighten

make tight or tighter
transitivise, transitivize

make transitive
detransitivise, detransitivize, intransitivise, intransitivize

intransitivize
inspissate, thicken

make thick or thicker
full

make (a garment) fuller by pleating or gathering
diversify

make (more) diverse
decelerate, slow down

reduce the speed of
deaden

make vapid or deprive of spirit
accelerate, speed, speed up

cause to move faster
check, delay, retard

slow the growth or development of
decrease, lessen, minify

make smaller
liquefy, liquidise, liquidize, liquify

make (a solid substance) liquid, as by heating
solvate

cause a solvation in (a substance)
dissolve

cause to fade away
validate

make valid or confirm the validity of
invalidate, vitiate, void

take away the legal force of or render ineffective
empty

make void or empty of contents
fill, fill up, make full

make full, also in a metaphorical sense
saturate

cause (a chemical compound, vapour, solution, magnetic material) to unite with the greatest possible amount of another substance
clot, coagulate

cause to change from a liquid to a solid or thickened state
louden

cause to become loud
normalise, normalize, renormalise, renormalize

make normal or cause to conform to a norm or standard
morph

cause to change shape in a computer animation
neutralise, neutralize

make chemically neutral
commercialise, commercialize, market

make commercial
purge, purify, sanctify

make pure or free from sin or guilt
mechanise, mechanize

make mechanical
automate, automatise, automatize

make automatic or control or operate automatically
automatise, automatize

turn into an automaton
mechanise, mechanize

make monotonous; make automatic or routine
chord, harmonise, harmonize

bring into consonance, harmony, or accord while making music or singing
polarise, polarize

cause to vibrate in a definite pattern
glorify

bestow glory upon
contaminate

make radioactive by adding radioactive material
devalue

lower the value or quality of
insulate

protect from heat, cold, or noise by surrounding with insulating material
calcify

convert into lime
urbanise, urbanize

make more industrial or city-like
urbanise, urbanize

impart urban habits, ways of life, or responsibilities upon
emulsify

cause to become an emulsion; make into an emulsion
demulsify

cause to demulsify
decarboxylate

remove a carboxyl group from (a chemical compound)
nazify

cause or force to adopt Nazism or a Nazi character
fecundate, fertilise, fertilize

make fertile or productive
clarify

make clear by removing impurities or solids, as by heating
embrittle

make brittle
mark

make or leave a mark on
nick

divide or reset the tail muscles of
disable, disenable, incapacitate

make unable to perform a certain action
enable

render capable or able for some task
de-emphasise, de-emphasize, destress

reduce the emphasis
tender, tenderise, tenderize

make tender or more tender as by marinating, pounding, or applying a tenderizer
charge

cause formation of a net electrical charge in or on
bubble

cause to form bubbles
sweeten

make sweeter, more pleasant, or more agreeable
iodinate

cause to combine with iodine
ionate

add ions to
archaise, archaize

give an archaic appearance of character to
inform

give character or essence to
officialise, officialize

make official
occidentalise, occidentalize, westernise, westernize

make western in character
orientalise, orientalize

make oriental in character
acetylate, acetylise, acetylize

introduce an acetyl group into (a chemical compound)
achromatise, achromatize

remove color from
collimate, parallel

make or place parallel to something
camp

give an artificially banal or sexual quality to
classicise, classicize

make classic or classical
conventionalise, conventionalize

make conventional or adapt to conventions
decimalise, decimalize

change from fractions to decimals
dizzy

make dizzy or giddy
envenom, poison

add poison to
exteriorise, exteriorize, externalise, externalize, objectify

make external or objective, or give reality to
glamorise, glamorize, glamourise, glamourize

make glamorous and attractive
introvert

turn inside
laicise, laicize

reduce to lay status
politicise, politicize

give a political character to
radicalize

make more radical in social or political outlook
proof

activate by mixing with water and sometimes sugar or milk
romanticise, romanticize

make romantic in style
rusticate

lend a rustic character to
sauce

add zest or flavor to, make more interesting
shallow, shoal

make shallow
tense

increase the tension on
steepen

make steeper
scramble

make unintelligible
unscramble

make intelligible
unsex

remove the qualities typical of one’s sex
vitrify

change into glass or a glass-like substance by applying heat
pall

cause to become flat
saponify

convert into soap by hydrolizing an ester into an acid and alcohol as a result of treating it with an alkali
expand, extend

expand the influence of
set aside, suspend

make inoperative or stop
muddy

make turbid
transform

subject to a mathematical transformation
elevate, lift, raise

raise in rank or condition
harshen

make harsh or harsher
dinge

make dingy
demonise, demonize

make into a demon
devilise, devilize, diabolise, diabolize

turn into a devil or make devilish
etherealize, etherialise

make ethereal
immaterialise, immaterialize, unsubstantialise, unsubstantialize

render immaterial or incorporeal
animate, animise, animize

give lifelike qualities to
clear

make clear, bright, light, or translucent
dynamise, dynamize

make (a drug) effective
dynamise, dynamize

make more dynamic
rarefy, sublimate, subtilize

make more subtle or refined
volatilise, volatilize

make volatile; cause to pass off in a vapor
uniformise, uniformize

make uniform
symmetrise, symmetrize

make symmetric
eternalise, eternalize, eternise, eternize, immortalise, immortalize

make famous forever
denature

make (alcohol) unfit for drinking without impairing usefulness for other purposes
denature

modify (as a native protein) especially by heat, acid, alkali, or ultraviolet radiation so that all of the original properties are removed or diminished
denature

add nonfissionable material to (fissionable material) so as to make unsuitable for use in an atomic bomb
sanitise, sanitize

make less offensive or more acceptable by removing objectionable features
verbify

make into a verb
shift

move from one setting or context to another
sputter

cause to undergo a process in which atoms are removed
draw

bring or lead someone to a certain action or condition
make

change from one form into another
dope

add impurities to (a semiconductor) in order to produce or modify its properties
prostrate

render helpless or defenseless
excite

produce a magnetic field in
energise, energize, excite

raise to a higher energy level
shake

bring to a specified condition by or as if by shaking
outmode

make unfashionable, outdated, or obsolete
spice, spice up

make more interesting or flavorful
shorten

make short or shorter
think

bring into a given condition by mental preoccupation
make

cause to be enjoyable or pleasurable
deflate

produce deflation in
inflate

cause prices to rise by increasing the available currency or credit
reflate

economics: raise demand, expand the money supply, or raise prices, after a period of deflation
digitalise, digitalize, digitise, digitize

put into digital form, as for use in a computer
gelatinise, gelatinize

convert into gelatinous form or jelly
recombine

cause genetic recombination
effeminise, effeminize, feminise, feminize, womanize

to give a (more) feminine, effeminate, or womanly quality or appearance to
masculinise, masculinize, virilise, virilize

produce virilism in or cause to assume masculine characteristics, as through a hormonal imbalance or hormone therapy
masculinize

give a masculine appearance or character to
disharmonize, dissonate

cause to sound harsh and unpleasant
sexualise, sexualize

make sexual, endow with sex, attribute sex to
schematise, schematize

give conventional form to
patent

make open to sight or notice
constitutionalise, constitutionalize

incorporate into a constitution, make constitutional
rationalise, rationalize

remove irrational quantities from
plasticise, plasticize

make plastic, as by the addition of a plasticizer
rarefy

lessen the density or solidity of
paganise, paganize

make pagan in character
incandesce

cause to become incandescent or glow
deaminate, deaminize

remove the amino radical (usually by hydrolysis) from an amino compound; to perform deamination
angulate

make or become angular
circularise, circularize

make circular
sensitise, sensitize

make (a material) sensitive to light, often of a particular colour, by coating it with a photographic emulsion
sensitise, sensitize

make sensitive to a drug or allergen
depolarise, depolarize

eliminate the polarization of
intensify

make the chemically affected part of (a negative) denser or more opaque in order produce a stronger contrast between light and dark
isomerise, isomerize

cause to change into an isomer
legitimate

make (an illegitimate child) legitimate; declare the legitimacy of (someone)
evaporate, vaporise

cause to change into a vapor
industrialise, industrialize

organize (the production of something) into an industry
opacify

make opaque
opsonize

make (cells) more susceptible to the action of phagocytes
militarise, militarize

adopt for military use
nationalise, nationalize

make national in character or scope
recommend

make attractive or acceptable
sentimentalise, sentimentalize

make (someone or something) sentimental or imbue with sentimental qualities
solemnise, solemnize

make solemn and grave
territorialise, territorialize

place on a territorial basis
transaminate

change (an amino group) by transferring it from one compound to another
glorify, spiritualize, transfigure

elevate or idealize, in allusion to Christ’s transfiguration
unsanctify

remove the sanctification from or make unsanctified
vesiculate

cause to become vesicular or full of air cells
visualise, visualize

make visible
variegate

change the appearance of, especially by marking with different colors
ventilate

furnish with an opening to allow air to circulate or gas to escape
vivify

make more striking or animated
vulgarise, vulgarize

debase and make vulgar
supple

make pliant and flexible
professionalise, professionalize

make professional or give a professional character to
smut

make obscene
still

make motionless
weaponize

make into or use as a weapon or a potential weapon
eroticize, sex up

give erotic character to or make more interesting
piggyback

bring into alignment with
port

modify (software) for use on a different machine or platform
lifehack

make one’s day-to-day activities more efficient
cloud

make less clear
blur, confuse, obnubilate, obscure

make unclear, indistinct, or blurred
moderate, tame, tone down

make less strong or intense; soften
obfuscate

make obscure or unclear
synchronise, synchronize

make (motion picture sound) exactly simultaneous with the action
mince, moderate, soften

make less severe or harsh
militarise, militarize

lend a military character to (a country), as by building up a military force
break down, crush

make ineffective
fat, fatten, fatten out, fatten up, fill out, flesh out, plump, plump out

make fat or plump
disturb, touch

tamper with
dull

make dull in appearance
blunt, dull

make dull or blunt
sharpen

make sharp or sharper
coarsen

make or become coarse or coarser
loosen

make less dense
loosen, undo, untie

cause to become loose
barb

provide with barbs
string

provide with strings
straighten, straighten out

make straight
bring

cause to come into a particular state or condition
amalgamate, commix, mingle, mix, unify

to bring or combine together or with something else
charge

fill or load to capacity
put

cause to be in a certain state; cause to be in a certain relation
clean, make clean

make clean by removing dirt, filth, or unwanted substances from
begrime, bemire, colly, dirty, grime, soil

make soiled, filthy, or dirty
depress, lower

cause to drop or sink
deform

make formless
break, break up

destroy the completeness of a set of related items
alter

make an alteration to
adorn, beautify, decorate, embellish, grace, ornament

make more attractive by adding ornament, colour, etc.
humanise, humanize

make more humane
humble

cause to be unpretentious
alien, alienate, disaffect, estrange

arouse hostility or indifference in where there had formerly been love, affection, or friendliness
right

put in or restore to an upright position
desensitise, desensitize

cause not to be sensitive
deodorise, deodorize, deodourise

eliminate the odor from
develop

make visible by means of chemical solutions
blur

to make less distinct or clear
blind

make blind by putting the eyes out
change intensity

increase or decrease in intensity
change taste

alter the flavor of
exchange, interchange, replace, substitute

put in the place of another; switch seemingly equivalent items
capture

bring about the capture of an elementary particle or celestial body and causing it enter a new orbit
add, bestow, bring, contribute, impart, lend

bestow a quality on
reestablish, reinstate, restore

bring back into original existence, use, function, or position
liberalise, liberalize

make liberal or more liberal, of laws and rules
compensate, correct, redress, right

make reparations or amends for
democratise, democratize

introduce democratic reforms; of nations
neutralize

make politically neutral and thus inoffensive
corrupt, debase, debauch, demoralise, demoralize, deprave, misdirect, pervert, profane, subvert, vitiate

corrupt morally or by intemperance or sensuality
loosen, relax

make less severe or strict
unify, unite

bring together for a common purpose or action or ideology or in a shared situation
flocculate

cause to become a fluffy or lumpy aggregate
turn

cause to change or turn into something different;assume new characteristics
cohere

cause to form a united, orderly, and aesthetically consistent whole
reawaken

awaken once again
attack

begin to injure
ulcerate

affect with an ulcer
bring around, bring back, bring round, bring to

return to consciousness
calm, sedate, tranquilize, tranquillise, tranquillize

cause to be calm or quiet as by administering a sedative to
arouse, brace, energise, energize, perk up, stimulate

cause to be alert and energetic
de-energise, de-energize

deprive of energy
strain, tense, tense up

cause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious
loosen up, make relaxed, relax, unlax, unstrain, unwind

cause to feel relaxed
break

weaken or destroy in spirit or body
cramp

affect with or as if with a cramp
stratify

render fertile and preserve by placing between layers of earth or sand
bang up, impregnate

make pregnant
impregnate

fertilize and cause to grow
cross-fertilise, cross-fertilize

cause to undergo cross-fertilization
cross-pollinate, pollenate, pollinate

fertilize by transfering pollen
irritate

excite to an abnormal condition, or chafe or inflame
inflame

cause inflammation in
alleviate, assuage, palliate, relieve

provide physical relief, as from pain
hurt

give trouble or pain to
bind, constipate

cause to be constipated
fag, fag out, fatigue, jade, outwear, tire, tire out, wear, wear down, wear out, wear upon, weary

exhaust or get tired through overuse or great strain or stress
aid, help

improve the condition of
disinfect

destroy microorganisms or pathogens by cleansing
regenerate, revitalize

restore strength
jaundice

affect with, or as if with, jaundice
call

rouse somebody from sleep with a call
caramelise, caramelize

convert to caramel
rasterize

convert (an image) into pixels
humify

convert (plant remains) into humus
verbalise, verbalize

convert into a verb
sporulate

convert into spores
fictionalise, fictionalize, novelise, novelize

convert into the form or the style of a novel
deaden

convert (metallic mercury) into a grey powder consisting of minute globules, as by shaking with chalk or fatty oil
opalise, opalize

replace or convert into opal
receive

convert into sounds or pictures
reconvert

convert back
malt

convert into malt
malt

convert grain into malt
render

cause to become
get, have, let

cause to move; cause to be in a certain position or condition
carnalise, carnalize, sensualise, sensualize

debase through carnal gratification
strike a blow

affect adversely
repercuss

cause repercussions; have an unwanted effect
tell on

produce an effect or strain on somebody
redound

have an effect for good or ill
individuate

give individual shape or form to
tie

form a knot or bow in
terrace

make into terraces as for cultivation
fork

shape like a fork
tabulate

shape or cut with a flat surface
dimension

shape or form to required dimensions
roll

shape by rolling
draw

flatten, stretch, or mold metal or glass, by rolling or by pulling it through a die or by stretching
strike

cause to form (an electric arc) between electrodes of an arc lamp
crystalise, crystalize, crystallise, crystallize

cause to take on a definite and clear shape
twist

form into twists
sliver

form into slivers
ridge

form into a ridge
plume

form a plume
round, round off, round out

make round
scallop, scollop

shape or cut in scallops
square, square up

make square
resuspend

put back into suspension
proportion

adjust in size relative to other things
suppress

reduce the incidence or severity of or stop
extend, stretch

increase in quantity or bulk by adding a cheaper substance
augment

enlarge or increase
build up

enlarge, develop, or increase by degrees or in stages
enlarge

make larger
up

raise
raise

raise the level or amount of something
transduce

cause transduction (of energy forms)
vitalise, vitalize

make more lively or vigorous
ruggedise, ruggedize

produce in a version designed to withstand rough usage
devitalise, devitalize

sap of life or energy
shake

undermine or cause to waver
modulate

adjust the pitch, tone, or volume of
enrich

make better or improve in quality
build up, develop

change the use of and make available or usable
bail

empty (a vessel) by bailing
clutter, clutter up

fill a space in a disorderly way
clog, overload

fill to excess so that function is impaired
brim

fill as much as possible
reactivate

activate (an old file) anew
obtund

reduce the edge or violence of
petrify

cause to become stonelike or stiff or dazed and stunned
burn

burn with heat, fire, or radiation
frost

damage by frost
moderate

make less fast or intense
mitigate

make less severe or harsh
alter, falsify, interpolate

insert words into text, often falsifying it thereby
cut up, hack

significantly cut up a manuscript
black out

suppress by censorship as for political reasons
blank out

cut out, as for political reasons
break, break in

make submissive, obedient, or useful
turn around

improve dramatically
help

improve; change for the better
upgrade

to improve what was old or outdated
condition

put into a better state
cheapen, degrade

lower the grade of something; reduce its worth
emend

make improvements or corrections to
iron out, put right, straighten out

settle or put right
dehydrate, desiccate, dry up, exsiccate

lose water or moisture
dehydrate, desiccate

remove water from
bedew

cover with drops of dew or as with dew
spin-dry

dry (clothes) by spinning and making use of centrifugal forces
tumble dry

dry by spinning with hot air inside a cylinder
spray-dry

dry by bringing into the form of a spray, through contact with a hot gas
dehumidify

make less humid
douse, dowse, drench, soak, sop, souse

cover with liquid; pour liquid onto
dampen, moisten, wash

make moist
parch, sear

cause to wither or parch from exposure to heat
rough-dry

dry without smoothing or ironing
blow-dry

dry hair with a hair dryer
drip-dry

dry by hanging up wet
substantiate

solidify, firm, or strengthen
restrengthen

make strong again
brace up, undergird

make secure underneath
confirm

make more firm
reenforce, reinforce

make stronger
buttress

make stronger or defensible
depress

lessen the activity or force of
unbrace

remove a brace or braces from
etiolate

make weak by stunting the growth or development of
cripple, stultify

deprive of strength or efficiency; make useless or worthless
cut, dilute, reduce, thin, thin out

lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture
attenuate, rarefy

weaken the consistency of (a chemical substance)
blunt

make less intense
irrigate, water

supply with water, as with channels or ditches or streams
besprinkle, sparge, sprinkle

scatter with liquid; wet lightly
enhance

make better or more attractive
pare, pare down

decrease gradually or bit by bit
circumscribe, confine, limit

restrict or confine, “I limit you to two visits to the pub a day”
boil down, concentrate, reduce

cook until very little liquid is left
catabolise, catabolize

subject to catabolism
breathe

reach full flavor by absorbing air and being let to stand after having been uncorked
blow up, enlarge, magnify

make large
reduce, shrink

reduce in size; reduce physically
reduce

make less complex
consolidate

bring together into a single whole or system
weld

unite closely or intimately
consubstantiate

unite in one common substance
abbreviate, abridge, contract, cut, foreshorten, reduce, shorten

reduce in scope while retaining essential elements
abate, slack, slake

make less active or intense
grow

cause to grow or develop
manifold, multiply

combine or increase by multiplication
work out, work up

come up with
elaborate, work out

work out in detail
build, build up, ramp up, work up

bolster or strengthen
mellow

soften, make mellow
mollify

make less rigid or softer
bilge

cause to leak
break

render inoperable or ineffective
total

damage beyond the point of repair
bruise

damage (plant tissue) by abrasion or pressure
disturb

damage as if by shaking or jarring
afflict, smite

cause physical pain or suffering in
hurt, injure

cause damage or affect negatively
bushel, doctor, fix, furbish up, mend, repair, restore, touch on

restore by replacing a part or putting together what is torn or broken
impair

make worse or less effective
blemish, flaw

add a flaw or blemish to; make imperfect or defective
dish

make concave; shape like a dish
amplify, blow up, expand, inflate

exaggerate or make bigger
reform

make changes for improvement in order to remove abuse and injustices
reform

improve by alteration or correction of errors or defects and put into a better condition
lour, lower, turn down

make lower or quieter
paralyse, paralyze

make powerless and unable to function
peg

stabilize (the price of a commodity or an exchange rate) by legislation or market operations
harden, indurate, inure

cause to accept or become hardened to; habituate
teach

accustom gradually to some action or attitude
corrode, eat, rust

cause to deteriorate due to the action of water, air, or an acid
eat away, erode, fret

remove soil or rock
mess, mess up

make a mess of or create disorder in
derange, perturb, throw out of kilter

throw into great confusion or disorder
disarrange

disturb the arrangement of
bleach, bleach out, decolor, decolorise, decolorize, decolour, decolourise, decolourize, discolorise, discolorize, discolourise

remove color from
blackwash

color with blackwash
sallow

cause to become sallow
wash out

drain off the color in the course of laundering
foliate

grow leaves
motley, parti-color

make motley; color with different colors
polychrome, polychromise, polychromize

color with many colors; make polychrome
azure

color azure
empurple, purple, purpurate

color purple
aurify

turn golden
verdigris

color verdigris
pinkify

make pink
incarnadine

make flesh-colored
brown, embrown

make brown in color
handcolor, handcolour

color by hand
smut

stain with a dirty substance, such as soot
tinct, tinge, tint, touch

color lightly
pigment

color or dye with a pigment
pigment

acquire pigment; become colored or imbued
hue, imbue

suffuse with color
retouch

give retouches to (hair)
silver

make silver in color
gray, grey

make grey
tone

change to a color image
escalate, intensify, step up

increase in extent or intensity
de-escalate, step down, weaken

reduce the level or intensity or size or scope of
cut up, mangle, mutilate

destroy or injure severely
beautify, embellish, fancify, prettify

make more beautiful
mollify, season, temper

make more temperate, acceptable, or suitable by adding something else; moderate
temper

adjust the pitch (of pianos)
tune, tune up

adjust the pitches of (musical instruments)
calibrate, fine-tune, graduate

make fine adjustments or divide into marked intervals for optimal measuring
tune, tune up

adjust for (better) functioning
time

adjust so that a force is applied and an action occurs at the desired time
trim

adjust (sails on a ship) so that the wind is optimally used
zero, zero in

adjust (as by firing under test conditions) the zero of (a gun)
zero

adjust (an instrument or device) to zero value
readjust, reset

adjust again after an initial failure
attune

adjust or accustom to; bring into harmony with
time

regulate or set the time of
pitch

set to a certain pitch
set

set to a certain position or cause to operate correctly
keynote

set the keynote of
modulate, regulate

fix or adjust the time, amount, degree, or rate of
fit

make fit
white out

widen the interlinear spacing by inserting leads
oxygenise, oxygenize

dehydrogenate with oxygen
boost

give a boost to; be beneficial to
infuscate

darken with a brownish tinge, as of insect wings
embrown

cause to darken
murk

make dark, dim, or gloomy
dun

make a dun color
blind, dim

make dim by comparison or conceal
dim

make dim or lusterless
bedim, benight

make darker and difficult to perceive by sight
focalise, focalize, focus, sharpen

put (an image) into focus
depreciate

lower the value of something
lengthen

make longer
farce, stuff

fill with a stuffing while cooking
feudalize

bring (a country or people) under feudalism
stuff

fill tightly with a material
bolster, pad

add padding to
crisp, crispen, toast

make brown and crisp by heating
shatter

damage or destroy
check, chink

make cracks or chinks in
fissure

break into fissures or fine cracks
close out

terminate
finish

cause to finish a relationship with somebody
abort

terminate before completion
culminate

bring to a head or to the highest point
lift, raise

put an end to
ax, axe

terminate
kill, stamp out

end or extinguish by forceful means
break up, dissolve

come to an end
break up, dissolve

bring the association of to an end or cause to break up
break, break off, discontinue, stop

prevent completion
break, interrupt

terminate
pervaporate

cause (a liquid) to evaporate through a semipermeable membrane
quench

cool (hot metal) by plunging into cold water or other liquid
ice

put ice on or put on ice
refrigerate

cool or chill in or as if in a refrigerator
scald

heat to the boiling point
soak

heat a metal prior to working it
calcine

heat a substance so that it oxidizes or reduces
preheat

heat beforehand
overheat

make excessively or undesirably hot
chafe

warm by rubbing, as with the hands
decoct

extract the essence of something by boiling it
deep freeze

store in a deep-freeze, as for conservation
ice

cause to become ice or icy
flash-freeze, quick-freeze

freeze rapidly so as to preserve the natural juices and flavors
scorch, sear

make very hot and dry
metricate, metricise, metricize, metrify

convert from a non-metric to the metric system
flour

convert grain into flour
transubstantiate

change (the Eucharist bread and wine) into the body and blood of Christ
sorcerise, sorcerize

transform or change by means of sorcery
metricise, metricize

express in the metric system
reclaim

make useful again; transform from a useless or uncultivated state
moralise, moralize

improve the morals of
regenerate

amplify (an electron current) by causing part of the power in the output circuit to act upon the input circuit
Islamise, Islamize

convert to Islam
Christianise, Christianize

convert to Christianity
evangelise, evangelize

convert to Christianity
catholicise, catholicize, latinise, latinize

cause to adopt Catholicism
debilitate, drain, enfeeble

make weak
enervate

weaken mentally or morally
break, damp, dampen, soften, weaken

lessen in force or effect
dampen

check; keep in check (a fire)
dampen

reduce the amplitude (of oscillations or waves)
strap

sharpen with a strap
sync, synchronise, synchronize

make synchronous and adjust in time or manner
macerate

soften, usually by steeping in liquid, and cause to disintegrate as a result
oversimplify

make too simple
complexify

make complex
involve

make complex or intricate or complicated
develop

elaborate by the unfolding of a musical idea and by the working out of the rhythmic and harmonic changes in the theme
sophisticate

make more complex or refined
embrangle, snarl, snarl up

make more complicated or confused through entanglements
pressurise, pressurize

increase the pressure in or of
decompress, depressurise, depressurize

decrease the pressure of
socialise, socialize

prepare for social life
provide

take measures in preparation for
cram

prepare (students) hastily for an impending exam
precondition

put into the required condition beforehand
fix

kill, preserve, and harden (tissue) in order to prepare for microscopic study
mount

fix onto a backing, setting, or support
lay out, set, set up

get ready for a particular purpose or event
winterise, winterize

prepare for winter
summerise, summerize

prepare for summer
prime

insert a primer into (a gun, mine, or charge) preparatory to detonation or firing
communise, communize

make into property owned by the state
privatise, privatize

change from governmental to private control or ownership
homologise, homologize

make homologous
starch

stiffen with starch
buckram

stiffen with or as with buckram
ossify, petrify, rigidify

make rigid and set into a conventional pattern
relax, unbend

make less taut
frap

take up the slack of
firm, tauten

make taut or tauter
remit, slacken

make slack as by lessening tension or firmness
minimise, minimize

make small or insignificant
maximise, maximize

make as big or large as possible
bring down, cut, cut back, cut down, reduce, trim, trim back, trim down

cut down on; make a reduction in
cut

have a reducing effect
heighten

make more extreme; raise in quantity, degree, or intensity
heighten, rise

become more extreme
motley, variegate, vary

make something more diverse and varied
retard

cause to move more slowly or operate at a slower rate
fishtail

slow down by moving the tail sideways
rev, rev up

increase the number of rotations per minute
rev up, step up

speed up
relax, slack, slack up, slacken

make less active or fast
belittle, diminish

lessen the authority, dignity, or reputation of
build

improve the cleansing action of
etch

selectively dissolve the surface of (a semiconductor or printed circuit) with a solvent, laser, or stream of electrons
clean out, clear out

empty completely
bleed

drain of liquid or steam
evacuate

empty completely
evacuate

create a vacuum in (a bulb, flask, reaction vessel)
eviscerate

remove the contents of
void

clear (a room, house, place) of occupants or empty or clear (a place or receptacle) of something
clear

remove the occupants of
clear

rid of instructions or data
exhaust

use up the whole supply of
knock out

empty (as of tobacco) by knocking out
populate

fill with inhabitants
drain

empty of liquid; drain the liquid from
top off

fill to the point of almost overflowing
heap

fill to overflow
overfill

fill beyond capacity
ink

fill with ink
fill again, refill, replenish

fill something that had previously been emptied
prime

fill with priming liquid
line

fill plentifully
complete

bring to a whole, with all the necessary parts or elements
fit, match

make correspond or harmonize
homogenise, homogenize

cause to become equal or homogeneous as by mixing
ferment, work

cause to undergo fermentation
delay, detain, stay

stop or halt
flatten

make flat or flatter
plumb

adjust with a plumb line so as to make vertical
align, coordinate, ordinate

bring (components or parts) into proper or desirable coordination correlation
negate, neutralise, neutralize, nullify

make ineffective by counterbalancing the effect of
hone, perfect

make perfect or complete
down, fine-tune, polish, refine

improve or perfect by pruning or polishing
distill, make pure, purify, sublimate

remove impurities from, increase the concentration of, and separate through the process of distillation
spiritualise, spiritualize

purify from the corrupting influences of the world
lustrate

purify by means of a ritual; also used in post-Communist countries to refer to the political cleansing of former officials
deform, distort, strain

alter the shape of (something) by stress
blow

shape by blowing
block

shape into a block or blocks
block

shape by using a block
cup

form into the shape of a cup
deflower, impair, mar, spoil, vitiate

make imperfect
crush out, extinguish, press out, stub out

extinguish by crushing
dehumanise, dehumanize

make mechanical or routine
semi-automatise, semi-automatize

make semiautomatic
finalise, finalize, nail down, settle

make final; put the last touches on; put into final form
harmonise, harmonize, reconcile

bring into consonance or accord
key

regulate the musical pitch of
complete, finish

come or bring to a finish or an end
air

expose to warm or heated air, so as to dry
linearise, linearize

make linear or get into a linear form
justify

adjust the spaces between words
foul

make unclean
contaminate, foul, pollute

make impure
alloy, debase

lower in value by increasing the base-metal content
weatherstrip

provide with weatherstripping
soundproof

insulate against noise
advance, boost, supercharge

increase or raise
impregnate, saturate

infuse or fill completely
impregnate, infuse, instill, tincture

fill, as with a certain quality
citify

accustom to urban ways
excite, stimulate

act as a stimulant
federalise, federalize

put under the control and authority of a federal government
nitrify

convert into nitric acid, nitrous acid, or nitrate, especially with the action of nitrobacteria
devitrify

make (glassy materials) brittle or opaque
electrify

charge (a conductor) with electricity
fructify

make productive or fruitful
fossilise, fossilize

convert to a fossil
dot

mark with a dot
stigmatise, stigmatize

mark with a stigma or stigmata
raddle

mark or paint with raddle
striate

mark with striae or striations
ink

mark, coat, cover, or stain with ink
dimple

mark with, or as if with, dimples
spot

mark with a spot or spots so as to allow easy recognition
crisscross

mark with a pattern of crossing lines
asterisk, star

mark with an asterisk
flag

provide with a flag
tip

mark with a tip
tan

treat skins and hides with tannic acid so as to convert them into leather
dress

convert into leather
lay up

disable or confine, as with an illness
nobble

disable by drugging
pinion

cut the wings off (of birds)
equip

provide with abilities or understanding
process, treat

subject to a process or treatment, with the aim of readying for some purpose, improving, or remedying a condition
mystify

make mysterious
upset

disturb the balance or stability of
diagonalise, diagonalize

transform a matrix to a diagonal matrix
closure, cloture

terminate debate by calling for a vote
compost

convert to compost
decimalise, decimalize

change to the decimal system
lour, lower

set lower
redden

make red
slack

release tension on
broaden, extend, widen

extend in scope or range or area
castrate, emasculate

deprive of strength or vigor
wash out

deplete of strength or vitality
bake, broil

heat by a natural force
reheat

heat again
dignify

raise the status of
exalt

raise in rank, character, or status
shift

move and exchange for another
lift, raise

invigorate or heighten
transition

cause to convert or undergo a transition
transfer, transplant, transpose

transfer from one place or period to another
transcribe

convert the genetic information in (a strand of DNA) into a strand of RNA, especially messenger RNA
advance

develop further
salt

add zest or liveliness to
back

shift to a counterclockwise direction
veer

shift to a clockwise direction
cut

shorten as if by severing the edges or ends of
hydrolise, hydrolize

make a compound react with water and undergo hydrolysis
float

convert from a fixed point notation to a floating point notation
stalinise, stalinize

transform in accordance with Stalin’s policies
destalinise, destalinize

counteract the effects and policies of Stalinism
scrap

make into scrap or refuse
keratinise, keratinize

convert into keratin
upgrade

give better travel conditions to
diazotize

convert (an amine) into a diazo compound
hay

convert (plant material) into hay
lignify

convert into wood or cause to become woody
mineralize

transform (a metal) into an ore
mineralize

convert into a mineral substance
ozonise, ozonize

convert (oxygen) into ozone
slag

convert into slag
sulfate

convert into a sulfate
cutinize

convert into cutin
duplex

change into a duplex
reduce

destress and thus weaken a sound when pronouncing it
muddy

cause to become muddy
copyedit, copyread, subedit

edit and correct (written or printed material)
adjudicate, decide, resolve, settle

bring to an end; settle conclusively
conclude

bring to a close
register

enter into someone’s consciousness
close

complete a business deal, negotiation, or an agreement
proselytise, proselytize

convert to another faith or religion
bracket, bracket out

place into brackets
color, colour, distort, tinge

affect as in thought or feeling
dub

provide (movies) with a soundtrack of a foreign language
encode

convert information into code
underline, underscore

draw a line or lines underneath to call attention to
endanger, expose, peril, queer, scupper

put in a dangerous, disadvantageous, or difficult position
mobilise, mobilize

get ready for war
remilitarise, remilitarize

militarize anew
draw, tie

finish a game with an equal number of points, goals, etc.
addict, hook

to cause (someone or oneself) to become dependent (on something, especially a narcotic drug)
inebriate, intoxicate, soak

make drunk (with alcoholic drinks)
violate

destroy
hit, strike

affect or afflict suddenly, usually adversely
brace, stabilise, stabilize, steady

support or hold steady and make steadfast, with or as if with a brace
untwist

cause to become untwisted
brush

clean with a brush
dust

remove the dust from
hoover, vacuum, vacuum-clean

clean with a vacuum cleaner
hygienise, hygienize, sanitise, sanitize

make sanitary by cleaning or sterilizing
bream

clean (a ship’s bottom) with heat
steam, steam clean

clean by means of steaming
edge

provide with an edge
strop

sharpen on a strop
whet

sharpen by rubbing, as on a whetstone
hone

sharpen with a hone
smear

stain by smearing or daubing with a dirty substance
slime

cover or stain with slime
muddy, muddy up

dirty with mud
stripe

mark with stripes
speck

produce specks in or on
bespot

mark with, or as if with, spots
scarify

break up
unbend

free from flexure
core out, hollow, hollow out

remove the interior of
confine, hold, restrain

to close within bounds, limit or hold back from movement
batten

secure with battens
batten, batten down, secure

furnish with battens
squirt

wet with a spurt of liquid
unscrew

loosen something by unscrewing it
unscrew

loosen by turning
screw

tighten or fasten by means of screwing motions
extend

open or straighten out; unbend
channelise, channelize

cause to form a channel
aggregate, combine

gather in a mass, sum, or whole
fluff, ruffle

erect or fluff up
plume, preen

clean with one’s bill
sweep

clean by sweeping
concoct

make a concoction (of) by mixing
combine, compound

combine so as to form a whole; mix
blend, immingle, intermingle, intermix

combine into one
jumble, scramble, throw together

bring into random order
lube, lubricate

apply a lubricant to
burden, burthen, weight, weight down

weight down with a load
surcharge

fill to an excessive degree
freight

load with goods for transportation
lade, laden, load, load up

fill or place a load on
charge, load

provide (a device) with something necessary
put to sleep

help someone go to bed
wreathe

decorate or deck with wreaths
beset, encrust, incrust

decorate or cover lavishly (as with gems)
untwine

undo what has been twined together
unweave

undo strands that have been woven together
braid

decorate with braids or ribbons
wind, wind up

coil the spring of (some mechanical device) by turning a stem
circle, encircle

form a circle around
deluge, flood, inundate, swamp

fill quickly beyond capacity; as with a liquid
do the dishes, wash up

wash dishes
pipe-clay

whiten or clean with pipe-clay
scavenge

clean refuse from
splash

soil or stain with a splashed liquid
mire, muck, muck up, mud

soil with mud, muck, or mire
crock

soil with or as with crock
dry clean

clean with chemical agents
launder, wash

cleanse with a cleaning agent, such as soap, and water
blemish, spot

mar or impair with a flaw
wear away, whittle away, whittle down

cut away in small pieces
bang up, smash, smash up

damage or destroy as if by violence
delineate, describe, draw, line, trace

make a mark or lines on a surface
turn

shape by rotating on a lathe or cutting device or a wheel
gut

empty completely; destroy the inside of
post, stake

mark with a stake
comb

straighten with a comb
bond, bring together, draw together

bring together in a common cause or emotion
phase out

terminate gradually
disincarnate

make immaterial; remove the real essence of
broider, embroider

decorate with needlework
stick

cover and decorate with objects that pierce the surface
illustrate

supply with illustrations
process, work, work on

shape, form, or improve a material
garland

adorn with bands of flowers or leaves
fledge, flight

decorate with feathers
bespangle, spangle

decorate with spangles
foliate

decorate with leaves
flag

decorate with flags
bard, barde, caparison, dress up

put a caparison on
bead

decorate by sewing beads onto
pipe

trim with piping
applique

sew on as a decoration
gild the lily, paint the lily

adorn unnecessarily (something that is already beautiful)
vermiculate

decorate with wavy or winding lines
smock

embellish by sewing in straight lines crossing each other diagonally
hang

decorate or furnish with something suspended
prank

dress or decorate showily or gaudily
tinsel

adorn with tinsel
tart up

decorate in a cheap and flashy way
stucco

decorate with stucco work
redecorate

redo the decoration of an apartment or house
panel

decorate with panels
bejewel, jewel

adorn or decorate with precious stones
filet, fillet

decorate with a lace of geometric designs
scallop

decorate an edge with scallops
bedizen

decorate tastelessly
dress ship

decorate a ship with flags
dress, garnish, trim

decorate (food), as with parsley or other ornamental foods
trim

decorate, as with ornaments
bedeck, bedight, deck

decorate
festoon

decorate with strings of flowers
enamel

coat, inlay, or surface with enamel
inlay

decorate the surface of by inserting wood, stone, and metal
lacquer

coat with lacquer
begild, engild, gild

decorate with, or as if with, gold leaf or liquid gold
illuminate

add embellishments and paintings to (medieval manuscripts)
blazon, emblazon

decorate with heraldic arms
blotch, mottle, streak

mark with spots or blotches of different color or shades of color as if stained
color, colour, emblazon

decorate with colors
crop, cultivate, work

prepare for crops
fringe

adorn with a fringe
fret

decorate with an interlaced design
landscape

embellish with plants
efface

make inconspicuous
brace, poise

prepare (oneself) for something unpleasant or difficult
drift apart, drift away

lose personal contact over time
wean

detach the affections of
pack

fill to capacity
subject

cause to experience or suffer or make liable or vulnerable to
solarise, solarize

reverse some of the tones of (a negative or print) and introduce pronounced outlines of highlights, by exposing it briefly to light, then washing and redeveloping it
benumb, blunt, dull, numb

make numb or insensitive
bedaze, daze, stun

overcome as with astonishment or disbelief
besot, stupefy

make dull or stupid or muddle with drunkenness or infatuation
underdevelop

process (a film or photographic plate) less than the required time or in an ineffective solution or at an insufficiently high temperature
redevelop

develop for a second time, in order to improve the contrast, colour, etc., of a negative or print
dim, dip

switch (a car’s headlights) from a higher to a lower beam
abacinate

blind by holding a red-hot metal plate before someone’s eyes
deaf, deafen

make or render deaf
hush, pipe down, quiesce, quiet, quiet down, quieten

become quiet or quieter
louden

become louder
soften

make (images or sounds) soft or softer
sharpen

make (images or sounds) sharp or sharper
dulcify, dulcorate, edulcorate, sweeten

make sweeter in taste
bitter

make bitter
acetify, acidify, acidulate, sour

make sour or more sour
kite

increase the amount (of a check) fraudulently
reduce

simplify the form of a mathematical equation of expression by substituting one term for another
truncate

replace a corner by a plane
factor

be a contributing factor
instill, transfuse

impart gradually
tinsel

impart a cheap brightness to
retool

provide (a workshop or factory) with new tools
throw in

add as an extra or as a gratuity
subrogate

substitute one creditor for another, as in the case where an insurance company sues the person who caused an accident for the insured
educate

give an education to
close

finish or terminate (meetings, speeches, etc.)
decontrol

relax or remove controls of
empower, endow, endue, gift, indue, invest

give qualities or abilities to
bother, discommode, disoblige, incommode, inconvenience, put out, trouble

to cause inconvenience or discomfort to
brand

burn with a branding iron to indicate ownership; of animals
over-correct, overcompensate

make excessive corrections for fear of making an error
aby, abye, atone, expiate

make amends for
co-opt

neutralize or win over through assimilation into an established group
act upon, influence, work

have and exert influence or effect
redeem

restore the honor or worth of
check, condition, discipline, train

develop (children’s) behavior by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control
infect

corrupt with ideas or an ideology
lead astray, lead off

teach immoral behavior to
poison

spoil as if by poison
bastardise, bastardize

change something so that its value declines; for example, art forms
suborn

incite to commit a crime or an evil deed
slam-dunk

make a forceful move against
douse, dowse

wet thoroughly
leave

act or be so as to become in a specified state
shade, shade off, shadow

cast a shadow over
cloud, overcast

make overcast or cloudy

v make less severe or harsh or extreme

“please modify this letter to make it more polite”
“he modified his views on same-gender marriage”
Types:
show 19 types…
hide 19 types…
optimise, optimize

modify to achieve maximum efficiency in storage capacity or time or cost
attemper

modify the temperature of
syncopate

modify the rhythm by stressing or accenting a weak beat
update

modernize or bring up to date
update

bring to the latest state of technology
hop up, hot up, soup up

make more powerful
cream

add cream to one’s coffee, for example
qualify, restrict

make more specific
corrupt, spoil

alter from the original
harden, temper

harden by reheating and cooling in oil
specialise, specialize

suit to a special purpose
buffer

add a buffer (a solution)
inflect

change the form of a word in accordance as required by the grammatical rules of the language
buffer, cushion, soften

protect from impact
adulterate, debase, dilute, load, stretch

corrupt, debase, or make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance; often by replacing valuable ingredients with inferior ones
compare

to form the comparative or superlative form on an adjective or adverb
decline

inflect for number, gender, case, etc., “in many languages, speakers decline nouns, pronouns, and adjectives”
conjugate

add inflections showing person, number, gender, tense, aspect, etc.
pluralise, pluralize

mark with a grammatical morpheme that indicates plural
Type of:
change

undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one’s or its original nature

v add a modifier to a constituent

Synonyms:
qualify
Type of:
add

make an addition (to); join or combine or unite with others; increase the quality, quantity, size or scope of














جمله انگلیسی با modify

حفظ لغت modify به تنهایی، تأثیر مثبتی کمی در مهارت مکالمه و یادگیری زبان انگلیسی دارد. همانطور که می‌دانید هر لغت در زبان انگلیسی، معانی مختلف و گاهی هم، متناقض دارد. حتی حفظ معانی مختلف یک لغت نمی‌تواند در زبان‌آموز مهارت ترجمه و مکالمه را پرورش دهد. بعنوان مثال معنی و ترجمه modify به فارسی .

همچنین افراد اقدام به ساخت لیست واژگان زبان انگلیسی می کنند، بعنوان مثال لیست واژگان آزمون تافل، لیست واژگان آزمون جی آر ای، لیست واژگان آزمون SAT و یا لیست واژگان عمومی زبان انگلیسی. در قدمهای ابتدایی یادگیری زبان انگلیسی ممکن است مفید باشد ولی همواره برای کسی که کسب نمره بالای آزمونی هدفش است و یا بطور تخصصی خواستار یادگیری زبان انگلیسی می باشد، توصیه شده است که کلمات را به تنهایی حفظ نکنند و بیشتر در کاربرد کلمات در جملات تمرکز کنند.

برای آنکه زبان‌آموز بتواند از لغاتی که یاد گرفته‌است، به نحو احسن استفاده کند، باید لغت modify را در جملات مختلف یاد بگیرد و از این طریق، معانی مختلف لغت modify با توجه به کاربردهایش به خاطر سپرده می‌شود. لذا شما می توانید بیش از ده ها جمله انگلیسی با modify را مشاهده نمائید.

چک کردن معنی انگلیسی به انگلیسی modify در دیکشنری های معتبر خارجی

دراین قسمت می توانید براحتی اقدام به چک کردن معنی انگلیسی به انگلیسی کلمه modify، مشاهده جمله با modify، انواع اصطلاح با modify، ضرب المثل با modify، ریشه کلمه modify و تاریخچه پیدایش کلمه modify را در دیکشنری های آنلاین انگلیسی به انگلیسی معتبر برای کلمه modify مشاهده نمائید:



بازی یادگیری زبان انگلیسی